It is said that vodka is the source of all the troubles of the Russian people, but thanks to it, much has been done. This alcoholic drink is drunk cold, it warms, a lot of snacks will suit it. Despite the fact that the drink is fairly considered national, we know about it not so much. Most of the information on vodka – myths, which is the time to debunk.
Vodka is a Russian national drink.
For some reason, it is commonly believed that vodka has been drunk in Russia since time immemorial. In fact, the first distillation vodka appeared in our country only in the 18th century. And it was created not at all for use inside, but for perfume. Until then vodka could not be produced for a simple reason – there was no technical means. In the rich houses, including the Tsar, servants were engaged in the production of vodka. In fact, it was the most banal moonshine, whose recipes can not be counted. And it was called such a hot drink otherwise – bread wine. And in ancient times, a drink, a fortress of 38 degrees, was called a semigar, which indicates the achievement of the limit of combustion. But no one thought of using glasses, the drink was used primarily for treatment. For the people, vodka became available in mass quantities in 1936, and here Mendeleev’s research had nothing to do with it. Simply, the country’s leadership has decided in this way to give the people a cheap and effective liquor.
The recipe for vodka came up with Mendeleyev, who installed her canonical fortress at 40 degrees.
In fact, the famous chemist studied the compounds of ethyl alcohol and water. Mendeleyev was interested in the physical properties of the solution – specific gravity and contraction. The total volume of such a mixture was less than the sum of volumes of separately alcohol and water. The fact is that the molecule of alcohol hydrate is more compact than the molecules of the constituents. In 1887 Mendeleyev’s work was published under the title “Connections of ethyl alcohol with water”. Perhaps the myth came from the fact that the scientist for some time headed the commission to streamline the production and sale of weak alcoholic beverages. But here, too, it was not about the recipe for vodka, but about the accrual of excises. Mendeleev himself never drank vodka at all.
Vodka was invented in Russia, in order to better tolerate frost.
In the cold, hot drinks are actually absorbed more easily. But vodka was destined to become a Russian national drink for quite a different reason. The point is that in the middle belt the grapes grow poorly, but there are a lot of cereals in Russia. Before the distillation was invented, our ancestors drank such hopping drinks as honey, beer, kvass. For their preparation used berries, honey and grain. The wine, so widespread in Europe, reached the Slavs through Byzantium. It is quite logical that there was a tradition of creating alcoholic beverages based on grain, because this raw material was both inexpensive and widespread. The first semblance of vodka appeared in Russia in the XIV century, when the Genoese ambassadors brought grape alcohol to the royal court. First it was used as a medicine, and then it began to be used already for entertainment purposes, diluted with water. In the same century, we were able to create an analogue of foreign grape alcohol from cereals, so the history of Russian vodka began.
The best snack for vodka is a pickled cucumber.
To prove this myth, Chekhov’s words lead us that over the past two hundred years scientists have not thought up snacks better than a salted cucumber. However, this can be contrasted with the replica of Professor Preobrazhensky: “A man with a little respect for himself operates snacks hot”. And then he is right. The fact is that watery snacks – cucumbers, tomatoes, mushrooms, dilute alcohol essences. Vodka because of this intoxicates even more, deliberately hitting the legs. Entering into interaction with hot food, vodka gives its alcoholic fluids to the brain, giving an attack of peculiar euphoria.
The price of an expensive bottle of vodka is determined by the cost of raw materials.
In fact, the most expensive component of vodka is ethyl alcohol, inexpensive.Liters cost about $ 2 and it’s enough to produce five bottles of vodka. So the cost of elite drinks does not increase due to unique ingredients.
Impurities contained in vodka are harmful to health.
How can I not remember the fusel oils that poison people. In fact, the main protagonist in most alcoholic beverages is ethyl alcohol. The same impurities, which are naturally formed by the production of the same vodka, add little to the strong impact of the alcohol itself on the body.
Vodka knows how to warm up.
This is one of the most established myths about this drink. Under the influence of alcohol, blood vessels in the extremities and capillaries expand. The warmer blood drains from the internal organs and enters the skin and limbs, causing the same feeling of warmth. However, with prolonged exposure to cold on the body, it may be that important internal organs will suffer from hypothermia. The very person will feel a deceptive feeling of warmth.
Vodka should be drunk ice cold.
