Man has always sought to look into the future. People who could predict it always attracted interest. It is no coincidence that next to the rulers were regularly those who tried to foresee future events and tell their patron the right actions. The most famous predictor in history is Nostradamus.
It is believed that he told about the events that will happen in 400 or more years after his death. True, its centuries were rather vague, and their secret lies in the interpretation. Michel de Nostredmam was born in 1503 in the French town of Saint-Remy. In his youth, the future predictor traveled a lot, and then received a doctorate at the University of Montpellier.
Astrology physician engaged in the late 1540’s, then the magic was considered an important part of science. The predictive almanacs of Nostradamus about the current political events aroused the interest of royalty. The famous foreteller died in 1566, having achieved not only wealth, but also envy with intrigues of enemies.
Even today the personality of Nostradamus is of interest. And his predictions are trying on modern events, revealing the perceptiveness of a medieval character. Yes, and the life of our hero was surrounded by myths and legends, he was a painfully significant figure in history. Let’s try to find out better the biography of the legendary predictor, having eliminated the most popular misconceptions about him.
Nostradamus was a Jew, but eventually converted to Christianity.
Nostradamus is considered to be a descendant of a family of French Jews-crosses. The Jewish roots were with Father Michel. Grandfather, Pierre Nostradam, became a Christian about forty years before the birth of the future predictor.
Nostradamus inherited his gift of prediction from the Israeli tribe Issachar.
The prophet himself always claimed that he received his gift from his mother, not his father. Consequently, the Jewish roots did not in any way affect the unique talent of Nostradamus.
Long before Copernicus, Nostradamus came to the conclusion that the planets revolve around the Sun.
This myth idealizes a medieval scholar, but there is no evidence for such views of Nostradamus.
Nostradamus was taught by grandfathers who were well-deserved doctors in the Provencal court.
Michel’s grandfathers were not outstanding scientists and left no significant trace in science. The story of their influence was invented by the son of a fortuneteller, Cesar. So he was told the story of the family. But it’s been a hundred years since that time. Father’s grandfather, Pierre, was a merchant in Avignon. Judging by the lack of information about him, you can not talk about prosperity, wealth and success. Another grandfather, Rene de Saint-Remy, in general, seems to have died before Michel’s birth. And his education was engaged (and even then, not a fact) great-grandfather on the part of the mother – Jean de Saint-Remy. He actually was a doctor, though, a small township. In addition, he combined his work with the position of the city treasurer.
At the age of 18, Nostradamus went to Montpellier to study medicine.
In his work “Traité des fardemens et confitures” the scientist said that he spent his youth, in 1521-1529, wandering around the country and learning to prepare potions and medicines. There are no records of the stay of Nostradamus at this time in Montpellier. He appeared in archival records as early as 1529, as an apothecary. But Michel quickly expelled from the profession because of bad customer feedback. The written works of Nostradamus of that time were preserved, as well as the record of the ill-fated exile.
Nostradamus was educated physician.
And although later indirect evidence suggests that Nostradamus was studying for a doctor, there are no official records on this score.
Nostradamus had the qualifications of a doctor, once taught at the faculty of the University of Montpellier.
The period of teaching of Nostradamus in this respectable school also left no evidence. It is interesting that there is a record of Michel’s appearance in 1531 in Agen.This is in no way consistent with the history of teaching at the same time in Montpellier.
Nostradamus’ first wife was in Aden Adriet de Lobeyac.
The personal life of the predictor in those years was not particularly visible, which gave birth to a string of rumors. The first wife of Nostradamus was Henrietta d’Enkoss. And Adriette de Lobeillac was the wife of the scientist Jules Cesar Scaliger, with whom the young apothecary closely resembled those years.
Nostradamus’s wife and his two children died of the plague.
In 1538 there were serious changes in the life of Nostradamus. Not only that they were interested in the Inquisition, so the wife with two children died. But the circumstances of their deaths remain unknown. Plague is only one of the most probable versions.
Nostradamus was persecuted by the Inquisition.
We are talking about the invitation to the inquisitor of Toulouse all in the same year 1538. Michel was asked to explain his statements four years ago. He allegedly compared the bronze statue of the Virgin Mary with the devil. But about this meeting and its consequences, again, there is no evidence left. Yes, and the prophecy of Nostradamus the Inquisition, it seems, was not particularly interested. In any case, the church did not pursue it for this activity. With her, Nostradamus generally had a good relationship.
