is a game, more precisely, a collection of games in which players throw darts (length – not more than 30.5 cm, weight – no more than 50 grams) to a round target of 451 mm in diameter, fixed at an altitude of 1.73 meters from the floor. It is divided into 20 sections (most often black and yellow (white)), each of which is assigned a number from 1 to 20.

The center of the target, called bull’s-eye, is colored red (hit in him brings the player 50 points), around him – a ring of green color (25 points). Also on the target there are two narrow rings of green and red. The external is called “double” (double – “double”) and means doubling the number of sectors, the internal one is called “treble” (from “treble”) means tripling a number.

If the dart enters the space behind the outer ring, it does not bring the player points. Athletes are at a distance of 2.37 m from the target.

This game was born on the British Isles. The first mention of it is dated 1314 year. For a long time darts were played only by the inhabitants of the foggy Albion and America, but in the middle of the 19th century this game became more widespread.

These days it is not only traditional fun in pubs of many countries (UK, USA, Netherlands, etc.), but also a sport.

The first official darts tournament took place in 1927, and after the establishment of the Professional Darts Corporation (PDC) in 1992, which was first called the World Darts Council (WDC), world-class competitions began (world championships, World Matchplay, Grand Prix, etc.).

The name “darts” comes from the word “dart”.

The origin of the name of this game is still controversial. According to one version of the word “darts” comes from the English word dartboard (“target for darts”), composed of dart – “pierce” and board – “board.” According to another version, the name of the game is derived from the words dart and butt (“barrel”) or butts (“target”) – in fact at first the target for darts was the bottom of the barrel.

Darts originated among soldiers who threw short arrows at the bottom of the barrel or the sawn trunk of a tree (while the cracks that formed in the dry tree formed sectors).

This is just one of the versions of the appearance of this game. There is an opinion that darts were invented by hunters who checked bows and arrows while sitting in one of the pubs. Adjusting the tail to the tips of the arrows that broke during the test, the hunters began to throw them into the bull’s hide hanging on the wall (according to another version – in the bottom of the empty barrel for wine), competing in accuracy. According to another legend, darts were invented by one of the kings of England, whose wife because of the illness was unable to take part in the hunt. Wishing to console the queen, the monarch suggested that she pass the time, throwing short arrows in the skin of a bull hanging on one of the walls of the castle.

You can play darts in any clothing.

No, there are a lot of requirements for the equipment of players. First, jeans or other clothing classified as “denim style” (for example, denim or corduroy shirts) is strictly prohibited. Secondly, it is not allowed to wear any headgear (this rule does not apply to Sikhs). Thirdly, the form of players must be recognized by BDO. In addition, you can not wear a waistcoat or sweater over the club (national) form. Violation of the above requirements entails the suspension of the player from participating in competitions.

In darts competitions, as in many other sports events, you can see a lot of billboards and logos of various companies (for example, on the form of players).

This is not quite true. To advertise and conduct a tournament, organizers are allowed to use any advertising means, and they have the right to protect the interests of sponsors. However, neither players nor even spectators have the right to use the inventory or clothes advertising the product or the manufacturer without the written permission of BDO.If any logo or slogan on the equipment of players does take place – the referee may demand that he close, and in case of disobedience – remove the player or the team from the competition.

It is forbidden to drink alcohol during darts competitions.

Yes, this is true – players and officials who are in the premises where competitions are held are prohibited not only to drink alcohol, but also to smoke. Moreover, the prohibition is valid not only during the competitions themselves, but also on the opening, presentations, awards ceremonies broadcast on television. This state of affairs is designed to promote the popularization of darts as a sport.

Darts develops the ability to control emotions.

This is not quite true. Darts really helps to develop many positive personality traits, such as psychological stability, and also helps to improve concentration, eye measurements, rhythmics, microcoordination, oral counting, etc. But emotions to hide in this sport is not necessary – at the moment of luck or failure, players can openly express their feelings.

Good inventory in darts is the key to success.

According to experts, especially at the initial stages of the development of darts, attention should be paid not to the acquisition of the most expensive inventory of the most famous manufacturing companies, not to copying the manner of throwing professional players, but to regular training under the guidance of an experienced trainer. To this should be added visits to sparring in the club at least once a week – and then even on a regular sisal target with tungsten or brass darts you can achieve considerable success. But in this case, too, one should not expect superfast results – the development of darts will require some time and remarkable patience.

