(Hebrew, from “magician” – “close” or “contact”, “krav” – “battle”) – developed by Imi Lichtenfeld effective modern hand-to-hand combat system, which can be easily studied by both men and women . The main goal of this system is to quickly neutralize the threat in real life.
The very name of the “melee” system indicates that in this case it is a matter of direct physical interaction with the enemy (as opposed to combat with the use of weapons at a distance). At the same time, it should be mentioned that the Krav Maga provides for the study of various modern weapons – both piercing-cutting (knife) and small-arms (pistol, rifle, etc.) and other items that can be used for self-defense.
This hand-to-hand combat system is not sporty, not burdened with a large number of clear rules and prohibitions. For classes and competitions there is no special form of clothing, although in some organizations it is customary to give pupils emblems and different levels as they learn. The methods of Krav Maga are aimed at achieving the fastest and most effective results in real conditions of the encounter with an aggressive and ruthless adversary, whose actions constitute a direct threat to the lives of others.
The emphasis is on defeating the most vulnerable points (blows to the groin, Adam’s apple, eyeballs, etc.), head shots, use of any items at hand. In addition, the methods of mitigating reception are studied in accordance with the situation created and the limits of the necessary self-defense are clearly established, which must be observed by the defending one, by commensurating his own reaction with the threat. In general, this system is designed to eliminate immediate danger, prevent aggressive actions and neutralize the attacker (in some cases, this allows a transition from protection to attack).
Krav Maga trainings are the same as in other martial arts.
Indeed, Krav Maga has much in common with other self-defense systems, however, the training for this type of melee is not identical in all, for example, judo or karate.
First, the training involves the use of protective equipment (protection of the groin, head, shin, forearm, etc.), which allows achieving a realistic level of impact, while minimizing the possibility of damage. After all, only in this case the pupil can fully feel the power of the blow and practice the technique of defense and attack, without risking harming himself and the sparring partner (this is one of the fundamental principles of training).
Secondly, the student is prepared to fight in the worst, often unfavorable conditions (one-handed combat, a fight with several attackers, protection from an armed enemy, etc.), learn not to be distracted by various external factors. For this purpose, during the training, loud music, a stroboscope, an installation producing artificial smoke, etc. may be included. And in order to strengthen the realism of this or that situation, worked out in the course of classes, training takes place in places with different terrain, in a confined space, while the pupil can be blindfolded, and before practicing defensive techniques, they should offer prolonged performance of extremely tiring exercises. To familiarize students with the stress that arises during a real fight, full-contact sparring (“Strike and Fight”) is practiced. And already at the first lessons the second fundamental principle of Krav Maga is taught – in real fight there are no rules.
Thirdly, part of the training is the development of the ability to assess the potential danger of the situation, the advantages and disadvantages of the terrain before the start of the bout. People are trained in various types of influence (word or deed) to avoid violence.
Krav Maga was born in ancient times in Israel.
No, this system was developed by Imi Likhtenfeld (Imi Sde-or) in Czechoslovakia and Hungary around 1930, combining the simplest techniques of boxing, karate, jiu-jitsu and was designed to protect the Jewish community of Bratislava from the Nazis. After a while, Lichtenfeld moved to Palestine and became a teacher of hand-to-hand fighting in Hagan. From 1948 to 1964, Imi was the chief instructor in hand-to-hand fighting in the School of Combat Training of the IDF. After retiring, he made a lot of efforts so that the Krav Maga could study not only the military, but also civilians.
The Krav Maga is based on a certain philosophical system.
For this system of self-defense, of course, certain principles of training and sparring partners’ behavior are typical, but the basis of the Krav Maga is scientific research of human reflexes (both attacking and defending). It is these movements, brought to automatism, which allow the krav Maga to be mastered in record time. This system is not intended for spiritual self-improvement, its main task is to ensure survival in any situation.
Krav Maga martial art.
In fact, this system of self-defense does not provide for adherence to clearly defined rules (after all, no fights are fought in street fights), it allows replacing one of the racks and receptions by others, does not prohibit, but on the contrary, encourages the use of various items for self-defense and does not rely on any kind of self- or a philosophical system. It is more correct to give this system a slightly different definition: Krav Maga is a tool that allows solving problems of a different kind. To the soldier this system allows very quickly to master the basics of hand-to-hand combat, the policeman – to quickly disarm and immobilize the bandit, to the woman – to provide effective resistance to the rapist, and the bodyguard – to ensure the client’s safety as efficiently as possible. At the same time, the tasks, the techniques used, change, but the basic principles (“recycling”, “threat point”) are unchanged.
Krav Maga is a mixture of various techniques of other martial arts, or ordinary, unremarkable hand-to-hand combat.
