In 1848, a new and unusual food product – chewing gum. It came up with an American businessman John Curtis and immediately set up production. Already at the end of the XIX century, advertising of chewing gum appeared, which, it was alleged, helped protect the teeth from destruction.
Modern manufacturers are not very far from their distant predecessors. All the same, advertising companies are based on attempts to convince users that the chewing gum is useful for the oral cavity. It should be noted that mass agitation works – we are surrounded by a lot of people who chew constantly and do it at home, at work, in transport and on the street.
Motivation is well defined. They say that in this way they are fighting with a bad smell from the mouth, others so defeat caries and restore the acid-base balance, and still others interrupt the aftertaste of tobacco. Children are “being” on an attractive color wrapper and a variety of pleasant tastes.
But it’s not a secret that there are a lot of chemical additives in the chewing gum. About how harmful and useful it is, the arguments do not subside. In addition, often talking about chewing gum, we are content with widespread myths. They should be debunked.
Thanks chewing gum you can clean the mouth.
Cleaning is usually understood as the mechanical removal of food particles and soft plaque. They usually stay after eating. It is believed that when chewing gum will slide over the surface of the teeth and will, like a rag, wash the plaque from them. Together with the chewing gum, the microparticles will be removed from the oral cavity. However, to erase plaque, it is necessary to act on it with a certain force, so that the particles separate from the surface of the tooth. But the chewing gum is rather soft and slides on the teeth, in fact, caressing them. So what kind of cleansing effect can there be? And even more so chewing gum can not clean the gaps between the teeth and in the places of contact of the gums and teeth. But it is there that dental plaque accumulates first, turning into tartar with time. The same contributes to the development of caries. In fact, to clean the chewing surfaces of the tooth, it is necessary that there is also a tooth on the opposite side. Then both of them, like millstones, will grind food. And their contact surfaces will be polished to a shine. A natural cleansing of all chewing and cutting surfaces is possible with the use of teeth. A removal of stuck food is possible with toothpicks or toothbrushes, the effectiveness of such funds is much higher than that of chewing gum.
Thanks to the chewing gum, you can strengthen the gums.
There is no doubt that chewing helps the gums grow stronger. However, for uniformity of this process, it is necessary to chew evenly with all teeth. If you use only one side of your mouth for a long time, as often happens with chewing gum fans, this will lead to unnecessary development of the muscles on this side. And on the opposite side, the situation will be the opposite. Due to lack of exercise, muscles will become weaker, thinner and atrophy. Visually, this will manifest itself in a clear facial asymmetry.
Thanks to the chewing gum, the right acid-base balance will remain in the mouth.
Thanks to advertising, it seems that only chewing gum is able to maintain a normal level of acid-base balance. In fact, this is not so. The speech is about a certain constant of our body, which is determined by saliva. It, in turn, depends on the composition of the blood that nourishes the salivary glands. The balance is that the value always adheres to a predetermined range. For such an equilibrium to be observed, there are special mechanisms in the body. They do not really need a cud for work. The so-called buffer systems are engaged in this. If the pH level is rejected, the body independently decides to oxidize the blood, or alkalize it. After all, even after drinking mineral water, we change the pH in the mouth.But the saliva will quickly replace the remnants, restoring the old balance. Similarly, with chewing gum – no matter how it changes the state of the mouth, soon everything will come back to a constant level. To really change the pH level with chewing gum, you need to chew it literally around the clock. So this myth clearly pursues commercial benefits.
Thanks to the chewing gum you can refresh your breath.
But with this statement about the abilities of chewing gum it’s hard to argue. Indeed, there are situations in life when an unpleasant odor from the mouth can be superfluous. But do not expect a lasting effect.
You can chew on an empty stomach.
When we chew, saliva begins to form in the oral cavity. We swallow it, and it gets into the stomach. If it is empty, then this is fraught with a problem. The fact that saliva is still alkali, albeit weak. Once in the acidic environment of the stomach, saliva reduces it. The response is the increase in acidity due to the production of additional gastric juice. Nature has created our digestive system so that it means getting food into the stomach along with its chewing. It is for this and requires additional gastric juice. And when we chew and just swallow saliva, then the body begins to digest what it is – its own walls. Hydrochloric acid corrodes the protective layer of mucus, which leads to the appearance of gastritis, up to the ulcer. A perforated, through ulcer is generally fraught with ingestion of food into the abdominal cavity, which is fraught with peritonitis. But it all starts with a harmless chewing gum.
