Wolf G. Messing
(1899-1974) was born in Poland. He became famous for his work as an entertainer, guessing the thoughts of the audience. He spent his youth in Polish circus circus, where he became familiar with the art of illusion.
In 1939, after the outbreak of World War II, he fled to the USSR, where he began to read thoughts first as part of the propaganda teams, and then with individual concerts. The means of the artist were built 2 aircraft, who took part in the fighting.
Messing’s name is surrounded by legends and mystery. Performances of the same artist are accompanied by nervousness and electrification of himself and the entire audience. This helps to make the experiments look even more impressive.
This person was, in fact, the first Soviet psychic. Released in 2010 on television screens of the series about Wolff Messing even more revived the public’s interest in this phenomenon. However, the name of the illusionist is often associated with myths, some of which he spawned besides himself. We will deal with their debunking.
In 1915, the 16-year-old Wolff in Vienna met with Einstein in his painting, there he was surprised by the abundance of literature.
Messing there also conducted a telepathic session with Freud and Einstein. This myth was spread by the artist himself, but it turned out that Einstein was not at all in Vienna from 1913 to 1925, and his apartment there never was. And the scientist never kept a lot of books at home, preferring to keep a few directories and reprints of important articles.
After the Germans occupied Poland, Messing’s head was estimated at 200,000 marks, as the artist in one of the Warsaw theaters predicted Hitler’s death if he went to the East.
And this myth is replicated by the artist himself, in fact, no evidence of such an allegation was ever found. During the verification of a large number of Nazi archives (secret police, security services, offices, ministries, etc.), no information about the artist Wolff Messing was found. No data on it was found in the verification of the catalog of the Berlin Library, as well as the Polish archives associated with the activities of the then fascists. And in the documents of the Reich Ministry of Propaganda, there is no evidence of Hitler’s reactions to Messing’s speeches.
Messinga’s leg disease is explained as follows.
When he was arrested in Poland occupied by the Germans, Wolf mentally ordered the jailers to come to his cell, there he put them in a trance, and he jumped out of the window of the guardroom. According to Messing, it is freedom that he owes to foot disease. The story is beautiful, but it was not necessary to jump from the windows of the commandant’s office, because you could calmly out of it. Messing himself was very skeptical about extreme adventures and thrills. By the way, other versions of this canonical story for the hero end in this way: “.. and unhindered to leave the building.”
In 1940, Messing with Stalin was held in Gomel.
The leader was interested in Wolf’s state of affairs in Poland, as well as meetings with the leaders of the country. Similar meetings with Stalin were held later, including in Moscow. It is doubtful that the top leadership of the country will show such interest to the frenzied variety telepath who, moreover, was in no way connected with politics. Turning to the archives, it was not possible to find any documents that showed Messing’s meetings with Stalin. Yes, and records of all persons accepted by Stalin in the Kremlin were conducted, they were published, the name of Wolf Messing is not there.
Stalin decided personally to check Messing, for this he gave the illusionist the task of getting a hundred thousand rubles in a savings bank, presenting a blank sheet from a school notebook instead of documents.
After the experiment was over, the money was returned to the cashier, who received a heart attack when he saw how cruelly he had been deceived. Messing to this legend added that he was able to leave the leader’s residence without hindrance and just as easily entered back, hypnotizing the guard.However, all this myth is easily exposed by the employees of the State Bank. The fact is that the receipt for receiving money first gets to the accountant, who can not give money in principle, then, depending on the amount (and this is just the case), the document is checked by two auditors, after which the check returns to the cashier counting down the whole amount and preparing documents. Only then the client is called, to whom the money is given. Hardly Messing, who told a very different story, was familiar with such a complex system and hypnotized people, the existence of which he had not suspected. So the whole story is just a beautiful myth.
Another task of Stalin to verify Messing was the ban on the way out of the Kremlin, but within 10 minutes the illustrious artist walked around Moscow, miraculously passing the Chekist barriers.
To refute this myth again simply, no facts about the meeting of the leader with the artist was found. Information on this is missing from the archives of the Central Committee of the CPSU, in the records of persons accepted by Stalin in 1927-1953, in the archives of the FSB and other repositories of documents of that time.
Messing took part in the disclosure of the high-profile case of the director of the fruit-and-press shop, where he confessed to the telepath about the crime.
