Since the time when people learned to print, books were born. At first they were quite expensive and sold in single copies. But the development of industry and technology has led to millions of copies of books. As a result of the creation of many authors scattered throughout the world. In everyday life appeared the word “best seller”, which means not the number printed, but the number of books sold. In the list of the best-selling books there will be no textbooks and comics. There are no such religious books as the Bible and the Koran. Although they are the most published.
So, according to the Guinness Book of Records, the Bible alone alone has printed about 6 billion copies! But in fact usually religious literature is distributed free of charge after the press. The same goes for some political works, for example, Hitler. And the quotation of Mao Zedong according to the same Guinness was printed in the volume of 6 billion, perhaps even circulating the Bible. These books, like dictionaries, can not be considered bestsellers. We will tell you about the 10 books that were sold best.
A tale of two cities, Dickens.
Few people suspect, but since the publication of this book in 1859, it was she who was sold by the largest number. In total, there have been about 200 million copies of this book since that moment. This historical novel tells of the times of the French Revolution. The main characters show love and self-sacrifice amid the bloody events of that time. It is curious that Dickens himself is the only historical novel. He immediately became a textbook. The book was repeatedly screened, for the first time in 1911. But the best film version was filmed in 1935. Based on the story, an opera and a musical were created. Even Leo Tolstoy in his work “What is art” mentioned this book as an example of higher religious creativity based on the love of God and neighbor. And in our country the book turned out to be little-known, since revolutionary realities were reflected there quite sharply. Communist literary scholars simply did not give the book “green light” in the USSR. But the whole world recognized the genius of the writer’s work. The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien.
This novel was written in the fantasy style, becoming the classic of the genre and the most famous work in this style. “Lord of the Rings” is a trilogy, which continues the book “The Hobbit.” Although here there are three parts – “The Brotherhood of the Ring”, “Two Fortresses” and “The Return of the King”, usually they all combine into a single book. The creation of Tolkien became truly legendary, it was translated into 38 languages. It is believed that the “Lord of the Rings” had a huge impact on literature, the game industry. Based on the book, a trilogy was shot, which in the end received 17 Oscars. Tolkien himself taught philology in Oxford. In his books he simply tried to create the world of the English epic. Professor well knew the myths of Northern Europe, he was inspired by the legends of King Arthur, Kalevala. First, from a fairy tale for children, the “Hobbit” was born, and then Tolkien began to write the continuation of that story. The novel did not come out right away, the publishers were confused by the volume of the work. In addition, the author spent a lot of time creating a map of a large-scale world he invented. Criticism met the book rather restrainedly, only in America in the 60’s there was a real boom in Tolkien. The book tells of three hobbits who experience adventures to destroy the Ring of Omnipotence. He is hunted by a dark lord. The ring constantly tempts the owner and tries to enslave him. Hobbit, or there and back, Tolkien. This book was born in 1937. It all started with a colorful fairy tale told by a professor for his children. This story fascinated the scientist so much that he, together with them, drew even maps of a fictitious country. However, the story for a long time remained unfinished, existing in a single hand-written copy. As a result, the fairy tale fell into the hands of one publisher, whose ten-year-old son expressed the opinion that the kids will certainly like the book. The book tells of the gnomes’ trek after the treasure.In the group, the hobbit Bilbo, hitherto unprepared for adventurous acts, suddenly finds himself. In treasure hunt, the company is experiencing many dangerous adventures, and the hero himself finds a ring. This was the basis for the continuation of this tale. “Hobbit” is based on the myths of the ancient Scandinavians and Germans much more than the “Lord of the Rings”. But there are almost no elements of the epic about Arthur. If the “Lord of the Rings” is created in the genre of fantasy, the “Hobbit” is more like a fairy tale. The book was translated into many languages, in 1976 it was published in the USSR. In 2011, director Peter Jackson in New Zealand, with his usual scope, began to shoot the film adaptation of the book. Dream in the Red Chamber, Cao Xueqin.
In Chinese literature there are such concepts as “Four Great Creations”. One of these novels is “The Dream in the Red Chamber”. He appeared in the light of 1763, 80 chapters were written by Cao Xueqin. But three decades later, a certain Gao E issued another forty chapters, completing an unfinished story. Critics still argue about how much the ending corresponds to the author’s style and design. The novel tells of the demise of the two branches of the Jia family. The narrative has many plans, through it passes a large number of relatives, members of the household. The composition of the book is rather loose, the autobiography is intertwined with fiction, everyday events interspersed with the supernatural. In Europe, the novel was first translated in the XIX century. Completely in Russian, the book appeared only in 1958. It should be noted that almost always the book was adapted to the Western reader or the most interesting excerpts were published. It would be hard for us to understand the whole complex Chinese culture of that period. Only in the 1980s did Europe see the book in its entirety. It is curious that outside China itself the only manuscript is kept, in St. Petersburg. But in the country there is a whole institute called “Sleep in the Red Chamber” and a scientific discipline dedicated to the book. In total, over 100 million copies of this novel were sold worldwide, of course, most of them are in China.
Ten Little Indians, Agatha Christie.
This novel of the master of the detective genre is considered the most successful, from those that came out from under her pen. In total, about 100 million copies of this book were sold in the world. Agatha Christie wrote the book in 1939, she considered her to be her best and in 1943 she even wrote a play on it. The plot of the book is that 10 Negro people were invited to a Negro island. Mysterious home owners state that each of the guests is in the past a murderer. And then the visitors begin to die one by one. The police, arriving on the island after a while, discovered 10 dead bodies and tries to solve the riddle – who is the killer? The novel was screened many times, for the first time in 1945. The work gave birth to the idea of ”perfect murder”, becoming the first to describe this idea.
