Antibiotics are substances of biological origin. These substances are synthesized by microorganisms. For a person, the meaning of antibiotics is to suppress the growth of viruses, microbes, bacteria, in addition, a considerable number of antibiotics are able to kill germs that have entered the body.
Antibacterial substances are also sometimes referred to as antibiotics. A specific feature of antibiotics is the specificity of their action. Each species of microbes is not susceptible to all antibiotics, that is, a certain antibiotic can only affect certain microbes.
This feature served as the basis for the classification of antibiotics on antibiotics with a narrow spectrum of action (they inhibit the microbes of one group) and broad (affect a variety of microbes). For example, erythromycin is able to suppress the vital activity of only gram-positive bacteria, but tetracycline – both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
Antibiotics are intended to help in the treatment of infectious diseases. The most important thing is that antibiotics do not exert a destructive effect on the cells of the host organism, but at the same time, these microorganisms that have caused this or that disease are affected by this kind of influence.
For a very long time, the problem of the whole mankind was the problem of combating diseases caused by microorganisms. Even a century after the fact of the relationship between disease-causing bacteria and infectious diseases was scientifically grounded, there were no effective means of combating these diseases. Those medicines that were used as antibacterial drugs were characterized by a high degree of toxicity and a relatively low degree of effectiveness.
Actually antibiotics appeared only in the forties of the twentieth century. The possibility of synthesizing antibiotics meant a real revolution in the field of medicine. Infectious diseases can now be treated with these medications. The uniqueness of antibiotics led to the fact that with any suspicion of having an infection in the body, the patient was immediately prescribed them. However, it was quickly discovered that the bacteria began to develop resistance to an antibacterial agent after a while. Dysbacteriosis, allergies and the like side effects also accompanied the use of antibiotics.
Antibiotics and antibacterial agents are synonyms.
Not all antibacterial drugs are antibiotics. First, antibiotics can be obtained by semisynthetic methods. Secondly, they can be synthesized by microorganisms. Those drugs that are completely synthetic, antibiotics can not be considered. Such antibacterial agents include, for example, furazolidone, neviramone, biseptol, nitroxoline, furacilin, etc. However, in the medical literature it is often possible to find an understanding of the antibiotic as any antimicrobial agent.
The use of antibiotics is very harmful to the body.
Indeed, the use of antibiotics is often accompanied by the appearance of negative side effects, but, arguing in this way, many people refuse these antibacterial agents even in serious condition. Do this in any case impossible. Reduce the risk of developing dysbiosis and allergies called special drugs. They are used together with antibiotics, suppressing many of the side effects of treatment by the latter. Tavegil, suprastin, acylact, bifikol and other drugs are just such drugs. After the operation, including, often appointed antibiotics. It is important to understand that antibiotic dependence will never develop and that many serious diseases can not be treated without them (for example, into intoxication and sepsis). Pneumonia, tonsillitis, pyelonephritis – also in most cases require treatment with antibiotics, otherwise serious complications are possible.If you do not prescribe a course of antibiotics for sinusitis, pneumonia, these diseases can go into a chronic form and cause the spread of the infection through the body (for example, the urinary tract). In addition, only antibiotic treatment can improve the patient’s quality of life in certain chronic diseases (eg, chlamydia, mycoplasma infection of the lungs, etc.). If you do not treat the angina with antibiotics, it will probably affect the work of the kidneys and the heart (possible complications – glomerulonephritis from the kidneys, myocarditis, rheumatism from the heart).
Antibiotic treatment is most effective.
In part, this circumstance is also a delusion. Currently, the human body to take antibiotics is increasingly responding to the emergence of various allergies. This fact leads to the fact that by themselves antibiotics cease to occupy a leading position in the ranking of the most effective medicines, replacing them with immunotherapy. It is now much more important to strengthen the immune system and the body as a whole with the help of such drugs, which constitute an increasingly strong competition for antibiotics in pharmacies.
Any infectious disease can be overcome with antibiotics.
This is misleading. To take antibiotics for those diseases that are of a viral nature (and this is an essential part of respiratory diseases) is meaningless, as in the case of some other infectious diseases. Viruses that cause acute respiratory diseases (in the public, more simply, colds or abbreviated ORZ), can not be killed either by antibacterial agents in general, or antibiotics in particular. Such common drugs as biseptol (refers to antibacterial drugs), as well as oxacillin, erythromycin, ampicillin (refer to antibiotics) are not able to kill the virus. Varicella, rubella, influenza, hepatitis and other diseases are viral and do not require antibiotic treatment. These drugs may become necessary when there are bacterial complications. Worms, fungi (which belong to the causative agents of infectious diseases), as well as lamblia, amoeba and other protozoa are immune to antibiotics. Antibiotics can not be used in the entire course of treatment, but only during the period of exacerbation. This is more associated with infections that have a chronic form. For example, pyelonephritis. After a course of antibiotics in this case, antibacterial preparations of completely synthetic origin are usually prescribed, which give a greater result in combination with phytotherapy. Antibiotic therapy may well not help with tetanus, botulism and diphtheria if the treatment of these diseases does not include the introduction of antitoxic sera. The last measure is mandatory and the main part of the treatment, as these diseases cause bacterial toxins. Antibiotics have an overwhelming effect on the intestinal microflora. In this regard, it is absolutely not recommended to treat intestinal dysbacteriosis with antibiotics.
Contraindication to antibiotic treatment is children’s age.