This opinion is due to the fact that, as is known, Imi Lichtenfeld was engaged in boxing, jujitsu and karate. Consequently, the conclusion suggests itself – the system created by it is a “mix” of the aforementioned fighting styles. However, this conclusion is not entirely true. In fact, the Krav Maga, created for the needs of the army and the police, was not designed for an experienced fighter, but was intended for study by ordinary untrained people. And it was created not by borrowing techniques (although some elements of box or Jiu-Jitsu in Krav Maga are quite recognizable), but by developing theoretical principles, which were imposed by the motor base (struts, displacements, strokes, pain control). Therefore, it can be confidently asserted – Krav Maga resembles karate or Jiu-Jitsu only externally, at the level of the locomotive base it is a completely original system, the result of the long-term scientific research of modern specialists. In addition, mention should be made of the presence of specific, easily recognizable techniques characteristic of this self-defense system. In other “novodels,” as in ordinary melee, this kind of “crowns” (features) are absent.
Krav Maga is a set of “unworthy” techniques, forbidden by the rules of other martial arts.
Indeed, in training, you learn strokes in the groin, eyes, throat, Adam’s apple, allowing you to quickly take the enemy out of action. But the methods described above by no means form the basis of the Krav Maga. It’s no secret that anyone, even the most effective technique, can fail (the aggressor is in fact able to block the blow), and a normal fight begins in which your task is to survive.It is the ability to properly assess the situation, do not get confused, do not succumb to panic teaches the Krav Maga by working out certain combinations of technical actions before the conditioned reflex. Blows, methods of protection, ways to get rid of the grip, pain control are worked out by the students to automaticity – only in this case they will have a chance to win in a real battle.
There is no sparring in the Krav Maga.
Absolutely erroneous opinion – because only in sparring can one effectively work out those or other situations that can arise in a real fight. That is why sparring partners are equipped in a special way, and in some schools full-contact sparring is provided.
There are no competitions for krav-maga, and in battles without rules, instructors of this system do not participate – it means that it is not so effective.
This is not true – the effectiveness of this self-defense system has been repeatedly tested in real combat situations. The absence of a public demonstration of strength in the competition speaks, rather, that the art-master of the Krav Maga does not aspire to prove to someone that it is superior. This system is not designed to win in sports, its goal is to ensure the survival of a person.
All Israel’s foreign intelligence officers know the krav-maga.
In fact, the Mossad (“Mossad letafidim meyuhadim” – “Institute of Intelligence and Special Tasks”) does not study hand-to-hand combat. Krav Maga was created for the needs of other agencies – the Israeli Defense Army (Tsakhala), police, border guards, counterintelligence (Shabaka) and special forces (Duvdevan, Mistaaravim, etc.).
In Israel, all the soldiers studied the Krav Maga.
It should be noted that the Israel Defense Forces are divided into two parts – the “Kravi” (combat army) and the “Dzhobniki” (working army) whose training is very different. Those who fall into the “jobniki” pass an accelerated 90-day training course (only three lessons are allocated for the study of the Krav Maga) and serve in the deep rear. “Kravi” is taught more thoroughly – after all, they are taking part in military operations directed against bandit formations and terrorist groups. In combat troops, soldiers thoroughly master the Krav Maga, but getting into the “kravi” is not so easy. First, a person should volunteer, secondly, he must meet certain requirements, etc.
Krav Maga will help you win any fight.
Indeed, mastery of this art significantly increases the chances of winning the fight. However, it should be taken into account that in real life undefeated fighters do not exist. Therefore, the instructor of the Krav Maga, demonstrating, for example, the reception of the release from the seizure by the neck from behind, always warns the students that the seizure of this kind is extremely dangerous, it can at least lead to a loss of consciousness, and as a result, you may not be able to get free. While studying the Krav Maga, a person is freed from illusions, getting the fullest possible idea of the strength and unpredictability of the blows that are dealt in a real fight. And instead of the desire to gain invincibility in the heart there is another desire – to survive. And in this case, Krav Maga significantly increases your chances – but no more.
There is no variety of styles in Krav Maga.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. It is enough to list the names of the organizations that propagandize and develop the Krav Maga: “International Krav Maga Federation” Eyal Yanilov, “Krav Maga Association of America” Darren Levina, “Federation European Krav Maga” Richard Dueba, “Israel Krav Maga Association” Chaim Gidon. There are author’s styles (krav-maga Liven and Maor), and in Italy the “fitness krav-maga” is extremely popular.
Krav Maga is just a well-promoted brand, on which Israelis can make good money.
Indeed, teaching Krav Maga can be done, which is what many instructors of this system do (by the way, not only the Israelis, but also the inhabitants of other countries).In this case, it should be noted that Krav Maga is extremely popular throughout the world, as it is tested in many real skirmishes. And for an effective tool to ensure personal security and pay is not a sin.