, as well as signs related to birth, wedding and funeral rites and other important events in human life, appeared when people began to search for a causal relationship between various events or actions.
Most often, such a connection took place at the domestic level, but in many cases, the interrelationships of events and phenomena indicated in the signs were given a mystical explanation (in accordance with the religious beliefs of one or another people and the pagan worldview), and the various actions prescribed those or other signs, acquired a sacred meaning.
Sprinkle salt – to quarrel.
According to the researchers, this sign has arisen in those early times when salt was highly valued, and, consequently, the person who scattered it caused considerable losses to the owners, which often led to the above-mentioned “quarrel at the table.” If a person quietly cleaned spilled salt – he could avoid the anger of the owner of the house (hence the way to “neutralize” the consequences of an imprudent act – throwing 3 pinch of spilled salt through his left shoulder).
Matchmaker, entering the house, should warm his hands at the stove so that the collusion can go smoothly and smoothly.
According to the beliefs of the ancient Slavs, the stove not only protects the house, but also the abode of the souls of the deceased relatives, and touching it with the palms, the matchmaker pays homage to both the house and the deceased ancestors. From the everyday point of view, the meaning of the sign is as follows: since, according to tradition, they were wedded either in late autumn or early spring, it was quite cold on the street, and the matchmaker, who entered from the frost into the warm hut, really would not hurt to warm his hands first, and then start negotiations with the owners of the house.
In May, get married – all my life to suffer.
In the old days weddings were most often played in the autumn because it was at this time that the bins were full and it was much easier to celebrate this significant day with a proper scope than in the spring, especially in May, when last year’s food supplies were almost exhausted, harvest is still a long time. Yes, and sowing, the peak of which was in May, did not allow to be distracted for a long time – after all, having missed the day suitable for sowing, people risked to stay with empty bins, as a result of which they lose their peace and well-being, and, perhaps, health, for quite a long time.
On the bridge at the wedding to go – to difficulties on the road.
To understand the reason for the appearance of this sign, it should be recalled that the wooden bridges did not have a large margin of safety, so they could not withstand the weight of the wedding cortege, thereby generating the promised “difficulties on the road.”
Wedding dress bride should not show the groom, so as not to bring trouble.
This sign appeared in those early days when the wedding attire was prepared in advance and, in order to impress visitors with beauty and luxury, was decorated with original unique embroidery, and in some cases – with jewels. This garment, the creation of which was a long and laborious process, cost a lot of money, therefore it was concealed carefully until the wedding day, not only from the groom, but also from everyone around (among whom there might well be unclean people who could rob a bride, or owners of the “evil eye”, one look which could bring the girl a lot of trouble).
For a marriage to be happy – before the wedding, the bride must cry.
And the wedding ceremony itself, and the preparation for it – the action is rather tense, both physically and morally. And in order to minimize the stress factor, the will to tears is better to give before the wedding – so as not to burst into tears at the most crucial moment during the ritual.
Sit at the corner of the table – for 7 years in the girls to toil.
This sign originated in the days when the corner of the table of the poor imprisoned relatives and retainers, Dowry, really had very little chance to get a good marriage.
If 13 people gathered at the table – one of them will die later.
Some associate the appearance of this sign with the Last Supper, but it appeared much earlier. According to Scandinavian mythology, when 13 participants (the god of Locke’s fire, who started a fight) made their way to the feast, in which 12 gods participated, one of the feasts died.
Monk to meet – misfortunes can not be avoided.
According to some researchers, this sign appeared in those days when the inhabitants of Russia, who had faith in pagan gods, were forcibly converted to Christian faith by order of the sovereign princes. Others believe that the laity, fearing a meeting with a person wearing two names (the second name – spiritual – monks took after tonsure) and as if possessing two personalities (one – ordinary, the second – unknown and mysterious, and therefore frightening), tried different ways to protect themselves from the unknown dangers, which she promised. Therefore, having met a monk, it was necessary to make a cookie in his pocket (a protective gesture protecting from a lot of troubles) – in this case, troubles will pass you by. In addition, there is another opinion: a meeting with a monk simply changed the mood of a person – from a vigorous and practical to a sad philosophical, which could have a negative impact on the labor productivity and quality of life of the layman. That’s why they feared her. Similar signs exist in other countries of the world. For example, the Italians, when meeting with a nun, must try to touch something metallic in order to protect themselves from troubles.
