The Celts – a group of Indo-European tribes, in ancient times populated Central and Western Europe. In the II century BC. they lived in northern Switzerland, eastern France, southeast Germany, later spread to the territory of Britain, Ireland, the Iberian Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula and southern Italy.
Initially, these tribes were called Gauls (Latin gallus – “cock”, since cockerel feathers often wore feathers on their helmets) or gallates. The Celts began to call them much later. This name was in use in the XVII century, Edward Lloyd, a linguist from Wales.
The astrological tradition of the ancient Celts, jealously guarded by their Druid priests from the immoderate interest of the uninitiated, is based on long-term observations of the movement of celestial bodies and mythological views, according to which the sacred were worshiped by stones, springs and plants, in particular trees. The Celts believed that the tree is the prototype of the Universe, the symbol of the Peace Center, the World Tree of Yggdrasil (the embodiment of which was considered ash-tree).
No less respect was surrounded by yew (Eo (“tree”) Ross, “the way to heaven”, “prop of the house” (it was from the yew that the central pillar was made in the houses of the Celts), the “wheel of kings”, sometimes positioned as the embodiment of the World Tree, etc.). The oak (devoted to the god-thunderer), also revered as a powerful amulet from enemies, was also deified, and for this reason used to make gates and doors, hazel (endowed man with wisdom and prophetic gift). With equal respect, the ancient Celts worshiped the mountain ash (which helped the priests not only to foresee future events, but also to exert influence on them), the apple tree (which helped to establish contacts with other worlds), etc.
Some plants, for example, mistletoe (like the tree on which it grew) were also considered sacred. Under the mistletoe, grown on an oak, sacrifices were made, special rituals and objects were used for its collection. The Celts believed that a drink from the correctly and timely collected mistletoe (cooked properly) is able to neutralize any poison and heal the diseases of livestock.
Ancient Celts never recorded their astrological knowledge.
Priests and astrologers of the Celts, the Druids really avoided expounding their knowledge on paper, considering such behavior as sacrilege. Because they did not have astrological tables. But personal horoscopes compiled by Celtic sages could be recorded, and even mentioned in some sagas.
For astrological calculations it is more convenient to use the Celtic zodiac than Greek.
The researchers do note the constancy of the Celtic zodiac, the exact reflection of the seasons. In addition, for the Druids, the ritual zodiac was an excellent guide to the sky, and helped in the interpretation of Creation itself. But it should be borne in mind that such a calendar is more primitive than a 12-month calendar, and less convenient, for example, when calculating the solstice or equinox.
The Celtic zodiac consisted of 36 characters.
This is not quite true. As the mythological sources tell us, the Druids divided the year into 13 lunar months, taking into account one additional day (December 23 – “Nameless day”, associated with one of the most significant in astrology Celts degree – 00.0 Capricorn – Galactic Center, ie a gravitational center around which the solar system rotates). Also, the researchers found a connection between the lunar months and 13 consonant letters of the Celtic alphabet (whose earnest belief in the power of the oral word was fixed in the belief that each of the letters corresponds to the Spirit of the Year, identified with the moon goddess Seridvena). Each of the letters corresponds to the name of a particular tree. The whole alphabet consists of 13 consonants and 5 vowels (they, according to scientists, symbolize 5 additional days, which the ancient Celts added to the year, consisting of 13 months).However, it should be borne in mind that the legacy of the ancient Celts differs fragmentation, so that the conclusions of different researchers on these or other characteristics of the horoscope can vary greatly.
People belonging to the same sign of the Celtic horoscope, have similar features of character and temperament.
This view is held by astrologers, who in their calculations use exclusively the Greco-Roman system, based on the solar division of the zodiac signs. Celts the same system of signs correlated with the Moon (which, as is known, changes phases from ascending to full moon and descending). As a result, each of the trees in the Celtic horoscope is dual. People born in the first 2 weeks of the sign of the Celtic horoscope, and therefore having a connection with the period of the new moon and the growing moon, in the opinion of Celtic astrologers, are more often extroverts, more mobile and active. The same ones who were born in the next two weeks (and hence, associated with the full moon and the waning moon) on the contrary are passive extroverts. Although the main character traits of people born under the same sign are similar.
To find out which deity protects a person, one should analyze the connection of one or another sign of the Celtic horoscope with certain planets.