Attempting to win or not is a personal matter for every player in darts.

According to the rules, if a player (or team) is caught in a deliberate loss of a set (league or match), he is subject to disqualification. The decision on the period of disqualification in each particular case is made by the Board of Directors of BDO.

The throw should be performed while standing in front of the center of the starting bar.

The starter bar (height – 38 mm, length – 610 mm), located at a distance of 2 m 37 cm from the target, indicates the place from which throws should be made. But where exactly to be – exactly in the center or a bit laterally – the player decides himself. The main rule is not to step on the bar, not to stand for it (or for an imaginary line, that is, the continuation of the back edge of the starting bar), since all the results achieved during the throw from the wrong position are canceled.

In order for the dart to rotate in flight, it is necessary to make a rotational motion with your fingers during the throw.

No, the effect mentioned is the result of a proper grip, and not a “twisting” motion of the fingers or the hand.

You need to rotate the darts from the target.

Yes, and when it comes to a target for electronic darts, you need to rotate the darts clockwise (this helps to increase the life time of the target).

If the dart drops from the target – the player has the right to make a second throw.

No, it’s not. The darts that dropped from the target or jumped from it are not counted and do not give the right to an additional throw.

The darts series consists of 3 darts.

Yes, if the conditions of the match do not provide for the possibility of ending the set (match) with fewer shots. In addition, remember that if during the series of throws the player touches any dart in the target – the series will be considered complete.

In the series, you should collect as many points as possible.

No, each player aspires to collect only a certain number of points needed to complete the series. In the event that more points are scored – the rule of “burning” points (the rule of “busting”) comes into force – all points for the specified series are canceled.

For warm-up, each player has the right to make a throw before the match with 3 darts to the target.

Yes, if the competition is held in a circular pattern. In other cases, during a warm-up before the start of the competition, players can throw 6 darts at the target for the match. In the room there can also be special targets for warm-up participants of the tournament.

A player who is at the turn of the throw has the right to be consulted by the referee, and at the end of the match get information about keeping the account.

Indeed, during the competition, the referee’s questions can only be asked by the player at the throw line (other competitors, spectators and members of the referee team are required to remain silent and do not have the right to give any clues). However, advice on how to throw a dart to end the match, the player from the referee will not receive, as well as the answer to the question of keeping an account or calculations made during the game.

During the throw, you can not follow the stance and position of the hand, the main thing is to think about which sector to hit, and to minimize the work of the body, which itself knows which movement is best to achieve the result.

Among beginners there really is a perception that the above method of throwing darts leads to the best results. However, more experienced dartists deny this. They are convinced that in order for everything to work out “by itself,” you should first conduct a long, painstaking work to choose the right rack, grip, direction of sight, rhythm of breathing (all these factors have a noticeable effect on the results of the cast). Only in this case, the consciously developed skill becomes a skill, and manifests itself automatically under certain conditions.

The main thing before the start of the competition is to try to be as calm as possible.

The best results are shown by players, the level of tension of which in ordinary life, and before the start of competitions is approximately the same. This is not quite true. Psychologists refer to the condition described above as “starting indifference” and argue that the athlete, although he will demonstrate the level of preparedness achieved in the training process, but does not realize reserve capabilities. If the voltage rises and reaches its apogee at the moment of the game’s start, it is a question of the state of “combat readiness” – it is in this case that all reserve capabilities (volitional, intellectual, motor, etc.) will be maximally realized. If the voltage reaches a maximum long before the start of the competition, it can go into tension, characterized as a “state of starting fever.” Some athletes tolerate it fairly calmly, demonstrating excellent results, while others of this kind only hinder their ability to demonstrate their potential. The worst option is the so-called “starting apathy” (most often occurs in the case of a sharp transition from the state of the starting voltage to complete immobility), when the level of mental stress drops sharply. It is in this condition that the athlete can not usually demonstrate even the results that took place during training.

It is best to choose a dart with a smooth handle.

Wrong opinion. It should be noted that during the competition the fingers of the athlete can sweat (from excitement, high temperature in the room, etc.), so that the dart can easily slip out of the hands. Therefore, it is desirable to give preference to darts with a notch and use a special lubricant, which improves the adhesion of the dart to the fingers.

The weight of the dart should not exceed 50 grams.

