(Equus) – a species of equinohair animals of the horse family. Large (body length up to 2.5 m, height at withers up to 1.6 m) slender animals. The limbs are long; developed only one (middle) finger, wearing a strong horny hood (hoof), – an adaptation to a rapid run through a dense soil. The body is covered with short thick hair; on the upper side of the neck the hair is long (mane). The same hair at the end of the tail (in some – throughout its entire length). Root teeth with flat square crowns are an adaptation to rubbing hard plant foods. In a wild state horses met in Europe (now exterminated), in Asia and Africa. They lived in the steppes, deserts and semi-deserts. They ate grassy forages. Held usually herds.
There are 8 species grouped into 4 subgenera: real horses, including the Przewalski horse, the exterminated tarpan and the domestic horse; donkeys represented by a wild African donkey and a domestic donkey; half-necks (kulan), zebras. In Russia, except for a domestic horse and a domestic donkey, the kulan is found, in the southern steppes until the 70s. 19th century. lived tarpan. Most wild species of horses are almost exterminated and protected.
Familiar to everyone since childhood, the word “horse” appeared in the Russian language due to the Turkic nomadic tribes. Only those called this animal “alosha”, but the Slavs “remade” this term in their own way. But the words “horse”, “mare” and “stallion” are purely Slavic.
In the old days, no family could live without horses. In villages and villages, horses were indispensable helpers in the household (which, however, is actual today), and in large cities this animal served as a means of transportation.
Now city horses can be met only in riding schools and at the stables of the racetrack. But this does not mean that these animals are less loved. On the contrary, who can afford to keep the horses, in every possible way they take care of them and cherish them. At the same time, there are many possible assumptions about these animals in society. Let’s see if they are true in fact.
Since a horse has respect for a person, it never comes to him.
You can argue with this statement. There are especially obstinate and harmful people among the horses, for whom it is not worth anything to put a hoof to the leg (and not only to the leg, but also to other parts of the body) of the person.
Horses can not bite.
Quite the opposite. If a horse does not like a man (rider), then he can easily “scratch” his teeth.
The horse is a very sensitive animal, and thanks to this quality, she understands her rider well.
Yes, it occurs, but not often. In order for an animal to understand a person from a half-word / half-glance, it is first necessary to earn the horse’s trust, and secondly, the period of communication should be at least a year.
Horses do not remember objects seen with only one eye and therefore, when looking at them with another eye, they can be frightened.
Actually this is a delusion. Horses perfectly remember everything seen with even one eye, objects. And that’s why they can unmistakably know the things they know, regardless of the sight of which eye this item falls into.
Insects can drive a horse mad.
Of course, if the animal does not have the proper care, then the bites of all kinds of mites, gadflies and flies will greatly vex the horse, it will become very uneasy to behave. And if we take measures to minimize the “attacks” of such insects (for example, after a walk must be inspected) – nothing terrible will happen.
The behavior and character of a horse often depends on its nickname.
In most cases, this is indeed the case. Although, we can say the opposite: the nickname of a horse depends on his character. And this fact does not give an explanation. Most likely, choosing a nickname for his ward, a person is guided by the actions and associations that cause him to behave and the appearance of the animal.For example, if a horse has the nickname “Swallow”, then its running can actually be compared with the speed of the flight of this bird.
The horse does not know how to think.
In fact, these are very intelligent and wise animals that are capable of self-conscious actions.
Horses do not distinguish colors.
Far from it. They not only distinguish colors, but also associate their associations with them. For example, if a person treated a horse badly, beat it, while constantly being in green clothes, then in the future the horse will always become shy of objects that have a green color.
Ponies were bred specially for children to ride on them.
In reality, these animals were bred in the British Isles at the end of the 17th century to help people transport coal in mines.
Bridle “tears the mouth” of a horse.
From the point of view of professionals of equestrian sport – without the “iron” the horse will not behave properly. Here, of course, the factor of cruelty still plays an important role. There are cruel people who do not care about what the horse feels, for them the main thing is that the team was executed, and how they will achieve it is not important. But many horse breeders try to treat their horses carefully and carefully, and some do not use a bit at all.
Equestrian sport is cruelty to horses.
For some reason, it is in the mentality of people that a horse (and not just a horse, but any other animal) can be made to do something only by causing pain to it. And in equestrian sport it is used quite often, without thinking about the fact that it is possible to apply milder ways of affecting the animal.
The age of the horse is recognized by its teeth.
Absolutely. Here only it is most easily determined up to the age of eight, while the milk teeth grow. After this period, it is more difficult to know the age. The adult horse has forty teeth. And, the teeth have one feature – as the tooth wears out, a new one grows in its place. The older the horse becomes, the more distinctly the shape of her teeth and jaw changes.
To keep a horse is an expensive pleasure.
Moreover, if this animal is purebred, thoroughbred. In order to ensure her normal conditions of detention, it is necessary to have (rent) a stable, buy various feeds, pay a groom’s salaries, show the veterinarian, pay for the coach’s services. And this is far from an exhaustive list.
Before deciding to buy a horse you need to work on the stables.
Reasonable solution. This will help to know the “all delights” of horse life, as they say, “from the inside”, from cleaning up manure to caring for horses. As they say, first the theory, and only then – practice.