Such a case really was and it was after the interview of the suspect with Messing that the investigators published a document with the facts that fully exposed the guilty person. This certificate was even filed in the case, and the information in it was reliable. However, as it turned out, in this way the investigator made it possible to use the agent information, covering the true source with the name of the artist. Naturally, the person who issued the attacker, and remained unknown, which the investigation sought. Messing received his portion of glory and another myth about himself in his piggy bank.
In 1944, near Novgorod, a suspicious man was arrested, who looked like a German and admitted that he was.
His exposure was only possible with the help of Messing. The scouts suspected in the arrested agent of German intelligence, but could not expose him. The German persistently denied his guilt, not even succumbing to the staging of his own execution. It seemed that this man was able to endure any pain, never breaking. It is alleged that Messing was invited for questioning, who was present under the guise of a high-ranking official. Through telepathy, the actor realized that the detainee during the interrogation translates in his head the phrases from German to Russian, so he lies, being an experienced spy. The myth says that after the interrogation Messing in pure German said: “Yes, now I am absolutely convinced that you are innocent.” Then he got up from the table and said in the same tone, but in Russian: “That’s all. You can go.” The prisoner immediately jumped, and then gave himself away. In fact, it should be noted that intelligence is not caught by spies, but counterintelligence. It is doubtful that they allowed for a secret questioning of an ordinary touring artist, who also recently received Soviet citizenship. And what was the purpose of Messing’s part in the interrogation? Would the spy confess that he knew the Russian language and what would it have on the way of proving his involvement in the German special services? Yes, and the reaction of the detainee to the words of a telepath can not clearly testify about his knowledge of the Russian language. As a result, a rich biography of Wolf Messing replenished with one more myth that was superfluous for the artist.
In 1951, a hearing was held in Kazan on the murderer’s case, but Messing quickly realized that the accused was innocent and exposed the real criminal.
According to this myth, a fragile girl was thrown off the bridge at night, and the accusation fell on her former friend, although there was no evidence against him. Evidence was based on the fact that young people met once upon a time on this bridge, although they had not seen each other for two years. The suppressed guy in every possible way denied his guilt.This process was also interested in Messing, who quickly felt the impulses from a real criminal who was among the public at the trial. Soon the telepath accurately calculated a guy of 25 years old, who began sending mental signals, urging him to confess. However, the assassin did not react at all, then during the break Messing left a note on the chair of the culprit, on which it was written “There is no way out.” When, at the resumption of the meeting, the offender found a note, he began to shout that he had committed the act. In fact, this myth is refuted by the memories of workers of the Tatarstan court of the 1950s. On the one hand, no one remembers such a story, and therefore does not confirm, and on the other hand, no mention was made in the archives of the court about such a case.
During his presentations, Messing easily identified objects in the hands of people and found things hidden in the hall.
Thanks to the memoirs of Ignatius Schönfeld, who was sitting with Messing in the NKVD prison in the 1940s, some details of the artist’s work became known. Wolf took lessons from the artist-telepath Zalessky and he taught the artist some of his tricks. The fact is that usually when a viewer is asked to give an object, the number is very limited. Usually it was a comb or a watch, maybe glasses. The assistant pointed out this or that word in an intonation, letting the master know what it was about: “Tell me, what exactly is in my NOW in my left hand?” Naturally, the telepath portrayed the torments of the thought process, but most often accurately guessed the object. As a result, for almost all the items that people usually wear in their pockets, there was a system of their own. However, the telepath should avoid children, because in their pockets could be the most unpredictable things.
Messing wrote an autobiography “About himself”, which became a source of information about him, about his unusual gift and meetings with great people.
I must say that it is from this book, published in 1964, that most of the folk myths about Messing are drawn. In fact, the artist did not write such a book, its author was a well-known journalist Mikhail Khvastunov, nicknamed “Mihvas.” The pen worker quickly realized what a sensation could be the memories of Messing and concluded an agreement with him on the creation of such labor on his behalf. Wolff himself could hardly have written such a work, since he was semi-literate, and in Russian, moreover, is rather weak. The fact that he wrote such a work personally by Messing is denied also by his personal secretary, there were no any drafts of the book from the artist afterwards. So there were stories about meetings Messing with Stalin, Beria, Einstein, Sholem Aleichem, Freud and Gandhi, as well as information about the wonderful gift of the artist. Meanwhile on the stage in those days there were still a few big and famous representatives of this genre, but no one thought up so many myths and fables about them.