Wrong, but common, judgment. You should not hesitate with the appointment of these antibacterial drugs in case of evidence, otherwise the disease can give serious complications. Although caution in the appointment of small children with antibiotics is still necessary. Nevertheless, in no case can you experiment on the health of a child by treating traditional medicine – this is fraught with consequences.
You should always keep in your home medicine cabinet that antibiotic that once helped in the treatment of a disease.
Each antibiotic is characterized by a selective effect on a certain group (or groups) of bacteria; and even if the clinical pictures of the diseases are very similar to each other, their pathogens can be completely different.For example, in the treatment of pneumonia, which is caused by staphylococci, the effective use of penicillin. However, if the patient has a cough, then, first of all, it is necessary to find out its cause. One of those can be mycoplasma – penicillin in this case does not help at all. Moreover, bacteria are able to adapt to one or another antibiotic, in this connection, its re-appointment may not lead to a positive result.
Couples of days of antibiotic treatment are quite enough for recovery.
Usually, so many people think, by themselves canceling the prescribed medication – as soon as the well-being improves. However, this does not take into account the fact that it is the duration of treatment by an antibacterial agent that is extremely important for the patient. Early termination of such treatment can lead to the fact that the infection will become sluggish. Such a combination of circumstances is fraught with the development of complications such as damage to the kidneys and the heart. It should be remembered that prolonged antibiotic treatment, which is not accompanied by effectiveness, can lead to allergic reactions and dysbacteriosis.
Self-medication with antibiotics can be effective.
Rare case. The intake of antibiotics must be agreed with the doctor. Depending on the causative agent of the disease, a specific antibiotic is selected. It is important to choose the right dose in order to avoid the development of toxic and other side effects. It is equally important not only to prescribe an antibiotic, but also to cancel it on time. If you do not take into account the latter circumstance, microorganisms will develop resistance to the drug. In view of this, a doctor’s consultation is necessary. Associated diseases, age are also taken into account when prescribing a dose of antibacterial agent. The dose is always selected individually, so do not rely on those average parameters that are indicated in the drug description. Moreover, the immediate condition for effectiveness is the fact that the selected antibiotic has arrived at the site of the immediate localization of the microorganism.
Antibiotics will come to the aid of food poisoning.
Antibiotics have no effect on bacterial poisons that occur during poisoning (typical features include vomiting, upset stomach, abdominal pain, nausea). The treatment of food poisoning with antibiotics is fraught with the development of diarrhea. More preferred actions are activated charcoal and gastric lavage. As for diarrhea, it occurs, firstly, due to digestive disorders due to allergic reactions to the medicine from the intestine and stomach, and secondly, the use of antibiotics leads to the destruction, including beneficial microbes. In view of all this, the use of poisoning antibiotics is often accompanied by colitis and enterocolitis (due to digestive disorders), as well as intestinal dysbiosis (due to the death of beneficial microbes living on the intestinal mucosa). In this case, discomfort in the abdomen is a secured phenomenon. If antibiotics are necessary for medical reasons, the treatment should include the parallel use of levorin or nystatin. Such an antifungal agent will avoid many negative effects.
Side effects are significantly less when taking antimicrobials, which are not antibiotics.
All depends on whether the person himself is treated or consults with the doctor, agreeing treatment with it. Biseptol in some cases leads to dysbacteriosis and the appearance of allergies much more often than a competently chosen antibiotic. Sulfonamides (to which besides biseptol are sulfadimezin, sulfalen and other drugs) quickly cease to be effective. At microbes to this preparation practically at once stability is developed. Moreover, the kidneys and liver often experience the toxic effects of completely synthetic drugs. In no case should antibiotics be afraid. But medical control is necessary. Only a specialist consultation will help to take into account all contraindications and indications and decide on the correct treatment.
Hot milk is the ideal way to drink a prescribed antibiotic.
This is not so, drink this product should be exclusively water, and in considerable quantities. Only in this case the antibiotic can completely dissolve and enter the blood. If you take antibiotics with milk, then the medicine will not produce any positive effect. The fact is that milk neutralizes the effect of the antibacterial drug.
Mold on products is useful.
Arguing in this way, people proceed from the fact that mold is penicillin. However, not every mold is capable of producing penicillin. This applies only to green mold. But even in the event that it appeared on food, the latter can not be eaten. It should be remembered that the antibiotics of the penicillin series are characterized by possible severe allergic reactions, which also develop very rapidly. Allergic rhinitis, hives, swelling of the larynx – all this can become a reaction to penicillin. However, the most terrible consequence of unreasonable “treatment” is anaphylactic shock. It can cause and at first glance (often only the first) harmless mold on cheese, bread and other products. Anaphylactic shock develops lightning fast and is fraught with a fatal outcome. In this regard, in no case can not eat foods that have a whitish-green color. In order to increase the length of storage of meat carcasses at meat processing plants, it is sometimes practiced to administer huge doses of antibiotics in them – contrary to popular belief, antibiotics remain in meat during cooking and, especially, during meat cutting. Particular attention should be paid to cleanliness in the house. Mold in the apartment should not become an “interior element”.
The high price of an antibiotic is the key to efficiency.
Insensitivity of microbes can develop both to an expensive antibiotic, and to a relatively inexpensive drug. Irrational use of antibacterial agents (even the most expensive ones) often does not lead to cure. A cheap but reliable remedy prescribed by a doctor, in this case is much more effective. The newest drugs, which have not yet developed the stability of microbes, can be useful in case of any serious disease. And for the treatment of minor diseases, doctors, as a rule, prescribe relatively antibacterial drugs.