(English zorbing – “descent from the slope of the zorba”) is a sport and extreme rest, in which a round transparent ball (zorb) is used to move along a flat or inclined surface.
(from English z-orbit – “unknown orbit”) – a ball of polyvinyl chloride about 13 cubic meters in volume. It weighs 70-80 kg, and consists of two spheres: the inner (diameter – 1.8 m) and the outer (diameter – 3.2 m), the distance between which is about 70 cm. In the inner sphere there is a zorbonaut (man, engaged in zorbing), or fixed in a special safety system (“suspension”, English harness), or having complete freedom of action.
You can enter the zorb through the entrance opening connecting the outer sphere with the inner sphere and having a diameter of 60 cm. In some cases, this hole is closed by a special valve.
Zorb was invented in 1973, but ubiquitous distribution was received in the 90s of the last century. Varieties of zorbing.
• Descent from the hills or “hill zorbing” (English hill zorbing, from hill – “hill”). Moreover, the passenger (or passengers) can either be fixed inside the zorba – then it is “harness hill zorbing” (from harness – “suspension system”), or stay in a ball without fastenings (English free hill zorbing, from free – “free”);
• Riding in the zorb on a flat surface, and the ball is driven by the passenger himself, who runs in the inner sphere (English run zorbing from run – “running”). Descent in the same way from the hills is called hill run zorbing;
• “Hydrozorbing” (English hydrozorbing from the Greek hydor – “water”) – the zorb is filled with water, which keeps the person in a certain position, because zorbonavt is not fixed. However, if the mounts do take place – this is harness hydro zorbing. If an unattached zorbonavt runs inside a sphere with water – this is called run hydro zorbing;
• Water skiing or water zorbing (aqua (water) zorbing from Latin aqua (English water) – “water”), and the ball can be used not only for walking or running, but also for various exercises. A variety of “water zorbing” is harness aqua zorbing (zorb with a zorbonaut anchored inside it is attached to the boat and moves along the surface of the water);
• “Snow Zorbing” (English snow zorbing, from snow – “snow”) – descent on the zorba from the hills covered with snow and ice. If the passenger is fixed – this is harness snow hill zorbing, if there are no fastenings – free snow hill zorbing. If zorbonavt runs inside a ball moving through the snow, this occupation is called run snow zorbing, and running off snow-covered elephants is snow hill run zorbing;
• “Aerosorbing” (English aero zorbing from the Greek aer – “air”) – riding in the zorb inside the aerotube (a device created for training parachutists and creating a powerful ascending airflow, in which a person experiences a feeling of free fall without risking at the same time to break up).
Zorbonauts competitions are not held yet.
Wrong opinion. In post-Soviet countries, Zorb is only a means of entertainment these days. And in Europe and America competitions for descent in the zorbas (without any fastenings) on the slopes of the hills have long been held. Interestingly, this kind of competition began after the betting between Andrew Akers and one of his American friends. Akers suggested the condition – if an American runs through the zorb from the top of the hill to his foot and never falls – he will get a Porsche car owned by Andrew. He agreed, and overcame almost the entire distance, losing his balance only a couple of meters to the finish. Since then, competitions are regularly held in which the athlete’s main task is to run as far as possible within the ball, and this is not so simple, since we have to fight against the centrifugal force (the main opponent of zorbonavt), trying to press it against the wall of the ball.
Zorb came up with Andrew Akers.
No, the first ball invented in 1973 by the engineer Gilles Ebersoll (France) and called the sphere “La Ballule.” At first, Gilles created a small sphere, then constructed a larger ball (diameter 6 m) and tested it himself , slipping first from the waterfall 10 m in height, and then – after making a descent on the slopes of Mount Fujiyama (Japan), but this invention has not gained much popularity.
A similar construction was created in the middle of the 90s by New Zealanders Andrew Akers merchant) and Dwyen van der Sluiz (one of the defense scientists The inventors argue that a reproduction of Leonardo da Vinci’s drawing “Vitruvian Man” was used to create the original version of the ball. At first, zorbas resembled ordinary cans of huge size, and a person who ventured to ride in such a shell experienced many unpleasant feelings. became much more comfortable when Andrew came up with the idea of joining two spheres (the larger one created by himself, and the somewhat smaller one proposed by Dwayne) into a structure between the walls of the There was a layer of air that minimized any overload. In the static state, the zorbs were supported by special springs-slings stretched between the walls of the spheres and serving as something like spokes in the wheel.
