is a slang term that designates a specific philosophy of life. According to not worth living for yourself, not doing other people’s goals. Adherents of this trend refuse to propagate public values, like money, a career.

In return, there is a reorientation to life for the sake of himself or his family. A vivid example of this behavior is the Prince of Gautama, known more as the Buddha. At one time he left all his property, family and became a monk, devoting himself to the study of the human spirit.

Today downshifting materials are getting more and more. However, like 4-5 years ago, when the concept only came into Russian, most people put their own meaning and phobias into it. Around the main provisions are constantly controversial, often people do not even come close to the truth. That’s why we debunk the basic myths about downshifting.


Downshifting – a purely western fashionable trend, which appeared recently.

For all time of existence of human civilization there always existed those whose interests were at variance with ordinary philistine ones. The plane “power, money, status” did not interest everyone. And it’s not just the Buddha or the Emperor Diocletian who has gone to grow cabbage instead of dominating. You can mention Diogenes or numerous hermits, monks, religious community members, as well as artists and scientists who seek not for titles and prizes, but for discoveries and creativity. Let there are few such people, but they belong to all the basic steps in the history of civilization. Another thing is that the reaping of the fruits of discoveries has become the society of the townsfolk, who have made the result of achievements the next commodity. So it was always and, probably, it will be in the future. So why do we need a new term in general? The fact is that with his help it became possible to identify a phenomenon that is new and unusual for a human consumer. Otherwise, who would have thought about the motives of the Diocletian’s act or about the motivation of the artist who refuses to write portraits of oligarchs while creating his own pictures. And it is not so important that they will not be appreciated. After all, in the consumer society, any new term or new phenomenon, sounding fashionably and unusually, becomes sold themselves. That’s profitable to think up such terms as journalists hastening to publish rating articles, as well as businessmen who quickly organize seminars and lectures on fashion philosophy for beginners. Someone sells goods, organizes tours, makes money at training. In fact, the phenomenon of downshifting is rather ancient, accompanying the entire history of civilization. And it was not the West that gave birth to him.

The concept of downshifting does not make any sense at all.

The concept itself gave many questions about the meaning of philosophy. Inaudible words are also incoherent. First, journalists translated this English term verbatim – “shift down”. But such a direct translation only added confusion, because the native speakers had quite another in mind. It meant “resetting the speed”, “switching to a lower speed.” These are not technical concepts at all refer to the world race for material values. The original version of the translation led to the fact that downshifters began to consider those who moved down the career ladder. For example, it could be a manager who agreed to become a regular clerk for a more flexible schedule. But are there such crazy people who are ready to laugh at their career-oriented co-workers? The word “down”, literally meaning “down”, gave birth to thoughts about the descendants, about what is fun for the rich and old. After all, to be able to quietly move down, you have to spend a lot of time, first to rise and earn. In the young, they say, time is simply impossible. It should be necessary to endure and work, so that in the old age of years it is easy to “slide down”. But such a judgment is absolute nonsense.What if the young person initially understands all the stupidity of material values ​​and does not want to waste time on them? Money, of course, is not superfluous, but there are always options. The option of letting your apartment and living on these facilities is a method for rentiers. It is possible to live and so, but is for all the idleness – that very dream of life? If there are no own goals in place of corporate, then no this is not downshifting. Do not refer to this current yuppies, rich loafers and eternal tourists, vacationing in glamorous clubs and fashionable resorts. After all, they are essentially all the same – to burn lives at the expense of parents or on account of the rented apartment, or maybe just get paid for sex. This approach has nothing to do with the social choice and conscious way of life of a person. After all, in this situation, a person does not create anything. And we are all creative creatures, created after the model and likeness of the Creator. Nature has laid in us, in addition to generating a portion of waste and tobacco smoke, also the opportunity to create – thoughts, ideas, works, material things, to leave the inheritance in the end. Many even deliberately refuse the word downshifting, replacing it with ours, closer in meaning – the aliens. In fact then it becomes clear, from what people leave and what they come to.

Downshifting – just a fashionable entertainment of the “golden” youth, just furious with fat.

