– infectious diseases transmitted, as a rule, by sexual intercourse. Diseases transmitted in intimate proximity, described by Hippocrates. Since then, the list of these ailments has significantly increased, they have learned how to properly treat and talk about them openly. True, the latter fact, strangely enough, added a lot of trouble to the doctors: venereal diseases were overgrown with a lot of rumors and legends.
Syphilis or gonorrhea can be infected in everyday life, for example, after taking a bath after a sick relative.
Almost all microorganisms that cause sexually transmitted diseases can remain viable on a wet towel or washcloth for several hours. But if you follow the elementary rules of hygiene, that is, do not wear other people’s things (including earrings), do not smoke someone else’s cigarette, do not use someone else’s lipstick, brush your teeth with someone else’s brush, and so on, you can not get infected. Cases of domestic infection are rare, but still occur. Dangers of occupational infection are most often experienced by doctors – surgeons, dentists and gynecologists. They are in contact with an environment in which pathogenic microorganisms can exist, and in fact gloves are sometimes torn.
If a man repeatedly ill with gonorrhea, he will become impotent.
If you treat the disease right away and right, it will not affect the male potency. If not – gonococcus make its way up the genitourinary ways and can cause infertility, and impotence, and other diseases.
There are new microorganisms that can penetrate even through a condom.
Actually, a condom (both female and male) protects against infections in most cases. Provided that it has a quality certificate, it is correctly selected (this applies to male condoms, since they come in different sizes) and is correctly used. A woman can reduce the likelihood of infection by using candles, cream, pills. True, her partner will not protect these funds. By the way, oral sex is as dangerous as the traditional one. After all, in the oral cavity microbes can live no less comfortably than in the vagina.
Oral sex is safe.
Most venereal diseases are transmitted through oral sex without a condom. However, it should be noted that the risk of infection is lower than with sexual intercourse in the vagina.
A diagnostic method has appeared that allows one analysis to determine all diseases.
One of the methods of modern diagnostics (PCR-polymerase chain reactions) really makes it possible to identify the “culprit” of the disease, including the venereal one. But this method has its own nuances. If, for example, a person was sick with chlamydia, then for some time in his body can remain “traces” of this ailment. Therefore, choose what kind of analysis to make (and there are many of them – bacteriological, bacterioscopic, serological, cultural), should only the doctor.
Sexual contacts with people who are periodically checked for venereal diseases (workers of trade, food production, children’s institutions, etc.) are not associated with the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
It’s hard to agree with this. First, similar mass examinations include only a general smear and serological responses to syphilis. At the same time, it is easy to miss a whole series of venereal diseases (chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, viral infections), which can proceed without changes in the general smear. Secondly, often such surveys are conducted formally or in general “virtually”.
There are antibiotics that can cure any infection in just three days.
There is no universal pill for all diseases. For example, syphilis is best treated with penicillin drugs, chlamydia – tetracycline. And special rigid schemes are used only in the treatment of syphilis and gonorrhea. In other diseases, the doctor selects medicines in each specific case and adjusts their intake.”Self-activity” in the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases is categorically contraindicated. After using one drug for the same disease, you can get a completely different result, which depends … on the acidity of the stomach, for example. In addition, venereal diseases are rarely found alone. Most often “in the company” with gonorrhea it is necessary to treat trichomoniasis or chlamydia, and sometimes even those far from dermatovenereology of the disease, for example, viral hepatitis, which is transmitted at intimacy. Having cured one of them with a drug recommended by a neighbor or medical reference book, it is possible to develop in other microorganisms a strong immunity to this drug. And do not ignore the recommendations for taking medications. Do you know that alcohol, even in small quantities (beer, rum-cola) interacts with an antibiotic like alkali with acid? There is a normal reaction of neutralization!
It is almost impossible to cure chlamydia.
Properly conducted treatment will save the patient from chlamydia. However, in addition to antibiotics, immunostimulating drugs will be needed. Chlamydosis often causes both male and female infertility. But even if a woman succeeds in getting pregnant, there may still be a threat of an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage.
If you are close to a sick partner, you can not catch it.
It happens, but rarely. Around the world, there are only a few cases when the fate of the AIDS virus carriers was favorable. Most often the infection penetrates into the body. It is interesting that only those who had close contact with the patient are subject to preventive treatment (prescribed to prevent the disease), for example, syphilis. So if a man changed his wife with a suspicious person and returned to the marriage bed the next day, and then came to himself and ran to the doctor, the injections will be assigned only to the culprit of the accident. The incubation period of most infections is large enough so that the wife also has time to get infected.
Douching immediately after sexual contact can significantly reduce the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases in women.
According to modern ideas, syringing does not reduce the risk of infection with sexually transmitted diseases. Moreover, it promotes the promotion of pathogens in the upper parts of the female genital organs, contributing to the development of complications (inflammation of the uterus and appendages of the uterus).
Urination and blushing of the genitals immediately after sexual contact can significantly reduce the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases in men.
The risk of infection may be somewhat reduced, but how much is unknown. Harm from such preventive measures will not be. However, one should not rely on their effectiveness.
There are methods that reduce the risk of infection in extreme situations, for example, if a condom has torn.
In the arsenal of physicians there are indeed such means, they need to be applied within a few hours after sexual intercourse. But nevertheless these medicines do not guarantee absolute safety. For several months, you need to monitor your health and, with the slightest suspicion, see a doctor. And what if the condom broke, and there is no saving medicine at hand? As soon as possible to empty the bladder, wash the external sexual organs with household soap and, without delay, consult a doctor.
Prophylaxis with chlorhexidine (miramistine, gibitane, etc.) is a reliable method of preventing sexually transmitted diseases.
This is a very unreliable method. He does not give any guarantees (despite promises of producers). Moreover, in some cases, such prevention can do more harm than good. For example, a person completely relying on this method, lives a promiscuous sex life without a condom. However, he does not consider it necessary to be checked by a venereologist. As a result, he risks acquiring a whole “bouquet” of sexually transmitted diseases.In addition, in women douching with chlorhexidine contributes to the development of vaginal dysbiosis – the so-called bacterial vaginosis (gardnerellez).