In the late 80’s, another sphere of this kind was created, called “ultraball”. Its creator, Josef Schweizer (Germany) used a framework of triangles (instead of the current springs-lines). This strange means of transportation also received no general approval. Only a few years ago the company Evento (New Zealand) designed Buzzball (English “noisy (sonorous) ball”), outwardly reminiscent of the creation of Schweizer. However, the aforementioned construction is much more complicated and consists of a ball assembled from 12 impact-resistant plastic elements consisting of triangles with polycarbonate windows. Inside the ball in a special shockproof design is a soft chair with attachments for a person who decided to ride on a “noisy ball.” The chair is equipped with wheels that allow it to be in the same position, regardless of the direction of travel and the speed of the ball (though sometimes the chair can still “tumble”, especially with sharp turns or starts) and safety belts. A passenger who climbs into Buzzball through a special hatch, which is then tightly closed, can control the movement with the help of two handles. In addition, to make efforts to move from the place, a person does not have to, since the ball is equipped with a battery that drives it.
Zorb can burst at high speed, resulting in zorbonavt injured.
Wrong opinion. Firstly, the speed of skating is usually about 15 km / h (the safe speed of this vehicle is 20-50 km / h, and the maximum possible speed is 113 km / h). Secondly, even if for some reason the outer shell of the ball is damaged – it will not burst, but will begin to be blown away (because the pressure in the space between the spheres is low) and immediately slows down the stroke and stops. This is proved by the results of crash tests: Zorb, which moved at a speed of 50 km / h, had to overcome obstacles of various kinds (sharp objects, walls, car) and successfully fulfilled the task. He rebounded from the walls, rolled over the car, and sharp objects left only small scratches on the walls of the ball. In this case, the dummy, fixed inside the zorb, did not receive any damage. In addition, according to statistics, for 10 years among zorbonavtov not a single accident.
In the zorb you can jump off a 100-meter rock – and remain unscathed.
Unfortunately, this is impossible – zorb is not designed for jumping from a height exceeding several meters. The ball itself will not suffer, but the person in it is likely to suffer injuries incompatible with life.Shots of different kinds of films, when the main character remains alive after this kind of trick, are just a montage.
Water zorbing and hydro-zorbing are one and the same.
Absolutely mistaken opinion! Hydrozorbing – descent along the slope (ramp) in the zorb, not equipped with zorbonavt attachments. In addition, some amount of water is poured into the inner sphere, sometimes with the addition of soap foam. It is she who keeps the person in a certain position, regardless of how exactly Zorb moves. Water Zorbing – movement on the surface of a body of water either in a conventional zorb, or in the so-called “water ball”, which was invented by engineer Hong Jung (Japan). Such a ball consists of one sphere (rather than two, like zorb, used for descents on slopes), whose diameter is about 2 m, wall thickness – 0.8 m, weight – 17 kg. To use it at first slightly inflated, after entering the person, the ball is finally filled with air, and hermetically closed. You can stay in this ball for about 25 minutes, after that you should update the air inside the sphere with the help of some air injection device. The advantage of the above-described ball is absolutely transparent walls, through which a person can not only admire the surrounding landscape and the water surface, but also observe the bottom of the reservoir.
While engaged in hydrozorbing, you can be drowned.
No, as the designers say, it is completely impossible, although sometimes water and zorbonavta rolls from head to foot. But getting wet to the thread is even possible, therefore, doing this kind of zorbing, it is very desirable to stock up on a towel.
Zorb is designed for only one passenger.
This is not true – there are zorbas for two passengers, but in this case they have a round shape rather than a cylindrical shape.
All the Zorbas have one entrance.
No, there are zorbs with one and two inputs. Moreover, these entrances (from a diameter of 60 cm to 1 m) can either remain open, or be closed with a special clasp.