Yes, if it concerns semi-amateur or professional competitions. In this case, the use of a dart, whose mass exceeds 50 g, may result in the disqualification of the player or become grounds for not allowing competition. Most often, professionals prefer darts, whose mass is 19-25 g.If amateur competitions – the use of heavy darts (custom-made) is entirely acceptable.

The best darts are titanium.

Professional athletes do prefer titanium or tungsten darts, or alloys (for example, tungsten and nickel alloy), because they are more durable, have the same weight and smaller needle thickness than brass darts, which allows them to achieve greater accuracy of hits. Beginners can choose from darts from brass or stainless steel. Although there were times when the brass darts did not become an obstacle for an experienced player. Also you need to pay attention to the fact of what the tail of the dart is made of. The longest serve titanium and aluminum, which under external influences can only slightly bend. However, it should be taken into account that, firstly, darts with aluminum shanks are vibrating during flight, and secondly, the change in the curvature of the shank due to external influences can affect the trajectory of the dart’s flight. Nylon or polycarbonate liners are cheaper, but break fast. Combined shanks, consisting of a metal fastener and a plastic threaded part, will last longer, since their upper part, most vulnerable to impact, is easy to replace. If the player’s goal is to achieve the maximum hit accuracy and extend the life of the dart plumage, he must choose his darts with rotating shanks.

Different darts will be required for different targets.

Yes, it is. Darts differ not only in size of needles (18, 25 and 36 mm), form (drop-shaped, cylindrical, mixed), but also by the method of fastening. For the game on the classic targets, darts with needles fused into the barrel are suitable. If competitions are conducted both on classical, and on electronic darts – darts with replaceable needles (steel and plastic) are necessary. Yes, and for electronic darts it is better to choose the same darts – plastic needles break quite often. In order to increase the accuracy of hit, use darts with “floating” needles, based on the spring connection. For magnetic darts, only darts with special magnetic needles (this guarantees their fixation only on the magnetic field of the target).

If the dart needle is blunted, you will have to purchase a new dart.

No, steel needles can be sharpened with a special sharpener. But plastic needles for electronic darts can not be hoarded, and they break fast. But they can simply be replaced with new ones.

It is best to give preference to hard plumage.

Many professionals agree with this statement. However, it should be noted that it is the soft plumage of darts, created from flexible plastics and fastened with a special glue, that are easy to restore – you just need to squeeze the gap with your fingers. And to protect plumage from delamination, use special protection for feathers. Rigid, made of polyester, fastened under the influence of high temperatures, it will be impossible to fix. Longer serve plumage of nylon fibers, and plumage with a convex texture (for example, dimplex) will slow the flight of the dart, which sometimes improves the results of the game.

There are many varieties of targets for darts.

This is indeed so. There have long been many types of darts, and the targets were most often made by the players themselves in accordance with the rules of this or that game developed by them. The prototype of the modern target, with sector 20 on top, was produced in 1896 by Brian Gamlin, a carpenter from Lancashire (England). However, many other modifications have been used for a long time in various regions. The sizes of the modern target are standardized: the width of the rings is 8 mm, the diameter of the apple is 12.7 mm, the diameter of the outer central ring is 31.8 mm, the total diameter of the target is 451 mm.In the sphere of application, the targets are divided into training (with reduced rings of “doubling” and “tripling”), “quadro” (in them, besides the rings of “doubling” and “tripling” around the bull, there is another ring, quadruple points), as well as targets for electronic darts (especially popular in Japan), differing in “ability” to calculate points scored. After 2000, there appeared targets of increased complexity (in addition to conventional wire dividers, special wires were used in their construction, increasing the number of dart jumps from the target, and the significance of some sectors was changed). Targets for darts are created from various materials. The cheapest is made of pressed paper, but it is suitable only for those who see in darts only entertainment, and is not going to engage in this sport seriously. Competitions on such targets are not held, and training is not recommended. More durable is the target of synthetic fibers. The classical sisal target is made from compressed agave fibers (sisal) since 1932. Since 1984, the center of the target is attached without the use of staples, so the percentage of rebound darts decreased. Magnet darts – light and small target made of magnetic cloth (cloth with inclusions of magnetic chips). It features compactness, flexibility, and is also safe, since the darts are attached to a magnetic field. Targets for electronic darts are made of plastic with dents for dart needles. And, at last, entertainment centers and bars use darts machines equipped with coin receivers.

It does not matter which wire is used to make the target.

