Among the diseases that trap women, one of the most dangerous is cervical erosion. This insidious disease is revealed in the course of primary examination in 15-20% of women. The danger is that erosion of the cervix proceeds secretly, without obvious symptoms and a rise in temperature. It is not surprising that this widespread, but mysterious disease has overgrown with a lot of myths.
Erosion of the cervix is caused only by infection.
The virus is not always the cause of this disease. The cervix is located in the transition between the vagina and the uterus. This suggests that such a place in the reproductive system of a woman is the most vulnerable. Birth trauma or unsuccessful sexual intercourse, inflammatory processes in the vagina, and simply hormonal changes in the body of a woman – all this can lead to erosion of the cervix. Nevertheless, it should be recognized that the most frequent cause of such pathology is infection. The fact is that any, albeit insignificant and well-healed viral sore can go to the walls of the cervix. If the infectious disease proceeds for a long time (for example, herpetic infection, chlamydia, mycoureoplasmosis or papillomavirus), then this leads to a change in the properties of epithelial cells. They begin to divide more quickly, which causes erosion.
The pathology of the cervix arises in women after 40 years.
Previously, indeed, the average age of women with such pathologies was about 40 years. However, recently there has been a rapid rejuvenation of the disease. Today, even 16-year-old girls can meet erosion of the cervix. The reason here lies primarily in the more frequent pathologies of the endocrine system, which leads in turn to an imbalance of female hormones. As a result, uncontrolled cell division and growth of glandular structures are observed. Against this background, the appearance of tumors is a matter of time.
Erosion of the cervix can pass by itself.
Such a myth is very dangerous, since it can even lead to the death of a woman. Each year, cervical cancer is diagnosed in about 600,000 patients. The main cause lies in untreated erosion. The disease gradually turns into dysplasia, a precancerous condition, and after a few years the pathology becomes malignant. Thus, it should be understood that violations in the mucous membranes of the cervix are in fact a delayed-action bomb. Is it worth it to risk your own life, eating dubious statements about self-healing of cervical erosion? By itself it will not resolve. Though exceptions here, as well as in each rule, happen. Only such cases are so rare that one should not rely on them. Therefore, it is better not to start a dangerous illness, twice a year it is necessary to visit a gynecologist for a routine examination.
Small erosion of the uterus does not threaten to overgrow into an oncological tumor.
There is no dependence of the potential malignancy of cervical erosion on its size. That is why it is impossible to determine by eye the nature of damage to epithelial cells. Therefore, any competent doctor, examining his patient even with the smallest erosion, will certainly conduct more detailed studies of the affected area of the mucous membrane. In the first place, there will be tests for the presence of infections, just causing cervical pathology. For this, a cytological and bacteriological study will be carried out. The next step in the diagnosis will be colposcopy. Such a study of the cervix under the microscope will make it possible to study the structure of the epithelial layer as much as possible, to find its pathology in places that neither the patient himself nor his doctor had previously suspected. Then a biopsy is already performed. This study allows you to arrive at a definitive diagnosis by finding out with what kind of form of degeneration of epithelial cells the doctor has to deal with.Are the changes benign or malignant? If necessary, the doctor can ask a woman to pass a blood test to the level of pituitary and ovarian hormones. All this information will help to understand why erosion has occurred. Understanding the disease will allow for more effective treatment.
In case of erosion, moxibustion should be done.
Until recently, cauterization of the affected tissues with high temperature (diathermoelectrocoagulation) was a rather popular method to combat this disease. That’s only the effectiveness of this method is only 50-65%. Frequent use of such a technique is probably due to the banal cheapness of the equipment required for such treatment. Today gynecologists come to the conclusion that such a technique does more harm than good. Cauterization leads to the fact that the cervical tissues heal for a long time, up to 2-3 months. As a result, women who underwent diathermoelectrocoagulation often get endometriosis of the cervix, menstrual functions are violated. During the birth of the cervix because of the cicatrices formed on it after cauterization, it can not be opened, as it is necessary.
There is an opportunity to get rid of the pathology of the cervix using non-traditional methods of treatment.
This is really possible, if the tissue is damaged slightly. Then, for example, chemical coagulation (douching with pharmaceuticals) will help. But such unconventional methods in this case, as phytotherapy, physiotherapy or reflexology can not have a therapeutic effect. So such treatment does not help in case of serious pathologies of the cervix. It is worth noting that chemical coagulation in general is contraindicated in women with allergies. The fact is that medications can cause serious adverse reactions.
