is the capital of Russia, the largest city not only in the country, but also in Europe. The population of the city on 01.06.2009 is 10.5 million people. For the first time the mention of Moscow is found in 1147. Here Yuri Dolgoruky met with his ally Svyatoslav Olgovich. Since 1260 Moscow has become the center of the principality, and since 1460 – the capital of Russia.
Currently, this city is not only an administrative center, but also the largest transport hub, in Moscow there is a large business, political authorities of the country. Moscow is rightly considered the most beautiful city in the country, songs and poems are composed about it.
Moscow beckons to itself, it seems, this is a city of great opportunities. On television and in the media, most of the stars are from the provinces, who once came to the capital and made a career. Yes, there to say – you can remember the legendary film “Moscow does not believe in tears,” which just tells about the fate of provincials. The very name of the movie masterpiece means that the seekers of luck in the city will have to face great difficulties, very few have achieved the same stable status and decent work.
Not surprisingly, the city, being the object of increased attention, the goal for those wishing to make a career of provincials, has acquired a lot of myths about itself. Consider the most popular of them.
Very few people like Moscow.
Let’s look at the statistics. According to a survey of the Public Opinion Foundation in 2007, almost 70% of Russians who do not live in the capital consider Moscow simply a big city, 22% think that the best is concentrated there. Positively to the city is 36% of respondents in the regions, as many do not experience pronounced feelings. But only 20% of respondents are negative towards Moscow. So you can not talk about dislike.
Muscovites are treated with hostility.
Again, look at the statistics. Two-thirds of non-Muscovites note that residents of Moscow are different from other townspeople. In the eyes of others, the average Muscovite has a good job, has a stable high income, is hardworking and a material situation corresponding to all this. However, when trying to figure out the human qualities of Muscovites, it turned out that Russians often see negative features. So, 9% of the respondents noted snobbery and arrogance, 6% see Muscovites rough and aggressive, and 3% believe that the capital is inhospitable, nervous, selfish and fussy. However, positive qualities were also noted. Thus, 3% mentioned the culture and intelligence, and affability and sociability – 2%.
Muscovites do not like visiting provincials.
The phrase “Come here” became legendary and it, allegedly, characterizes the attitude of Muscovites to visitors. Although in Soviet times, Moscow has always been famous for its hospitable attitude to visitors. People who, due to talent, intellect and energy could not prove themselves at home, went to conquer the capital. Moscow, as a hospitable mother, accepted everyone. In the native Muscovites this tradition of hospitality has survived. But with the appearance of limiters in Moscow, the situation began to change. This small-cultural stratum settled in Moscow, calling itself Muscovites. They, in the opinion of sociologists, bear the main negative to visitors, not wishing to share their feeders. The visitors suffer the main troubles from their own brothers, as well as from the militia, in which also mainly come from other regions. Another reason is that normal people work quietly, without rushing into the eyes and not getting into criminal chronicles. When the robbery is committed by persons of Caucasian origin or accentuated on the non-Russian citizenship of the offender – this immediately catches your eye. Although, according to statistics, about 45% of all crimes are committed by visitors. This is due to the fact that criminal individuals are attracted to the place of accumulation of large amounts of money. Separate the hospitality and decency of indigenous people from the anger and alertness of visitors is difficult, so prepare yourself for a possibly hostile environment where you will have to prove your rights by force.Now native Muscovites, whose great-grandfathers also lived in the city, less than 2%. The number of natives of Russia has also decreased, and for the last 20 years their number has fallen to 84%. But the natives of Armenia and Georgia became more than 3 times, and from Azerbaijan – five. In total, the natives of the Caucasian republics account for 3% of the population of Moscow, Ukrainians, for comparison – 2.4%. Thus, it turns out that among the Muscovites, most have come relatively recently to the capital. So Muscovites are not born, but become.
In Moscow, a very high salary.
