The structure of Chadian society is very complex and confusing. The country has a large number of peoples and various tribal groups that have formed Chadian culture, which is divided into two separate species.
The way of life and traditions of these species differ from each other very much and as a result of the clashes they have often led to the fact that there were small skirmishes in the country and there is some tension in the society as a whole.
The Muslim species of Chadian society is represented by nomads and other tribes. They are proud people and warlike tribes who do not want to communicate with other societies and live apart, they have a rather negative attitude towards foreigners. In such tribes there are traditions and customs.
There is a very rigid form of organization in tribes and related relations are similar to the relations of the Arabs. The head in this clan is the oldest man, and the degree of kinship is determined only by the male line.
The clan leader has more power over all members of the clan and only he decides with which tribes one can have relationships and with which he does not, he is responsible for observing all the rules and traditions in the clan.
Regarding marriages in Chad, they can be concluded between young people from different clans, it is not forbidden, but the procedure for carrying out such a marriage is very complicated and confusing. As a consequence, marriages are most often concluded between close relatives. Especially in this case, young people are familiar with each other since childhood and it will be much easier for them to start a married life together.
Couples are picked up by their parents in Chad, and usually the groom’s family pays a ransom to the bride’s family, after which a wedding ceremony takes place and the girl leaves her parents’ house and very rarely after marriage meets with them because she is from that moment belongs to her husband’s family . Chad families can not be called large, they include parents, children and a few closest relatives.
Each clan and family community, necessarily own any property, for example, it may be a piece of land, an oasis, a mountain or a palm grove. Members of other clans can not only touch or use them, but they do not even have the right to appear on this territory without the permission of the owners themselves.
Children in Chadian families are brought up in strictness and respect for family traditions and for their parents. Particular attention in education is paid to boys, because in the future the young men will also have to one day become the head of a clan or tribe, and he will have to adopt all traditions and customs of the family.
A very close relationship between younger and older brothers, when the elders support the younger in every way, and just like the parents try to teach them everything.
Girls in Chad, of course, are given no less attention, but their upbringing is reduced to the fact that they must completely obey the man, and specifically his spouse, to honor and respect him. They are taught how to properly manage a housekeeping, educate children, they help their mothers at home from a young age and look after younger sisters and brothers.
In the south of Chad, there is a Christian society with its own rules and traditions of traditional Christian life. In general, family societies are a bit like the societies of Muslims. There is also an association in clans, the head of which can be either the oldest man or woman.
Young people in Chad can freely marry from different family clans and there is no difficulty in this. The southern Chad tribes are mainly engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and hunting.
Marriages in Chad are very early, at 13-14 years, by this time the girl is either an engaged or already married woman. Here, unlike the Muslim society of Chad, the bride brings her dowry to the groom’s house, to which various things, cattle or money can relate.
The groom is usually always older than his wife for several years and, accordingly, the level of his education is higher.The girl comes to the groom’s house and lives in his family for three months, after which she returns to her father’s house.
The future husband in Chad has to work for three years in the fields of his father-in-law. Only after this, marriage can be concluded. The wedding usually takes place in March, when the harvest festival is taking place and the wedding ceremony is full of different traditions and customs. The girl leaves the parental home after the wedding and leaves for her husband’s house.
Families in the south of Chad live together. In one house in the south of Chad, all members of the family, parents, children, close relatives, brothers and sisters can live at once. Even polygamy is allowed, despite Christian customs.
дети Unlike Muslim, hard customs, in the south of Chad, children enjoy much greater freedom. Generally parents raise their children’s education to the senior members of the family or even sometimes to their neighbors.
The main thing is that all the traditions of the ancestors were passed on to the boys, they should be trained in hunting, they should be given any tribal secrets and teach the most difficult – survival in difficult conditions. The transfer of hunter knowledge is a common ritual for all the tribes in Chad, all other ceremonies and customs are different for all clans and tribes.
Unlike nomadic tribes, which settle mainly in tents, the southern Chadian tribes live in houses. The building material for the house is different, and depends directly on the well-being of the Chadian tribe.
Rich families live in solid brick houses that are covered with iron, such houses also speak about the social status of the family in society. Less fortified Chad families build their houses from unfired bricks and cover the roof with straw.
Muslims are very strict with regard to clothing, especially for women, who must cover their bodies. In the south of Chad, clothes are more relaxed and there are much fewer bans here. Just like in the Muslim tribes, in Chad it is common for men and women to eat separately.