(Citrullus lanatus) is an annual plant of the pumpkin family, grown from fruit with a tasty, juicy and sweet flesh of bright red color. It differs thermophilic and drought-resistant, has a creeping, branching stem up to 2-3 meters in length, a large spherical fruit. There are 4 species of watermelon, all from southern Africa, where it still occurs in the wild.
This watermelon is bred in tropical and temperate countries around the globe, the most common in China, America and Russia (the Volga region and a number of southern regions). The best varieties in Russia are: Kamyshinsky, Astrakhan, monastic, and cerebro.
Watermelon is a berry?
Experienced crossword puzzlers know the watermelon as a berry. However, botanists do not quite agree with this definition. They consider the fruit as a berry with a thin skin, while a watermelon possesses a sufficiently serious skin, and as a result, it has been given the definition of a false berries (for professionals, the squash).
The best watermelons are Astrakhan.
Rather, the most popular and famous not only in Russia, but also beyond. The phrase “Astrakhan watermelon” has long been a household name, applied to the designation of any great tasty watermelon.
Delicious watermelon is very difficult to determine.
Indeed, because for this you need to know many different secrets of choosing this sweet berry. For example, such as the presence of a dark orange spot on the side of a watermelon, a dry tail, a shiny crust with the most bright and contrasting color, which is difficult to pierce with a finger, a sonorous sound when tapping a fruit. It is also known that the lighter the large watermelon, the richer it is.
There are no water-melons without pits.
Only not in our time. A few years ago, American scientists brought out a new variety of watermelon – small, with a thin skin and without seeds. Watermelons without pits are also quite common in Israel.
The pulp of the watermelon is exceptionally red.
Actually there are watermelons and with yellow flesh. True, the taste and shape of the seeds, they are very similar to a pumpkin, which can be enjoyed by not all lovers of watermelons. The yellow color in the watermelon was manifested after numerous experiments with seeds of wild watermelon, whose pulp is just yellow.
Watermelon is good for health.
Folic acid, represented in watermelon flesh as in no other plant product, has a huge impact on the processes of blood formation and maintains a delicate balance of chemical processes in the human body. In addition, watermelon has a diuretic and restorative property, removes harmful substances from the body (for example, those from which stones are subsequently formed in the kidneys) and excess cholesterol. Long-term use of the pulp of watermelon helps to cope with chronic gastritis. Watermelon is also useful for future mothers and mothers who are breastfeeding their babies – it makes up for the loss of water and iron in the body, both mother and child. For patients with diabetes mellitus, watermelon is almost the only sweetness that they can eat without compromising their fragile health.
Watermelon can be used as a cosmetic.
Kashitza and juice obtained from the pulp of watermelon have a good effect on dry skin, and the frozen flesh itself can be used to tone the skin of the face, neck and décolletage.
Watermelon peel is useless.
In fact, from dried watermelon crusts you can cook and take broths all year round, which have an equally strong diuretic effect, as well as fresh juicy pulp. In addition, from watermelon crusts you can prepare a tasty and nutritious dish, which will please both adults and children – candied fruit.
Watermelon can remove acne and freckles.
To do this, enough to crush, and then grind the watermelon seeds together with water in a proportion of 1:10 and apply the resulting composition for 20 minutes on defective skin.