Going on a long journey to get under the rain – to luck in the wanderings.
Most likely, this sign arose during the time of paganism, when rain was attributed to the ability to wash away all the sorrow and sorrow from a person, and also to promote the fertility of the earth and luck in all matters, the beginning of which will be sprinkled with “heavenly milk.”
In order to be lucky on the way, before the long journey you need to hold the corner of the table.
This sign appeared because our ancestors revered the table as a sacred object (“the table is the palm of God”), inseparable from the house (even when selling a home to new owners, the table should not be taken out of the cottage). It was attributed to the table and the ability to protect travelers from various setbacks, therefore, going on a long journey, it was necessary to kiss the center of the table, if the journey was short – it was enough just to hold in one of the corners facing the house. Thus, the travelers enlisted the support of both the table-throne and the house itself.
That the path was successful – before leaving the house you need to sit down and a few minutes to keep silent.
This sign has great practical value. After all, before a journey a person simply needs to concentrate in a calm atmosphere and once again remember whether all the necessary things have been collected, whether everything is in order in the house he has left for a while, whether all the necessary orders have been given to household members who will wait for his return, etc. .
Returning from the halfway home, you should look in the mirror and show yourself your tongue, or look under the floor at the door, thus being protected from troubles.
According to the beliefs of our ancestors, the evil spirits nest under the rug and are behind the man’s left shoulder. In order to scare her away, you should make a gesture (show the language) in front of the mirror, and also stir the mat. In addition, you can change any item of clothing (hat or tie), thus nullifying like a failed attempt to get out of the house, and from the way again. It should be borne in mind that representatives of some professions (for example miners) will never return home halfway, even if they forget something important (in this case they will simply ask neighbors or relatives to take out a forgotten thing in a hurry, but they will not go back).
Following the trail of a person, you can take his strength.
The mystical explanation of this sign is this: after the trail of a person is trampled by someone, he is deprived of protection.From the ordinary point of view, a person following someone (for example, in deep snow) makes much less effort than paving the way.
Returning home stumble – to quarrel.
This sign, sometimes interpreting the stumbling as a result of outside interference, is also understandable from the psychological point of view: a stumbled person can rarely maintain a positive attitude, and if he does, the tense atmosphere (which may well be a quarrel) in the house is guaranteed .
кирпи The brick will fall out of the oven – not good.
In the old days, the stove was considered one of the main symbols of the house, a place of communication with the outside world, an amulet protecting the structure from evil forces, diseases, slander, etc., which, in case of violation of the integrity of the stove, were able to penetrate the house. From the everyday point of view, this reason is explained as follows: the loss of brick from the furnace can lead either to a fire or to the subsequent destruction of the furnace itself, and, as a result, to considerable losses, and even to death.
You can not whistle in the house – there will be no money.
This sign can easily be explained from the domestic point of view: first, if you harshly slurped in a room, you can frighten one of the relatives (for example, a pregnant woman or a small child). This in some cases may negatively affect their health, which may well entail considerable material costs. Secondly, few of the household members like the habit of whistling one of them, therefore, in order to protect themselves from unpleasant emotions, people have formulated one of the rules of behavior in the room in the form of the aforementioned omen.
In the house the front corner is cracking – the owner promises troubles.
According to our ancestors, angles are the abode of the house and all evil spirits, therefore various sounds from the corners of the house were interpreted as a manifestation of the influence of evil forces. However, this sign has a different meaning: when the corners of the house settle for any reason, there is a crackling, because the owner must always pay attention to the state of the structure, otherwise the disaster will threaten him and all household members.
In the new house, the ceilings are not bleached for a year.
The fact is that during the year, many buildings “give a draft,” resulting in both the walls and the ceiling slightly deformed, which means that whitewash may begin to crumble and after a while the ceiling will still have to whitewash again.
On the threshold to sit – to illness.
This sign, in addition to the mystical explanation (the threshold – the place of the guard, under which our ancestors sometimes placed the ashes of deceased relatives, so that their souls guarded the entrance to the dwelling), there is also the everyday: sitting at an open door, in a draft, cold raw ground threshold, you can easily catch a cold.