The fact that the average wage in the city is much higher than in the country. Unless in the Far North, the level of remuneration of labor is commensurate. A lot of zeros in the amount of salaries beckons and is, almost the most weighty criterion for moving. However, in addition to nominal wages, there is also such a thing as a real standard of living. Here he just after the move does not usually grow, and often falls. Guests of the capital usually buy things, and almost do not use the services, unlike the residents. Having moved to Moscow, a person immediately becomes a consumer of the whole range of services by far from cheap tariffs. As a result, the list of goods and services that can be afforded remains virtually unchanged. It should also take into account the fact that large companies are gradually shifting their focus to regions where they also need high-quality specialists. Let the salaries be not so high as in the capital, but the usual conditions, coupled with a decent salary, will ensure a comfortable existence. Let’s give the numbers. In 2009, the average salary in Moscow was about 33 thousand rubles, and it grew by 11-15% in a year, despite the crisis. The average salary in the country at that time was about 15 thousand, and its fall was 25%.
Moscow is a clean and well-kept city with a developed infrastructure.
Tourists, visiting Moscow, admire good well-groomed roads, painted houses, a relatively clean river. Factory pipes are almost invisible, landfills are not visible, and the weather is relatively mild and warm (if you came from Siberia). However, this is only an external picture. Having lived in the city for a while, you find that everyday routes pass away from tourist places. The streets are difficult to breathe, on the roads – permanent traffic jams, where you can stand without traffic for up to an hour. Is that conceivable in the regions? A huge number of cars and construction sites create an unbearable noise that simply exhausts the nervous system. It is only necessary to go to the North-West of Moscow and it becomes clear – how the city breathes. In the clean air at any time of day reflects the smoke and glow of Moscow. It is by no means among the most favorable for living cities. But the capital is not the dirtiest city in the country. The American non-profit research institute Blacksmith made a list of 35 of the dirtiest cities in the world. It got Dzerzhinsk, Norilsk and Magnitogorsk.
Moscow is a center of culture and entertainment.
Of course, the accumulation of monuments, museums, universities, libraries, as well as entertainment and sports complexes, is simply unprecedented for any other Russian city. However, for most residents of Moscow, these are just places of congestion of visitors and tourists. Settling in Moscow and starting to embody the next myth, you find that there is simply not enough time for museums. Entertaining institutions are designed for people of a certain range and wealth to get there, you must first earn a certain amount of money, acquire ties. In the regions, rest will cost much less and the chances of getting started, say, in a nightclub are much greater.
It’s easy to make a career in Moscow.
Ever since the time of the very Oscar-winning film, it is believed that it is possible and necessary to make a breakthrough in Moscow. Moscow is a city of great opportunities. With this you can not argue, most of the lucky people are really from the provinces.Perhaps this can be explained by the fact that visitors are more persistent in achieving the goal, are ready for deprivation, inconvenience for the sake of moving forward. However, such a paradox – many businessmen who live outside of Moscow, live and feel much better than Muscovites. At home, they are prominent figures, can engage in politics, influence. In Moscow, there are thousands of such people, it’s very difficult to really stand out even from among successful people. Again, we recall that in the regions gradually there are jobs with a “Moscow” salary. The problem is that these myths separate Moscow from the rest of the state, concentrating in one place all the centers of government. Paradox, but this is not in any big country! For example, in the US, New York is a business center, Washington embodies the law, and Las Vegas – entertainment. It’s funny, but even the General Staff of the Navy is in Moscow. Although, the transfer, for example, of the same headquarters to the regions – the Urals, for example, would greatly advance the solution of problems with housing for the military – in fact, it is much cheaper to build there.
You can live not in Moscow itself, but somewhere nearby, in Tsaritsino, for example.
Visitors often do not adequately represent Moscow distances. For many, half an hour-hour is enough to cross their entire hometown. Therefore, visitors are shocked by the fact that you can get to work 2 hours, and back even more, because of the incessant traffic jams. Many travel in crowded trains. Although Tsaritsyno is just the 5th metro station from the ring, and there are areas much farther from the center.
