Height – 9-12 cm, weight – 30-50 gr.
Squeeze your hand into a fist – this is the approximate size of your child this week. The facial features are almost completely formed, the neck stretched out – the chin is no longer pressed to the chest. Sometimes a child makes mimic movements that resemble a smile.
Almost the entire body of the baby can already respond to touch, while only the back and the skull are insensitive. He has a swallowing reflex. In addition, he trains in “breathing” – draws the amniotic fluid into the lungs and pushes it back.
The child starts jostling with his heels and fists. Every day he will do it more and more strongly, so in 4-6 weeks mom will feel his movements well.
Genitalia continues to develop and external gender differences are becoming more evident. In girls, the ovaries descend to their place in the hip area, and the boys have a prostate.
Kidneys produce urine – the baby secretes it into the amniotic fluid, which completely renews its composition in three hours. A fully formed thyroid gland begins to produce hormones.
Now the upper part of the uterus (the so-called bottom) is about 12-13 cm above your pubic area. Many have a dark line on the abdomen, going to the pubic bone (“linea negra”). Why this is necessary for the body is not clear, but the line appears in most women.
If you give birth is not the first time, you noticed that your abdomen, unfortunately, increases much faster than in the previous pregnancy. This is not at all because you do not follow your diet. Even if you count each calorie, still after the first birth your abdominal and uterine muscles become more elastic and easier to stretch than the young elastic muscles of a girl who has not given birth yet. With each new pregnancy you will be faster to add in the stomach. From this you can not escape, and you just have to put up with it. This is not your biggest problem now.
It also happens that the expectant mother suddenly embraces just an insatiable craving for food, she is ready to eat everything and she is not enough. As a result, there is an increase in weight by 1-2 kg per week. After morning toxemia, of course, you can understand the desire of the body to finally eat normally. But still try not to allow yourself to overeat with rolls, sweets and cakes.
при To pacify the raging body, prepare yourself in advance and put in the fridge cleaned carrots, cucumbers, apples and other fruit-vegetables to taste. They can be eaten constantly, they give a lot of vitamins and few calories. Try to drink more water. This will relieve you from bouts of hunger and will be an excellent prophylaxis against urinary tract infections.
A glass of 1% kefir is a good afternoon snack and at the same time a remedy for constipation, which torment most pregnant women. Some doctors even recommend 1 day a week to do a special unloading day (1 kg of apples and 1 liter of kefir). But any diet should always be coordinated with a doctor, self-activity should not be engaged now.
Continuous mood changes continue. A pregnant woman is very vulnerable, her whole world is centered around a future child. She can literally forget everything that does not directly affect her baby. She is brought to the melancholy to tears the most usual things, like baby carriages, shirts and toys.
From emotional crises, meditation, concentration on the hobby, on the farm (meditation “nesting” now as it is impossible by the way) helps. If you feel that you can not keep yourself in hand and because of this deteriorate your relationship with others, visit the psychologist, who now is usually in each LC. In 99% of cases it will help to solve your problems.
Often, future mothers begin to experience difficulties in sexual life associated with the complexes about their fat body, stretch marks and age spots.With all their maximalism, pregnant women exaggerate the significance of this or that change in their body.
In fact, as experience shows, husbands do not notice much until they are shown literally a finger. Therefore, fewer complexes, more think about good. Moreover, you finally let go of the toxicosis, the body has rested a little and it is likely that the previous sexual desire returned, which was extinguished due to the ailments of the first weeks of pregnancy.
Do not postpone life for later. Use a fully golden time called the second trimmer. Remember that with the proper development of pregnancy, sexual relations do not pose a threat to the baby. It is well protected by its fetal bladder and amniotic fluid.
However, there are a number of reasons why doctors advise you to limit sex life or stop it altogether for a while:
– Bleeding for unexplained reasons. This may be bleeding from the cervix, which has now become supersensitive. Then the situation is not dangerous. But if the bleeding is caused by the threat of miscarriage, placenta exfoliation, etc. reasons, then sex will have to abstain for some time.
– Miscarriage symptoms that appeared in those women who had miscarriages in the past. Usually this happens in the first trimester.
– From 28 to 32 weeks of pregnancy, if a woman had premature birth earlier.
– When there is a placenta previa and sexual relations could cause her separation.
– In the case of multiple pregnancies in the third trimester.
No less intimate topic – this is a topic related to work. It’s time to tell the boss that you are pregnant. Many people are so worried about it before, as they did not worry, telling the happy news to their own husband.
However, you can completely never tell anyone. Smart and observant people have already guessed, and let the others blame themselves. By law, you generally do not have to inform anyone of your situation – it’s your own business whether you are pregnant or not.
You can not be imposed any penalties or punishments, for the fact that you did not tell your bosses about the future departure to the decree. However, the moral and ethical code requires respect for courtesy, and the doctor also has to ask for leave.
Remember that on the basis of your pregnancy you can not be dismissed. And on the basis of any other pretexts, you too can not be dismissed while you are pregnant. Thus, you are very reliably protected by law and no one can force you to leave your job if you do not want to, even if you are handed a paper and a pen and are ordered to write a statement of resignation (art. 261 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation).
If you work not on a work record card, but on the basis of a fixed-term contract, you are required to leave on the spot before your birth and pay the part of the moneys due to you. The contract will be terminated only after the termination of your pregnancy. The only exception in this matter is the complete liquidation of the enterprise, when everyone is fired.
Some bad bosses go down to threats of transferring to a lower position or lowering their salary. This employer can not do either. You are obliged to keep the average earnings, and also to provide such working conditions that correspond to medical requirements (Articles 254 and 259 TC). The days and hours for the doctor’s visit and the sick leave are also paid for, so do not write any applications for a vacation or “at your own expense.”
Of course, the question arises: is it worth fighting with your boss, especially if you get a black salary and the bosses are difficult to catch by the hand? In any case, try to calculate exactly what you have now and with what will remain in case of dismissal.
Do not forget that you must get maternity leave for maternity leave (140 days from the average salary for the last 6 months), and you get a vacation allowance as a percentage of your average salary.
The main thing, firmly remember: a pregnant woman always wins from the point of view of the Labor Code. For reference: chapter 41 of the LC RF, articles 253-264.
13 weeks – 14 weeks – 15 weeks