Indonesia

Indonesia

(Republic of Indonesia) is the sixteenth largest state in the world. It is located in Southeast Asia. Among the island states of the world (Indonesia includes more than eighteen thousand islands), Indonesia is the largest in size.

Located on the islands of the Sunda archipelago, Indonesia borders on Papua New Guinea and Malaysia. The population of Indonesia is about two hundred and thirty million people. According to this indicator, the country occupies the 4th place in the world and is second only to the People’s Republic of China, India and the United States of America.

According to the state structure, Indonesia is a republic, the president heads the country and the government. Parliament is the legislative body, and the People’s Consultative Congress is the supreme body of state power.

Indonesian is the official language of Indonesia, but more than two hundred and fifty languages ​​and dialects are spoken on the territory of the country. Young people speak more English, many also speak Chinese.

The main religion in Indonesia is Muslim Islam – eighty seven percent. Also on the territory of the country is widespread Christianity, Hinduism and Buddhism.

Banks work on weekdays from eight to fifteen hours (on Fridays from eight to half past eleven), Saturday and Sunday are public holidays. The working day of foreign banks is usually limited to a period of time from eight to fourteen hours.

Many shops are open from nine in the morning until nine in the evening, some have a working day at eighteen.

Jakarta is the capital of the Republic of Indonesia.

The city plays a decisive role in the life of the country. The Indonesian capital is located at the mouth of the Chi-Livung River – on the northwest coast of Java. In this place in the distant sixteenth century there was a prosperous port. In the seventeenth century, the city was called Batavia, and with that name existed until the twentieth century, when in the period from 1642 to 1945, (the time of the Japanese occupation), it received the modern name – Jakarta. In a short period of time, the former Batavia (its population barely reached two hundred thousand people) has become a major Indonesian city with a population of more than a million people. Jakarta becomes the economic, cultural and political center of Indonesia, which gives it the opportunity for further rapid development. In the center of Jakarta there is a small number of skyscrapers, but in the main the city is built up by houses with a height of one or two floors. It is interesting that a considerable part of these houses have grown quite randomly over the past decades. Factories, all sorts of offices, shops are located in crowded residential areas. As for the outskirts of Jakarta, here there is a peculiar rural atmosphere – temporary houses are built and kitchen gardens are broken. Although the outward appearance of the Indonesian capital is changing at a rapid pace, modern shops and more and more high-rise buildings are emerging. Over time, a significant part of the former Batavia collapsed. But the old city square remained, but it is still quite good, on its north side is the ancient Si Yago gun. Indonesians recognize this gun as a symbol of fertility, so do not be surprised that the gun is often seated young wives, and couples bring her various offerings. On the edges of the city square are three buildings belonging to the colonial era. At present they play the role of museums. On the south side of the city square, a tourist can visit the historical museum of Jakarta, which used to be the city hall (the building was built in 1710 and had the significance of a town hall until the sixties of the twentieth century).Currently, its rooms feature works of art of Indonesian history, portraits of local governors-general, household utensils and furniture of the seventeenth century. With this building are connected and dramatic moments of history – in its underground premises contained prisoners who were forced to wait for their fate, long standing on the waist in impurities. Every day tortures and public executions were conducted on the Town Hall Square. These were commemorated practically throughout the entire period of Dutch rule. On the west side of the city square is the Museum of Waiing. The exposition of this museum are masks and dolls. Among them are dolls collected from different parts of Indonesia: dolls of the Biblical shadow theater, puppets of the patriotic shadow theater, dolls of the Thai shadow puppet theater, wooden round and flat dolls, etc. The collection even includes a doll that depicts YP Kun, the founder of the Indonesian capital Cities. On the east side of the city square, you can visit the Museum of Fine Arts. It is located in the Palace of Justice, built in 1879. Before the eyes of the visitor a variety of terracotta products of the fourteenth century, Javanese jars, examples of rare porcelain, sculptures and paintings by contemporary artists will appear. In the background, the museum shows two old Dutch houses, the construction of which dates back to the eighteenth century. In the immediate vicinity of the European part of Jakarta is an area that is populated by the Chinese. This Glodok, endowed with narrow, crowded streets. North of the Chinese region is the port of Sunda Kelap used since 1817. The length of its berth reaches one and a half kilometers.

