The city of Norilsk is located in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. It is noteworthy that this is the most northern settlement in the world, where more than 150 thousand people live. Near Norilsk there is a huge mining and metal plant. This forms an entire industrial area, which has no analogues in the world.
But at the same time so powerful production affects the environment – Norilsk is considered one of the most polluted cities in the world. And he received his name in honor of the Norilsk and neighboring Norilsk mountains. About the rich deposits of minerals in this area a man learned a long time ago. Even in the Bronze Age, primitive people here smelted metal. And the construction of large industrial plants began in the 1930s by the forces of prisoners of the Gulag.
In 1953 the settlement received the status of a city. Today it has 175 thousand people. Norilsk’s remoteness from major cities has served to form numerous misconceptions about this city. We will try to debunk these myths.
There is eternal winter in Norilsk.
Winter and cold in the city are not always about 9 months a year. Winter here comes in mid-September, and surrenders its authority in mid-May. In the city it is customary to divide this time of the year into seasons, distinguishing not just autumn, but also early, late autumn and the same spring. At the same time, the temperature can drop to -20 degrees, a strong wind raises, deep snow can lie and warm clothes can not be dispensed with. The average temperature in July is 18 degrees, and in August – 11 degrees.
There is no summer in Norilsk.
It’s summer that peeps in here, even for a while. In July, usually a week or ten days, it’s a hot time, when the air warms up to 30 degrees. This is quite dramatic. The temperature can rise from 12 to 20 degrees literally in a couple of hours. Here Norilsk residents wear shorts and T-shirts, sparkling white bodies. At a time when the wind does not blow, even the asphalt seems to start to melt. But who will be offended by the long-awaited summer? People try to spend more time on the street and even to sunbathe. It’s amazing, but summer can come while people are at work. As a result, it is necessary to return home in ridiculous demi-season boots with a jacket removed, meeting people in shorts and slaps. From the first you can see who has already visited the house, and who has overtaken the heat at work. Summer is so fleeting that even snowdrifts in yards, it happens, do not have time to melt. And pieces of ice and lie, waiting for the autumn rains. It’s funny to watch people walk next to them in sandals. But on the sunny side of the street there is none. In Norilsk, there is even an anecdote: “It was summer, but I worked that day.”
In Norilsk in winter you can freeze on the street.
But this is really true – the air temperature in winter falls to -50 degrees. Death from hypothermia can already occur at 3 degrees below zero. So the natural conditions are dangerous for life. But in fact, such extreme temperatures are completely smoothed out by the rules of behavior and norms, this is not accepted in Norilsk. So, in the street an unknown person can report frostbite on the cheek or nose, rub the white tip of the nose. And even a stranger can not be left alone on the street. The victim will either be called a taxi or taken to a warm room.
In Norilsk, snow is quickly removed.
It is necessary to understand the local specifics. Here the concept of “snow fell” and “clean up the snow” got a completely different meaning than in the European part of Russia. In Norilsk immediately formed snowdrifts above the knee. And every day of snow will fall as much again. And so for six months. Snow does not melt, and low temperature and strong wind make it tough and dense. The white mass is rammed and not in lumps or snowballs, but immediately into stone blocks. No one is trying to clean up the fallen snow in the yards. In Norilsk, clean only the sidewalks, roads and passages to the entrances. And because of the blizzard does not work as a janitor, but a whole tractor.
In Norilsk, chemical reagents are used to fight ice.
In fact, no one here knows anything about chemical reagents, how they can help in the fight against snow or ice. To keep the sidewalks and roads slippery, slag is used. This is the name of the black creaking crumb, waste from the rock. It does not look very presentable, frightening visitors. They sometimes wonder: does the plant’s harmful emissions settle on the snow? But actually the slag is absolutely safe for shoes, tires and paws of domestic animals.
In Norilsk, everyone skates and skates.
Traditional winter sports in Norilsk can hardly be called “folk”. Unfortunately, this is not the most favorite pastime for the townspeople. Probably, at such low temperatures and a strong wind, the impressions from riding are completely different.
In Norilsk deer can be found right on the street.
These northern beautiful animals do not walk along the streets of the city. They are delivered to Norilsk by helicopter specially for the Great Argish holiday. This allows you to create a special atmosphere with a northern color. Well, residents are happy to take pictures with deer, allowing such a myth to be strengthened.
In Norilsk eat even raw fish.
This is indeed so. A popular local dish is called the sagoodai. It is prepared just from raw fish: omul, muksun, whitefish. This dish is considered a real delicacy and serves it in the best restaurants in the city. However, newcomers find it difficult to love such an original food, and some can not even look at it. Sagudai is a typical representative of the cuisine of northern peoples, she has little in common with Japanese sashimi.
In Norilsk trees do not grow.
There are a lot of trees in the city, although many such plants live in warm rooms. There you can meet and ficus, and even palm trees. In some offices, even grow lemons. Trees are the same streets, albeit infrequently. These low tundra plants are more like bushes. So it is the shrubs that act as local trees.
Norilsk is similar to St. Petersburg.
Romantics will always find something similar in the two northern cities. Similarity can be found in some elements of architecture. To do this, on Oktyabrskaya Square, Norilsk, you have to go into the arch of houses No. 1 or No. 2 of Leninsky Prospect and look at the opposite side of the street. And in general, many buildings are similar to St. Petersburg, it is understandable participation in the construction of Norilsk architects from Leningrad.
There are no cellars in the houses of Norilsk.
