The reign of this queen is called the golden age of England. On the one hand, culture bloomed (you can mention Shakespeare and Bacon at least), and on the other, the political weight of the country has increased. Under Elizabeth I the Invincible Armada was defeated, the East India Company appeared, on the seas glory to the country was brought by Drake and Reilly.
But with the Elizabeth Tudor dynasty ended, the “queen-virgin” did not leave legal heirs. At the time of her death in 1603, Elizabeth I was already a legend. Over the next four centuries, historians and biographers even more embellished her life. Created an image of a harsh, unsmiling woman, devoid of interest in life and entertainment.
The farther away from us that era stands, the harder it is to check the facts. About the great English queen said a lot, but some of the information are myths, authentically exposed. The most popular facts and misconceptions about the last representative of the ruling Tudor dynasty we will consider. Elizabeth had problems with her clothes when she was a child.
In fact, the girl had to wear clothes that are small in size. Her governess, Lady Brian, was forced to personally write to the King for petition for his new daughter’s new clothes.
Elizabeth was disliked by her cousin, Lady Jane Gray.
This is a very tragic figure, which for nine days managed to visit the uncrowned queen of England, for which she paid with her life. Jane Gray was 4 years younger than Elizabeth, the girls were brought up together. The popular legend of their enmity has no evidence. The girls spent a lot of time at a tender age, they were united by their interest in learning.
One of the legendary phrases of Elizabeth was told about the death of Thomas Seymour.
The Queen is credited with such words: “On this day a man of great intelligence died who did not know how to use it.” Thomas Seymour was a well-known intriguer at the court of the Tudors, who even wooed Elizabeth. But his attempts to seize power through a coup failed. At the execution of the noble Elizabeth and said, ostensibly, the famous phrase. In fact, these words were not said then, they appeared only in the XVII century, in the work of one historian.
The death of Thomas Seymour so shocked Elizabeth that she swore never to marry again.
This is just another legend, which tried to prove why the queen never married. In the past it was believed that marriage is the main and natural female desire, that people and wondered why a man with a bunch of suitors in the queue refuses to marry and wants to be a loner.
Princess Elizabeth and Robert Dudley in the Tower were imprisoned at a distance of aisle.
Indeed, in 1554, Elizabeth was sent to the prison of the Tower, where was also a friend of her childhood, Robert Dudley. Both of them got there on a charge of conspiracy, fashionable at the time. But Maria Tudor decided to save her sister’s life. There is a version that young people could communicate during walks in the courtyard, which formed the basis of future love. But the story of the close proximity of cameras, opposite each other, is a myth, albeit romantic.
Elizabeth was afraid of mice.
And it really is. Contemporaries recall that the queen began to scream and climbed back in her chair when she saw the mouse.
Queen Elizabeth never smiled.
The Queen became famous for a smile, which she considered her own weapon. It seemed that she could melt the heart of anyone. Elizabeth also had a good sense of humor, she liked to laugh.
Queen Elizabeth had a very bad character.
Queen Elizabeth became famous for her anger. However, he showed it in case of need. In general, she had a good nature. But those who acted against her, she could be sent to the Tower. Under the lock were those of the court who entered into marriage without the consent of the queen. But most often for her anger did not follow the action. Elizabeth deserved the nickname “ice queen”, but she did not deserve it at all.Even her contemporaries noted that other monarchs in anger were much more terrible than the English queen. And she was angry only if there was a serious reason for that.
Queen Elizabeth regularly beat her maid of honor.
Only one case of physical assault by the queen has been documented in relation to the maid of honor. She got Mary Shelton, who married without the permission of Elizabeth. She was annoyed when the maids quid about it. The Queen believed that the parents of the girls trusted them to her so that she personally found a husband for them. And she considered such behavior as a personal betrayal. The story that once the queen hit the girl with a candlestick did not find any confirmation. Elizabeth generally did not usually beat people, although she probably had the right to do so. Once she hit a member of the Council, Earl of Essex. But he greatly offended Elizabeth, whom he hated.
Queen Elizabeth was polite and courteous.
There were times when Her Majesty behaved absolutely un-royal. When she was angry, she was terribly foul. And if she did not like the outfit of some courtier, she could even spit into it.
Queen Elizabeth had many lovers.
Fans of sensations like such rumors, in fact, in fact, the queen had only one love affair. Elizabeth had tender feelings for Robert Dudley, Count Lester. Probably, she could secretly marry him. They were united by common political interests. But the relationship with Christopher Hatton, Water Raleigh and the Earl of Essex was invented by historians.