Really cheap to rent an apartment (for example, for $ 500) in remote areas.
There are no such prices in Moscow for a long time. For this money really in the same Tsaritsyno you can rent a room, not an apartment. At the same time, we must take a very careful look at the choice of housing, as much as possible communicate with the hostess and neighbors. Clean floors and new wallpaper – far from yet an indicator. Known to the case when the landlady can rent out all the rooms to visiting guest workers living on several people in the room, and herself was huddled in the kitchen. This neighborhood will only bring inconvenience.
It is better to rent an apartment immediately for six months or a year ahead.
So it is, but only if you are dealing not with friends or friends, you can not guarantee anything. Plans for the owners can change very sharply, there can always be a richer lodger and you can be asked to leave as quickly as possible. Therefore, it is recommended that you keep the amount that will allow you to quickly remove another housing in an emergency.
It is better to transport all things to the capital at once.
Often the conquerors of Moscow aspire to immediately bring with them all things – dishes, clothes, equipment, thinking that with them the process of adaptation to new conditions will be much easier. However, it turns out that frequent relocations force and constantly carry with them from place to place all these utensils. Suddenly, it may turn out that you have a dozen boxes, and there are still flowers, equipment … Do not carry everything with you, it is recommended to limit yourself to a minimum – much of the necessary will be available already in Moscow, and, having earned money, there will be an opportunity for more expensive purchases, which will make provincial things completely unnecessary.
It’s easy to find a job in Moscow.
This is one of the most enduring myths. It seems easy enough to come to the capital, open a newspaper with ads and get a bunch of tempting offers. Indeed, Moscow has a shortage of labor. However, when getting to work, get ready for a tough selection, go through a sieve of interviews. There is a high probability that at first time it will be necessary to work for pennies, but, trying to prove themselves and stay in the workplace, to sacrifice personal time for the sake of achieving the goals. Applying to work in a small company, prepare for the fact that the entry can go much more smoothly, but there may be other problems – at the end of the trial period you can simply throw money.This is a common phenomenon, it is very difficult to warn against it. According to statistics, the applicant in search of work can spend from a month to a year and a half, conducting an average of two interviews a day.
Muscovites do not go to museums themselves.
In one of the popular films, even the phrase sounds that only the limiters and guests of the capital walk to the Tretyakov Gallery. But according to the polls of the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion, it is residents of Moscow and St. Petersburg who go to museums more often than others. Every year, 36% of Muscovites go to cultural institutions, which include theaters, museums and exhibitions, and about 10% of citizens visit such places every month.
Moscow is the most expensive city in the world.
This statement is partially false. Specialists of the Swiss bank UBS, comparing prices for goods and services, have placed Moscow only on the 56th place among expensive cities of the planet. In terms of the average salary Moscow is on the 41st place. But for the residence of foreigners for three years in a row, Moscow has retained the primacy among expensive megacities. Even for millionaires, Moscow is not cheap. The hotel, similar to London, will cost 40% more in the Russian capital, and Louis Vuitton bag is more expensive only in Dubai. But the fact that Moscow – the most expensive city in Russia can not be doubted.
In Moscow, the biggest traffic jams.
But this is true. The average metropolitan traffic jam lasts 1 hour and 26 minutes. For comparison – In St. Petersburg – 54 minutes, in Kiev and Yekaterinburg – 45 minutes. Every day in Moscow, about 800 congestions are formed, in each of which almost one and a half thousand cars are idle. On average, Muscovites are in traffic jams 6 full days a year!
Moscow is overpopulated, like an anthill.
Western scientists have calculated the norm of comfortable living in the city, which is 15 people per hectare. In Moscow, on this unit of the square there are 120 inhabitants! Let’s compare these figures with other cities. In Chicago – 16 people, in Paris – 62, New York and St. Petersburg – 40. Thus, Moscow really can be considered an overpopulated city.