Breast cancer is a malignant tumor of the breast tissue. This form of cancer among women is the most numerous, affecting from 8 to 11% of women aged 13 to 90 years. The number of such diseases in developed countries after the 70s of the 20th century has increased dramatically, which is associated with the changed conditions of life style, including the reduction of breastfeeding.
Breast cancer can occasionally occur in men, and references to this disease are found even in ancient Egypt more than 3000 years ago. Most women are superstitiously brushing aside scary thoughts about diseases such as breast cancer. But this carelessness can lead to the fact that in the face of danger a person will be unprepared and helpless.
Therefore, the more information about this threat and the more active the opposition to its occurrence, the more likely it is not to encounter this disease at all. In this issue, frankness and frankness are better than idle fantasies, which we will consider.
Harbinger of breast cancer is mastopathy.
This disease is a benign breast tumor, the main cause of which is a hormonal imbalance in the body of a woman. The emergence of fibrocystic mastopathy does not affect the subsequent occurrence of malignant formation, although some forms of such a disease can later develop into cancer, so there is still a full-scale examination of a mammologist in mastopathy.
If the chest hurts before menstruation, then this is a clear sign of mastopathy.
This can only be true if the breast tenderness is observed long before menstruation. The norm is chest pain several days before the menstrual period. If the unpleasant sensations are regularly observed a week or two before menstruation, while the pain is strong, then you should immediately consult a doctor. However, such a symptom may have another explanation: the spine, or more precisely, its thoracic part, can be to blame. If the chest shows up nodules or seals, swelling and discharge from the nipple, then this is also an occasion to consult a doctor. It should only be noted that these symptoms in the vast majority are not associated with breast cancer.
Cancer can develop due to hormonal contraceptive methods or hormone replacement therapy.
Actually, the composition of modern contraceptives includes a small dose of directly hormones. If they are properly taken, the risk is really low, so you need to apply these funds, taking into account the female age, the state of the endocrine system, hormonal background, etc. Generally, the reception of such drugs should be coordinated with the endocrinologist-gynecologist. Studies have shown that when hormone replacement therapy really increases the risk of malignant tumors in the chest. Such treatment is prescribed for women during menopause, in order to reduce their risk of heart disease and osteoporosis. However, the danger arises only in the case of taking medicines for over 10 years.
Implantation of silicone prostheses in the chest can cause at least mastopathy, and as a maximum – a cancerous tumor.
This is not true. Before the operation, a thorough examination is usually carried out, which includes a mammogram or ultrasound of the mammary glands, a consultation of a mammalian doctor. Plastic surgery is performed only if no lesions or seals are found. So there are no risks and consequences in this area.
Mammography performed by women under 40 years of age increases the risk of cancer.
Such a study does not pose any danger, since irradiation from a mammogrof is comparable to irradiation from a two-hour stay on the beach. It should be taken into account that mammography, ideally, is done only once a year, so that it does no harm.Women under 35 years of age are more often prescribed breast ultrasound, but not because such a survey is less harmful, but because of the greater information content of such a survey compared with mammography. The structure of the mammary gland changes after 40 years and in such cases it is more effective to investigate it by mammography.
Mammography is useless to do yearly, since cancer develops much more rapidly.
No major changes will occur in a year. Therefore, a survey of women under 35 with ultrasound and after 40 with mammography is the most reliable preventive tool.
Endoprosthetics will complicate the diagnosis of breast cancer.
Modern ultrasound devices can see neoplasms up to 3 mm in size, in addition, it is possible to assess how well this site is supplied with blood. Silicone is not an obstacle for the detection and review of a suspicious nodule. Manual breast examination on the breast with implants is even more convenient to conduct.
The main risk factor for cancer is genetic causes.
Indeed, doctors consider such reasons to be among the main ones. Very much depends on the degree of kinship and the age of the family members in which the cancer developed. Predisposition to malignant tumors can be inherited not only from the mother, but also from other maternal relatives. The higher the risk the closer the degree of kinship. An alarm sign is the disease of cancer immediately from two close relatives, for example – sisters and mothers, as well as the fact that the disease came before them even before the onset of menopause. In such a situation, the risk can increase 9 times. If the cancer of the chest hurt relatives of the second degree of kinship – a grandmother or aunt, then the risk increases by one and a half times, and even if the disease occurs in his youth. The emergence of the same cancer after menopause in general should not be taken as a genetic threat to other generations. And the main factor for the emergence of breast cancer is not heredity, but the mutation of certain genes. With the help of a special genetic composition of blood, it is possible to identify these genes, if they are detected, the risk of the disease is up to 80%. For such women, doctors strongly recommend that as soon as possible to give birth to a child and remove the tissue of the mammary glands, replacing them with implants. Breast cancer also has less significant factors: alcohol use, infertility, late delivery, early menstruation (up to 12 years), obesity, pathology of the endocrine system. The presence of one of these causes can increase the probability of the disease up to 1.5-2 times.
The risk of cancer occurs when you refuse to breastfeed or abortion.
There is no reliable data on this issue, but it is proved that every year breastfeeding reduces the woman’s risk of disease by 4.5%.
Breast cancer is incurable.
This myth is the most terrible, but depending on the timing of the disease, breast cancer is treatable. If detected at an early stage, then the cure efficiency is estimated at 90%. However, this myth appeared due to the fact that half of women deal with their problems too late. In Russia, therefore, statistics are rather sad – within five years after the discovery of breast cancer almost 50% of women die. In the West, everything is more optimistic – 80% of women who have breast cancer, live for more than 10 years. And the main thing in this difference is not so much the high foreign level of medicine, but the wide prevalence of health programs that advocate for the prevention of diseases.