(Formula One) or “Royal Formula” – the annual world championship in ring racing on cars with open wheels. This kind of racing is extremely popular and rightly considered the most high-tech and expensive in the world.
The first regulation of the World Championships was formulated by the organizations that participated in the European Grand Prix race car race (20-30 of the last century). However, the introduction of the new regulations planned for 1941 because of the Second World War was postponed. Only in 1946 the International Automobile Federation (FIA) finally formulated the rules of the “Formula-1”, which came into force in 1947. In 1948, a Formula-2 class was added to Formula One, and in 1950, Formula 3. Originally it was assumed that for the world championship class “Formula-1”, championship of continents – “Formula-2” is intended, for national championships – “Formula-3”.
The first World Championship “Formula 1” was held in England, at the Silverstone circuit in 1950. Until 1958, points were awarded only to pilots, after – and to the designers of fireballs. The World Championship “Formula 1” consists of separate stages (Grand Prix), which are held in March-October from Friday to Sunday and consist of free races, qualifications and races, with both individual pilots and teams competing. Season can consist of a different number of Grand Prix (from seven (1950) to nineteen (2005)). The winner of the championship is revealed at the end of the year, pilots are awarded the title of World Champion, the team – the Cup of designers. In addition, there are unofficial prizes (the so-called “Bernie’s” (in honor of Bernie Ecclestone, English businessman, in fact, the head of Formula 1)) in such categories: “Best Beginner”, “Best Racer”, “Best Route”, ” The choice of riders “(the winners are chosen by the pilots themselves).
“Formula 1” is an ordinary sporting event, an interesting sight, nothing more.
Of course, this kind of racing is a very exciting spectacle, but we should not forget about the contribution of teams to the development of cars and cars in general. The original ideas of the designers of race cars (for example, the anti-slip system) contribute to the development of engineering, but it should be noted that in recent years the role of Formula 1, as the initiator of progressive innovations in the automotive industry, has slightly decreased. The matter is that for introduction of some technical decisions it is necessary to make many changes in a design and methods of creation of serial cars, besides, the organizers of a series aspire to reduce charges of commands that is at times a serious obstacle for introduction of this or that engineering idea.
The Grand Prix of “Formula 1” lasts three days.
This is usually the case, but there is an exception. Grand Prix of Monaco lasts not three, but four days. Free races are held on Thursday, and on Friday the teams hold parties and excursions.
The cars used in races are given to the team by the sponsor.
In fact, the team can only use the engine and tires of the partner manufacturer, but the design and design of the car the participants of the “Formula-1” should themselves. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that the machine must comply with the technical regulations and pass the impact test – this is followed by the stewards of the International Motor Sport Federation.
From the team in each Grand Prix, one racer acts.
No, according to the rules, there are two riders from each team, and the coloring of cars must coincide. If the team exposes only one car or does not go to the start, it is punishable by a fine.
The cars are so fast that they are quite capable of driving even on the ceiling.
This is not quite true. Indeed, the speed of the car used in the Formula 1 race exceeds 300 km / h, therefore, the car is capable of generating a clamping force exceeding its weight, i.е. potentially can ride on the ceiling.However, it should be borne in mind that the fuel tank and the engine are designed taking into account the effect of gravity, so they will not be able to work in an inverted position.
The greatest speed racing cars are developing on the “Formula-1”.
The speed of unmodified cars on the oval of the Formula 1 tracks is likely to be slightly lower than the ones that are able to develop cars participating in the Indy Car (IndyCar Series – the American racing series of cars with open wheels, after which the race was named) or NASCAR (National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing). However, the dynamics of acceleration (2 g), braking (4-5 g) and passing corners (more than 4 g) in the cars of the “Formula 1” are really the best in the world.
The cars for the “Formula 1” are created from the same materials that are used in the production of cars.
This is not quite true. Of course, most often for the creation of a racing car the team manages with conventional alloys, however, if the safety of the rider requires it or any other purposes, advanced composite technologies used in the aerospace industry are used.
Changing technical regulations and reducing tests can significantly reduce team costs.
Not always. After all, if as a result of changes in the technical regulations, this or that material or composition is forbidden to use – the team has to spend a lot of time, effort and money to find a replacement. Large teams adapt to this state of affairs quite quickly, but small teams would prefer stability. Banning tests is also not an option. After all, in order to ensure maximum safety of the pilot and to predict the behavior of the car in this or that situation, the tests will have to be replaced by computer modeling, which again will have to be spent a lot of money.
To achieve success, the novice team is best copied the design of the team leader’s car.