Undoubtedly, the role of planets in the Celtic horoscope is very significant (the ruler of the Birch is the Sun, the Rowkins – Uranus, Ash – Neptune, Alder – Mars, etc.). However, to determine the patron deity, the Celtic astrologer will pay attention to another parameter, namely, the division into deans (periods of 10 days, this division system (dean’s office) appeared in ancient Egypt, and initially had nothing to do with astrology, until the Hellenic era , when it was correlated with the signs of the zodiac). The three deans, to which each sign of the Celtic horoscope is divided, are associated with the triune Celtic goddess Moon Seridvene. The Irish Celts singled out three of its hypostases: Bragnitus, correlated with the young Moon, Dan – the symbol of the full fertility of the full moon, and the Morrigan, which symbolized the waning moon. Also, each of these periods corresponded to the guardian god. For example, the second dean of the Birch sign corresponds to the solar god Taliesin, the patron of strategy and eloquence; the guardian of the third dean of this sign is the sea god Manannan and the god of the teachings of Oghma; The first dean of the sign of the Rowan governs Guen (Venus), the goddess-keeper who manages relationships between people, etc.
In the Celtic horoscope, the vernal equinox served as the reference point (March 21).
Today, there are a lot of the most contradictory information on this issue. In some variants of the Celtic horoscope, the first of the signs takes effect on March 21, in others (dividing the Celtic zodiac not by 13 but by 22 or 36 characters) – from March 15, in the third – from December 22, in the fourth – from January 1 etc. However, the researchers claim that in fact the starting point is December 24 (2 degrees Capricorn), i.e. date, coming in 2 days after the winter solstice – on this day the first sign of the Celtic lunar calendar (Birch) takes effect.
Birch is the patron of the summer solstice, this sign dominates only one day in a year.
This is not true. First, the sign of the Birch, which begins the Celtic lunar Zodiac, dominates the period from December 24 to January 20. Secondly, the Sun is identified with the Birch tree because it is on this tree that the leaves first appear. In the case of the Celts, Birch served as a symbol of the initial stage of a process (for example, young druids or bards, who began mastering the basics of craftsmanship, attached a small birch twig to their clothes). And, finally, the summer solstice in the zodiac of the Celts corresponds to one of the days of the period under the patronage of Oak.
The constellation Ophiuchus was very significant for the ancient Celts.
Modern astrologers do note the fact that the area of the 13th sign of the Celtic horoscope (Buzina) covers part of the constellation Ophiuchus, which is located between Sagittarius and Scorpio. Among researchers, there is not yet a single point of view on this matter – some believe that this constellation is absolutely insignificant and take it into account (and its influence) when constructing a horoscope. Others believe that the reason for the exclusion of this constellation from the Zodiac was, firstly, a prejudiced attitude towards the snake (which was often a symbol of fears and hostile evil forces), and secondly, the rejection of the 13-digit Zodiac as irrational and illogical. However, the ancient Celts treated the snake quite differently – it was considered to be the symbol of wisdom from time immemorial (the druids were sometimes called “adders” – “wise men” (the same word was used to name certain species of snakes)). In addition, the snake, in the opinion of the Celts, was one of the incarnations of Rama (phallus god). The Sacred Days of the Serpent were celebrated from December 20 to December 24 – it was believed that just then the Sun reaches the lower point of the circle of Abred in the south, the earthly plane, and enters the fiery abyss of Annun, which is the center of the formation of being, to be reborn. According to some researchers, the Serpent Days were a symbolic designation of a spiral funnel (portal), which people used to get the opportunity to get on a higher (astral) plan of life with the purpose of complete renewal. Modern scientists have established that it is in this three-day period that the location of the Galactic Center (which, according to theoretical studies of astronomers, really is the source of the origin of the existence of the galaxy and, in particular, the solar system) and the Sun coincide.
Celtic astrologers used the natal chart to take into account the influence of non-Zodiac constellations, and in general they devoted much time and energy to studying the starry sky.