Books of Nostradamus were banned by the Vatican.
In the British Encyclopedia, you can find the statement that in 1781 the writings of Nostradamus fell into the Index of books banned by the Vatican. But in this venerable publication was mistaken. None of the editions of this Index have any mention of the name of the fortuneteller. Moreover, studies conducted in the Municipal Library of Lyon, showed that in 1781 the Index was not published at all. As already mentioned, Nostradamus had good relations with the church. In his 1520 Almanac, he even placed an open message to the Pope.
Behind the religiosity of Nostradamus was hidden magical activity.
Religiousness was not just Michel’s screen for magical experiments. Nostradamus was a true Catholic, devout and devoted to the Church. He sympathized with the Franciscans. After the death of Nostradamus, his secretary even made a statement recognizing the fidelity of the scientist to the rites of the Church, of religion and to salvation through it. Michel openly criticized all those who renounced faith in favor of alien doctrines. Nostradamus promised them a terrible end. It’s no secret that the scientist openly gave money to the Franciscan monks, was friends with Archbishop Arles, talked with the archbishop of Sens in Paris. To the services of Nostradamus the doctor resorted to different priests. He entrusted part of his inheritance to two monasteries, and he himself asked to bury himself in the Franciscan chapel. Michel’s religiousness was passed on to his son, who went to the monastery. And the incompatibility of religion and magic at that time was conditional. In the Renaissance, the thinkers still faced the problem of reconciling pagan practices with established Christian views.
Nostradamus has learned to heal the plague.
Speaking of success, it is necessary to indicate its criteria. The doctor really in this field has earned himself both a reputation and a fortune. But Nostradamus himself admitted that during the outbreak of the plague in Aix-en-Provence, none of his methods of treating success had any effect.
Nostradamus used advanced methods to treat plague.
It is written that the doctor treated advanced antiseptics, his patients were forced to perform physical exercises and recommended to adhere to a diet. He refused to let the sick go. In his work “Traité” Nostradamus confessed that he tried to give blood to patients, but it just did not help. And the famous “pink tablets”, whose recipe is written in the book, were used only for the purpose of prevention. Most likely, the methods of Nostradamus did not differ from traditional ones. It can be noted, perhaps, that the doctor pays more attention to running water. So he improved public hygiene.
In 1542 Nostradamus wrote “Predictions about Orval”.
At one time, the authorship of these prophecies was attributed to Nostradamus, wishing to give them significance. The predictions from the famous Frenchman were banally better sold. But the language and style of the text obviously refers not to the time of the prophet, but to the times of Napoleon. And the prophecies concerned the very French emperor. It is no coincidence that he carried these predictions with him, believing them. Town Orval in Belgium in 1542 was just in the zone of military operations between France and the Holy Roman Empire. It seems unlikely that there at that time was Nostradamus.
In an Italian monk Nostradamus saw the future of the Pope.
According to this legend, while in Italy, Nostradamus suddenly knelt before a young monk, calling him “Your Holiness.” According to another version it was a swineherd. Such an act of Nostradamus surprised everyone, but after his death everything cleared up. The young man was named Felice Peretti, and in 1585 he became Pope. The legend is beautiful, but again it is worth saying that there is no documentary evidence of it.
On his return to Salon de Provence, Nostradamus began work on the Centurions.
First, the cookbook “Traité des fardemens et des confitures” was written. After it, Michel began to create the Almanacs, work on which he continued until the end of his life. These works brought him fame and bought out much better later predictions.
Predictions of the weather and the harvest of Nostradamus were strikingly accurate.
Most often the predictor was wrong. Sometimes it even led to unpleasant consequences for those who believed the famous scientist.
If people bought the collections of predictions, then they were faithful.
People tend to believe in a miracle. Even burned once, they continue to believe that the next prediction will certainly be accurate.
The main prophecies of Nostradamus were called “Centuries”.
Centuries call a less interesting collective description of a dozen books from a hundred verses. And the main work was called proudly – “The Prophecies of Michel Nostradamus.”
Predicting Nostradamus was a bowl of water and a magic mirror.
None of the contemporaries contemporaries mentioned such a technique of his work. In the first two verses of Nostradamus mentioned a bowl of water, but it was needed to lower there the legs and the edge of clothing, as did the Greek oracles. So Nostradamus was part of the image. It is likely that in the bowl could be flavored water, exuding pleasant aromas. The mirror appears in Michel’s statement, too, in an indirect way. He claimed that his visions appear, as if from a curved reflecting surface that collects the rays of the sun. Anyone who catches them in his mirror, understands what is at stake.
