– competitions where riders demonstrate the art of riding. In this case, the person actively interacts with the movement of the horse, which reacts sensitively to the movement of the weight of the rider, weakening or tension of the reins, compression of the hips, voice commands (forbidden in some kinds of equestrian sport).
Different kinds of competitions involving horses have been known since ancient times. For example, for 729 years before the first Olympics on the sixth day of the Panathian Agonas (the Great Panafinais – the festival (games) dedicated to the goddess Athena), horse ristanies (competitions) were organized on chariots. This kind of competition was included in the program of the XXV-th Olympiad. After the revival of the Olympic Games, dressage for a special program was included in the list of competitions in 1896 (Athens). But only in 1912, equestrian sport (competition – overcoming obstacles, dressage – competition in which the rider demonstrates the art of horse management, triathlon – a 3-day competition, including field trials, overcoming obstacles and riding) is officially recognized as Olympic.
In addition, there are such kinds of equestrian sports:
(from the French voltiger – “flutter”) – gymnastic exercises performed on a horse that moves in a circle with a diameter of 12 m.
(from the Turkish “jigit” – skillful and brave rider) – jump on horse, and the rider on full speed performs acrobatic numbers, shoots at the target, etc.
(English steeple-chase – “jump with obstacles” ) – jumps on a specially equipped road, on which there are many obstacles (about 30, a height of up to one and a half and up to 7 meters in width) of the ornamental shrubs, wooden beams, channels filled with water, etc.
– tests on the agility, jumping, endurance of pedigree horses of riding breeds.
– allow to determine endurance and speed of running of horses of trotting breeds.
Remote horse riding
– reveal the ability of the rider to correctly distribute the horse’s strength in the field at a long distance across rough terrain, where natural obstacles (shrubs, steep slopes and descents, ditches, etc.) can occur.
– teams of horses (single, twin, quadruple) participate in this competition. The question is put on the inclusion of driving in the program of the Olympics.
Types of Driving:
– assessment of roughness;
– assessment of the health and training of horses, as well as the ability to control animals;
(from the French le parkour) – assesses the speed and coordination of the horse moving along the route with obstacles.
– the direction of riding, originated among cowboys, characterized by the use of a special kind of harness and saddle, a more loose fit, etc. There are several types of riding in the style of the western: Reining Class – dressage, spin version of pirouette – horse’s whirling, sliding stop – fast stop after galloping, roll back – turn of the horse by 180, change feet at the canter (lead change), back up (back ar) – the horse’s suspension.
– riding in the ladies’ saddle, providing for a certain position of the body of the rider. A special costume (“Amazon”) is required for this kind of riding.
(English polo) is a team sport with a ball in which participants move around the field on horseback and, by controlling the ball with a special long stick, try to throw it into the opponent’s goal. The homeland of this game is Central Asia, a modern variant of polo was created by Englishmen (military men who visited India).
– equestrian sport, popular among the Turkic peoples, divided into long-distance jumps (up to 50 km) in rough terrain (alaman baiga), horse races (kunan baiga), jumps of pacers (jhora zarys).
The child should be accustomed to the saddle as soon as possible – only in this case he will be able to achieve high results in equestrian sport.
The optimal age for starting this type of sport is 10-12 years. If the child starts riding at an earlier age, there may be health problems (for example, there is the possibility of damage to the fragile pelvic bones).
Equestrian sports lead to curvature of the legs (especially in girls).
Mistaken opinion – horse riding is not capable of spoiling beautiful legs by nature.
To high people, who are very thin, the road to equestrian sports is closed.
There are no strict restrictions on height and weight in equestrian sport, but it should be remembered that it is difficult to pick up the right horse for very tall or overly obese people.
Iron (for example, chewed the mouthpiece), located in the horse’s mouth can provoke a stomach ulcer, pushes the tongue into the throat, hurts the animal.
This is not true. First, iron is not perceived by animals as food, and, therefore, can not provoke the secretion of gastric juice. Secondly, the chewed mouthpiece has the appropriate shape and melts over the tongue, so that there can be no question of “pushing into the pharynx”. Thirdly, the bridle (or halter) is selected in accordance with the structure of the animal’s mouth individually, because if the rider behaves correctly – no pain will not be caused.