It is best to treat erosion with cryodestruction.
The effectiveness of this technique is significantly higher than that of cauterization – 85-90%. However, it can not be considered the best. Indeed, in the last 10 years this technique has become very popular with our gynecologists. It consists in freezing affected tissues due to low temperatures. But even here there are drawbacks. For example, no even the most experienced gynecologist will be able to accurately calculate how much to let freeze the tissues. As a result, the scab on the cervix can turn loose. A woman, after having undergone such surgery, can allocate white suppository isolates for another month. When they stop, three months after the procedure you can not swim in the sea, the river or even the pool. Also, the prohibition on vaginal sexual intercourse is also imposed. Cryodestruction is also not performed for nulliparous patients. The technique is not used if there are acute infections and inflammatory diseases in the vagina and cervix. In addition, erosion can give a relapse, then re-use of this technique increases the risk of side effects and unwanted complications by half. Therefore, the most effective treatment for this disease today is laser surgery. It has a significant advantage over other methods – the dosed beam impact on the affected area, while a certain depth is set. The use of laser technology minimizes the risk of infection with infections during treatment. Another advantage of this technology is the rapid healing of the treated surfaces. The fact is that the epithelium is damaged by a laser point and not deep. Laser surgery does not leave scarring, which is especially important for nulliparous women.
Cervical erosion interferes with the achievement of orgasm.
Experts argue that the center of orgasmic sensation is usually the clitoris, less often some parts of the vagina can be included, and very rarely – the cervix. That is why the erosion of this place does not affect the decrease in sensitivity.True, a woman who knows about her internal gynecological illness may begin to experience psychological insecurity, which simply prevents her from revealing herself. In any case, erosion of the cervix, even if it does not interfere with orgasm, should be treated in a timely manner. Otherwise, the reproductive and sexual sphere of a woman’s life may suffer.
Cervical erosion does not exist, there is its pathology.
By pathology is understood the site of redness on the neck, which can be seen even with the naked eye. But the real erosion in the form of an abrasion or a small wound on the mucous membrane can be met quite rarely. The possible reasons for this were discussed above.
In case of erosion, tampons with sea buckthorn oil will help.
Doctors strongly do not recommend using such tools. After all, the use of tampons (with aloe juice, sea buckthorn oil, etc.) in cases with erosion is very harmful. Such substances are biostimulants, they can have an unnecessary effect on the principles of tissue differentiation. This in turn can lead to the onset of precancerous processes in the cervix.
Erosion is best not treated before delivery.
Women often confuse erosion and ectopia. It is the latter and occurs in nulliparous women under the age of 25 years. In appearance it really resembles erosion, which leads to mistakes by gynecologists. Doctors begin to treat it conservatively or even surgically. Ectopia is a congenital condition, in which part of the mucosa of the neck canal extends beyond its position. This is not a pathology, but an ectopia passes by itself. A competent doctor should conduct a cytological study, which will show that this is not erosion. Then the patient should be observed after reaching 25 years. If the ectopy starts to increase, it will be necessary to make a biopsy, and also to use the most sparing surgical treatment (for example, radio wave). In the case of disappearance of ectopia or preservation of dimensions, it is not recommended to perform interventions on the cervix. But if it comes all the same about the erosion of the cervix, then it must be treated, and not delayed with this.
After the birth, erosion can not be treated.
And this is not quite true. In fact if the gynecologist sees changes on a neck after sorts, then within half a year such condition simply is observed. In case there are no changes, it is necessary to start complex treatment. For this purpose, radio waves or a laser are suitable.
Most women do not have erosion, but pseudo-erosion, which should not be treated.
Doctors say that real erosion, when there is no cover of the epithelium, is rare. Much more common is a phenomenon such as pseudo-erosion. This term means a condition when there are already healing tissue parts, and inflamed parts. However, such a disease needs careful monitoring. If the cytological examination shows the presence of atypical benign cells, or if the number of white blood cells is detected in excess of the norm, this pseudo-erosion should be treated as quickly as possible.
Treatment of erosion can lead to complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
If treated with cryodestruction, electricity or liquid nitrogen, this can cause scars on the cervix. In the period of bearing the child, this may turn into tears. That is why modern clinics offer more advanced techniques. In this position it is absolutely safe to use a laser or a radiosurgical knife. This also applies to patients who are planning to become pregnant in the near future.