Jumping on the trampoline
(from the French batoude, Italian battuta – “blow”), i.e. a special net woven from a transparent braid and stretched with rubber shock absorbers on a metal frame equipped with stable supports – a sport, one of the disciplines of gymnastics.
Various springs have long been used in many countries of the world mainly for entertainment purposes. For example, the Eskimos threw the children into the air, stretching the walrus skins. In Europe, blankets were used for the same purpose. It is also known that in the XIXth the Indians were making devices very similar to trampolines.
Adaptations of this kind were very often used in circus performances. The prototype of the modern trampoline, according to researchers, was invented in the Middle Ages by the circus acrobat Du Trampolina (France) and at first was a flip board, later modernized in a spring grid.
A wide spread of jumping on the trampoline was in 1926 – it was then that Americans L. Krisvold and G. Nissen began work on optimizing the design of these sports equipment. In 1939, an improved model of the trampoline was patented, the mass production of which led to a surge in the popularity of jumping on the trampoline in the US.
Initially, exercises of this kind were considered gymnastic, but soon began to be positioned as a new sport. The first national and student competitions on trampolining in the USA took place in 1948, and in 1953 this sport was included in the program of the Pan-American Games.
In Europe, the trampoline hit a few years later, thanks to the import of new sports equipment. The first competition for jumping on the trampoline was held in England in 1958. At the same time in many countries of Europe were established Federation of jumps on the trampoline, and in 1959 the International Federation of Gymnastics made a proposal to recognize the jumping on the trampoline as a new sport.
In 1964 the International Trampoline Federation was formed, and London hosted the first World Championship in this sport. Since 1968 there have been European championships in trampoline jumping, since 1981 athletes compete for the World Cup in this sport. Since 2000, this sport is included in the Summer Olympics program – individual and group synchronous performances are evaluated.
Today, the trampoline is used to train athletes, during competitions in some sports, as well as to train pilots and astronauts in the airspace. Trampolines are often used in the entertainment industry.
The rules of the trampoline competition were created in the USA.
This is not true. For the first time, certain rules for this sport were developed in 1960 in the Federal Republic of Germany.
In the Soviet Union, the trampoline gained popularity thanks to the performances of circus acrobats and gymnasts.
No, the reason is different – this sports equipment was used during the training of astronauts. And since it was to the occupations of representatives of this profession that the society showed great interest – the trampoline gained considerable popularity in the 60s of the last century in the USSR.
Trampolines are most often used by gymnasts during training and performances, in other sports this shell is not used.
This is not quite true. The trampoline is used not only by gymnasts or jumpers, but also by snowboarders and skateboarders (in some cases during the jumping they use plywood boards), polishing pirouettes and somersaults, beers (especially at the initial stages of training), people engaged in freestyle, skiing , jumps in the water, roller skating, etc. In addition, there is a new team sport created by Mason Gordon, called slamball (English slamball, from slam – “blow from above” and ball – “ball”) and different from basketball and ball games, on the basis of which it was created , a platform covering: instead of a parquet trampolines 2,1х4,2 m, on 4 at each ring are used.Such coverage allows athletes to make very high jumps during an attack or protection ring.
Jumping on a trampoline is good for health.
Yes, jumps help to strengthen the muscular structure of the body, especially the jogging muscles of the legs, help to fight cellulite, train the vestibular apparatus, which means they are an excellent prevention of seasickness, improve the ability to navigate in space, develop dexterity, strength, and speed of reaction. In addition, according to experts, during the jumps there are positive changes and at the cellular level – the body is actively cleansed of toxins, metabolic processes are accelerated. This kind of sport can be practiced by people of any gender and age, provided that there are no medical contraindications (such as those occurring with injuries or diseases of the musculoskeletal system).
In a trampoline jump, the team can consist of 2 or more people.
The team (both male and female) in this sport can consist of 3 or 4 gymnasts – no more and no less.
If an athlete interferes with the correct exercise (noise in the room, a problem with clothing or equipment), he has the right to re-run the program.
This is not quite true. The second attempt can really be given to the athlete in the event that the performance was prevented by any external influence or a malfunction of the equipment. At the same time, neither the noise and applause of spectators, nor the disorder in clothes are considered an obstacle, and the rights to re-appear do not give.
Athletes are not allowed to wear watches or jewelry during performances.
Such a prohibition does take place. Exception – rings without stones, but only if they are closed with elastic bandage.
стро Strict requirements are imposed on the clothes of participants in the trampolining competitions.