Queen Elizabeth had secret and illegitimate children.
For centuries, there have been stories that the virgin queen still had children. Some even today claim that Francis Bacon and Earl of Essex were in fact her sons. But there is no reliable evidence that the queen ever gave birth. Yes, and hide the pregnancy from the yard would be impossible. Rather, she really was a queen-virgin, as she herself called.
Queen Elizabeth always dressed magnificently, appropriate to her position.
There is a story that Elizabeth once changed into a maid to play tricks on Robert Dudley. And in other cases, she could easily dress just to go secretly to dinner with him.
Queen Elizabeth never mentioned her mother’s name.
At least once the queen mentioned the name of Anna Boleyn, defending her reputation before the foreign ambassador. So statements from the series “never mentioned” should be pronounced with caution. What is missing in official documents does not mean that it was not. In 1575 the Queen made herself a ring with a picture of herself and her mother. So Elizabeth in any case had to mention her name when making an order.
Queen Elizabeth was bald.
It is often said that at the age of 30 the queen lost her hair. In fact, there are references where it is reported about her own white strands at the age of 60 years. In the 1580s, she even gave her lock to Philip Sidney. It is still stored in Wilton House, Wiltshire. A few years before her death, Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, entered the queen’s bedroom without permission and saw her “with gray hair on his ears.” A high forehead in the portraits of Elizabeth could very well be not a sign of lack of hair, but an exaggeration of the artists. They knew that according to the queen, such a sign meant intelligence. Perhaps, therefore, Elizabeth wore wigs and sheared the front part of the hairstyle to make them sit better. It is likely that the woman lost part of her hair because of the lead containing the “youth mask” in the make-up. He was present on the face of the queen. But even if Elizabeth lost some of her hair, she certainly was not bald.
Queen Elizabeth had a sixth finger on one hand, like her mother.
There is no evidence of the existence of Anna Boleyn’s sixth finger on her hand, respectively, and about Elizabeth you can say the same thing. She was an ordinary woman.
Queen Elizabeth had beautiful teeth.
It’s no secret that Elizabeth adored sweet foods. She tried to clean her teeth and take care of them, but could not win caries. Her teeth were both yellow and black. Some foreign ambassadors noted that the queen really had black teeth. Also, the woman lacked a few teeth, which directly affected the speech and made some words incomprehensible.
Queen Elizabeth was afraid to treat her teeth.
It was said that the woman was so afraid of dentists that one of the archbishops demonstrated this on themselves in order to prove the tolerance of pain when removing a tooth. She herself for a long time preferred to suffer from toothache, refusing to interfere with the doctor. But in the case of the archbishop, the queen agreed to see a doctor and go through a painful procedure only after the priest was removed another tooth. The Queen wanted to make sure of the complete safety of the treatment.
Elizabeth gave her nicknames to her favorite courtiers.
And it really is. For example, Robert Dudley called her “eyes,” William Cecil was called “spirit,” Robert Cecil was her “dwarf” or “elf,” Sir Christopher Hatton was a “hat”, and Sir Francis Walsingham was a “Moor”. And her potential fiance Francis, Duke of Alenson, she nicknamed “frog”.
Shakespeare was actually Queen Elizabeth.
Since in those years drama was considered a dubious event for important people, it was said that Elizabeth could create under the pseudonym William Shakespeare. But this beautiful legend, which has no evidence. Moreover, some of the plays of the famous playwright were written after the death of Elizabeth. The fourth period of his work, albeit not the most productive, refers to the years 1609-1612. But the queen died in 1603.
Queen Elizabeth was actually a man.
The idea that Elizabeth was either a disguised man or a hermaphrodite appeared on the basis of the opinion that a woman in principle can not successfully lead the country. That’s why some were looking for some kind of secret. It was believed that any woman seeks to get married, and since the Queen did not, then there must be a good reason. Bram Stoker told the story of how once King Henry went to visit his daughter, brought up in Coswold. However, she died of acute fever shortly before his visit. Then, in order not to cause royal anger, a cute boy with a similar hair color was found. He was dressed in a princess dress, deceiving Henry VIII. It was necessary to the boy all life to represent Elizabeth. In favor of this theory, the following arguments are presented. Firstly, the queen had a secretive character, she never married and gave birth to children, she had many wigs, she refused to communicate with doctors. But this conspiracy theory is easily debunked by quite historical facts. Elizabeth was not bald at all, her eyelids saw her gray hair. The woman had periods of menstruation, as reported by the bribed washerwomen. She even loved the low cuts even in old age, so that it would be illogical because of the lack of a breast. Intimate relations with Robert Dudley deny the possibility of the male queen. Yes, and her doctors at least once fully examined the negotiations on marriage, witnessing the possibility of having children.