If we talk about the downshifting, which is discussed in the media, then such an assertion is not without meaning. Children of wealthy parents go to Ibiza and Goa, plunging themselves into an alcoholic-narcotic dope. Nothing against this object can not be – everyone is free to dispose of his fate as you like. However, one should not compare drug tourism and downshifting. First of all, because all these resorts and tourism are usually a temporary phenomenon, after which people still need a change of scenery. There is a change in life. But life priorities and values ​​remain unchanged. After all, for most of those who participate in the race for the material in the consumer society, the opportunity to rest and not work in the resorts is the lighthouse for which everything is arranged. Just someone can afford to lead such an image at once, thanks to the rich parents or the rented apartment. And the very word “fashionable” is part of the jargon of the consumer society. This is another bait, to which immature minds peck. The twin words in this respect are glamor, success, prestige. Journalists also write about what exists in their own minds, oriented precisely to such baits. People who are completely immersed in their illusions, are not able to distinguish ravings from reality. Today, however, there is another trend – the desire of people to leave for the countryside. This movement is no longer explained by fashion, people voluntarily change comfortable shoes for galoshes, and the world of the Internet for the world of pets and manure. However, even here there are cranks who declare such tendencies fashionable. Only now, the golden youth with their glamor does not fit in with the theme of village downshifting or alleys. As a result, if earlier dozens of people left for Goa, and now hundreds for the villages, journalists lost interest in such an uninteresting topic for most. Only occasional talk shows are organized, where the trendy hosts try to catch the theorists of downshifting by surprise, ridiculing their ideas. Only such programs are not a place for serious conversation and exchange of thoughts and convictions. The talk show is designed to entertain and give sensations, rather than to force people to change their worldview. That’s where the golden youth and the very place. Downshifter changes city rules to village ones, corresponding to the local way of life.

These rules are called indispensable going to the toilet on the nature, and not at home, using a stove instead of a microwave oven, water must necessarily be from the well. It seems that the downshifters should conduct exclusively a subsistence economy, in which everything should be produced independently.The same adept who hints about the desire to engage in any one occupation and not necessarily rural, professional “experts” downshifting will try to blame for deviation from dogmas. Today there are a lot of specialists who demonstrate their knowledge exclusively on Internet forums. In fact, if a person decides that no one should and should not follow the rules, this applies to both the city and the village. If a person has consciously left the city’s rules, why should he suddenly start to follow the village rules? If you want to go into the yard for need – for God’s sake, do not forget to just take it with you. Someone loves to work on the computer – it’s his right. By imposing rules on others, think, maybe they are exclusively yours? Do they need someone else? People must be different, someone cute city, someone – a village with dung smells. Someone gives birth to seven to better manage then with the household, and someone thinks the children are a burden. One sows the grass in front of the house, and the other – the good and the eternal in his books.

Herman Sterligov is the most famous downshift in Russia today.

This myth is quite successfully replicated today by journalists. First of all, we must take into account that Herman Sterligov himself does not consider himself a downshifter. He never supported the idea of ​​abandoning the rules of the consumer society, besides, he conducts his business and creates financial structures. Sterligov, contrary to popular belief, permanently from Moscow did not leave, continuing to live there. And the fact that his family is in the village is explained by the sextant views of the businessman himself. After all, he became interested in one of the Old Believers’ teachings. Herman hid his children away from the city to protect them from the corrupting influence of society. It is worth mentioning that Sterligov himself is extremely negative about the church, encouraging murders, considers Tolstoy “an idiot and atheist”, and all classical literature – “shit, which led society to decay.” Sterligov believes that only a moron can give his child to school. At the end of 2010, the businessman, in an open letter to the President, offered to sell Russian lands east of the Urals to foreign countries. This speaks not so much about the worldview of Sterligov, but about his mental health. Do not be like journalists trying to bind his name to downshifters. Likewise, some Internet leaders of the direction proudly introduce the mentally ill into the lists of their followers.

Downshifters are united in their own organizations, but they live in communities with a sextant structure.

The first statement is an absolute myth. After all, what unites the downshifters – several Internet forums. In addition, most of the participants there are curious and dreamers. Rare same aliens usually prefer to lead a solitary lifestyle, not seeking to unite with like-minded people. They then and on the forums do not always come to a consensus. Myth about the settlements was generated by a community of drug tourists and rentiers on Goa, which, as mentioned above, have no relation to downshifters. It is not worth mentioning to them and the semi-eco-communities of vegetarians or Krishna communities. The point is that for those people who are looking for personal values ​​in this world, it makes no sense to change one system (consumer society) to another (eco-settlements or similar communities). After all, the new system will eventually try to subordinate the person to its rules, again depriving it of its freedom. Those who do not have enough strength to determine their own lives independently and inherent desire to get into the herd, having joined a community and a “strong” leader.

For large enterprises it is necessary to identify among their employees a tendency to downshifting at an early stage.

