Basketball – a team game, the purpose of which is to throw the ball into the basket (hoop of a special form) of the opponent. This game, which has now gained worldwide popularity, was invented in 1891 by a simple teacher of the American college of Springfield (Massachusetts) James Naismith.
Noticing that the students were bored with conventional sports games, the resourceful fizruk nailed baskets of peaches to the balcony in the gym and invited the students to throw the ball into them, avoiding the enemy players. And the ball passed from hand to hand, and after a successful throw the basket had to be emptied – one of the students had to climb the stairs and get the ball.
Time has passed – and out of the usual fun basketball has turned into a well-known Olympic sport. Now very few people do not know what basketball is. But, unfortunately, very often the knowledge of the ordinary spectator is superficial, because about the game and people who devoted their lives to basketball, there are many myths that we will try to debunk.
The game, created by James Naismith, had no analogues in the history.
Most often new is a well-forgotten old. The game, like basketball, existed about 3000 years ago. In Mexico, found a platform with two stone rings, and the bas-relief depicting the beheading of the captain of the defeated team serves as a clear indication of how far the rules of the game in antiquity differed from the current ones. The rules followed by the Aztecs in the XVI century during the game Pok-ta-Pok (analogue of basketball – the game was elbows, knees and head, the goal of the players – to throw a rubber ball into a vertically fixed ring) were softer – the victor had the right to assign all the property of the viewer, which he (the player) will be able to catch up.
During the existence of basketball, the rules of the game have changed little.
Wrong opinion. At the beginning of the history of basketball players were obliged to observe only 13 rules, now their number has exceeded 200, with some innovations dictated by the need to make the game more spectacular and bright (for example, the rule is 30 seconds). The rules of the game are periodically reviewed by the World Technical Commission of FIBA and then approved by the Central Bureau of the Federation.
All basketballs are the same.
Undoubtedly, the basketball equipment is standardized (the ball weighs 567-650 grams, the circle is 749-780 mm), but there is still a difference. The smallest balls are used to play mini-basketball, several larger in size – in the games of women’s teams, the biggest ones are best suited for male players. In addition, indoor-type balls are used only for playing indoors, and for indoor and outdoor basketball competitions in the hall and on the street, universal balls are better suited.
Only very high athletes can succeed in basketball.
In fact, medium and even relatively small players can succeed in this game. For example, the growth of the world-famous Tyrone Boggs was only 160 cm, Earl Boykins is 165 cm, Anthony Webba is 175 cm.
Negroes are best played in basketball.
No, success in this sport depends on the ability to master your body masterly and know the techniques of the game, and not on the color of the player’s skin.
You can play basketball on any suitable venue.
Yes, it is. However, official competitions in this sport since 1968 are held exclusively in closed premises.
Centrally easy to attract attention.
This is not quite true. The fact is that the role played by the player assumes a certain attitude of the fans to his actions. The center, scoring from the top – is quite normal, but the same player, whose height is 169-175 cm, is already an outstanding event, worthy of respect and stormy applause. So, for gaining fame, the center will have to work hard.
Many tall guys dream of becoming centered.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. Very rarely, high people themselves come to basketball – most often coaches or scouts, when they meet a tall, strong boy on the street, spend a lot of time and energy on persuasion, and often their efforts are wasted.
For a bad game, the basketball player will be quickly kicked out of the team.
Much depends on what role the player has. For example, the center can play badly, move from team to team – and still keep “afloat.” And after a serious injury and a long break, he can easily return to the big sport. A player of small stature, this will not succeed.
Center players are more often injured than others.
Alas, this is so. High basketball players often suffer from problems with knee joints, and trauma to the spine (because of the expressed center of gravity) for them – a common thing.
Very high basketball players are often embarrassed by their growth.
A few decades ago this state of affairs did take place. After all, a man who was too tall could hardly afford to buy normal clothes, and in ordinary life such people were often clumsy. Nowadays, thanks to the latest training methods, the centers perfectly coordinate their body, therefore growth for them and in sports is a help, and in normal life – not a hindrance.
Mental development of the center lags behind the physical.
There was a time when, as a result of the intensive training, the pituitary gland of centroids worked only to increase growth, so that mental development slowed. New methods of training do not exert any influence on the pituitary gland, because the intellect of a high player is in no way inferior (and sometimes exceeds) to the abilities of average basketball players.
Any professional basketball player can become a coach.
The most often the coaches are the players, and, for example, the center, to start teaching, you will have to learn a lot. But, most often, at the end of a career, it is the center ones that can go to a well-deserved rest with a calm heart – it allows them to make a profit. In the center plane, a whole row is bought out, special beds are provided on the base, and so on.
In the NBA, this state of affairs does take place. But athletes of many countries simply can not afford it, because they suffer during flights and in hotels on too short beds. However, if the bed does not have a backrest – you can find an outlet (for example, stools to substitute or hinge their legs).
Coaches do not criticize the game center, because they are afraid.
In fact, the explosive character and physical superiority over the surrounding high players demonstrate extremely rarely. Most often centered – very kind, attentive, and, at the same time – sluggish. Information they perceive slowly, think about for a long time, but then they do everything right.
Center with other players are not friendly.
Many high players do not have so many friends not only in the team, but also in life. The fact is that the center ones are typical phlegmatic. They are kind, reliable, but they will never take the first step towards rapprochement. And not because they consider themselves superior to others – more often than not they are just laziness.