And this statement is also truthful, albeit in part. The basement here is usually called not that in warmer cities. Houses in Norilsk are built on concrete piles. Digging a foundation pit in the permafrost is simply unrealistic. Accordingly, there are no cellars, ground floors. Townspeople can not store vegetables or old trash in a secluded, cool place. The basement in Norilsk is called the space between the ground and the first floor. The height of this opening is up to two floors. This is done so that the wind could walk under the house and the cold did not freeze the floor. Permafrost, in which piles are driven, due to the “cushion of cold” will not thaw. But there are houses in the city with real cellars. They were built in the 1950s. At that time, the cellars were planned as potential bomb shelters in case of war.
In Norilsk you can poison yourself with mushrooms.
Mushrooms grow here not in the city itself, but behind it, in the tundra. And in the summer the townspeople go there for collecting the poor, but the gifts of nature. And in the tundra, inedible mushrooms do not grow. True, it is impossible to find there the boletus, podberezovikov and white mushrooms. But any freckles and russula is quite edible.
Norilsk can be reached only by air.
This is complete nonsense. A train from Krasnoyarsk goes to Krasnoyarsk. The road in 4165 kilometers will take three days. Then from Krasnoyarka to Dudinka you can swim a motor ship 1989 kilometers for four days. From there it is already close to Norilsk – just 90 kilometers, an hour and a half drive by car.But such a scenic journey is possible only in the summer, when navigation is available on the Yenisei. In winter, the ships do not go along the river, only the plane remains. The flight from Moscow to Norilsk takes 4 hours.
постоянно In the winter, Norilsk is a polar night.
Polar night is really there, but it lasts not all winter, but only 45 days. It begins approximately on November 30 and ends on January 13. Her offensive does not stand out particularly – the day is the same as the previous one. By that time it’s almost a month in the night if not polar, then it’s already twilight. The day is gradually decreasing, the lights are constantly on in the apartments and offices. The streets are constantly lit and beautiful. The arrival of the polar night is not particularly noticeable. Only the townspeople begin to get worse sleep, feel tired, emotional tension. At this time, the day lasts only an hour, but this time can not be spent at home, not including the light. And after the end of the polar night, gray dusk will last another month. For the first time the sun will look for 5 minutes only in February. Then all the power of the polar night is realized, what fatigue it gives. Nevertheless, without a sunlight, a person is psychologically very difficult. It is believed that the polar night – the only phenomenon of nature, to which a person and can not get used. So every year painful feelings are repeated.
In Norilsk, do not take to eat ice cream on the street.
And why not? People eat ice cream on the street and in -20, and at -26. But only thus there should be no wind, it will spoil all pleasure and in general will make eating of a delicacy unsafe business.
In the summer, you can get up at the bottom of the lake.
Norilsk residents like to relax outside the city in tourist centers. But at the same time everyone knows that even on the hottest day, swimming in the lakes is unsafe. And all because the bottom of the pond is ice. Water has time to warm up during warm time only so much that you can swim in it. But the bottom remains icy, it is better not to get up – otherwise you can freeze your legs.
Norilsk falls asleep at night.
They say that this city never falls asleep. And this is a literal expression. The city-forming enterprise, Norilsk Nickel, operates in three shifts – the production here is non-stop. That is why the city is full of life at any time of the day – some are going to work, and others are returning from it. In some windows there will be a light, a bus or a taxi. There are grocery stores around the clock, and even flowers are being sold. In this aspect, a small city is more comparable with megacities than with its analogues in terms of population.
In winter, you can not leave the city without a shovel.
Compliance with this rule is even monitored by traffic cops. Now Kayerkan is considered a district of Norilsk, and used to be a separate city. You can drive to it in 25 minutes. The path to Dudinka takes one and a half to two hours. Distances seem small. And the roads here are straight and straight, on both sides of the road lies a snowy plain. But suddenly it is necessary to blow out the wind and start a snowstorm, just like a snowy desert begins to grab such a “safe” road in a matter of minutes. The perimeter quickly seizes the asphalt, any landmarks are lost, and the driver simply does not understand where to go. In such a situation, you can not continue moving forward. The car stops at the curb and awaits the arrival of the tractor. Already he is making his way along a marked road. In this situation, the driver can not do without a shovel. While waiting for help, the blizzard will have to be worked with an instrument, otherwise the car will simply be replaced by snow.
Studies in the Norilsk scale are conducted according to a standard schedule.
In junior classes, in fact, only six months are taught. For a long time already local meteorologists have created a special table with indicators of temperature and wind strength, dangerous for children to stay on the street. It is believed that the temperature even at -36 degrees is considered safe, but if the wind rises to 20 meters per second, children should not leave the premises.The current weather is checked against the table, if it turns out to be dangerous, then the day is called activated, active. There are limiting indications for junior classes, for junior and secondary. And when the weather starts to rage, all classes in schools are canceled.
On the “Nornickel” to work go to the columns.
Not always employees of Norilsk Nickel can get to work on private vehicles. When a serious blizzard begins, it’s simply not safe to ride a car. In this case, a solution was invented, allowing you to calmly get to work. For this, a column of buses is formed. The first on the road are bulldozers, cleaning snow, then follows the car of the traffic police with a flasher, and after them there is already a train of buses. From their windows there is an ugly sight – one white fog.
In Norilsk, all the numbers of houses of the usual size.
It is customary to write house numbers with huge, almost two-meter figures. And all because a blizzard does not always have the opportunity to go close to home and consider its number. Today all panel nine-storey buildings of the city are numbered with huge figures.