Bipolar disorder is a mental illness. Its other name is manic depression. The disease manifests itself in sharp and violent mood swings, a level of energy. The spiritual recovery quickly gives way to a decline in strength and extreme depression. Symptoms are quite serious and clearly differ from the usual mood changes.
Cycles can last for weeks or even months, mood swings are so powerful that they do not allow you to lead a normal lifestyle. Under the influence of impulse in the manic stage, a person can unexpectedly quit his job, take an unnecessary large loan, or fully rest for a couple of hours of sleep.
But during the depressive period, extreme fatigue is noted, which prevents you from getting out of bed, self-hatred, a sense of hopelessness. The causes of the appearance and development of bipolar disorder are not known, and the symptoms manifest themselves in different ways. This makes the disease mysterious, giving rise to a series of myths around it.
Bipolar disorder is incurable, people with it will never be able to fully live.
There are quite a few examples of how people with bipolar disorder have built a career successfully, marrying, establishing relationships with others, enjoying life. Bipolar disorder complicates the situation, but the treatment chosen correctly, the development of healthy skills and abilities will cope with difficulties. An important role is played by social ties that provide support at a difficult time. Coping with the symptoms of bipolar disorder is possible by ensuring a full life.
People with bipolar disorder constantly change one extreme to another – the mania gives way to depression.
Some people actually have marked phases of depressive state and manic behavior. But most often the phase of depression prevails, it is more time-consuming. Yes, and maniacal features in behavior are sometimes so insignificant that this phase may be unnoticed. Sometimes a person can go through stages of prolonged calm, when no symptoms are observed at all.
Bipolar disorder affects only the mood of a person.
This disease has a direct impact on the level of energy, on judgments, memory, the ability to concentrate, appetite, sexual desire, self-esteem, a pattern of sleep. Bipolar disorder causes anxiety, increased anxiety. Because of this, dependence on certain drugs can be developed, and not always medicinal. The disorder can be accompanied by such diseases as migraine, diabetes, problems with the cardiovascular system, increased pressure.
Bipolar disorder can only be cured with medication.
Drugs are indeed the main tool in the fight against bipolar disorder. However, an important role is played by conversational therapy and the attitude to help yourself. The person learns to control the emerging symptoms. This may include exercise, maintaining a good sleep, a balanced diet. The patient is accustomed to watch his mood, avoiding stress and surrounding himself with people who are able to support in a difficult moment. And the correct selection of a working combination of drugs can take years. It is not known yet what side effects will occur.
People with bipolar disorder can change their mood several times in a few hours.
People who have a dramatically changing mood for several hours, make themselves diagnosed with bipolar disorder. However, in the case of this disease, symptoms and mood last for several days. This is much more serious than just a change of mood. Bipolar disorder directly affects a person’s functional abilities. And the cycles themselves come 2-4 times a year.
People in the manic stage experience happiness because of the surge of energy.
In such episodes people, on the contrary, become irritable and aggressive, they are easily angered. Excessive energy does not allow you to sleep, makes you move quickly from one meter to another. You can even talk about hyperactivity. It even goes so far that people have problems with the psyche – they start eating everything, hearing someone’s invisible voices.
Bipolar disorder is easy to diagnose.
Erroneous diagnoses are often made. Sometimes patients turn to doctors, already approximately representing their diagnosis. But it can take months and an extensive examination to confirm it. And then this is just the tip of the iceberg.
Diagnosis of bipolar disorder will help some quick test.
The National Institute of Mental Health says that bipolar disorder spreads in the family. So if there is already a relative with such a disease, then the chances of getting it are about 10%. Other criteria, the more rapid, detection of bipolar disorder simply does not exist. Scientists are only trying to find in the saliva samples genetic mutations associated with the disorder. But this is a complex and rare test, which has not yet been widely disseminated.
People with bipolar disorder have an unstable psyche.
In a manic episode, people with bipolar disorder exhibit short-sightedness and strange behavior. Man feels himself a conqueror of the world, acting foolhardy. In a depressive interval, however, a feeling of hopelessness comes about, making you think about suicide. However, the patients themselves note that there are periods with less symptoms. Then there is a normal mood, quite neutral and not related to depression.
People with bipolar personality disorder are geniuses.
In movies and shows, you can meet characters that bipolar disorder makes geniuses. However, not every person with such a disorder possesses a transcendental level of intelligence. And the owners of elevated IQ, and those whose level is below average, about the same chance of getting a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. Such data are given by the journal Molecular Psychiatry.
Bipolar disorder characterizes serial killers and maniacs.
This disease is not a “seal” of maniacs and serial killers. Such criminals usually have antisocial personality disorder or psychopathy. Studies have shown that bipolar disorder in this category of maniacs is extremely rare.
There is only one type of bipolar disorder.
Specialists distinguish two types of bipolar disorder, and there is also cyclothymia, bipolar disorder with frequent phase changes. Sometimes there is a mania, and in other cases – hypomania, less severe in its manifestations. The first type of disorder requires that there is at least one manic episode, but without the onset of depression. The second type is diagnosed when the person had a prolonged depression and at least one episode of hypomania.
Bipolar disorder is a rare disease.
This disease is not so rare. Simply it is infrequently diagnosed. In advanced countries, the disorder can occur in 2-4% of the population. For the US, it is 5.7 million people. So the problem can not be hushed up and ignored.
Children are not prone to bipolar disorder.
Symptoms of the disease can be observed from the age of six. Complications can even lead to suicide attempts.
Bipolar disorder became known relatively recently.
The German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin officially described the disease more than a hundred years ago. He called it a manic-depressive psychosis. And the first time about this disorder was mentioned in the III century. Then it was believed that it causes bad blood, and the disease itself was called black bile. In the XIX century, the disorder was called a double form of insanity or circular madness.It is known that it was present in many famous historical figures, whose creativity and biography can be traced to the disease.