(from the old French “hoquet” – “shepherd’s staff”) – a sports team game. Before the players put a simple, but in fact quite difficult to achieve goal – to throw stick pucks (or a ball) into the opponent’s goal.
And classic hockey (the first match was held in 1875), the game is played on the ice (respectively, the players are skating), and bendi (hockey with ball), and formed in the middle of the XIX century in England field hockey have their own characteristics, traditions, rules, laws, often unknown to fans and non-professional players. Maybe that’s why there are a lot of myths about this game that we will try to debunk.
The official rules of the game of hockey were formulated about a year after the first match.
This is not true. The first match took place on March 3, 1875 in Montreal, and the official rules of the game in ice hockey were published only in 1886, that is, only 11 years later.
For a game of hockey use a washer in the form of a disc.
The first washer was made of wood and had a square shape. Later it was made in the form of a small disk. A modern washer made of plastic or vulcanized rubber has the same disc-shaped form. Its thickness does not exceed 2.54 cm, diameter 7.62 cm, weight 105-185 g. Before the game the puck is frozen to improve its playing qualities.
In addition, there is hockey with a ball – bendi (from the old German “bandja” – a curved stick) or Russian hockey. This is one of the oldest Russian games, somewhat different from conventional hockey using the ball instead of the puck, the number of players (11 instead of 6) and the size of the field (90-110×50-70 m instead of 60×28-30 m). Even in medieval times, games of this kind were very popular in many countries (knuttlayker – in Iceland, curling – in Ireland, shinti – in Scotland).
Ice hockey skates are best picked up a little larger in size than for normal ice skating.
This is not true. Selection of skates is an extremely individual process, you need to orient yourself here only on your own feelings and choose a size that is personally convenient for you. Some people prefer skates smaller in size than the leg, while others prefer a slightly larger size. In any case, it should be taken into account that if the skate is too small – the legs will always reduce, which is fraught with a lot of unpleasant sensations. Too large skates are difficult to manage, hence, the risk of falling or damaging the ligaments is increased.
After the game, skates must be dried on the battery to protect against rust.
Of course, after each skating you need to dry the skates, but neither on the battery, nor on the stove of this in any case should not be done.
Only men play hockey.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. The women’s team took part in the Winter Olympics in 1998, in Nagano, and in 1990 the first ice hockey World Championship was held for women.
All hockey sticks are the same.
So it may seem only at first glance – the form of the clubs is really standard. But there are differences. Beginners often play with wooden sticks – a practical and inexpensive thing, it will break – it’s not a pity. Professionals prefer composite sticks, hollow inside – strong and light, although expensive. And the defenders of the club are harder, the attackers – softer.
The thicker the ice on the ice hockey playground, the better.
This is not true. Since thick ice slows the speed of sliding, on the hockey field its thickness is from 7.6 to 10 cm.
Hockey in the NHL is extremely primitive.
The composition of the teams has changed, and the leaders of the “new wave” demonstrate a well-thought-out, full of interesting combinations of the game.
European hockey is very different from Canadian hockey.
There is no fundamental difference, although there are some differences in the style of Americans, which is due to the smaller size of the site (in Europe – 60×30 m (Finnish version – 60×28 m), in Canada – 60х26 m). This factor allows you to increase the speed, and, consequently, the entertainment of this exciting game.
Before the game, the coach assembles a team in the locker room and pronounces a long, heartfelt speech about how important the future victory is, and then, in abundance, supplies the wards with advice, in every possible way “tuning in to the right wave.”
In fact, most coaches before the game will not “wind” the atmosphere and even more so uttering high-flown speeches or singing national anthems to raise the fighting spirit of the team. Episodes of this kind are extremely rare. Before the game, hockey players, as a rule, prepare ammunition, warm up, and coaches discuss the game plan. The coach explains the strategy and tactics of the future game to the team about 5 minutes before going out on the ice, during a small meeting. On this process, “tuning to the desired wave” usually ends.
During the break, the coach spends in the locker room with the team “serious work”.
No, during the break, as well as at the beginning of the match, no serious conversations are being conducted. The first 10 minutes the coach gives tired, hot players to cool down, fix ammunition, drink tea, talk to the doctor (if necessary). The remaining 5 minutes, he briefly gives the necessary instructions, and the team continues the game.
During the time-out, the coach gives instructions to the team about which scheme should be used in the future.
This is not quite true. After all, at the end of the fight the players are tired, because complex long explanations simply will not be accepted, and there is no time for lengthy lectures on how to behave in the remaining time of the game. The explanations of the coach during the time-out are extremely simple and are aimed at maximizing the chances of the team if not to win, at least to reduce the gap in the account or to keep at the achieved level.
Hockey fights begin spontaneously.
No, most of the fights have a cause. Shock undercover, the need for emotional shake-up of the team, incorrect behavior of players on the field provoke a clash. And if there are two “tafgaya” (“fighter”) at the same time, fights can not be avoided. In addition, to call on the NHL-duel duel there is a standard formula (“Let’s start?”) And its unwritten rules: a one-on-one fight, no shots undercover, etc.
“Tafgai” go to the ice at the direction of the coach.
In fact, the “fighters” themselves know perfectly well in which situation their intervention is required. They will obey the coach, but after the match they will necessarily express their negative opinion regarding the incorrect behavior of the coach. After all, no one talks to the goalkeeper before the match, that it is necessary to defend the gate, attackers and defenders also do not need additional instructions – what is worse than “tafgai”?