Sports horses remove the extreme teeth in order to control animals more easily.
The fact is that the mouth edge of all horses (both wild and captive-bred) is toothless, therefore, there is no need for dental operations. Teeth to the animal are removed only for medical reasons, and certainly not to “iron better lay.”
Iron is used in sports to provide pain for the horse. After all, the horses that participate in competitions, from the mouth goes foam and saliva – a sure sign that the animal is suffering.
The main purpose of iron is communication, and foam and saliva are just a sign of the correct operation of the horse’s mouth, and not an indicator of the pain experienced by her. Although of course, from any rules there are exceptions – athletes who show cruelty in dealing with animals, are sometimes found (although rarely).
In order for a horse to jump, a strict iron and headband are put on her tightening jaws.
No, the above mentioned means of controlling animals for jumping do not affect. In addition, on the cord or in the spring, horses are jumped without the use of iron.
To control a sports horse, only a bridle is suitable, using a halter can lose control of the animal.
In fact, it is possible to control a horse (both sports and driving) by any means to which it is accustomed, whether it is a bridle or a halter.
The aggressive behavior of a horse is not an excuse for punishment.
It all depends on what causes the aggression of the animal. If the horse is provided with proper care, the drills are built correctly and aimed at winning, the above behavior must be stopped “in the bud.” It should be noted that an aggressive animal, whose behavior can not be predicted, is not able to demonstrate high results in competitions requiring concentration of attention, synchronization of actions of the horse and athlete, perfect coordination of movements, etc.
Jump through obstacles the horse itself will not – this is not inherent in its nature.
Wild horses simply bypass the obstacles that arise in their path. If things were this way, then the horse, fleeing from predators and met on the way a small ravine (stream, fallen tree), there would simply be no chance. Jump horses are able, and some do it completely independently, without any coercion from the coach.
The horse submits to the rider for fear of punishment for disobedience.
In fact, the horse will obey the person she respects. And if the animal is afraid, it is constantly in tension, therefore, there can not be any sports achievements.
With a horse you need to play – this will help make the relationship with her more harmonious.
A fairly common and very dangerous delusion. It should be remembered that more often games with this rather large and strong animal result in serious injuries.
Horses are not at all like a craving for competition.
Of course, the characters of the horses are very different, there are calm, peaceful individuals, but there are industrious people who show true strength of spirit and will to win the fighters. In addition, during the competition, animals, being side by side with their own kind, are struggling to overtake each other.
Pot, which appears on the body of a horse during training, signals an overstrain of the animal.
This is not true. Sweating at the horse is a sign that the thermoregulation of the animal’s body is in order. In addition, some horses can sweat with excitement, and even in warm weather, the appearance of sweat is quite normal.
In order for the horse to stop, pull the reins or apply a blow to the teeth (snorting).
It should be remembered that horse management is carried out through the integrated use of the shankel, the motive and the body, while in order to stop the animal, it is sufficient to have the shankel, waist and sustained motive. Do not hit the teeth of a horse, nor to recruit an occasion, it is not necessary.
If you pull the reins in the appropriate direction – the horse will turn in the right direction.
No, the impact of this kind will only lead to a certain setting of the animal’s head.
It is better and painless to manage a horse with a cordier.
Most often it is the aforementioned means of animal management that is called the most humane. However, it should be remembered that it is the cordage that can (even accidentally) squeeze the horse’s trachea, thus causing an attack of suffocation.
Excessive loads cripple the horses, and the jockey whip causes severe pain to the animals.
This is not true. Sports horses often feel good, if all the conditions for keeping the animal are met and the training schedule is correctly constructed. A whip, which is used at races, produces mainly a noise effect, having only a minimal pain effect.
For a sports career, the horse is prepared with a foal.
Towards a halter is really accustomed to animals at a very early age, but “to call in” for sports begin at two or three years of age: first they teach the work on the cord, later – under the saddle.
Many sports horses have a whole “bouquet” of diseases (damaged back, legs, etc.). And in order for a sick animal to participate in competitions, use special doping drugs.
