Amazon is considered one of the natural wonders of the world. According to the latest data, it is the longest river in the world. From the source of Maranon to the Atlantic Ocean, the Amazon overcomes the path to 6992 kilometers.
The pool area and the river delta are also the largest in the world. The river was opened to the civilized world by the Spanish conquistadors in 1542. The river basin was called Amazonia.
This is the richest natural kingdom, whose area is comparable to all of Australia. It is no accident that Amazonia is called the lung of the planet. The unique ecosystem, thanks to man, in recent decades is threatened with destruction.
The famous river, because of its remoteness and extent, which is exotic for most people, is not well known. The main myths about this unique natural world we will consider.
It is easy to see animals in their natural environment.
Many people go here, expecting to see on the banks of the famous river jaguars, anaconda and otters. The truth is that the Amazon is not a zoo, but a habitat. Animals are usually hiding to protect themselves from enemies and from humans. To observe the virgin nature, you need perfect silence and the use of all your senses. Hearing a rustling, it will be possible to consider a zigzagged monkey. And if you’re lucky, then in the Tambopata reserve will show themselves colorful birds, digging in clay on the river bank. It’s easy to meet monkeys, smart otters. Near the villages of animals in general less, because they are hunted. But a lot of birds and insects.
Amazonia is dangerous. The dangers of the river are known to many, which are at least predatory piranhas. And although the pool is really inhabited by a lot of jaguars, anacondas and caimans, they shun people, preferring to eat something more natural for themselves. And most snakes and spiders are not poisonous. These creatures also hide at the sight of a person. Tourists traveling along the Amazon do not usually face dangerous animals, as they stay on well-groomed paths.
The conditions of the Amazon are very heavy.
It is commonly believed that the local tropical forests are very hot, wet and swarming with mosquitoes. Amazonia is wet during the rainy season, and in a dry season it has a pleasant climate. It’s hot in the open sun, but it’s not a problem to find a shadow in the forest. A mosquito bite can be avoided with tight clothing with long sleeves.
Only professional travelers-extreme travelers go to Amazon.
Reserves created on the banks of the river offer various activities for tourists. Extreme adventure tours are interesting to a few, the rest choose to walk along the paths in the cozy jungle. The hotels have hammocks, places for yoga, spa, massage, beauty treatments. And when some tourists climb into impassable thickets and climb trees, others on the bank of the Amazon relax and restore strength.
агрессив On the banks of the Amazon live aggressive savages with bows and arrows.
River tribes still live in the river basin, which avoid civilization. However, most people lead a habitual way of life. The indigenous inhabitants of the Amazon are strongly attached to the forests, which give them a livelihood. And although the aborigines remember their roots and observe national customs, they wear modern clothes, go to schools and do business.
Amazonia is an ordinary rainforest.
Amazonia is the largest tropical forest in the world. It covers 40% of the whole of South America and lies in the territory of eight countries. Because of the incredible variety of plant and animal species, Amazonia is called the genetic pantry of nature. This region is home to many nationalities, which can be divided into 400 tribes. There are many cultures, nature features can be used in medicine, and some features of the animal world simply do not have analogues.
Amazons lived on the banks of the river.
This myth appeared before the opening of the river. In their campaign for Colombia conquistadors allegedly met a people consisting of only women.In the report, the king of Spain wrote that the hunters named by the Amazons gave their sons to their fathers, and raised their daughters themselves. Slaves were needed only to conceive children, while the social system in the tribe was republican. And in 1542 a detachment led by Francisco de Orellana even entered into a military confrontation with a detachment of Amazons. It is believed that the courage of the warriors was so impressive to the Spaniards that they called the Amazon River the river they discovered. But modern researchers are skeptical about this story. Most likely, the Spaniards met with ordinary Indian women, and for the brave Amazons adopted long-haired male soldiers.
The Amazons got their name, because they lived on the banks of this river.
As mentioned above, the Spanish warrior women met before the opening of the river. The very word “amazun” was used by local tribes. It means “a rush of water”. So the Indians reacted to the powerful tides of the river, reaching the shafts to 5 meters and rumbling for hundreds of kilometers.
Jungle in the Amazon is completely overgrown, chopped through them will have a machete.
First of all, walking with a machete is unsafe – with this tool you still need to be able to manage. And it is better to give this work to the Indians. Places where you really need to cut through your path are rare. If it is about the sights around the town, then there will always be a hiking trail. If it concerns the journey between the villages, the Indians keep the roads from overgrowing. Hacking will have to be on hunting trails, but if such a journey is done just for the sake of a photo with a machete in hand, then you can ask the conductor to take him to a flat overgrown area for classy appearance. In reality, a newcomer simply has to go through the jungle with a machete in his hand very difficult.
