is a term for general anesthesia, a condition in which a person is in an artificially induced sleep, while losing pain sensitivity. The goal is quite clear – to protect the body from painful sensations during surgery.
The first painkillers were made on the basis of plants (hemp, opium). In the 13th century, ether was discovered, and in the 15th century Paracelsus described its properties. A public demonstration of his action was made only in 1846, a year later anesthesia with the use of ether was applied in Russia.
Today, several types are used, both narcosis itself and the means used. Pharmacology does not stand still, so there are constant searches for the most effective means with minimal consequences for the body.
However, a person traditionally fears the use of anesthesia – psychologically there is an explanation for this, because control of the situation is lost. Therefore, despite the doctors’ assurances of anesthesia, there are many myths, some of which we will disclose.
When anesthesia a person dives into a dream, so nothing feels.
Not for any anesthesia this statement is true. There are modern types of anesthesia that allow the patient to maintain awareness during the operation. The use of this kind of anesthesia is possible, if there is no hard necessity to completely “disconnect” the subscriber. For example, conductive anesthesia is used only in cases where it is necessary to anesthetize a particular organ during surgery. Another example is surgery in the field of gynecology on the organs of the small pelvis. Often used such an anesthesia, in which the organs that are located below the injection site (usually the legs and abdominal cavity) are cut off. Doctors also use spinal anesthesia, which is characterized by blockage of all pain receptors throughout the body, but the brain continues to function. So do not be adjusted, that when anesthesia a complete “shutdown” will occur.
In case of anesthesia, an injection with an anesthetic drug is produced in a vein.
This type of anesthesia is used when operations are relatively simple, do not require intracavitary intervention. In other cases, anesthesia is more often used, which is based on the injection of an anesthetic drug into the region of the conduction nerve that goes to the affected organ. It is also possible to inject directly into the spinal cord or between its membranes. At many at a mention of a nyxis in this area simply shivers run on a skin as such prick seems very morbid. In fact, there are no painful sensations, since there are no sensitive cells, nerve receptors in this area. Surprisingly many, it is the injections in the area of the spinal cord that are the most painless. Often in complex operations, doctors use combined anesthesia, that is, first the sleeping pill gets into a vein, injecting a person into a dream, and after that other types of anesthesia are already used that cut off the nerves, brain, muscles.
Deep anesthesia is fraught with the fact that a person can not stand the heart, and he will not wake up.
This statement refers to surgical interventions in which a complete disconnection of consciousness occurs. Often there is a need for the heart and lungs in general not to work independently, but with the help of special equipment. For a layman, this situation may seem terrible, but for surgeons there is nothing unusual in it – it’s much easier to control the work of these vital organs, to monitor minute changes in their work, and also to fully control the general state of the body. If you need to respond quickly and decisively, it is with such anesthesia that doctors can take the necessary measures. If a patient has contraindications to such anesthesia, doctors will never offer or insist on its use. However, in the case when there is a question about the preservation of life, doctors can take the risk of complications for the sake of saving the main thing.If both anesthesia and an artificial respiration apparatus are used simultaneously, surgeons have more opportunities to help those patients who are not already helped by other types of surgical interventions. Naturally, doctors take into account the capabilities of the patient’s body, its age, all contraindications. Do not be afraid that after using breathing through the apparatus, you will have to learn how to breathe again. This is a natural process through which millions of patients have successfully passed.
Than to suffer anesthesia, it is better to endure the pain.
In fact, the feeling of pain does not pass without a trace for the body – every minute of it takes the precious moments of life afterwards. The pain responds to the invasion, which it can not tolerate. So everything that happens to the body and causes it pain is more harmful than anesthesia. All over the world, people approach pragmatically to this question – wherever it is possible to save the patient from unpleasant sensations, they do it. Modern medicine has a wide range of tools for this. So if a doctor offers anesthesia, believing that there is a need for it, you should not give it up.
If partial work of the sense organs is preserved during the time, then anesthesia does not work correctly.
There are types of anesthesia in which a person feels as if he hears voices of doctors in a distorted form, observes what is happening in the operating room. But this is just a manifestation of hallucinations, which are a consequence of anesthesia. Someone sees himself in heaven, someone – on an uninhabited island, it is only natural that someone sees the operating room itself. Do not pay any attention to this and assume that death was unusually close to you, if anesthesia was accompanied by unusual visions. The most modern types of anesthesia contain special drugs that successfully suppress the occurrence of hallucinations. Therefore, in such cases, a person does not feel anything and does not see, coming to consciousness already on a hospital bed. But the feeling of pain even with the action of anesthesia indicates a poor-quality procedure for anesthesia.
The person starts to suffocate under the influence of anesthesia.
Indeed, once long ago, the types of anesthesia were used, which were accompanied by such an effect. Even 20 years ago, during the gynecological interventions, women breathed through the mask with ether, but it turned out that it was also harmful, and not just unpleasant. Naturally, today such methods are no longer used. If doctors offer this kind of anesthesia, it is better to ask for a more modern one, and in case of refusal – to change the clinic.
If the doctor requires anesthesia, then the operation is very risky.
To be afraid of anesthesia, considering it an accompanying element of complex operations – an error. On the contrary, it is used to ensure that nothing bad happens during the operation, so that by agreeing to anesthesia, you help yourself and the doctors. Talk the day before with an anesthesiologist and follow all his requirements. Do not forget to mention what exactly you are afraid of, how an anesthesia was tolerated earlier. Try to take seriously the regimen recommended by doctors before the operation – do not smoke, drink, or drink excessive amounts of liquid. Such training is aimed just to prevent emergencies and complications. Do not refuse to take medication, prescribed in the morning before the operation. The fact is that it may well be strong sleeping pills, their reception, in fact, is already the first stage of anesthesia. With the help of them, you will fall into a deep, deep sleep before the operation, and the following pain relievers will be better and more effective.
If the patient is given too much anesthetic dose, then the output from it will be slow.
Completely the patient gets rid of the effects of anesthesia from one to four hours, it all depends on the characteristics of the body and the amount of the drug used. Normal or not departed from anesthesia patient, can only the doctor, having analyzed various indicators of the body.After surgery, a patient for a long time during the day is in a state of half-drowsiness, this should not frighten relatives, because the body still has analgesics. These drugs are injected to soften the postoperative sensations, because, despite the end of the anesthesia, the cause of the pain remains. In some patients after anesthesia, on the contrary, excessive excitement is noted. This may indicate that a person had previously abused alcohol or had certain mental disorders. But in this case, there is nothing wrong – the doctor prescribes sedatives and sleeping pills and the person will eventually return to normal.
After an operation with anesthesia, a person remains forgetful and absent-minded for a long time, as narcotic drugs remain in the brain.
In fact, drugs that are used in anesthesia come out of the body after just one or two days. But for some patients, for some time, the effect described in the myth is observed – they quickly become fatigued, do not focus well, mental work is a burden to them. But only in this situation, anesthesia is at fault – postoperative complications are to blame. For example, the body may lack oxygen, or the blood supply to the brain may be impaired. Therefore, after any complex operation, doctors recommend not to rush headlong into work, catching up, rest, give time to the body for recovery and adaptation.