Chewing gum does not interfere with salivation.
If you chew frequently and actively chew, your body will start to produce extra saliva. The glands will get used to such a regime, and in the mouth there will be a constant excess of saliva. But the main trouble is not even this. Our saliva-forming apparatus has its own resources, which will eventually deplete. Then the situation will turn to a lack of saliva and its enzymes. But it is needed to soften food and pre-digest it. So changing its quantity and composition is a serious problem. For a start, it is fraught with tooth decay and the formation of tartar. A badly chewed food gets into the stomach with a dense lump that can turn into gastritis or ulcer.
Chewing gum is harmless for teeth.
As already mentioned, chewing itself is useful. After all, the gums are massaged due to pressure on them, it helps blood circulation and health improvement. However, you should follow the measure. After all, excessive load is dangerous not less than underload. If constantly and monotonously press on the gums, blood vessels can be transmitted, which will lead to a worsening of blood circulation in the gingival tissue. The result will be inflammatory processes such as gingivitis and periodontitis.
You can chew and think.
Psychologists came to the conclusion that those children who chew constantly, the level of intelligence is lowered compared to those peers who are indifferent to the chewing gum. The fact is that constant chewing does not allow you to concentrate, dulls attention, worsens memory and the whole thinking process.
All chewing gums are equally safe.
There is a great variety of chewing gums with different flavors. But some of them can be dangerous precisely because of these their qualities. For example, chewing gum with cinnamon for frequent and prolonged use will lead to the appearance of ulcers in the mouth. Products with menthol can cause an allergy attack. The usual bubble-gum contains oils that can cause skin inflammation around the mouth.
You need to eat chewing gum without sugar.
Today, advertising in full swing extols the chewing gum of a new sample – without sugar. Its substitute, xylitol, is supposedly much less dangerous for the teeth. After all, sugar stimulates the development of microorganisms in the mouth. Those with their activity cause the appearance of lactic acid, which destroys the teeth.But sugar substitutes also change acidity, which affects the teeth. And simply refusal of chewing gum will not let the sugar get into your mouth, so what is the use of xylitol in general?
Thanks chewing gum you can lose weight.
It is believed that constantly chewing gum, you can reduce the feeling of hunger. And indeed, in between meals you can get rid of the temptation to intercept an extra piece of food. However, people who have even the slightest problems with the digestive system, use this method of weight loss is strictly prohibited.
Chewing gum will be digested in the stomach for seven whole years.
This myth emerged back in Soviet times, when chewing gum was a valuable and rare product. The stomach can digest the elastic is certainly not as successful as organic food, but with this in principle there are no problems. Yes, and eventually the gum will be excreted from the body in the same way as ordinary foods.
Chewing gum can stick the stomach together.
This myth is similar to the previous one. In fact, you just need to connect the logic, it becomes clear that against the gastric juice this product simply does not have the slightest chance. After all, the chewing gum will have to deal essentially with a solution of hydrochloric acid, which can not withstand any product. It is even believed that the stomach can cope with a couple of kilos of chewing gum.
Chewing gum can be consumed at any age.
Doctors so often face the consequences of improper use of chewing gum, which is so recommended to limit its consumption to the smallest. The child should at least understand that swallowing such an elastic band is by no means possible. Dentists believe that children under three years of chewing gum is generally contraindicated. And it is better for adults to buy a product of white color, without artificial colors.
Chewing gum was invented in America.
In fact, a person’s habit of chewing something other than the food itself has developed a long time ago. Even the ancient Greeks took and chewed the resin of a pistachio or mastic tree. Thanks to the resin, they brush their teeth cleanly, besides they kept a pleasant smell in their mouths. American Indians, long before the arrival of Europeans, learned to chew pine resin. A thickened juice of sapotylwood has long been used by the ancient Maya, from which this custom passed to the first white colonists. Today, based on this juice, almost all modern types of chewing gum are made.