The jungle is covered with flowers.
This is true, but the flowering is located on the upper tier of trees, hidden from the view of the person. The botanists believe that if all these flowers are brought down to earth, then the jungle with its diversity will become alpine meadow. And so below, the green predominates. Flowers are rare, they are large and unusual. The bushes and parasitic plants in the trees can bloom in the field of vision.
You can not swim in the waters of the Amazon and its tributaries because of piranhas.
It is believed that these predatory fish are the real nightmare of the Amazon. Piranhas attack the prey, for a minute, even a large animal is smoothed to the skeleton. Hollywood horror films only replicate this delusion. In all there are two dozen species of this fish, not all of them are predatory. But sharp teeth are their classic weapon. Researchers of the Amazon do not give reliable cases of piranha attack on a person with a fatal outcome. First of all, this fish is shy and easily falls into stress. In the Amazon rivers, children are splashing about, women wash clothes there, without fear of predatory fish. But before swimming in the Amazon, it is best to ask the guide if it is possible. In the river there are also no less dangerous caimans.
There are cruises along the entire length of the Amazon.
Basically cruises are offered by Brazilian companies. The offers vary in price, location and length of the route. The best water cruises in the Amazon usually start in Manaus, Buenos Aires, Barbados, Puerto Rico and even Fort Lauderdale in Florida. Brazilian companies also offer a standard route of 1600 kilometers from the Atlantic Ocean to the Brazilian city of Manaus. Large cruises usually include not only a visit to the Amazon, but also a visit to the Caribbean islands.
Swimming along the river you can admire both its banks.
It seems that, going on a water trip, you can enjoy the views of both banks of the river. In fact, even in the driest season, the average width of the Amazon is 8 kilometers. During the rainy season, the distance between the shores can increase to 40 kilometers. If you approach the one bank for a survey of the jungle, the second just disappears from view.That’s why passengers during the cruise are invited to use binoculars or to get acquainted with the terrain by going ashore.
All the big cities on the Amazon are in the jungle and isolated from the rest of the world.
This seems the city of Parintins, located between Manaus and Santaren. In the settlement there are 115 thousand people, but they have a strong connection with civilization. In 2006, Intel even equipped computers with two schools, a hospital, a community center. The city has built a wireless network based on the advanced technology WiMax. In June, the city celebrates the festival Boi BUMBA, the second largest in Brazil. During this time, the “isolated” population doubles.
The cities on the Amazon are small and backward.
In the middle of the Amazon lies the city of Manaus with a population of 1.7 million people. The peak of its development was the period in 1890-1920, when the world saw a rubber boom. Thousands of people traveled here to cultivate trees. Practically 90% of the world rubber was supplied by Manaus. It quickly became one of the richest cities in the world. Architects imported Scottish brick for finishing the mansions of the rich. Manaus for the opera theater took English cast iron, Italian marble and French ceramics. The building was opened in 1896, it cost 10 million dollars. This theater attracted such famous performers as Enrico Caruso and Jenny Lind, despite their exotic location. Opera Manaus with its 200 chandeliers and 700 velvet armchairs is great today. The municipal market has art-nouveau stained glass windows, copied from the Parisian Le-Al complex. Manaus is a paradise for an eco-tourist. There are hotels for hundreds of places with restaurants, shops, courts, swimming pools, beauty salons.
To see the Amazon, one must go to Brazil.
The river is so long and its basin is so large that the Amazon can be seen not only in Brazil, but also in Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela and Bolivia. The river has more than 1100 tributaries, 17 of which are more than 1500 kilometers in length. For example, the Napo River in Ecuador is one of the largest in the Amazon basin.
Travel through the Amazon will be accompanied by unbearable heat.
Tourists are very surprised when, in the evenings, it gets so cold that they have to wear a long-sleeved shirt and trousers on the boat. This happens during the rainy season. And the average temperature in the region is not as high as it was in the mid-80’s.
When traveling through the Amazon, do not see traces of the oil industry.
It seems that oil exploration is conducted somewhere deep in the jungle. But international companies from the US and China are looking for oil here everywhere. Right on the banks of the Amazon you can see oil depots, pumping stations and gas torches on the towers. And on the water go barges carrying heavy equipment.