is the hormone of the peptide gland. It has an important influence on metabolic processes in virtually all body tissues. Insufficiency of the allocation of this hormone or a violation of its effect and is the basis of diabetes. Since 1922, people have started injecting insulin to sick people, this has produced excellent results. So there was an effective means of fighting against a dangerous disease.
When we hear the word insulin, then before our mind’s eye there are huge needles or a diabetic, low-sugar person. For most people this substance is a strong and dangerous medicine. In fact, this is not so, but to know how insulin works. Especially it will be useful for people with type 2 diabetes. It will be important to debunk some myths about insulin.
Diabetics can not live without insulin.
In fact, patients with the first type of diabetes, and this is 5-10% of all patients, really feel the vital need for this medicine. But those who have the second type of disease, and this is the vast majority, the intake of insulin is not at all necessary.
The intake of insulin suggests that a person can not cope with his illness.
In fact, you should not be so categorical. Doctors say that even those patients who perform a full range of physical exercises and adhere to a special diet, still need insulin.
Insulin causes a decrease in blood sugar.
This effect of taking medication can really come, but the probability of this is small. Even lower risk is to get low blood sugar from insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes. In addition, today new generation drugs appeared on the market that mimic the natural production of insulin. This greatly reduces the risk of hypoglycemia. For example, such is the basal insulin “Lantus”.
If you started taking insulin, then it’s forever.
Not at all. Sometimes people take this medicine for a certain time interval, for example, this can happen during pregnancy.
It is better to take oral medications than insulin.
In this case, it is worth talking about metformin. This drug is oral and is struggling with diabetes. Only here is not effective for everyone, acting on different people in different ways.
Insulin leads to gaining weight.
Those people who are ill with the second type of diabetes, really, because of insulin therapy, I can gain weight. But this is just the same and normal, because such a phenomenon – a direct consequence of the fact that the body began to resist the disease. If there is no overdose, then insulin therapy should not cause weight gain. Often, the medication begins just after a long period of diabetes decompensation. A high level of sugar in this case leads to weight loss, because some of the consumed food is lost in the form of urine glucose. Insulin leads to the normalization of sugar, now the nutrients are not lost. Food begins to be used by the body to the fullest, and weight returns to normal. Studies have shown that prolonged use of insulin on an average for 10 years gives an increase of 6 kilograms in patients of the second type of diabetes, and in 3-5 kilograms for those who sit on tablets, and even 2 kilograms for those who sit on a diet. But with age, there is always a tendency for a person to gradually increase weight, this is due to a decrease in physical activity. By starting to have excess weight and a normal level of sugar, it is much safer than high sugar at a normal weight.
The intake of insulin indicates that a person has serious problems with diabetes.
In fact, it’s worth paying attention to the disease itself, not to the medications it takes. Regardless of whether a person takes insulin or not, diabetes is in itself a serious problem that needs to be addressed. The severity of the disease is determined by whether diabetes has complications.On average, those patients who take insulin do have a longer duration of the disease and the number of complications. However, in this case, severe forms of diabetes are not a consequence of the use of insulin, but the reason for this form of treatment. The injection of insulin is very painful.
This is not true, because today very thin needles are used. Thanks to them, the injection is almost painless. The same prick in morbidity is comparable with the bite of a mosquito. If a person still feels the fear of injections, and this feeling is related to the fear of blood, then there are needleless injectors. Special means of insertion with a hidden needle, Pen-mate are also used.
Treatment with insulin involves quite a few injections every day.
This is not always the case. Sometimes you can inject 1 dose of insulin for the whole night, just in that case you just need to calculate another amount of the medicine.
Insulin is the last hope to defeat diabetes.
Many people try different methods, medications and ways before they start using insulin. But it may even be harmful. Do not delay the effective treatment. Because the timely use of insulin can help to avoid any complications in the future.
Taking insulin, you need to do this on a strict schedule, tying to it and eating.
During therapy with mix insulin, in which a short and prolonged insulin is mixed in a single solution, you can shift the meal time by 1-2 hours. If you use these forms of the medicine separately, you can talk about unlimited possibilities of diet. As a result, the requirements for a diet for a patient receiving insulin are almost the same as for any other patient receiving sugar-reducing tablets.
Taking the insulin, the patient is tied to his home and the medicine stored in the refrigerator.
It’s difficult to take medicine out of the house. Today, there are modern means of injecting into the body. So, a syringe-pen, can help to make an injection outside the home – at work, on a visit, on the road. And the started vial of insulin, as well as the cartridge of the syringe-pen, can be stored and at room temperature. The injection itself no longer requires pre-treatment with alcohol of the skin, now it can be done even through clothing. It is enough only to undergo a short training, as a result of which it turns out that the introduction of insulin is technically much easier than other injections.
It is better to use small doses of insulin than larger ones.
Such a myth is quite common not only among patients, but even among the doctors themselves. As a result, patients receive insufficient doses of the drug. This leads to chronic, often even decades-long decompensation of diabetes. In fact, the dose of insulin should be determined by the level of sugar against the background of the drug. If you need to increase the dose of insulin taken within 24 hours to achieve normal sugar, you need to do this. The alternative here is only one – a small dose of medicine and a high level of sugar. And this is a direct way to damage the body and complications of diabetes. The truth sometimes it is possible to strengthen action of that insulin, that already is applied. In the case of type 2 diabetes, you can follow a diet and try to reduce weight to a normal level. It should be remembered that in any form of this disease, the effect of insulin can decrease due to incorrect injection techniques, poor nutrition, chronic inflammatory processes. In itself, the ratio of the daily amount of insulin to the weight of the patient can not be categorically used as a criterion for calculating the required dose. The recommendations of European and American doctors say that there are no restrictions on the daily intake of insulin. A single dose of insulin of short action – 6-10 units, maximum – 14-16. Two hours after the meal, you can optionally add an additional 4-6 units. Glucose in the blood must be determined on an empty stomach.
To avoid complications from diabetes, you need to know what is the value of blood sugar throughout the day. Therefore, indications are needed not only on an empty stomach, but also throughout the day. Sometimes even “night” figures are required.