(Republic of Mali) is a state in West Africa. Neighbors of this country are the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (in the south), Mauritania (in the north), Senegal (in the west), Nigeria (in the east). The state structure of the country is a multi-party republic. The main cities of this state are Gao, Mopti, Segu and Sikaso. French is a state language.
The population of Mali is a large number of African nationalities, so you can talk about the diversity of the population of Mali. African nationalities living on the territory of the Republic of Mali include Malinke, Tuareg, Senufo, Soninke, Fulbe, etc. The majority of the population of the Republic of Mali are Muslims (94%). 4% are Christians and 2% are pagans. Monetary unit in the Republic of Mali is the African franc.
Mali is an independent state.
So it became only in 1960. It was then that the Republic of Mali appeared on the map of Africa. The same year – 1960 – began to be called “the year of Africa”. It was then that seventeen colonies as a result of a stubborn struggle became independent states. Among these seventeen colonies was also the French Sudan. This state has become a sovereign country – the Republic of Mali. The name was given in honor of the great empire of Mali. This strong empire existed in this territory in the period from the eighth to the fifteenth century.
Mali is an agrarian state.
Agriculture, breeding of camels and cattle, as well as fishing are the main activities of the population of the republic. The following minerals are mined in Mali: phosphorites, diamonds, gold, etc. The state exports minerals. It also delivers peanuts, hassle and live animals abroad.
Tourism is well developed in Mali.
And this is not surprising. After all, the African culture represented here has an ancient history. The traditions of this country are unusual. Ancient cities and cultural centers are beautiful. Statistics show that every year in the Republic of Mali come to rest about one hundred thousand tourists.
The climate in Mali is tropical.
It is this kind of he most of the state. Only in the south of Mali the climate becomes subequatorial. The rainy season in Mali lasts from July to October. That is why, if a tourist has chosen to visit this country, he should carefully consider the time of his trip. The remaining months – from November to June – the country is dominated by hot and dry weather. And the air temperature can reach up to +45 degrees Celsius. Often the wind blows “harmatan” – dry and strong. Often it can be correlated with a hurricane. For tourists, the months are most favorable from November to February. The average daily temperature in these months is +35 degrees Celsius. In the evening, the weather is not so hot.
Visa is a prerequisite for entry into the country.
This applies to all persons entering the republic other than French nationals. If a person is only passing through Mali, then he must necessarily issue a transit visa. If a person goes to the Republic of Mali to rest, he must open a guest visa. Usually its duration is 30 calendar days. For a fee, if necessary, a guest visa can be extended for a period of one month to one year.
The city of Nyono is “Venice of Mali”.
This city was named because of a large system of channels and canals. Their network crosses the whole city of Nyono.
Mali is a poor country.
The Republic of Mali is indeed ranked among the poorest countries in the world. It can be judged on the basis of the following data: primary school in this state is able to attend less than 50% of school-age children, secondary school and even less – 10%. The number of students is also small – it is only six thousand people. The urban population is only 20%, and one doctor is twenty thousand people.
In Mali, some interesting sights of the African continent are concentrated.
The legendary Timbuktu is located in the Republic. In the central part of Mali, a tourist can admire the view of the stunning rock massif of Bandiagara. The tourist will be surprised to learn what a large number of ancient cities of Mali are now buried in the desert. This state contains a lot of interesting for the inquisitive person.
Mali is the birthplace of the Dogon.
Their lands are in the area of the city of Duenza. It is believed that the Dogon were the very first inhabitants of the Niger river valley. Art works of Dogon are valued by collectors from different parts of the world. The birthplace of Dogon – Plateau Dogon – is on UNESCO’s list. The reason for including the Plate in the number of World Heritage sites is the uniqueness of living conditions – many ancient Dogon villages located in cliffs are inhabited so far. Their beliefs include ancient worldview ideas.
Shigu is a well-known Dogon ceremony.
It is celebrated once in sixty years. Most likely, this ceremony has a connection with the agricultural calendar of Dogon. It is interesting that this calendar is based on the orbital cycles of one of the stars. It’s amazing, but it’s about a white dwarf star from the Sirius system, which was discovered only in the second half of the twentieth century. How did it happen that the Dogon knew about it for more than a millennium? After all, they could not use the most powerful telescopes, with the help of which the star was discovered in 1960.
Timbuctoo is a legendary city.
About six centuries ago this city was very powerful. He was at the intersection of important trade routes. This circumstance brought untold wealth to the city of Timbuktu. Now the city has a peculiar imprint of the past. There are three mosques, which, as it was supposed to have been built in the fourteenth century. Therefore, mosques are ranked among the oldest in the world.
The city of Jenna is a clay monument of Mali.
The heyday of this city reached about the same time as Timbuktu, also had a favorable position at the intersection of trade routes. Nowadays in this city there is a famous building made of clay. It is ranked as the largest on the planet. This is an architectural monument – a large mosque Jenna. Perhaps, this mosque is not only the main attraction of the city, but also the main attraction of the whole state. In the form in which the mosque is to be today, it exists only since 1907. The first mosque appeared on this place in the distant thirteenth century. But in the nineteenth century it was destroyed. Only Muslims have the right to enter the Jenna Mosque.
Baule National Park is the only place in Mali where the greenery was preserved.
In fact, it really is true – there are not so many green areas in Mali. Baule National Park is 130 kilometers north-west of Bamako. The few representatives of lions, giraffes and hippos that can be seen in this park look even a bit unnatural among the sun-scorched plains. By the way, in Bamako there is an ethnographic museum, which is one of the best in West Africa. This ethnographic museum is called the Local National Museum.