Lion, witch and wardrobe, Clive Lewis.
The circulation of this book, published in 1950, reached 85 million books. Roman became the first in a series of the famous “Chronicles of Narnia” and the most famous of all. Magazine “Time” included the book in the list of 100 best English. Playing hide and seek, four children climb into the closet, which is the gateway to the magical world, Narnia. There’s eternal winter, and the animals know how to talk. Bold and kind children could defeat the evil sorceress and rule Narnia for 15 years. When they returned to England, it turned out that in our world, not a minute passed. The book carries the author’s autobiography elements. After all, as the main characters were on a visit to Professor Kirk during the bombing of London, so Lewis himself lived during the war during the war. Yes, and the writer himself in his childhood stayed with Professor Kirkpatrick, who became one of the prototypes of the character of the novel. The book closely intertwines elements not only of Christianity, but also of various mythologies. There are also Celtic, Greek and Scandinavian motifs.In 1967, the first television series for this book, but the most well-known is the 2005 film adaptation of The Chronicles of Narnia. She even got an Oscar for best make-up.
She, the story of the adventure. Henry Haggard.
This book was published in English in 1887. Its circulation was 83 million copies. It is believed that this book is the best in the writer, challenging this right from the “Copy of King Solomon.” The story is from the first person about the trip to Africa. There exists a race of natives, ruled by a mysterious white queen, the all-powerful She. In his book, Haggard created the concept of the Lost World. In this genre, then created many authors. The book is an illustrative creation of imperialist English literature of the XIX century. The author was under the inspiration of South Africa and British colonialism. Haggard paid much attention to the study of women’s behavior and authority, which was quite important for Victorian Britain. It is believed that “She” is one of the fundamental for the entire genre of fantasy. History was one of the first in modern literature, which showed the invasion of something unreal in the ordinary world. Immediately after the publication of the book became very popular, it was favorably received and criticized. Since then, many attempts have been made to interpret this book, in particular from the point of view of feminism. The book was attempted to be screened at least 10 times, the first time in 1899.
Little prince, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.
The French writer released his main work in 1943. Since then, the book has been released in an amount of 80 million pieces. During this time, she was translated into more than 180 languages and dialect. The great success of the book was brought about by the fact that the drawings in it were made by the author himself. It is even considered that this is an organic part of the work, which only emphasizes its uniqueness. The writer told a touching and frank story about a little boy who still lived in himself. Exupery sadly noticed that we were all children, just forgot about it. The image of the protagonist is largely autobiographical, and the prototype of the capricious Rose was the wife of the writer himself. Many professional philologists believe that the book is the best guide for those who study French. On the motives of the work, films were shot, a musical was staged and even a satellite of one of the asteroids was named. And the writer himself died in 1944, and remained a child in the shower. The Da Vinci Code, Dan Brown.
Although the book was published only in 2003, it was already sold in the amount of 80 million pieces. American writer and journalist Dan Brown created an intellectual detective thriller. The book is a continuation of another bestseller by the same author – “Angels and Demons.” The Da Vinci Code was able to arouse wide public interest in the legend of the Holy Grail and the role of Mary Magdalene in the history of Christ. According to the plot, Professor Langdon is investigating the murder of the curator of the Louvre. The scientist one by one begins to solve the chain of riddles, approaching the main secret. However, the location of the Holy Grail wants to know and the Catholic organization Opus Dei. Action is rapidly developing first in France, then in England and Scotland. A fascinating plot keeps on in suspense, after all there are more and more new riddles that re-open history. Based on the book in 2006, the film was shot, and the writer himself, with the help of this and four other books, was able to earn more than 260 million dollars. I must say that the idea of the novel is not new. Brown even sued other writers who claimed that their idea was stolen. Roman easily transforms and interprets the history of Christianity. The success of the book prompted the church even to make an official appeal to Catholics in general to boycott this text. After all, it is allegedly filled with anti-Christian slander and numerous mistakes regarding Jesus and the Gospel. But all these scandals only served as additional advertising.
Above the abyss in the rye, Salinger.
The circulation of this novel was 65 million pieces. It was published in 1951. The story is conducted on behalf of a 16-year-old teenager, who with his own eyes looks at American reality, not wanting to comply with his rules and morals. The guy was kicked out of school, and now he just hangs around New York, constantly thinking about life. Although the book was intended for adults, it became very popular among young people, having played a great influence on the world culture of the second half of the 20th century. It is curious that the author himself worked on this work for 9 years. The book was so piercing that it gave birth to even a few maniacs. She was possessed by John Hinckley, who was attempting on Reagan. It was read by Mark Chapman immediately after the murder of Lennon. In 2009, the Swedish writer Kolting published a continuation of that story. This time an old man escaped from a nursing home and now wanders around New York, remembering the young years. However, the book was recognized by the court as plagiarism. Alchemist, Paulo Coelho.
In 1988, the Portuguese writer published this book, since it was bought by 65 million people. “Alchemist” was translated into 67 languages and was published in 117 countries. The main story came from European folklore. The protagonist is an ordinary shepherd who lives in Spain. One day he saw a dream, in which he called for treasure to the Egyptian pyramids. The guy is on his way to his goal, selling his sheep. Having met interesting people and survived a series of adventures, he meets with the Alchemist. He teaches his self-knowledge. As a result, the shepherd achieves his goal, finds treasure and love. The book is full of allegories, it is for those who want and know how to think. The writer says that you must follow the goal, and then the whole world will help you with this.