Issues related to the early detection of downshifters concern the HR community. They discuss ways of solving this problem both in thematic forums and in the pages of specialized publications.Some especially advanced experts of office staff even develop their own unique methods to identify possible corporate traitors, renegades and renegades. Seminars and trainings are organized, tests are conducted, which try to identify unreliable employees. In fact, this is a delusion. After all, those people who could understand the insignificance of the values ​​imposed on them and work out their own in return, do not understand what the Corporation wants to hear from them in the person of the personnel and their tests. For HR personnel, downshifting is an outlandish disease that can be identified by some kind of mental abnormality. Although in fact, this world view is quite typical for a normal person, who suddenly woke up in the networks of the consumer web.

Downshifters are hermitical people prone to religious fanaticism and with mental disabilities.

Such a picture is drawn by our media, telling about downshifters as about the Hare Krishnas who settled in Siberia, representing them with old- or new-believers. However, journalism is characterized by unprofessionalism, if the interests of the audience so require. Rarely, who actually compares and verifies the facts, thereby only confirming the general rule. In the case of downshifters, a feeling is created that the media seems to work out the order of the entire consumer society to discredit such a direction. However, do not look for a conspiracy, because it’s much easier to explain the stupidity of the hacks. It should be clear to myself to understand – religion has nothing to do with downshifting. Yes, people left by the benefits of civilization can be believers, but their decision to change their own way of life is dictated not by religion, but by social views. If life is determined only by faith, then this is a completely different story. In her monks go to monasteries, hermits settle in caves and monasteries, trying to avoid temptations and persecution. Such things have happened from time immemorial, these people, with their own motives, have taken their social niche. Today, many others have joined the traditional religion. Starting with sextons and Hare Krishnas, ending with esoteric and believing in the near end of the world. The latter were called “survivors.” They equip themselves with dugouts in the forest, prepare provisions and tools for survival in the conditions of the future apocalypse. Speaking of downshifters in general it is inappropriate to use the word hermit. After all, it is a man tearing with society, its benefits, preferring to live alone. True modern hermits skillfully combine a flashy rejection of the benefits of civilization, shoes, schools with the use of the Internet and television. The family of the Lykovs can be considered real hermits. They lived for decades in the Siberian taiga, until they were found by geologists in the 70’s. The Lykovs did not even hear of the war. That’s what real hermits are, the Old Believers. In this case, no downshifting! The real “eater” of journalists is of little interest. An ordinary downshifter is an ordinary person with a healthy psyche that does not run into extremes and is not close to scandals. Just once, he decided to switch from a race for success to comfort and inner freedom. Downshifteter thus will not be frightened of modern means of technics and communications. There is nothing interesting for journalists here. It is curious only – how and why do these people once refuse money and success? I do not understand this, the press pushes exotic hermits and calls them downshift. Here’s the sensation, that’s the success.

Downshifting is an age-old passion for a mid-life crisis.

This statement is very close to the truth. Indeed, it is in middle age that many people make their first intermediate results. Suddenly it turns out that personal goals have remained unattainable far away, and all life is devoted to the pursuit of money. But there are many young people who did not need twenty years of running in a squirrel wheel. To understand the entire device society. Old people are advised to gain experience, and then decide.But why? Although the issue of money is absolutely not the last, many young people find themselves in freelancing or purchasing inexpensive housing away from the cities of the anthills. Downshifting, like a newcomer, is the person who must leave, run away, leave.

On this basis, there appeared a newfangled version – “escapism” (from the English word “escape”, “escape”). About escapism and there is nothing to argue – this is another empty word in the series of office workers’ dreams of warm edges and idleness. As for the need to leave, it should be noted that the austerity has no geographical orientation. This word does not mean moving away from society, but refusing to accept the rules of consumerism. In this case, and not necessarily leave the city, there is a simple change of lifestyle and priorities in it. The West understands downshifting: “dumping of speed”, “lowering of consumption level”, “simplification of life”. Just in real life, there are very few examples. Life in the big city, travel, food requires a lot of money. Man willy-nilly is involved in the race and corporate conventions. Therefore, including because of economic reports, some people change the city to a village. But after all, there are examples of a change of life without a change of place of residence! There are actors who for years do not build a career, devoting themselves to their favorite pastime, there are scientists who do not go abroad, staying with their developments here. There are stories of graduates of prestigious universities, who suddenly drop out of work in a prestigious company and begin to engage in non-profitable creativity. Now I have time for my favorite pastime. So there are downshifters in cities, they are in fact no different from their departed like-minded people.

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