(Entozoa s. Helminthes) – worms parasitizing inside the body of different animals (in some cases on the body); are: 1) bandworm (Cestodes), 2) flukes (Trematodes), 3) roundworms (Nematodes) and 4) prickly heads (Acanthocephali). The most common human helminths are ascaris, pinworm (Oxyuris vermicularis), ribbons (Bothriocephalus latus), tapeworm and bovine tapeworm (Taenia solium, T. saginata), etc.
Worms can live in the intestine and internal organs. The intestinal gullet causes a variety of digestive disorders and a general eating and nervous system disorder; are expelled by anthelmintic agents. Worms of internal organs are much more dangerous (a bubbling worm of a tapeworm in the brain or in the heart, echinococcus, trichina), often lead to death.
Worm infection occurs either through testicles that come in contact with water, dust or food, or through the eating of meat in which embryos or worm larvae are found. (the so-called bubbly form, cysticerca of solitaires in pork and beef – “finnish meat”).
Safety measures against worms:
1) eating meat only in a well-cooked or fried form;
2) extreme neatness in the manufacture and use of food.
It is known that worms, they are helminths, accompany the person since ancient times – signs of infection have been found even in the mummies of the pharaohs. The results of helminthic invasion can be very diverse: from complete absence of symptoms to severe disease and death. Like any large-scale problem, helminth diseases give rise to a lot of errors. Here are the most common ones.
The clusters are the problem of the underdeveloped countries of Asia and Africa, we have nothing to worry about.
Actually, the problem of worms is relevant all over the world. According to the World Health Organization, only about 1.2 billion people a year are affected by ascarids around the world. And not all of them are residents of developing countries. Every third European is the “master” of one or more species of helminths.
If you follow the rules of hygiene, worms are not terrible.
This statement is only partly true. Indeed, if you keep your hands clean, there are only washed vegetables and fruits – the risk of picking up a “portion” of helminth eggs from the soil is significantly reduced. Helminths parasitizing in the human body are divided into three groups: nematodes – roundworms (pinworm, ascaris, whipworm, etc.); cestodes – tapeworms (bovine, pig and dwarf chain, wide ribbons, etc.); trematodes – flat worms (hepatic, feline and other trematodes). In total, there are more than 300 species of parasitic worms. decreases. However, a similar gift can be obtained with the meat of the infected animal, and from your favorite cat or dog, and even swallow some water when swimming in an open water body.
There are no worms in the meat from the store of eggs.
Not only meat from stores, but also what is sold in the markets, must undergo research on the presence of eggs and larvae of parasites. However, these measures still do not give an absolute guarantee. After all, for microscopy, several small samples from different parts of a piece of meat are taken, and if the eggs are small, they can simply not get into the material for research. In addition, there are still unscrupulous traders who manage to sell meat that has not been properly controlled.
In heat-treated products, helminths die.
This statement is true, but not for all types of worms. The fact is that the larvae of some of them (including one of the most dangerous – Trichinella), developing in the muscles of the animal, are covered with a dense capsule, rich in calcium. This capsule protects the larva of the parasite from the action of high temperature, but dissolves in the hydrochloric acid of the stomach, allowing the helminth to “populate” the human body.
Only the disadvantaged groups of the population become infected with Glistami.
It’s not true. The risk is almost the same, only the ways of infection are different.A wealthy person can buy himself a “freeloader” by eating raw fish (for example, sushi) or roast beef with blood; when swimming in a pond; from a pet, etc.
The main sign of infection with worms is leanness with good appetite.
In fact, the subtleties of metabolism – an individual thing. Someone can eat whatever they want, at any time, and remain thin without any parasites. Moreover, weight loss, as a result of helminthic invasion, appears only in the late stages of the development of the disease, when a large number of “dependents” appear in the body. In general, helminths may not manifest themselves for a long time, and a person feels almost healthy. The most frequent complaints when infected with worms are nonspecific, these are: nausea, salivation; diarrhea, constipation; skin itching, allergy (up to bronchial asthma); asthenia, nervousness, irritability; pain in the muscles and joints.
Gnashing of teeth in a dream in children is a sign of infection with worms.
Although research on this topic has been carried out repeatedly, the connection between worms and dental scraping has not been revealed. Grinding of teeth in a dream (bruxism) occurs due to an incorrect bite, diseases of the ENT organs or nervous disorders. A more reliable sign of infection of the child with worms is itching in the perineum. Often, he worries children who are struck by pinworms. This is due to the fact that during the night sleep the female pinworm crawls out of the anus to lay eggs in the folds around the anus. This exercise is accompanied by itching, sometimes so intense that the child wakes up. And eggs of pinworms under the fingernails, “mined” when carding, serve as a source of repeated infection.
Do not drink “chemical” drugs from worms, because there are many safe folk remedies.
To the contrary. Most of the folk anthelmintics are either ineffective (for example, onion and garlic), or very toxic and even poisonous (eg, a male fern). At the same time, modern pharmaceutical preparations are highly effective and relatively low-toxic.
You can get rid of worms with the help of enemas.
First, many helminths live outside the intestine, or in its upper regions, where the contents of the enema can not reach in principle. Secondly, worms-parasites living in the lower parts of the intestine are not badly adapted to this. They are firmly attached to the intestinal mucosa with the help of suckers or denticles, and some generally implant their head end into the intestinal wall. Therefore, the enema can do them no more harm than a person washing in the shower. Thus, no one is immune from helminths by one hundred percent. Therefore, adults and children should be tested at least once every few years for helminthic invasion, even if nothing is bothering. This does not take much effort, time and money, while at the same time helping to get rid of the uninvited “tenants” in time.