Queen Elizabeth often gave orders to chop her head.
And although during the reign of Elizabeth many were actually executed, in fact, only a few people were beheaded. Such execution was provided for the most thoroughbred nobles. Ordinary people were simply hanged, but religious dissidents were burned. If necessary, to sign the death sentence, the queen was always embarrassed. And in the case of the Duke of Norfolk, one of the most influential courtiers, Elizabeth twice canceled the death sentence.True, as a result, the intriguer was still executed.
Queen Elizabeth was superstitious and interested in the occult.
In those days, most of the enlightened people experienced interest in the occult sciences and black magic. Superstitions in the conditions of weak development of science were commonplace. Elizabeth was very interested in the works of John Dee, occultist, astronomer and astrologer. Once in London they discovered a doll of the queen, whose heart was pierced with a pin. Elizabeth was so scared that she summoned John Dee. She asked him to neutralize the death spells that were directed against her.
Queen Elizabeth rarely took a bath.
In those years, baths were considered a luxury, they were accepted rather for medical reasons and they could not indulge in pleasure for them. Elizabeth also took a bath every few weeks, which by the standards of that time was quite often. She was very concerned about personal hygiene, but next to her there were many courtiers who smelled bad.
Queen Elizabeth made Knights Francis Drake on his famous ship called the Golden Doe.
Queen Elizabeth did not personally make Francis Drake a knight, although she was present at the Golden Cowboy at that moment. Elizabeth asked the French ambassador to do it instead of her. It was a very smart political move. The Queen knew that the Spaniards did not like the activities of Drake the Pirate who robbed their ships. And the initiation into the chivalry of the sailor by the French ambassador was to draw on the side of the British a powerful ally.
Queen Elizabeth ordered to remove all the mirrors in her palace.
It is said that the woman was so afraid of old age that she chose not to see her older reflection at all. Elizabeth really worried about her appearance, but do not exaggerate her vanity. The monarch was flattered, and he had to match the assigned role. Elizabeth willy-nilly had to dress better than everyone else. Here, without a mirror, it was hard to do. Yes, and there is no evidence of removing mirrors in the palace, it is difficult even to understand where this myth came from.
Earl of Essex sent Elizabeth his ring before execution.
Continuation of this romantic story states that one of the courtiers hid the ring at home, having earned the disgrace of the Queen forever. In England, this myth is quite popular, it has both romance and drama. Only this story was created only in the XVII century.
Elizabeth hated Catholics.
The queen was surprisingly tolerant of people of different religions. She said: “There is only one Christ, Jesus and only one faith. And everything else – a dispute over trifles. ” Due to some circumstances, the government was forced to take a tough stance towards Catholics. But Elizabeth herself was uncomfortable because of such a persecution of Christians.
When Elizabeth died, in the corridors of the palace Richmond saw her ghost.
This story was told by one of the maid queen. But she only wanted to convince people that Elizabeth was a witch and is doomed to wander around in an unplanned ghost, unable to get to heaven. The myth was created by Elizabeth Southwell, an old Catholic. She for political reasons wanted to reduce the popularity of the queen.
On her deathbed, the Queen whispered the name of Robert Dudley.
Notes on the last moments of Elizabeth’s life do not contain a mention of this name. Even if she whispered the word, it would be “Robin”, as the queen usually called her close friend. That’s only this word could apply to Robert Devereaux, Earl of Essex. He was also one of Elizabeth’s favorites, and his recent execution for rebellion greatly worried the woman.
The last words of the queen were: “I’ll give everything that I have for a moment of life.”
This phrase is often referred to as the last words of Elizabeth. True, according to another version, she pointed to her ring, worn on the day of the coronation, saying: “This is my only engagement ring.” So she remained faithful to the image of a virgin to the end.In fact, the “last words” of Elizabeth were coined and attributed to her later. Eyewitnesses of her death did not write about anything like that. Most likely, the queen simply died, having lost her speech. And no one can say what her last words were.
The ghost of Queen Elizabeth often visits Windsor Castle.
Some people in the library of Windsor Castle were noticed by a ghost lady in black robes. It is believed that this is the ghost of Queen Elizabeth Tudor. We saw it also on the walls of the castle. True, according to rumors, a ghost has a face hidden under a veil. So if he really does exist, then it can not be Queen Elizabeth. Then this is another lady of her life.