Nepal is a state in South Asia, located between India and China. This country is the most high-mountainous in the world, more than 40% of its territory lies at an altitude of over 3 kilometers. Nepal is a very poor state, with low GDP and high unemployment. Nevertheless, tourists are constantly coming here.
The fact is that most of Nepal is occupied by the ridges of the Himalayas with their highest peaks. Eight of the 14 eight-thousandths lie just in this country. But that’s practically all we know about Nepal. The rest of the information is rumors and myths. The main delusions about this interesting country we will debunk.
Nepal is a small state.
It seems that this country is tiny, lost somewhere in the mountains. It turns out that by the standards of Europe Nepal is a very large state, more than 4 times in Belgium. Wikipedia says that Nepal has 93 places in its area from 232 countries. Simply the dimensions are relatively small relative to much larger neighbors – India and China.
Nepal is a popular and famous country all over the world.
This country is known in the narrow circles of mountaineers-professionals. It was notorious for the events of 2001, when one of the princes killed 9 members of the royal family. Most people do not know anything about Nepal, confusing him at times with Tibet.
Nepal has never been a colony.
For a long time the country was a protectorate of the British government. During this period in the XIX-XX centuries the main decisions in the life of the country were made by the English. Some believe that the protectorate is even worse than the colony. But in many reference books, Nepal is still among the countries that have always been free.
Nepal has the world’s second largest water resource after Brazil.
It is officially reported that in the country it is possible to produce 43,000 MW from water at the expense of water out of a total volume of 83,000 MW. Even in India and China, the figures are higher, 150 thousand and 378 thousand. With Brazil in terms of water resources, no one can compare, but Nepal is not at all on the top lists. If we talk in general about water as a resource, then it is more in China and in Myanmar.
Everest is in Nepal.
This is one of the most common misconceptions about Nepal. In fact, the summit is right on the border of Tibet and Nepal. Encyclopedias say that the mountain lies in China and in Nepal. But who and when it divided, who owns the peak – is unknown. But it is in Nepal that the main expeditions to conquer the highest point of the planet start.
Nepal is the richest country in terms of bio-diversity.
Nepal does have a rich flora and fauna, but it is not the most-in this respect. By the level of humidity, the country is the fourth in the world, which makes it possible to form a diverse animal and plant world.
The king rules in Nepal.
For a long time the country was really ruled by the king. But already in our time, in the 2000s, a political crisis broke out in the country. The monarch was forced to take a number of unpopular measures, a civil war began. As a result, the parliament gradually excommunicated the king from political activities. And in 2007, a provisional constitution appeared that proclaimed the republic in Nepal. Now its head is the president.
Buddha was born in Nepal.
I must say that the Indians see their country as the birthplace of the deity. Nepal is struggling with this statement. They even issued a denomination of 100 rupees, which says: “Lumbini is the birthplace of the Buddha.” There are the ruins of the temple, where, according to local legends, the god was born. In turn, the Indians on their television channel Zee TV show a different version. But this series was even removed from the show on Nepal’s television. Disputes are endless. One of the journalists of Nepal even arranged a 62-hour telethon called “Buddha was born in Nepal”. This show was included in the Guinness Book of Records due to its duration.
There are mountains in Nepal.
Thinking about this country, it is considered an exceptionally mountainous country. This is only partly true.Most of the territory is occupied by the Himalayas, but not all of the country is hidden in the mountains. There are four main areas in Nepal. The mountain zone lies on the border with China, next to it is hilly, in the region of Savalik a lot of plateaus, and Terai – flat terrain. There are many swamps, meadows with savannas and forests. The very word “terai” is translated as “wet land”. This zone occupies about a third of the territory of Nepal, but it is still associated with cold and dry mountains, and not with large areas of marshy plains.
The Himalayas and Mount Everest are right in the middle of the country.
Much of this mountain chain is in China and India, which are much larger than Nepal. And Everest is on the very border with China. In traveling to the top, you will probably have to be in another country. Buddhists live in Nepal. These are only 11%, the bulk of the population, as many as 81%, profess Hinduism.
Nepal is a backward country.
There is an opinion that the main population of the country is nomadic Buddhists who live in the mountains. Local residents have long settled here, using fertile soil for agriculture. So there are few nomads in Nepal, much more peasants. But in addition to agriculture in Nepal, there are cities. In the capital, Kathmandu, there are more than 1.3 million people, this is comparable to Ekaterinburg. And although the country belongs to the developing countries, there is a government and a market economy. In this democratic state there are several political parties. Gradually, the country begins to change. Industry accounts for 16% of GDP, but half of it is still provided by tourism. Rich water resources make it possible to plan the construction of hydroelectric power stations.
Nepal and Tibet are one and the same.
According to another view, Nepal is part of Tibet. The mistake can be understood, because the two regions are near, having much in common in their cultures. Nevertheless, these peoples are very different. Nepal is an independent state that became such at the end of the 18th century. And Tibet is a large Chinese region northeast of Nepal. As early as 1913, the province declared its independence, but could not defend it, becoming a part of the People’s Republic of China in the 1950s. And today Tibet remains a part of China. So Nepal is not a synonym for Tibet. And they say in Nepal in Nepali, and in Tibet – in Tibetan and Chinese. If there are more Hindus in Nepal, then there are many Tibetan monks in the neighboring region. In Nepal, an economy based on agriculture is built, and in Tibet, mostly nomads live. In general, Nepal is more developed and densely populated, there are large cities and universities.
Nepal is a troubled country.
In the media, news about Nepal is usually associated with violent public speeches, as recently the civil war ended here. In general, the ceasefire has been maintained since the signing of the peace treaty. And although some tension is still present, the country is rapidly becoming calmer. There are still demonstrations and riots, but they should not be afraid. Most tourist routes are safe. They are zealously patrolled by the police, there are even special patrols for visitors. In Nepal, the inhabitants are hospitable. Problems with kidnapping and robbery occur here no more often than in other countries. Do not be afraid to go here, the government conflicts have already come to naught.