No, it’s better to design the car yourself. First, some parts of the machine, hidden by the hull, are simply invisible to the outside observer. Secondly, even very noticeable details work best only in conjunction with the rest, individually they lose their importance and functionality. And, finally, from the outside it is rather difficult to determine all the features of the structure of used materials, engineering solutions, etc.
Sometimes teams spend millions to ensure that the speed of the car increased by one tenth of a second.
This is not true. Teams do not have the habit of throwing huge amounts of money to the wind for a small increase in speed. Designers of cars will not be engaged in this or that project, if, according to their calculations, it will not give the corresponding result and will not pay off the winnings.
The main thing for the designer of fireballs is to choose the number of keels correctly.
In fact, the choice between one or two keels is not that important. Of course, outwardly cars with different number of keels are very different from each other, but neither aerodynamics nor the characteristics of the car it has much influence.
It is best to use Kevlar fiber in the design of the car – and strength, and the safety of the machine will increase many times.
Kevlar is used to create bullet-proof vests, but for use in a racing car this material is not always convenient. After all, under the influence of ultraviolet Kevlar fibers become brittle, break, forming sharp fragments, which constitute a potential danger to the rider. Because this type of fiber, although it is used, but not so often.
The carbon suspension is too easy to break, especially if the race goes “wheel to wheel.”
In the course of racing, cars are sometimes faced with wheels. In this case, the impact of such force, from which the carbon suspension breaks down, the steel suspension also can not withstand.
The angle of camber should be as wide as possible, because in this case the center of gravity is lowered, providing maximum stability and maneuverability of the car.
This is not quite true. After all, the heaviest part of the engine is the crankshaft, which must be lifted when the camber angle increases. Consequently, the center of gravity of the engine is higher. Yes, and work with such an engine is somewhat more complicated. Because the designers consider the optimal angle of camber 90?
The main thing for a car in the “Formula 1” – aerodynamics.
No, the result depends mainly on the correct selection of tires and the quality of their adhesion to the track. Although aerodynamics are just as important, because it provides clamping force through the tires.
Wings are a source of downforce.
This is not so – the greatest amount of downforce (more than a third) produces the bottom of the machine. The remaining two thirds are given by the front, rear wing and diffuser (in the area of which the clamping force is not regulated by the rules).
If the downforce is reduced by a third, the overtaking capability will increase dramatically.
Unfortunately, the reduction of the clamping force by thirty to forty percent from the side will be little noticeable and not particularly effective. To make the changes really significant, the downforce should reduce the percentage by ninety, but in this case, the pilots will have to reduce the speed of the cars, so as not to lose control.
Use the ground effect in the car “Formula 1” is prohibited.
This is not true – the effect that arises from the proximity of the bottom of the car to the track is used. It is achieved through the use of end plates, reducing turbulence along the edges of the wings, as a result of which the air flow presses the machine to the road. The only thing that is forbidden – sliding “skirts”, contributing to the emergence of the effect of “gluing” the car to the track.
The lower the clearance, the better the work of aeration.
Wrong opinion. In order to create a low pressure and, as a consequence – clamping force, there must be a certain space under the machine, not at all minimal.
All elements of aerodynamics create downforce.
This is not so – because parts of the aerodynamics form a single whole, each performing certain functions, being installed on the machine. Because some surfaces are designed to create a lift – they are the most effective to direct the air flow to the rear of the machine, creating the necessary stability.
Gear shifts are carried out by drivers manually.
In fact, automatic transmissions on “Formula-1” are prohibited – pilots use “semi-automatic”. Racer by means of the lever indicates which gear to choose. The electronic control unit of the machine and the hydraulics are subject to its order, but the team that can damage the transmission will be canceled.
In the cars of the “Formula 1” the start-control remained – the pilots simply removed the button of its inclusion from the rudder, leaving the start control system untouched.
Wrong opinion. After the FIA has banned the start-control, the racer does everything manually, controlling through hydraulics and electronics.
In the races of “Formula 1” only men participate.
This is not true – the women performed in the World Championship in this sport. In the history of Formula 1, there were only five female pilots, and only one of them, Lella Lombardi, was able to score points (0.5 points for 6th place at the Spanish Grand Prix in 1975).
Participants of the “Formula 1” are superstitious.
Indeed, pilots try to avoid “unlucky” numbers. That’s why the numbers of the cars before the 1970s were only even (because in Europe the odd numbers are most often considered to be unfortunate, for example, the Italians have the number 17). Bolide at number 13 in the history of the “Formula-1” used only five riders (Divina Galitsa, Moises Solana, Cleve Trundell, Karel Godin de Beaufort, Moritz von Strachvits), two of them – only on training races.In our days racing cars are not given the thirteenth number – immediately after the twelfth the fourteenth follows.