Jakarta is a popular tourist town.

This is not quite true. Random street traffic and unbearable heat are not an attractive factor for the tourist movement. Despite this, the Indonesian capital has something to brag about. This is the architecture of the colonial period, excellent museums, as well as a large number of entertainment venues, restaurants and excellent shops. There are a lot of places in Jakarta where an inquisitive tourist can go. Opposite to the port of Sunda Kelap is the Wyctock watch tower built in 1839. Once it was part of the Dutch fort of the seventeenth century guarding the local harbor. One of the interesting museums of the Indonesian capital is the Maritime Museum (Bahari Museum), which surprises visitors about traditional sailing ships and the famous spice trade. A variety of seafood and fish can be purchased at the popular fish market Pasar Ikan. It is on the same street as the Bahari Museum. Of particular note is the National Monument, towering directly in the central part of Jakarta (opened in 1961). The height of this marble obelisk, crowned by a bronze torch, reaches one hundred and thirty-seven meters. The gilding of the torch required thirty-three kilograms of gold. The National Monument (Monas) is a monument to George Washington and simultaneously symbolizes the Olympic flame. Interest of the tourist can cause the area of ​​the Wild Bull – Lapangen Banteng. From the south it is bounded by the gigantic Borobudur hotel, in the east by the buildings of the Ministry of Finance and the Supreme Court, and from the north by the National Cathedral. In the center of this square is a monument dedicated to the liberation and annexation of Irian Jaya to Indonesia. The monument is a sculpture of the severed chains of a muscular giant.

“Indonesia in miniature” – an amazing park in Jakarta.

It is located ten kilometers south of the Indonesian capital and covers an area of ​​one hundred hectares. The park presents its visitors twenty-seven main pavilions. Each of them represents a certain province of Indonesia. Each of the pavilions gives an opportunity to see the buildings and products characteristic of one of the Indonesian provinces. In addition, the park can be proud of other attractions (there are at least thirty of them).This is the magnificent Museum of Indonesia, and the layout of Borobudur, and the garden of orchids, and the park of tropical birds.

Indonesia is famous for its excellent nature.

Nature, indeed, has created in this country a lot of masterpieces. To such, for example, are located near each other three lakes. They are on the island of Flores and are located in the crater of the large volcano Keli Mutu. One of them is black and red, the others have different shades of green. Each of these lakes has its own romantic name. “Lake of Enchanted People” – this is how the name of Lake Tivoy Ata is translated. Its waters are practically black (they have dark-dark red color). Matte-emerald color is peculiar to the second lake, whose name in translation means “Lake of young men and girls.” Pure green water is the “property” of the third lake. Is not it really, it’s very surprising that all these lakes are so different, despite their close friendliness to each other? Presumably, the answer to this question lies in the chemical composition of the lava of the volcano, which can differ significantly in different cases. In Indonesia, many fire-breathing mountains, and the above-mentioned volcano (which is included in their number) is an integral part of the “Ring of Fire”.

The island of Bali is the pearl of the Indonesian archipelago.

This island literally attracts sunlight. Small in size, it is a well of natural masterpieces. Earthly paradise – Balinese island earned such fame (largely due to work and careful attitude in nature from the Balinese side). The influx of tourists from all over the world to the island of Bali began in the sixties of the twentieth century. In order to preserve the nature of Bali and not stop the tourist flow to these parts, the government decided to concentrate the resorts on its southern side, as well as to prohibit the construction of hotels with a height exceeding four floors.

Public life in Bali is a complex system of social connections.

Since it is believed that the souls of children are closest to the sky, the children have special privileges. Babies in Bali are not allowed to touch the unclean land, so they wear them almost always. Adults speak with children in a caressing voice and soothe with gentle strokes. The newborn always receives a gift from the priest on his first birthday, which determines the beginning of a whole series of rituals and rituals. Each village on the island includes small communities. The members of each of them actively help each other under different life circumstances. Under the control of each of these small communities (they are still called bandjars) is communal property. As a rule, the bandzhar includes a community temple, a marquee for meetings, a tower with an alarm drum, as well as a kitchen where festive meals are prepared.

Southern Bali is the place of concentration of resorts.