Yes, there are many rules and restrictions that athletes must adhere to. For example, gymnastic trousers of male athletes should be monotonous, and not dark and certainly not black, and female athletes can be dressed in a swimsuit (with or without sleeves), fitting overalls or tights – any other clothing that does not fit the body , is prohibited. Also, it is not allowed to cover the face or head (for security reasons). Athletes and athletes wear special trampoline slippers during the performances. In addition, it should be noted that members of the same team should be dressed in the same way, as failure to comply with this requirement entails the disqualification of athletes. On the form of contestants there should be an emblem of the region, city or club – otherwise 0.1 point is taken from each offender.
The longer the exercise lasts, the higher the judges’ ratings.
Wrong opinion. Exercise should last no more than 1 minute. For exceeding the time, the judges reduce the score by 0.1 ball (if the duration of the exercise is from 61 to 90 seconds), 0.2 points (91 – 120 seconds), 0.3 points (121 seconds or more). In addition, the removal of 0.3 points threatens the athlete, who spent more than 30 seconds on training jumps on the competition equipment. However, the reduction of points does not occur when the exercise could not be completed on time due to a malfunction of the equipment.
Jumping on the trampoline is estimated by 5-6 referees.
No, there are many more judges for competitions in this sport: the chairman of the jury of judges, the judges of the technique (in individual competitions – 3-5, in synchronous – 4), the judge of the duration of the flight (only in individual competitions), judges of difficulty, referees of synchronism 1-3 people), the assistant to the chairman of the jury (during synchronous speeches). In total, individual performances of athletes are estimated from 8 to 10 people, synchronous – from 11 to 13 judges.And some of them are located in 5-7 meters from the speakers, on a special platform, whose height is 1-2 meters, others – so that the grid is at the level of their eyes, the third – next to the platform.
Modern trampolines come in different shapes and sizes.
For trainees and athletes’ performances, trampolines are used, which are a spring net attached to a metal frame-frame. Around this structure is located a “safe platform” – thickened mats, performing a cushioning function. For performances of circus acrobats, a mesh track on iron stands is often used, using a system of cables and blocks stretched over a platform or an arena. In the entertainment industry, inflatable trampolines are used – real pneumatic attractions in the form of slides, mazes, castles, fairy-tale heroes, etc. Such smaller designs are very popular among outdoor enthusiasts – a small inflatable trampoline is much easier to transport and install than a classic net trampoline.
The quality of the trampoline depends on the material of which the mesh and frame are made.
This is indeed so. The best choice will be a product in which both the frame and the springs are galvanized – a coating of this kind will reliably protect parts of the trampoline from the effects of bad weather. The galvanized frame will serve not so long, and at all deprived of a covering – rusts very quickly. When choosing a trampoline, be sure to pay attention to the type of steel frame: for adults, a thickness of at least 2 mm is suitable, but if the frame is made of steel with a thickness of 1.5 mm – this product is intended only for children or adolescents, whose weight does not exceed 70 kg. It would be superfluous to pay attention to the number of springs – the fewer of them, the less weight the product can withstand. It should be taken into account that the trampoline, whose diameter is 3.7 m, should have 80 springs, but if the diameter is slightly larger – 4.3 m, then the number of springs increases – in such a sports equipment there will be already 96. Buying inflatable trampolines, not You should be seduced by the lowest price and the maximum ease of the product. The fact is that if the trampoline is made of a material, 1 m2 of which weighs 450 grams – it will last for a maximum of 2 seasons (the weight of a quality material should be at least 650 g per 1 m2). And fan blowers, which are equipped with cheaper designs, quickly fail.
The trampoline can be installed anywhere.
Yes, a sports equipment of this kind is resistant to weather, so it can be installed both indoors and in the suburban area, and simply on a green lawn in the middle of the forest or on the shore of the reservoir. But some factors during installation should be taken into account. Firstly, the trampoline should be placed on a horizontal level surface, in a well-lit place, away from fences, playgrounds, walls of buildings, etc. Secondly, the upper free from the branches of trees, wires, etc. the space above the trampoline must be at least 7 m 30 cm (exception – inflatable and mini trampolines). And, at last, under a trampoline it is not necessary to place any subjects, and for maintenance of the maximum safety the given sports projectile needs to be surrounded by a special safety net.
On the trampoline, you can only jump – it’s no longer suitable for anything.
Wrong opinion. The trampoline is used in different ways: it organizes various kinds of games and competitions (however, you need to make sure that several people are not on the sports equipment at the same time), rest, read, paint, even sleep. And small children, adhering to the grid of the trampoline, can make their first steps.