Atomic energy is the energy released during the transformation of atomic nuclei. The source of atomic energy is the internal energy of the atomic nucleus.
A more precise name for atomic energy is nuclear energy. There are two types of nuclear energy production:
– realization of nuclear chain reaction of fission of heavy nuclei;
– realization of thermonuclear reaction of synthesis of light nuclei.
World stocks of uranium run low.
About the depletion of natural resources in our time, even a child knows. Indeed, the reserves of many minerals are rapidly drying up. Uranium reserves are currently rated as “relatively limited,” but this is not so little. For comparison, uranium is as much as tin and 600 times more than gold. According to preliminary assessment of scientists, the stocks of this radioactive metal should be enough for mankind for the next 500 years. In addition, modern reactors can use thorium as fuel, and its world reserves in turn exceed the uranium reserves by 3 times.
Atomic energy has an extremely negative impact on the environment.
Representatives of various anti-nuclear campaigns often state that nuclear energy contains “hidden emissions” of gases that have a negative impact on the environment. But according to all modern information and calculations, atomic energy even in comparison with solar or hydro energy, which are considered to be practically environmentally friendly, contains a sufficiently low level of carbon.
Wind and wave energy are much less harmful from the ecological point of view.
Actually, the wind stations are built or already built on the most important coastal areas, and the construction itself definitely pollutes the environment. And the construction of wave stations is still experimental, and its impact on the environment is not exactly known, so they can hardly be called much more environmentally sustainable in comparison with atomic energy.
The level of leukemia is higher in the territory of nuclear reactors.
The level of leukemia among children in the vicinity of nuclear power plants is not higher than, for example, in areas near so-called organic farms. The territory of the spread of this disease can cover both the territory around the nuclear power plant and the national park, the degree of danger is absolutely the same.
Nuclear reactors produce too much waste.
In fact, nuclear energy produces a minimum amount of waste, contrary to the claims of environmentalists. The Earth is not completely filled with radioactive waste. Modern technologies of nuclear energy production will allow minimizing the share of the total amount of radioactive waste within the next 20-40 years.
Atomic energy promotes the proliferation of weapons in the world.
An increase in the number of nuclear power plants will lead to a reduction in the proliferation of weapons. Atomic warheads produce reactor fuel of very good quality, and reactor warheads produce about 15% of world nuclear fuel. The increasing demand for reactor fuel is supposed to “distract” such warheads from potential terrorists.
Terrorists choose atomic reactors as targets.
After the tragedy of September 11, 2001, a number of scientific studies were carried out to determine the probability of an attack on nuclear facilities. However, recent British research has proved that nuclear power plants are quite capable of “sustaining” even the flight of Boeing 767-400. A new generation of nuclear reactors will be designed with an enhanced level of protection against potential attacks of all existing aircraft, and it is planned to introduce special functions of security systems that can be activated without human intervention or computer control.
Atomic energy is very expensive.
Controversial statement.According to the British Ministry of Trade and Industry, the cost of producing electricity by nuclear power plants exceeds gas prices only, and 10-20 times less than the energy generated by onshore wind farms. In addition, 10% of the total cost of nuclear energy falls on uranium, and nuclear energy is not so prone to constant fluctuations in prices for fuels such as gas or oil.
The decommissioning of a nuclear power plant is very expensive.
This statement applies only to nuclear power plants built earlier. Many of the existing nuclear reactors were built without calculation for their subsequent decommissioning. But this time will be taken into account when building new nuclear power plants. However, the cost of decommissioning nuclear power plants from operation will be included in the cost of electricity for which consumers pay. Modern reactors are designed to work for 40 years, and the amount for their decommissioning will be paid during this long period, and therefore will have little effect on the price of electricity.
Construction of nuclear power plants takes too long.
This is perhaps the most unmotivated of all statements of anti-nuclear campaigns. The construction of the nuclear power plant takes 4 to 6 years, which is comparable to the timing of the construction of “traditional” power plants. The modular structure of the new nuclear power plants may somewhat accelerate the process of building nuclear power plants.