, or hamsters – a subfamily of rodents of the hamster family. In total, there are 19 species. Houses usually contain Syrian hamsters, which differ in their variety in color. Their size can reach 18 cm, and weight up to 200 grams. Also in fashion recently, the will dwarf hamsters, for example, Dzhungar.
Many are so eager to see this little fluffy beast, with small ears an inquisitive nose and careful eye-beads. The hamster’s paws are tenacious, and the tail is so funny. Such a description without doubt gives one of the pets.
It is generally accepted that everything is known about hamsters, but such a straightforward approach generates a wave of unbelievable rumors. A good animal can easily fall prey to erroneous accusations. We spread the most common rumors about hamsters.
The cell with the hamster always smells bad.
This myth is perhaps the most common. In fact, the hamster is not less clean than any pet. He has a habit of washing and cleaning from birth. The kid, barely born, already diligently tries to wash from a nose to a tail. In their own cells, hamsters do not know how to do general cleaning. But they clearly divide the dwelling into zones: a feeder, a nest, a toilet, other places. Therefore, if you put a small container in the cage with sawdust or fillers for the toilet and let the hamster know its purpose, then you can forget about the unpleasant smell! It remains only to change the filler after a day or two and clean the entire cage together with the house.
Hamster can not live alone.
For some reason, it often seems to us that an animal in a cage suffers from loneliness, that’s why hamsters are often kept in pairs. In fact, these animals, unlike many, are just single. Adult hamsters, when approaching a congenital person, usually just attack him without even understanding their sex. As a result, many torn hamsters were found by those owners who wanted to settle a couple of individuals in the cage at once. So a hamster living alone will be quite happy with his existence. For information, wild Syrian hamsters do not live in pairs either. The temporary truce comes on those few hours when the female meets the male with the purpose of procreation. A rare exception can be attributed to some dwarf hamsters, for example, Dzhungar and hamsters Roborovsky.
Hamsters are constantly multiplying.
This event entirely depends on their owners, it’s just not to keep animals in pairs. First of all, birth should be scheduled no more than once every 3 months. More frequent pregnancies harm the health of the female, poorly affecting the offspring. During childbirth, usually 6-12 calves are born, although there are exceptions.
There is enough for a hamster and a three-liter jar, he does not need a cage.
Accordingly, according to this belief, no walks to the animal are needed, let it sit in its aquarium. Hence the belief that hamsters know how to just sleep and eat. In fact, hamsters are very mobile creatures. During the day they like to sleep in their house, but when the evening comes, they wake up and become active. If the cell is large enough, it has several floors, and caring owners also placed a wheel for running, then the animal will have something to occupy itself. They also like dry twigs that can be chewed, a bunch of sawdust in which you can dig in search of grains. Hamsters will be delighted with ladder, a trough with delicious nuts or seeds. In the end, watching how a hunter finds a hidden treasure will be no less interesting than his acrobatic numbers. After all, hamsters can move on the ceiling, clinging to the bars with their front paws. The life of an animal in an unbanal cage will be of interest to both children and adults. In conditions of wild nature, animals have to run many kilometers to provide themselves with food supplies, and then put them in a pantry.Similarly, our pet wants to run around in order to stretch his paws. The long trek can be simulated with the help of a wheel for running, however it is necessary to let out a hamster every day. This will give him new impressions from the change in the situation. If we are talking about dwarf hamsters – Dzhungar, Roborovsky or Capbel, then for their maintenance, an aquarium or a terrarium will suit. Such kids almost do not climb and they do not need lattice walls.
Hamsters are unpretentious in food, they are quite a handful of seeds.
Any animal, including a hamster, needs a full-fledged diet with vitamins and microelements. In any pet shop you can buy ready-made mixtures for hamsters, with their help and you can provide the puppy with a decent diet. However, the composition of food should be added and juicy food: apple, carrot, pumpkin, greens, etc.
Hamsters drink little, they do not need water.
Water is needed by these animals, even if they have enough juicy forages. In the wild, hamsters do not make any liquid supplies, but they can not do without it at home. The exception in this case is dwarf hamsters who drink less Syrian, or are generally able to manage juicy fodder.
Hamsters are unpretentious animals.
According to this opinion, a hamster cage can be kept anywhere. In fact, neglect of certain rules can lead to diseases of pets. With proper care, they rarely get sick. But bad or incorrect food or stress due to sleep disorders during the day can lead to bad health. After all, hamsters are very sensitive to noise, so there is a rule that does not recommend placing the cage next to TVs, other sources of sound. Also, you can not put a cage next to a window or a draft. After all, he is the most evil enemy of a little fuzzy. Yes, and to the curtains or other things, the cage can not be placed too closely. After all, the hamster will immediately try to obtain material for building a nest, reaching out to the tissue and gnawing at it. Direct sunlight, like heat from central heating batteries, is also harmful to animals. In natural conditions, they try to hide from the heat in their holes. The health of hamsters will also damage tobacco smoke and high humidity, coupled with low temperature.
Hamster is an excellent toy for a young child.
It is worth remembering that as if the hamster did not look like a soft toy, it is first and foremost a living being that needs not only careful treatment, but also care and attention. Adult people must constantly keep under control the tender bones and fragile health of a small pet. Do not forget that accidentally caused acute pain can cause an answer from the side, it seemed, of an inoffensive animal. He after all has small sharp teeth, the bite of which will be painful.
If the hamster has red eyes, then he is blind from birth.
The red eyes of hamsters are not at all a sign of their vision problems – it’s just one of the mutations. Such animals possess altered genes that affect the appearance of the animal. So hamsters with red eyes in terms of health are no different from their black-eyed fellow tribesmen. In hamsters with red eyes, there are the following coat colors: gray, ivory, brown and white with red eyes.
Hamsters are bloodthirsty animals – they are eating their offspring.
It is difficult to completely refute this statement. However, like any rule has an exception, so this statement is an exception to the usual behavior of female hamsters. Scientists have figured out what exactly pushes animals to such a terrible act. First of all, it happens when the female is young and inexperienced. If she herself is not more than two months old, she simply obeys the animal instinct, which commands her to destroy her offspring in order to replenish the nutrients consumed on them.In addition, after the appearance of the offspring, the mother may not feel safe with them. Therefore, there is no way to disturb the hamster, trying to climb her arms, touching both her and the kids. After all, they will inevitably remain the smell of human hands, which will force the mother to refuse to feed the “alien” cub, or simply destroy it. There is an option that in such a bloody way a hamster can simply get rid of sick and unviable descendants. This behavior is also due to a simple survival instinct, which inherited and all domestic hamsters.
Hamsters are stupid and boring animals.
In fact, even such small animals are distinguished by clever behavior. This is especially true for Syrian hamsters. Most of them even know how to respond to their nickname, running out to their owners from their house. Each animal has its own character, its habits and can be tamed in various ways. Sometimes after walking around the house the animal approaches the master himself so that he takes it in his hands and returns the tired animal to a cage or simply holds it. There were cases when a hamster played with pleasure with a delicacy tied for a string. It happens that hamsters recognize their owners, meeting them happily in the morning or evening, standing by the rods of the cage. Funny fuss of young cubs will not leave indifferent even the most strict observer. However, most hamsters are interesting because their cage is a piece of wildlife that turned out to be right at your house. It is necessary to give the animal an opportunity, and it will gladly reveal the secrets of its hamster life.