Yes, it is. Moreover, both constellations (for example, Ophiuchus) were taken into account, as well as individual stars that not only helped to track the seasons (in the early Celts at first there were 2 – winter and summer, then 3 – winter, spring and summer), but also served to designate the most important milestones in spiritual development. Among them is Antares (the red giant, Alpha Scorpio, whom the ancient astrologers called the Guardian Angel of the West, and was considered the deputy of Mars). Celtic astrologers took into account the influence of this star when composing a horoscope, and in some cases Antares in conjunction with the same planet (depending on the aspect) could confer a diametrically opposite character traits on the person. For example, in conjunction with Jupiter, favorable aspects give an interest in religion (although the individual in himself is more philosophical and fanatical than ever), unfavorable ones create an atheistic worldview. Also much attention was paid to the influence of Arcturus (the alpha of Bootes), whom the Celts identified with King Arthur, Spica (the Alpha of the Virgin), the star that gives determination and patronizing travels, Pollux (Beta Gemini), associated with exquisite arts and methods of self-defense, Procyon Psa), giving the opportunity to heal the sick, etc.
Interest of the Celts to the starry sky was noticed by neighboring nations.
For example, Herodotus identified the cult and the religion of the Celts with the constellation North Crown (or the crown of Ariadne, which was also worshiped by the moon goddess, the “Sacred Mother of Fruits” and, in the opinion of the researchers, was the prototype of the Celtic Arianorod, the goddess of communication and communication, the patroness of weaving, in itself the sacrament of the life cycle). In the mentioned constellation is Alfeka (the name of this star is one of the names of the same Ariadne) – the keeper of the gates of the underworld located in the northern hemisphere (where Gerardot believed the mysterious Celtic sages lived), followed by the souls of deceased people, followed by Hermes .In Celtic mythology, the Northern Crown (Kar-Arianrod) is associated with the castle (tower) of Arianrod, which has an annular shape, and is the gateway to Annuana, the fiery abyss that the Celts believe are in the underworld, or the astral aspect of the earthly plane.
Vega – a beneficial star, her presence in the horoscope gives finesse, idealistic character.
Ancient Celts paid much attention to Vega (Alpha Lyra) First, a certain position in the sky of this star (Vega – in the north, and Sirius – in the south) marked the turning point of the year. Secondly, she was a constant assistant to navigators in navigation, since she was able to locate the Polar Star (in this connection, Vega was considered the ruler of the water kingdom). However, it should be noted that although Alpha Lyra was considered a beneficial star, she did not always give people who fell under her influence, positive traits of character and temperament. Ideality, refinement and hope Vega produces only in conjunction with Jupiter, the Sun or Venus, and only in a favorable aspect. For example, in conjunction with the Sun, Vega bestows compassion and ability for art. The effect of the unfavorable aspect of this compound is revealed in indecisiveness and impracticality. And connecting with Mars or Saturn, Vega completely changes the nature of the impact on the negative, prompting people to pretentiousness and debauchery. However, in this case, you need to pay attention to aspects. For, for example, in conjunction with Mars, Vega will promote egoism and voluptuous inclinations only in an unfavorable aspect, while in a favorable one he will contribute to the formation of the character of a trailblazer (either traveling on the sea or in spiritual searches).
One of the variants of the Celtic horoscope is the horoscope of animals.
Each sign in the Celtic horoscope really corresponded not only to the planet and the patron deity, but also the animal symbol. For example, the sign of the Birch (December 24 – January 20) corresponds to the planet-ruler Sun, the patron deities Hu, Lug, Taliesin, Beli, Arthur and the animal – the white deer, which was the symbol of the reign of the solar gods (which, according to the Celts, lasted 7 months ). But not all the signs of the Celtic horoscope corresponded to animals. For example, the symbol of the Hawthorn (May 13 – June 10) was a bowl that symbolized the comprehension of the mastery of metal work, later identified with the Grail. Sometimes the animal in the Celtic horoscope was supplemented or replaced with another appropriate symbol (the symbol of the sign of Oak (June 10 – July 7) – the golden wheel or white horse, the sign of Holly (July 8 – August 4) patronized by a unicorn or a gold spear, etc.). It should also be noted that when composing a horoscope, the ancient Celts were more oriented toward signs, stars and planets. All other components were additions to the basic calculations.
If a person is born under a certain sign, he will be under the protection of his tree all his life, receiving help and support from him.
This is not quite true. In order to deserve the disposition of a dryad of a tree, it’s not enough to be born just at this or that period of time – it is necessary to adhere to certain rules of behavior, showing attention and respect for the tree from which you are waiting for help. For some Dryads, according to the Celts, are very aggressive and vindictive. So Alder (considered to be a “fiery tree”, distinguished by courage and militancy) to the one who cuts it, is quite capable to arrange a lot of trouble (for example, to burn the house).