In order to ride the zorb, you will either have to travel outside the city, to where there are gentle hills, or to visit the shore of the nearest pond.
Not necessary. On the zorbas you can ride with a specially designed ramp (hump), either inflatable or assembled from metal. The ramp can be installed both on city streets or squares, and in enclosed spaces. And from the stairs in the center of the city to go down on the zorba – no problem.
Zorbs are unstable to cold.
This is not true. Zorbas are divided into summer and frost-resistant, withstand temperatures of -20 ° C. And representatives of Zorb Event Company claim that their product can withstand temperatures from -70º to + 60ºC.
All zorbs of the same size are about 3 meters.
This is basically the case. However, there are also smaller children’s zorbs (the diameter of the outer sphere is 2.2 m, the inner diameter is 1.2 m) and huge balls, whose diameter can range from 6 to 12 meters. The latter are not used for skating, but serve only as ay-stoppers (English eyestopper), i.e. The way to attract viewers (or potential buyers) during mass events of various kinds.
Zorb can drown.
Wrong opinion. According to the designers, in order for the zorb to sink, it will be necessary to load it with a weight of at least 13 tons.
You can fall out of a rotating zorb.
No, it’s impossible. Zorbonavt is securely fixed inside the ball, while gaining freedom of movement. And the centrifugal force presses it against the walls of the zorba, again without letting it fly out. If the person inside the zorb is not fixed – the entrance is closed with a special membrane.
During the movement of zorba, a person inside can experience attacks of nausea.
Wrong opinion. The ball does not rotate so fast – it makes a full turn for 10 meters.However, beginners zorbonavtam recommended to ride from the gentle slopes, and only then go to the steeper slopes. In addition, according to the rules, you can not ride in a state of alcohol in a state of intoxication, or after a hearty meal.
Zogging is expensive.
Indeed, if you are determined to acquire your own Zorb, you will have to shell out for several thousand dollars. The domestic ball, made by the technology of Russian engineers, costs about $ 7,000, New Zealand – a little more expensive. But you can still go for a ride on the aforementioned means of transportation. To do this, you should visit the sports complexes or the banks of the reservoirs, where anyone can ride on Zorba for a very acceptable amount – from $ 11 to $ 16. The movement in the hydrozorb is somewhat more expensive – $ 50-70.
The length of the route for zorbing – no more than 300 meters.
Most often it is really so. However, in Ireland there is one of the longest descents – a gentle hill, whose length is 750 meters.
Zorb is an extremely cumbersome structure, so transporting it from place to place is a complicated matter.
And to inflate it you will need to spend a lot of time and effort. Yes, in an inflated form the ball takes up a lot of space, and to move it to the top of the hill will require a concerted effort of at least two people. However, if you release all the air – Zorb can easily be placed in the trunk of the car. The given design is inflated in just 7-10 minutes by means of a special pump.
If the Zorba shell is damaged by a sharp object, it can only be restored in the factory.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. First, skating on the zorb passes from the hills, previously cleaned from various sharp objects, which can damage the ball. Secondly, according to the cracks-tests, even the sharp objects can not damage the shell so easily. And, finally, if the outer shell of the zorb is damaged, it is easy to restore it, simply by gluing it with special glue. And after three minutes the ball will be ready for use again.
In Zorb can ride everything, there is no restriction.
This is not true. Since during the movement in the zorb the person experiences some loads, the restrictions still take place. Skating in the above ball is not recommended for pregnant women, people with diseases of the brain, heart, injuries of the musculoskeletal system, hypertension or hypotension, as well as suffering from osteoporosis and epilepsy. In addition, zorbonavt should not have with him piercing-cutting objects, any things in his hands (telephone, photo or video equipment, etc.), his shoelaces must be tied, belts buttoned, pockets closed (and preferably empty). Skating in heavy boots (ski, mountain) is prohibited, for zorbing, shoes that embrace the heel and shin (moccasins, sandals, sneakers) are best. However, on any footwear it is recommended to wear shoe covers – this helps to easily maintain the purity of the inner surface of the ball.