Nostradamus used magical spells.
Nostradamus himself made it clear that in his work he used occult techniques and magical spells. But no one can say for sure. But it is known that the fortuneteller liked to boast. In those days, the use of magic techniques inspired respect.
Nostradamus was an excellent astrologer.
It is now clear that the astrologer Nostradamus was bad. Even his contemporaries-professionals repeatedly pointed to this. And the surviving horoscopes sin with numerous inaccuracies. Nostradamus denoted the planets incorrectly, and the Sun could be placed simultaneously in two different parts of the sky. In his printed tables, this “astrologer” preferred not to put figures. For such an amateurish approach, Nostradamus’ astrological contemporaries did not perceive as their colleague, scornfully calling the “amateur”. And he himself eschewed them, believing that his actions are managed by God himself.
Nostradamus believed that he was not mistaken.
In his letter to King Henry II, Nostradamus wrote what he did, thanks to divine inspiration. It came through the planets, the Archangel Michael, directly or through the spirit. This determined the infallibility of Michel’s forecasts.But in his message to the Canonists of Orange on February 4, 1562, Nostradamus already estimates modestly his predictions. He wrote that he could easily be mistaken, being a mere mortal. This calls into question the fact of visiting him with the divine spirit.
Nostradamus’ prophecies were encrypted.
Nostradamus designed his prophecies in the form of a rhyming verse. For connoisseurs of French poetry of the 16th century, such a syllable seems ordinary, there is no cipher in it. Today it may seem that this is not poetry at all. All theories about messages coded in Nostradamus’ words have not received the proper confirmation.
In the poems of Nostradamus for a specific purpose, Latin and Greek words are used.
In those days, the use of words from classical languages in literary works was a common thing. Only an educated person could understand the true meaning of these words, as well as references to classical stories from history or mythology. Nostradamus brought this device to the extreme, wishing to join the circle of the elect, to demonstrate the elitism of his creativity.
You can understand the recordings of Nostradamus using a conventional dictionary.
Even modern French texts can not be translated like this. And even more so such a primitive direct approach does not work with the texts of the Middle Ages. It must be remembered that Nostradamus did not write an official news bulletin, but created poems. And certainly he did not think about translating them into a foreign language.
In 1556 Nostradamus went to Paris to meet with the king and queen.
This fact needs to be clarified. The landmark meeting took place, but a year earlier, immediately after the publication of the first book of Nostradamus. This is what the correspondence of those years indicates.
In Paris, Nostradamus rode in the carriage as an important person.
Michel went on horseback to meet the king. They were given royal mail. The crews were not yet practically not used, because there were simply no normal roads. Even the queen had to get to the place not in the carriage, but in the palanquin.
The queen asked Nostradamus about the meaning of verse I.35 about the imminent death at the king’s tournament.
What these people talked about almost 500 years ago is unknown. These writers Chitham and Hog, like the director Orson Welles, in their works on Nostradamus could have guessed anything. But these works are mostly inaccurate, many historical facts are not taken into account. Biographers have built a biography of Nostradamus on the basis of incomprehensible rumors circulated in the XIX century, and did not bother to work with archives.
In the almanac “Presage 141” Nostradamus predicted his own death.
This version is unlikely. The myth appeared, thanks to the secretary of Nostradamus, Chavigny. It was he who initiated the tradition of freely interpreting the predictions of the scientist. In the same almanac, it is about November 1567, and death came to Nostradamus in July 1566. So even if it was really about his own death, the date Michel predicted incorrectly.
Nostradamus specifically buried so that on his grave could not walk people.
There is a legend that Nostradamus bequeathed to bury himself in an upright position in the wall of the Franciscan church. Such an unusual whim is due to the scientist’s desire to finally take revenge on his numerous ill-wishers and prevent them from stepping on his grave. However, this legend is also not confirmed, in the will of Nostradamus such a wish was not found. It was during the repeated reburial, the slab from the old grave was attached to the wall.
During the exhumation of Nostradamus during the years of the French Revolution, a medallion with the exact date of extraction of the body was found on his neck.
This is another myth, designed to give the image of the predictor more mysticism. But such an urban legend has no basis. In 1791 the Marseilles revolutionaries broke the tomb of Nostradamus and abused his remains. But the circumstances of the excavations remained unknown.