Wrong opinion. The cheapest option is conventional round wire. From a target made using such a wire, darts will bounce off quite often. A smaller percentage of the rebound is provided by a trihedral wire, on which the darts slip on the edge to one of the sectors. But the cost of such a pleasure will be somewhat more expensive. The smallest percentage of rebound is provided by a very thin (and most expensive) separation wire used to make professional targets.

There are many varieties of darts.

Yes, it is. For example, to warm up dartsmen can play in “Bull” – only hits in the “bull’s eye” and a green ring around the center of the target are counted.
• “Hockey” – in order to start collecting points (“washers”), accrued to the player when they get into doubling the sectors he has chosen, the athlete must first get into the bull at least one of the 3 darts. Otherwise, the move goes to the opponent.
• In the “Duplication Round”, only the doubling of all sectors is taken into account in turn. Whoever spends the least amount of darts on this is the winner.
• In the game “301” (“501”, “1001”, “2001”), each player starts a league (five lags make up a set, to win in which the player must win in 3 leagues) from 301 (501, 1001, 2001 ) points, the task of the contestants is to reach the score 0, completing the game with a mandatory throw to the “bull’s eye” or “doubling”. By the same rules, the game is “7 lives”, with one difference – if a player gains less points than a rival – he “burns” 1 life. When the limit of “lives” is exhausted – the athlete is eliminated from the game.
• In the game “27”, initially players also receive a certain number of points (27) and before them a certain task is set: hit the first three darts with “doubling” the first sector (each hit gives 2 points) if the athlete misses – 2 points are deducted from 27 In the next league you need to get into the “doubling” of sector 2, with each hit now bringing 4 points, and if you miss, the points are again subtracted from 27, etc. If the player remains less than one – he is eliminated from the competition, and the one who has the maximum number of points left in the “doubling” of the sector 20 is the winner.
• “Thousand” – the task of players – to score 1000 points (the rule of search is valid), and only hits in the “green ring” or in the “bull’s eye” are taken into account.
• In the Round, the contestants must alternately enter the sectors from 1 to 20, then into the “doubling” and “trebling” of the twentieth sector and, at the end, into the “bull’s eye” (this brings the player a victory). Similar rules apply in the game “Around the clock”.
• In the “Big Round”, conducted according to similar rules, wins dartsman, who collected the most points. “Shanghai” also sets players a task to alternately hit the sectors from 1 to 9 (hit in the sector gives 1 point, in the “doubling” – 2, in the “tripling” – 3, successive hits in these parts of the target brings an additional 6 points).
• In the variant of the game, called “All Five”, the goal of the players is to score as many points as possible, a multiple of 5 (a series of shots giving a number not divisible by 5 is simply not counted). And getting into sector 5 gives 1 point, 10 – 2 points, etc. The winner is the one who scored 51 points first.
• “Five Lives” – the game is named so because each player can make mistakes no more than 5 times. The main task is to score more points than the previous player has (exception – 180 points).
• “Sector 20” – hits are counted only in the specified sector. Each player performs 10 series of darts with 3 darts (30 shots total), trying to score the maximum points (“doubling” sector 20 gives 20 points, “trebling” – 60 points).
• “Diameter” – the task of the players – to build darts on any imaginary straight line connecting two opposite sectors of the target. For example, “doubling” sector 14, “tripling” sector 14, “green ring” or “bull’s-eye,” “tripling” sector 10, “doubling” sector 10. The winner is the one who will be the first to cope with the task.
• “Cricket” – points are awarded only from the moment when the player “closed” the sector, i.e. got into it three times (either got into “tripling” or “doubling” and once – in the right sector). Participate in the game such sectors: “bull’s-eye,” 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20. The winner is the one who closes the above sectors first, while gaining more points. Similarly, a match is played in the game “Halve-it”.
• “Baseball” – players try to score the maximum number of points in 9 rounds, throwing 3 darts into sectors 1 through 9 (ie, first in 1 sector only, then in the second, etc.).
• There are also contests in which several types of darts are used. Such, for example, “British pentatlon” – an even number of players (the optimal option – 20 players about equal in skill level, competing on 10 targets – 1 for 2 players). First, 2 leagues “501” are played, then 1 “1001” tag, 1 “2001” lag, then “Shanghai” from 1 to 9 sector, “Halve-it” and finally “Double round” from the first to the twentieth sector.

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