(Republic of Guinea) is a country located in West Africa. It borders with the following countries: Guinea Bissa, Sierra Leone, Liberia, the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal. The waters of the Atlantic Ocean on the west side are washed by Guinea. Plain territory in Guinea is relatively small, more than half of its territory is occupied by low mountains and plateaus.
In 1958, a referendum was held, at which the Guineans voted for independence. Independence was proclaimed on October 2 – Guinea became a republic. Currently, Guinea is a presidential republic, the head of state is the President of the Republic.
The president is elected for a period of seven years, after which he can apply for it again. The parliament consists of one hundred and fourteen deputies, each of whom is elected for a five-year term. The Parliament is the National Assembly. The administrative structure of Guinea – the country is divided into seven provinces and thirty-three prefectures.
The capital of the Republic of Guinea is Conakry. The capital is equated with the province. French is officially accepted in Guinea. Guinea leads the world in terms of bauxite reserves, which are one of the most important minerals in this country. In addition to bauxite in Guinea, the extraction of ores of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, diamonds, gold, monazite, zircon, etc. is conducted. In Guinea, the subequatorial climate. The average temperature varies from twenty-four to twenty-seven degrees Celsius. The river network of Guinea is quite dense, but navigable rivers are practically only in estuary areas. Approximately 60% of the territory of Guinea is covered with forest cover.
The population of Guinea as of July 2010 is 10.3 million. The annual growth of the population is 2.6%. The following demographic data are interesting: fertility (that is, the number of births per woman) in Guinea is 5.2 births, the average life expectancy for women is 59 years, for men 56 years.
According to the ethnic composition, forty percent of the population is Fulbe, thirty percent is Malinke, twenty percent is Soussu. Islam is the main religion in Guinea, it is professed by eighty-five percent of the population. Thirty-four percent of the population lives in cities (2008 data).
Guinea is the international organization of ACP countries – the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries.
Plateau occupy most of the territory of Guinea.
Plateaus and low mountains occupy more than one second territory of this state. individual arrays of the Futa-Jallon board rise up to a height of 1538 meters (Mount Tamga). The North-Guinean Upland passes into blocky uplands and plinths. The height of the first reaches 1752 meters (Mount Nimba), and the height of the board is about eight hundred meters.
The climate of Guinea is subequatorial.
It is inherent to the alternation of wet and dry seasons. Summer is humid. Its duration depends on the specific territory: in the south of Guinea, it lasts from seven to ten months, and in the north-east of the country – from three to five months. The air temperature in the inland areas is about twenty-four degrees Celsius, which is lower than on the coast – about twenty-seven degrees Celsius. April is the hottest month. The air warms to an average of thirty degrees Celsius. August is the coldest month. The average temperature is twenty-six degrees Celsius. An exception in the temperature regime is associated with periods of drought. The wind blowing from the Sahara raises the temperature of the air to thirty-eight degrees Celsius (the wind of the Harman). Virtually all precipitation falls between May and October.
A considerable part of the territory of Guinea is occupied by forests.
Approximately 60% of the territory of Guinea is covered with forest cover.However, indigenous evergreen forests currently grow only on the slopes of the North-Guinea Upland, while a large part of the forests is represented by secondary deciduous trees. Along the coast, you can see mangroves in places.
Guinea boasts a variety of wildlife.
It used to be that way – the animal world of forests impressed with its diversity. However, at present all this diversity can be seen practically only in protected areas (forest dukers, civets, genetas, hippos). In addition, chimpanzees, leopards and elephants are virtually exterminated.
French is the official language of the Republic of Guinea.
This is so. However, only a small percentage of the population speaks French, from fifteen to twenty percent of Guineans. There are eight “national” languages. From these eight schools are taught in six languages.
A visa is required for citizens of the Russian Federation wishing to visit Guinea.
It is registered in the Consulate of Guinea, which is located in Moscow. To apply for a visa you need: a foreign passport and a copy of its first page, three questionnaires, three photos measuring 3 × 4 centimeters, the original invitation. The validity of a foreign passport must be longer than the planned period of stay in the Republic of Guinea. The questionnaires are filled in either English or French. Photos can be either color or black and white. If a visa is issued directly at the airport of the Guinean capital, then you need a passport, a migration card (to be completed in French). In addition, it is necessary to provide either tickets to a third country, or tickets for a return destination. A prerequisite for entry into the country is the availability of an international certificate attesting to the vaccination against yellow fever.
Guinea is an illiterate country.
As of 2003, only 18 percent of women and forty-two percent of men were literate.
Guinea is an underdeveloped country.
In economic terms, this is so. According to data for 2006, below the poverty level is forty-seven percent of the population of Guinea. And this is despite the fact that the country possesses rather large agricultural hydropower and mineral resources. Almost one-half of the world’s bauxite reserves are concentrated in Guinea. In this state there are many deposits of uranium, iron ore, gold and diamonds. In 2009, the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was one thousand dollars. In this indicator, Guinea took the two hundred and twelfth place among all countries of the world. Twenty-four percent of GDP is provided by agriculture, employing over seventy-five percent of the working population. Cultivated rice, bananas, tapioca, pineapples, coffee. Animal husbandry specializes in the cultivation of goats, sheep, cattle. thirty-eight percent of GDP is barked by industry, which is based on the extraction of bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, and also on the processing of agricultural products. The goods exported are bauxite, fish, coffee, diamonds, gold, alumina – with a total value of 1.4 billion dollars (according to 2008 data). The main buyer of Guinea’s export goods is India (17.8%). 10.8% of the goods are bought by Russia. In addition, Spain, Ireland, the United States and Germany are engaged in foreign trade with Guinea. Imported goods are textiles, vehicles, manufactured goods, metals, oil products, grain and other food products. According to data for 2008, the total value of imported goods is estimated at $ 1.4 billion. The main supplier of goods to Guinea is China (15.4%). Other importers are Spain, Netherlands, France, USA.
