Carpet is a floor covering that is different from the carpet in size (while the size of the carpet is limited, carpet, sold in rolls, can be arbitrarily long) and a pattern (the carpet pattern is shallow and repetitive, while on the carpet it usually takes place finished composition or ornament).
At all times people have made a lot of efforts to make their homes more comfortable and cozy. To achieve the goal, the choice of floor covering was extremely important. Agree, it is much more pleasant to feel under your feet is not cold stone, gypsum or concrete, and warm parquet. And so soft carpet, pleasing the eye with an exquisite design, few people will remain indifferent. But, since making carpets by hand is a long, painstaking work, these masterpieces of weaving are usually quite expensive and, unfortunately, are not always suitable for those or other premises. Because of using the achievements of science and technology, various floor coverings were created, which are not much inferior to natural carpets of handwork (and in some ways surpassing them).
The carpet is universal (ie suitable for all types of rooms except damp ones), provides thermal insulation, sound insulation and sound absorption, accumulates heat, etc. Simplicity of laying, durability (the service life of the carpet is 10-15 years), a variety of designs and textures (from a lint-free monophonic coating resembling felt, to soft and fluffy (pile length – up to 30-40 mm) multi-colored carpet) provided the above floor cover a huge popularity. However, despite this, a lot of myths are formed about the carpet, and a lot of misconceptions are formed. We will try to understand what positive (or negative) qualities this type of flooring has, how to choose it, how to lay it properly, and what way of care it is preferable to preserve the original beauty and structure of the carpet.
Preference should be given to carpet from natural materials.
Indeed, woolen or mixed (containing 10-30% wool) carpet has a number of advantages: it perfectly protects against cold and moisture, is environmentally friendly, spirited, and it is not so easy to ignite it. However, such a coating is very expensive and does not have a high wear resistance, therefore it will not be suitable for rooms with a lively traffic (for example, for an office).
Synthetic carpeting does not differ much from each other.
This is not quite true. Much depends on what synthetic fiber is made from carpet and what method of textile is used. For example, polypropylene, used most often for making carpet, is cheap, but there are very few variants of coloring and design of such coating. Products made of polyamide – on the contrary, are rich in design, besides, from such coverage, the nap never gets out. A treatment of polyamide carpet with special impregnation (for example, Scotchgard) increases its wear resistance, reduces the effect of static, while not affecting the softness of the material.
Technology for the production of carpets also matters. The most expensive, the most durable, featuring a variety of textures and designs – woven carpet, but on sale such material is rare. A needle-punched coating is the most durable and quite cheap, but the variety of design does not differ, and comfort will not provide you. But this lint-free coating, which looks like felt, perfectly absorbs sounds, which is why it is often used in cinemas and theaters. The most popular, due to the variety of design and relatively high quality at a relatively low price, tufted coatings.
Cowlings can be spread on any floor.
In order not to get into an unpleasant situation, you need to know how the base carpet affects a particular type of flooring.For example, on a parquet floor it is not necessary to put carpet coverings on rubber (from it it is swelled) and on a jute basis (on a parquet there will be enough appreciable scratches). And if the base of the carpet is natural jute, such a coating should be protected from excessive moisture. If the water gets under the carpet – it will start to warp and rot. Directly on a concrete floor it is possible to lay a carpet on the basis of felt or felt. But it should be noted that these materials of the substrate absorb moisture very well.
Synthetic carpeting – these are “dust collectors” that pollute the air in the room.
Carpet covers do collect and hold dust, not allowing it to rise into the air, thus performing the function of peculiar filters. And, like any filters, floor coverings of this kind need periodic cleaning. By themselves, synthetic dust fibers do not emit.
Synthetic carpet can cause allergies.
Wrong opinion. Different types of respiratory allergies provoke microparticles of some substances in the air. And in fact the carpet covering absorbs many suspended particles, thereby, clearing a premise from allergens. In addition, synthetic carpeting (especially treated with special chemical reagents), in contrast to coatings from natural materials, does not favor the development of microorganisms. And a lot of chemicals for cleaning floor coverings of this kind will not be required.
Synthetic carpet removes harmful substances (eg formaldehyde) in large quantities.
This is a myth. In fact, the primacy in terms of the amount of harmful substances released firmly holds the recently painted or varnished floors. Further (in decreasing order) follows: parquet floored with mastic, MDF-based wall panels, PVC linoleum, and, on the honorable last place, synthetic carpeting. It should be noted that phenol formaldehyde in carpets produced in Europe and America is not completely available. In addition, paint, vinyl wallpaper, varnishes, mastic, linoleum release into the air volatile organic compounds and mixtures for quite a long time (from several weeks to several months). Quality carpet loses its “factory” smell maximum after 72 – 144 hours after installation in the room.
Carpet from artificial fibers, like any synthetics, accumulate static electricity.
This is not quite true. Modern synthetic materials (new modifications of nylons, polypropylenes, polyesters, acrylics) accumulate static electricity very little. Carpeting with antistatic characteristics at the level of 2.5 kv is not a source of discomfort for a person – such a weak voltage of the electrostatic field is simply insensible.
Carpet is sold only in rolls.
This is not true. There is a kind of carpeting – a modular carpet tile, which is a square carpet 50×50 cm. By its appearance, this type of mobile finishing flooring is obliged to create access floors in offices, providing quick access to cable connections.
Modular carpet tiles, in contrast to roll carpets, are more convenient to transport, fit with minimal loss when pruning (and during use any of the tiles is easy to replace), creates a lot of new opportunities for designers. And the seams are practically not visible (due to the variety of surface designs, the use of modern production technologies, etc.), so the effect of continuous carpet is assured, even in an extremely complex configuration.
Carpeting is a simple matter.
Indeed, you can lay this floor covering yourself. However, before starting work, you must always read the manufacturer’s instructions. After all, the appearance of the room, and the duration of the service life of the carpet depends on the quality of the installation.It should be remembered that:
– Carpet should lie freely, not resting against the walls of the room;
– The covering should be laid on a perfectly flat floor (without cracks, bumps and troughs). To smooth the surface, you can use sheets of plywood, orgilite, self-leveling mixture, etc .;
– In order to further facilitate the cleaning of the premises, make sure that the tilt of the pile is from the window towards the door;
– It is best to lay the cover in one piece. It is not recommended to join two pieces, but if you can not do without it – make sure that the direction of the pile on the pieces to be joined is the same;
– Extend the service life of the carpet (at least 2 times) and increase the elasticity of the softness and soundproof qualities of the carpet will help the use of a substrate (made of polyurethane foam, felt, rubber, etc.). It should be remembered that the thickness of the layer of the additional lining should not exceed 0.5 cm;
– Using free packing, remember that in the places where the adhesive tape is fixed, the surface of the walls and the floor must be low-fat, dry and clean;
– To stick coatings with a base of natural jute you need to be very careful – excess glue, passing through the base, can ruin the pile;
– Stretching (non-adhesive method with stretching) assumes the obligatory use of a substrate.
There are no spots on synthetic carpeting.
Many synthetic carpets are treated with a special compound, which almost does not collect dirt (especially when it comes to hinges with loops of the same height or flocked carpet). However, household stains (for example, from juices, berries, fruits, blood, etc.) should be removed as soon as possible, since only in this case you are guaranteed a complete success of carpet cleaning.