A broom placed with a handle down will protect the hosts and the house from the evil eye.
Broom, according to our ancestors, served as a haven of the house-guard, were also attributed to protective functions (for activation of which it was necessary to put the mentioned object with the handle down). However, from the domestic point of view, this prism is quite understandable: first, you can put a broom down only if it is clean (a veiled appeal for cleanliness and perfect order in the house), and secondly, the broom that is placed in this way is simply longer will serve.
There are during training (reading) can not – learned zae.
This belief reflects respect for the process of food intake and a deep knowledge of physiological processes. According to modern scientists, during eating, most of the body’s strength goes to digest food, there is a rush of blood to the stomach, which means that the process of comprehension and memorization of the readings becomes more complicated.
Broken and cracked dishes in the house to keep – unfortunately.
To explain this trait at the household level is simple: using broken dishes can be severely cut or spill on yourself and others hot soup (that’s the promised misfortune). Yes, and the mood of the hostess, forced to contemplate the cracked dishes, can hardly be called joyful.However, at weddings, the dishes “beat to happiness” – this oath is an echo of the ancient rite, in which the breaking of dishes symbolized the loss of the virginity of the bride.
There is no knife – you will become evil.
Indeed, using a knife instead of a fork can be injured, and, accordingly, very embittered.
If you eat stale bread – learn to swim well and not be afraid of thunderstorms.
This sign is formulated with the goal of weaning household members (especially children) to pick and choose. And for human health, as according to modern scientists, and according to the observations of our ancestors, it is more useful to slightly dried bread. It should be noted that in the old days there was a strong relationship between the two skills, the acquisition of which was promised in a note: our ancestors believed that bathing in a thunderstorm is very useful for health, and in order to carry out this action, one should not only be able to swim, but also not to fear before the flash of lightning and thunder.
If the hostess oversees the food – she is in love.
According to modern researchers, there is a lack of salt in the body of a woman in love, which leads to a change in the perception of taste: what feels to the rest of household members is salty, it feels like a normally salted food.
On Wednesday and Friday you can not make a match.
This sign has arisen because Wednesday and Friday are lean days, therefore the owners will not be able to treat matchmakers adequately, which can negatively affect the results of the collusion.
On Friday it is forbidden to sew and spin, so as not to clog your eyes to Paraskeva Pyatnitsa and dead relatives.
This sign is very ancient and is associated with the cult of the goddess Makoshi (Mokoshi), patroness of water, spinning, family, marriage, fertility and home. The holy day of Mokosh was Friday. On this day it was forbidden to sew and spin, infringers of the taboo could incur the wrath of the goddess. With the advent of Christianity, the image of the goddess Mokosha became associated with St. Paraskeva (in Greek, “paraskeva” means “Friday”).
You miss a corporate, you lose your job.
This sign is quite understandable from the point of view of psychology: mutual understanding is very valuable in labor collectives, and it is best to learn a person in an informal atmosphere. In addition, corporate parties contribute to the unity of the team, and if any of the employees of such events for any reason avoids – colleagues may think that he thus disrespects them. Because of this, they treat such a person with some apprehension and distrust, since they do not know what to expect from him, but few can work in such a tense situation.
On a polished table, you can not play cards – no players will be taken.
According to professional players, on a polished surface an experienced gambler can see the reflection of the opponent’s cards, which will negatively affect the results of the game. Yes, and just take cards from the smooth surface of the table – it’s quite a challenge, you can accidentally turn the map over, showing it to the rest of the players, and thus reducing your chances of winning.
Leave the first buyer – more for a day.
The sign has several explanations. Firstly, a buyer who receives a small discount will be satisfied, thereby ensuring a good mood for himself and the seller. Secondly, the same buyer can and subsequently buy the goods only from the seller he liked, and to acquaint his acquaintances with this person. As a consequence, the seller’s revenue will be more than usual.
Swear in the morning with the buyer – to the shortage.
Such a sign is relevant for those who remember remorse for a long time, and take any quarrel to heart. Naturally, such a person, having quarreled in the morning, will remember all the unpleasant circumstances all day, as a result of which his mood will worsen, and attention will disappear, that when working with money it may lead to incorrect calculation with other buyers, and really turn out to be a shortage.