This part of the island, in fact, dominates the management, trade and, of course, tourism. Here is the city of Denpasar (which is the main in the province of Bali), an airport of international importance and all three of the most popular among the tourists of the seaside resort of the island. The tourist boom caused unprecedented demographic and economic growth of this territory.

Komodo is an island of mysterious animals.

It is very small in size. It is located Komodo east of Java. This small islet is especially famous among geographers and zoogeographers of their different corners of the planet. The fact is that on Komodo rare species of animals live. Many of them are even mysterious. For example, the descendants of extinct prehistoric raptors on the planet. They are lizards. Opened them on this island in 1912, the pilot. Having made an unplanned landing, he discovered previously unknown animals, which he told the shocked world. The Komodo dragon has an impressive size, however, despite this fact, it is very mobile and fast.He is a predator, and his diet includes wild horses, deer, wild boar, and sometimes buffaloes; Although the Komodo dragon does not refuse to fall. As for the relationship of the dragon with man, they can not be called unambiguous. When a person does not present a danger to the dragon, the animal, as a rule, goes away from it to the side, however, if the person decides to catch or has already caught the dragon, he risks getting serious injuries. The Varan has strong jaws and a powerful tail, which man can easily knock down from the feet. The cases of Komodo dragon attack on a person are single. Komodskogo dragon can even be tamed, in this case, the animal ceases to be dangerous, ready to follow the person everywhere, take food from his hands and respond to the nickname given to him.

Komodo is a densely populated island.

Quite the opposite. A small fishing village with a similar name is a unique settlement on the island. Its population is engaged in breeding goats and fishing (in the crystal clear sea water is found a huge number of fish). At present the island has the status of a national park. Lizards are not the only representatives of the animal world that are of interest to zoologists. The island is inhabited by representatives of rare species of wild boars, deer, birds. The Moluccas are “islands of spices”. They are very famous. All over the world, the Moluccas are famous for being a source of cinnamon, pepper, nutmeg, cloves and other rare overseas products. By the way, the Arabic word “maluku” gave the name to these islands. This word means “the land of kings”.

The mountains are the main part of the relief of Indonesia.

They occupy more than half of its territory. On the island of New Guinea is the highest point of Indonesia. It is Jaya Mountain, whose height is 5029 meters. In Indonesia, there are about four hundred volcanoes, of which forty are active. The height of the highest of the last is three thousand eight hundred meters. It is located in Sumatra. tropical forests occupy about one third of the territory of Indonesia. About a third of the country’s territory is covered by moist tropical forests.

To enter Indonesia, Russians need a visa.

If the planned period of visiting this country is less than thirty days, then a visa is not needed. For a period of more than thirty days, a visa can be obtained upon arrival at border checkpoints, seaports and international airports. To obtain a stamp-visa at the entrance to the country, it is necessary to provide a foreign passport, return tickets, one completed questionnaire with one photograph. If for any reason the tourist does not have return tickets, the amount of cash (or money on a credit card) should not be less than a thousand dollars. The visa fee is equal to twenty-five dollars, the receipt for payment is included in the general package of documents. The visa is issued free of charge to children up to the age of nine (they must be inscribed in the parents’ passport), a visa is issued for all children over the age of nine.

In Indonesia it is customary to leave a tip.

In general, this is not the case. However, in some cases tipping is still necessary. They make up five to ten percent of the cost of the service, for example, a guide in the local currency calculus is given between four and five thousand rupees (that’s about seventy cents).

Indonesia is a Muslim country.

This is mostly so. This circumstance obliges visitors to reckon with the traditions of Indonesia and the rules of conduct. During religious ceremonies you can not talk loudly, it is forbidden to sunbathe without the top of the swimsuit, wear very short skirts and shorts, you can not touch the person’s head or point to the passer-by finger. All manifestations of tenderness in public places also causes condemnation among others.

Indonesia is a country with an original culture.

Indeed, such features as diversity and identity are inherent in Indonesian culture.Numerous peoples of Indonesia carefully take care of the roots that go back to ancient times to traditions and customs, which over the centuries have been developed and enriched. They were influenced, among other things, by carriers of other cultures: the British, the Dutch, the Portuguese, the Chinese, the Persians, the Arabs, the Indians and other peoples. Similar conditions for development have caused many common features of the cultures of the individual peoples of Indonesia, but there is still considerable cultural diversity in this country.