Wrong opinion. Firstly, with the injured legs and back, the horse will not show outstanding results; secondly, according to the FEI rules, the animal is allowed to perform only after passing the mandatory doping control and veterinary inspection.
The competition is most traumatic for horses.
According to statistics, in this sport of falling, and even more so the animal injuries, of course, happen, but not so often.
In order that in a rodeo a horse (by nature quiet) showed a certain type of behavior, use an electric shocker, as well as causing inconvenience and pain to belts, spurs, whips, etc.
In the rodeo, animals get in the event that they are unsuitable for sports or other purposes because of a certain character store: they prefer to drop the rider. It is this feature that is developed in the animal during the preparation for rodeo, and the horses themselves know well when it is necessary to drop the rider (to work) and when to relax. In between performances on these animals ride horseback.
During the race or competition, the horses try to “squeeze everything out”, because often they drive the animal to death.
No athlete aims to drive a horse, especially showing good results. Between the races, which are held every few months, the animal tries to prepare so that the load of the competition was quite feasible for him. And training takes place on small and medium paces, and not at the maximum of the horse’s capabilities. Accidents on races, when the animal is laid out completely, of course, there are, but not so often.
Horses do not like it when they wear a bridle, and resist. In such cases, athletes resort to force.
This is not true. Much depends on the nature of the animal, but in the vast majority of cases, the horse calmly refers to the cramping, opens the mouth, not bringing the horseman any inconvenience. In addition, professionals warn: in no case can the beast be beaten, accustoming it to the bridle, since in this case the horse in general can stop allowing anyone to enter it, and it will be impossible to bridle it.
The injured horse that participated in the competition is killed.
Not necessary – many injuries successfully cure, after that animals are used for training beginners, as well as producers, or sent to the city “for retirement” as universal favorites-“veterans”.
Most athletes horsemen do not understand anything either in physiology, in anatomy, or in the psychology of horses. They are only interested in medals, not the health of the animal.
If a person engages in any type of activity for a long time, neither the theory nor the practical features of his chosen work is a mystery to him. Professional horsemen can independently choose the mode of feeding and training the horse, carry out simple medical procedures, clear hoofs, calm the animal, when necessary, etc. In addition, it should be noted that any victory in competitions is the best indicator of the horse’s good health (the athlete simply can not ignore it) and competently built trainings.
You can begin to practice equestrian sport only after obtaining higher hippological education.
This factor, of course, is desirable, but not mandatory. At the initial stage it is enough to visit the equestrian sports section, study the theory and practice of riding, carefully observe the behavior of the horse, referring to consultations with an experienced coach.
The essence of equestrian sports can be fully comprehended for three, maximum four years.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. Even a person who has tremendous intuition and is extremely talented, can not understand and comprehend in such a short period of time what the recognized masters take decades or even the whole life.
People with inferiority complex come to equestrian sport – after all here they can fully enjoy the power over other creatures.
Certainly, the reasons that prompted a person to do exactly the above-mentioned sport are different, but more often athletes have a slightly different character and attitude to life in general and others in particular. Such people treat horses with love and respect, and with genuine interest give themselves entirely to work aimed at revealing the potential of the animal, and also compete with other athletes, demonstrating their ability to control the horse.
Athletes are afraid of their horses, therefore, when they go to an unfamiliar place (forest, meadow, city, etc.), they always take a whip with them, use iron, etc.
In this case, it is rather not about fear, but about caution. After all, any animal in an unfamiliar environment can behave in a completely unpredictable manner, obeying instincts.Certainly, much depends on the nature of the horse, but sometimes the quietest and quietest animal, for example, frightened, can become a potential source of danger for others. In this case, sometimes you have to use rather hard means of influence (whip, shout, etc.).
Even people with chronic alcoholism can achieve success in equestrian sports.
No, they can not. Such people often do not have good health, discipline, and they do not have the tools necessary, for example, to purchase the appropriate equipment.
An excellent means for the prevention of prostatitis are horse riding (or cycling), during which the perineum is massaged.
An erroneous opinion was made. These sports not only do not have the above-mentioned positive effects, but can also cause erectile dysfunction, since the saddle compresses (and sometimes traumatizes) the arteries passing from the perineum and providing blood supply to the cavernous bodies of the penis.