Guinea is a picturesque country.
Very picturesque. This is the first thing that attracts tourists from all over the world to visit the Republic of Guinea. Especially beautiful landscapes of the highlands of Fouta-Jalon.In addition, the visitor who arrived here will be amazed for the first time by the contrast between the endless jungles in the southern regions of Guinea and the dry valleys in the northern regions of the country. As already mentioned by one of the most important sights created by nature, in Guinea is the Futa-Jallon plateau, located two hundred and twenty kilometers northeast of the Guinean capital. Plateau connects with Conakry good road. The hills, whose height reaches thousands of meters, are covered with beautiful emerald green vegetation. The view is so magnificent that it does not leave a single tourist indifferent. The charm of this place is added by small villages, national cuisine and relative coolness. The most popular are the towns of Mamu, Dalaba, Mali. Mali has a reputation for being the coolest city. The main natural attractions of Guinea are also Fuyama rapids and Bafara waterfall. Just ten kilometers from Conakry is a group of small islands Ile de Los, “lost” in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The water center is quite modern, which is very pleasant for the guests and residents of the Guinean capital. The islands of Ile de Los are a favorite resort area for locals. There are very often organized mini-cruises on boats. At some distance from Kamsara is the beach of Subani. This beach is one of the best beach areas of the Republic of Guinea. Another excellent beach area of Guinea is Cape Verga, on the way to Boca. Interestingly, the rich resort life here only flows on weekends, and among the week the city is empty.
Dalaba is a resort town.
Once this city, indeed, was a mountain-climatic resort. Here was the health center D’Asuel. Groups of trekking fans are now departing from Dalaba to the foothills.
Conakry is a modern city.
The center of the Guinean capital, in fact, is quite modern. Conakry is a port on the Atlantic Ocean. In the city there is a railway station, an airport of international importance. Conakry is the economic center of the Republic of Guinea. Here the main enterprises of the manufacturing industry are concentrated – woodworking, textile, chemical, food, and metalworking enterprises. Through the Guinean capital, the country’s foreign trade is predominantly carried out. In Conakry there are the Polytechnic Institute, the National Museum (a large collection of national instruments, sculptures, masks), a botanical garden, the People’s Palace. As for the Palace, it is the place of many holidays and performances of local ballet theaters (there are two of them). The city center is decorated with about fifty villas built in Moorish style. They are in front of the presidential palace. At the present stage, these villas are used as offices of some organizations of international importance.
The city of Faran is a city of numerous villas.
All these villas are built in Victorian style. The city is located four hundred twenty kilometers east of Conakry. Another great attraction is the big fair held every Monday. It attracts peasants and artisans from virtually all districts. Although according to Europeans this fair is simply a huge market.
Guinean city of Cancun is a city of historical sights.
It is the political and spiritual center of one of the peoples of Guinea – Malinka. The city was built in the Middle Ages – in the era of the Mali Empire. However, in order to get acquainted with local historical sights (which are very many), it will not work out on its own. Only a local guide can show the tourist the edge, where the past ends and the present begins. After all, for several centuries, the old and the new literally grew together. Particular attention should be paid to the study of the Great Mosque (this is a local relic) and the presidential palace located on the banks of the Milo River.
Nzerekore – the capital of forest Guinea.
It is from here that many ecological excursions begin in the forest zone – to Mount Nimba. This is an area of dense forest, which is proud of its inhabitants. In this forest you can meet a forest leopard (one of the few places on the African continent), gorillas, and also toads that are nourished by young ones (the only ones in the world). In addition, the City of Nzerekore has the reputation of the cheapest city of the Republic of Guinea. It is located on the border with Liberia. In the local market, you can buy almost everything at an inexpensive price. This market is the largest transshipment base for goods.
Labe is one of the largest cities in Guinea.
The city ranks third in size in the state. Areas and small streets, good markets – all this forms the basis of the city and gives an opportunity for the life of the peoples inhabiting its peoples Fula.
The cuisine of the Republic of Guinea is exquisite.
This is not true at all. On the contrary, simplicity is peculiar to it. The composition of Guinea cuisine, mainly includes a variety of porridges. In addition, Guinea is preparing a variety of soups from corn, millet or rice. They are spiced up with spices, vegetable seasonings and vegetable oil. Meat side dishes (and just meat) in cooking is rarely used. Seafood and fish are a much more common product for Guineans. The most popular drink in Guinea is milk, which is used in sour or fresh. European dishes can be enjoyed at the hotel restaurants.
There are no traffic rules in Guinea.
There are no signs. But drivers are distinguished by courtesy. With the help of gestures, drivers ask each other to wait or miss when turning. It should be noted that there are no pedestrian crossings in the country. From the latter it follows that pedestrians can cross the road anywhere in the road.
In Guinea, you can pick up some disease.
The country, indeed, has a rather complicated sanitary and epidemiological situation. This is due to the fact that from time to time in the territory of the Republic of Guinea flashes of dangerous infectious diseases. That’s why you can not enter the country without having previously been vaccinated against yellow fever. In addition, when entering the territory of the state with domestic animals (as well as departure), it is required to show a veterinary certificate.
In Guinea, you must be extremely attentive.
It is not recommended to take a large amount of money with you when you go out on the street. This is due to the fact that Guinea is a rather poor state. For the same reason, do not show your jewelry.