Batik is a widespread art of Indonesia.

It consists in the ability to beautifully color the fabric after applying wax on it. Indeed, this skill is spread throughout the country. Java and Yoguakarta are recognized centers of this activity. In addition, many other folk crafts are popular in Indonesia. First, the songket – silvery and golden threads are woven into silk fabric. Secondly, Icat. This weaving is colored threads. Thirdly, Kris. Ornaments for drawings of this variety of folk crafts are often even precious stones.

Indonesian cuisine experiences Chinese influence.

For many dishes, this is really true. However, the national origin has a considerable number of dishes, for example, padang. In whatever corner of Indonesia the tourist has hit, everywhere he will be amazed by the abundance of stalls selling light snack. This can be fruit, biscuits, sweet nuts, potatoes. The basis of many Indonesian dishes is rice. He goes to cooking not only salads and side dishes for hot and hot dishes, but also for preparing soups directly. The most popular among the population enjoys the dish nasi goreng, in fact is a fried rice. A fairly large part of the diet of Indonesians are seafood. Indonesia is a country rich in fruits. Their diversity is amazing. Among tropical fruits growing here, nephelia, papayu, mango, jackfruit, guava, etc.

Indonesians are a sluggish people.

Such was the calm rhythm of his life. The working day of many Indonesians begins early – at seven in the morning. But at three o’clock in the afternoon a significant part of the local residents are already finishing their work. The rest of the day is spent in peace and quiet. Indonesians with a feeling of trepidation refer to religion and all those rites that are associated with it. Tourists should show respect for the religious traditions of Indonesia, but they do not need to obey at all, as local residents are tolerant of foreigners. Indonesians are also distinguished by hospitality. Due to this trait of character, local residents always favorably favor tourists. They will gladly introduce newcomers to their home and life.

Indonesians always want to be photographed.

Many of them really love it. In particular, this applies to cases where tourists intend to photograph their children. However, before you make a memorial snapshot, you should ask for permission. Elementary question “Foto?” will put everything in its place. Often, a negative reaction to the proposal to make a frame is characteristic of the elderly, who may hesitate to be photographed. Then you need to say “Thank you” and leave. It is considered very impolite to photograph people during prayer. The laws of the sea have a great impact on the life of Indonesians. This is reflected in the development of water transport. Traditional boats and boats run between the islands, on a fast ferry from Indonesia for a short period of time you can get to Malaysia. By the way, you can see all of Indonesia from the water, while staying in the most beautiful and attractive corners of it. The advantages of such an acquaintance with the country include the absence of significant expenses for movement. In Indonesia, a huge number of yacht clubs. It seems that the warm sea of ​​Indonesia for them and created. On a yacht you can sail to the country even as a passenger, not its owner.

Public transport is the most convenient way to travel in Indonesia.

It is relatively cheap to get from one point to another by buses, much of which is air-conditioned. On the island of Bali in Denpasar there is a bus station, which is the starting point to all the ends of the island for minibuses. These local minibuses are called “Bemo” – the cost of renting it for one day is about thirty dollars. By renting a bicycle, a tourist gets the opportunity to travel around the country and marvel at its beauty on its own. The bicycle is very popular in Indonesia, so finding a good one will not be difficult. A rather convenient way of transportation is recognized by a taxi. Many taxi drivers speak English. It is true in small Indonesian cities to find a taxi at all will be unlikely, and even more so a taxi with an English-speaking driver. Paying your taxi fare is preferable in local currency. Otherwise, the passenger will overpay somewhat. In large cities, taxis are not uncommon, as are huge traffic jams (especially in Jakarta with a population of about twelve million people). On the islands of Sumatra and Java, there are railways, so you can travel by train.

Bangles are a quiet Indonesian market town.

Its climate is characterized by freshness and coolness, which is due to the location of this town high in the hills. The main attraction of Bangli is the temple of Pura Keneh. Rising on a steep slope, impressive, the temple is very revered by Indonesians. The exterior courtyard of the temple protects the legendary stone. At the time of determining the place where the temple will be laid, this stone was covered with a bright flame. In the immediate vicinity of the village of Taman Bali is the Dusun Ku waterfall, its waters fall into the river from a height of twenty-five meters.

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