There are restrictions on growth and weight in zorbing.
These kinds of restrictions occur only in rare cases – in fact, for children, for example, a children’s zorb is ideally suited, and people with excess weight may well ride in a ball designed for two zorbonauts. In fact, zorbing can deal with citizens of any complexion, the only more or less serious restriction is the size of the entrance to the ball. It should also be taken into account that the more weight zorbonavta – the higher the jump of the ball (inevitable when hit by the slightest roughness of the soil) and the speed of skating.
You can not skate on sand or asphalt in the zorba.
It is possible, however, it is better not to do this, since particles of sand and dust settle on the surface of the zorba, it loses transparency and, as a consequence, attractiveness. Because if the route is created, for example, on the beach (asphalt site) – it is recommended to cover it with a special coating to protect it from contamination.
In the zorba you can travel by sea.
No, for the organization of zorbing it is preferable to use small water bodies (lakes or rivers with a mild course), since a sudden storm can turn entertainment into a rather complex rescue operation.
Zorb can only be pumped through a special valve.
This is indeed so. However, there is another way – pumping through the air-melt. It is slightly unbuttoned, the pump nozzle is pushed inside and the ball is pumped. After the pump is removed, and the zipper fastens fast. This method speeds up the pump a little, but often it is not worth using, since the air-melt in this case is worn out more quickly. By the way, pumping air with zorba should be carried out in the absence of precipitation (snow, rain) and strong wind (more than 7 km / hour).
During operation, Zorb will have to be constantly pumped up.
No, the Zorb design allows you to pump it only once – before you start using it. Additional pumping is not required.
In the zorb you can roll down from any slope, simply remove the stones and sharp objects from it.
Yes, but the best for zorbing is the angle of the surface from 15º to 25º, the length of the route is about 150 meters. From the slope, you should really remove all objects that can damage the ball in one way or another, but this does not complete the design of the track. In order to minimize the possibility of rolling the ball out of the route, along its entire length, a gutter is excavated with even walls and a bottom, the width of which is 3 m, and the depth is 1 m. As a stony or sandy ground will shorten the life of the zorb, the surface of the gutter or sow the lawn grass, or covered with something (strong fabric, artificial grass, etc.). At the beginning of the route, a comfortable landing site should be organized (a flat clean surface of at least 7×7 meters), at the end, a braking element (inflatable structure, strong braking network, earth embankment) with horizontal roll-out on the final section of the track is installed. He will not allow the ball to crash into the established obstacle at full speed.
Rolling zorb from the final point of the route to the initial one is not an easy thing.
Yes, it is. After all, up the slope the ball does not roll, but is dragged by dragging, because such a thing is beyond the power of one person. On small ramps installed within the city, to return zorb to start using an electric winch or a concerted effort of 2-3 people. On the slopes of the hills, use quad bikes or snowmobiles (depending on what time of year the zorbing goes).
After use, you can press the Zorb to accelerate the deflation.
To zorb blown off, you just need to open the valve and wait until the air comes out. And only the remains of air can be squeezed out by hand, or use a special vacuum cleaner. After that, close the valve (this will prevent the formation of condensation inside the ball) and remove the zorb in a special bag.
After skating on snowy slopes, the zorb should be completely blown off and then dried.
This is not quite true. It is best to dry the zorb in an inflated condition, but if this is not possible – you should open the valve, let the air go out, but do not squeeze out the leftovers, and transfer the balloon to the room, which is about 0ºC, and leave it for a couple of hours . Only after this the zorb can finally be blown off, the valves closed and packed. When storing the ball, the overheating of the shell should be avoided – all heating and lighting devices must be at least 1 meter away from the zorb.
Zorb is just an interesting attraction.
All depends on the individual perception of zorbonavtov. For some, zorbing is an extreme sport, for others it’s just a strange design of an incomprehensible purpose, for others it’s a kind of rest. And some people even see in it a deep philosophical meaning, arguing that Zorb is a conceptual symbol of four-dimensional thinking, breaking the rigid rationality of Malevich’s square.As some zorbonauts believe, skating in this balloon can lead to a certain change in the worldview and a shift in consciousness.