In fact, this tradition has appeared recently. In perestroika times, foreign brands burst into the country, led by the “Absolute” and “Finland.” They were associated with Scandinavia and with cold. So there was a tradition to cool vodka. In fact, this habit is fundamentally contrary to the historical Russian drinking traditions. It was always customary for us to drink vodka, not chilled, but at room temperature. After all, vodka, like any other alcoholic beverage, is needed not to quench your thirst, but to improve your mood. Cooling the same beverage is intended to emphasize its taste, and in fact it does not have vodka, like color, and smell.
Vodka is a non-noble drink.
It all depends on who, when and how to drink. It has long been considered vodka not only a pure, but also a noble drink. About two hundred years ago, good vodka was considered a truly royal gift. She delighted European celebrities, and today for foreigners vodka is the best souvenir. You just need to preserve the culture of consumption.
Only vodka can be drunk in Russia.
We tend to be lenient towards foreigners who add vodka to cocktails or drink it in their pure form in small sips. It is believed that only we are able to drink vodka correctly. Foreigners just do not understand it, getting drunk literally from the first glass. Only here it is forgotten that foreigners know a lot of spirits not of Russian origin – gin, grappa, tequila, whiskey, rum, brandy. In Western countries, there is simply another culture of drinking. If our feast begins immediately with a forty-degree drink, then it is customary to serve strong drinks only after a hearty meal. By the way, the same cocktails only seem so light and simple, their intoxicating effect is even stronger than that of pure alcohol. And any bartender can tell about it.
From vodka all the troubles in Russia.
Alcoholism for Russia really is a national disaster. But it’s silly to blame vodka for everything. Simply, it is the most common and most accessible of strong spirits. And with this it is impossible to fight. Authorities tried to solve the problem with the help of “dry” law, but people did not drink less, they just switched to other types of alcohol.
Grain vodka is better than potato vodka.
Today, production technologies are so developed that it does not matter from what raw materials vodka is produced. For example, in 2010, the world’s competition was dominated by English vodka from potatoes.
Vodka kills germs.
It is said that this is why it helps to resist illnesses. The truth is only partly, the microbes do disappear. But not only harmful, but also useful. And the person resists hypothermia or illnesses thanks to not so much vodka as to self-suggestion. After all, this drink is quite active on the brain. As a result, a person begins to realize that he has become stronger and stronger.At the same time the organism falls into a kind of dormancy, the metabolic processes are suspended. As a result, it happens that a drunk person can spend the night on the cold ground and nothing will happen to him, but on the other hand in the cold you can get unnoticeable hypothermia. So vodka is a rather insidious “medicine”.
Vodka is cleaned with milk, silver or gold.
In fact, such statements are meaningless. The fact is that alcohol is a rectificate. Ideally, it is absolutely clean, corresponding to the GOST. If you follow the technology of the other simply does not work. But wood alcohol, moonshine, or vodka can be tried to clean the impurities, letting the drink through wood alcohol. All the rest – advertising tricks, designed to increase the cost of vodka.
Buying vodka, we sponsor our state.
So it was under socialism, and with the issuance of Yeltsin’s decree to end the state monopoly on vodka, everything ended. Currently, the state from the sale of vodka receives only 1-5 percent of revenue. The rest is received by the manufacturer and intermediaries. Yes, and excise stamps are easy to buy in the same Internet at a price much lower than the state.
Vodka production is complex, and therefore expensive.
In fact, only the distillation column is complicated. However, alcohol is not produced at the factories where vodka is produced. In Russia, domestic alcohol after tax is sold at 60 rubles. And this is also expensive, because in Kazakhstan and Kabardino-Balkaria alcohol is generally not taxed. It can be purchased there twice as cheaply. A liter of alcohol is enough for five bottles, as already said. As a result, the cost of a solution of alcohol and water is 5 rubles 60 kopecks per half-liter bottle. That’s what the simplest vodka is worth. If sellers suddenly became honest, then this drink would be sold at 15-20 rubles, a slightly higher price would be determined by the exclusive form of the bottle. In fact, vodka costs 80-100 rubles in our stores.
If you insist on vodka for a long time on herbs, pine nuts and other, then it can become tasty and healing.
By purchasing such an infusion of vodka, it should be understood that there is a bit of the corresponding essence and a bunch of dyes. Talk about the real benefits are not necessary, but the price is noticeably increasing. For example, pepper vodka, infused with real pods, will never turn red or yellow.