(English tune – adjust) – customize the car according to owner’s tastes or operating conditions. Tuning includes a multi-level and versatile refinement of the car.
includes a complete or partial reconfiguration using additional parts. The most common way to increase engine power is to install a turbocharger. No less effective, albeit more complicated, method is the installation of nitrous oxide injection (NOS) (nitrous oxclasse system). Also with the installation of additional parts, the standard (crankshaft, pistons, nozzles, fuel pump, filters, collectors, etc.) is also practiced.
involves replacing standard shock absorbers with stiffer ones and springs for shorter ones. This leads to a reduction in the vertical stroke of the wheel, which makes the car more stable. Likewise, the levers and the “rubber bands” change to more hardy ones, since a stiffer suspension quickly “kills” their native silent blocks and ball bearings.
stands apart, although it is directly connected with tuning the engine. It involves setting up electronic control units. As a rule, the engine tuning and transmission control blocks are subjected to the tuning, since they determine the speed of the work of the units and, as a result, the speed of the entire car.
Tuning the salon
often changes it beyond recognition, but the most common changes in the cabin are: a sports steering wheel, a gearbox knob, anatomical chairs (so-called “cradles” or “buckets”), additional instruments (boost pressure, temperature and oil pressure , an additional tachometer and, of course, an audio system.
is no less spectacular than the tuning of the cabin.The simplest is the installation of an aerodynamic body kit that includes front and rear bumpers, side skirts and a wing. The new wheels perform several tasks at once, the first is aesthetic beauty, however, the fast machine should look beautiful, the second one – weight reduction, the alloy wheels are much lighter than the standard steel , accordingly, dynamics is improved and fuel consumption is reduced, the third is reliability, light alloy wheels are much stronger than their stamped counterparts, and the fourth is the larger the diameter of the disc, the shorter the rubber height, which is noticeable but improves controllability.
(car coloring) is a more complicated way, here talented airbrushes create whole pictures that make the car really unique, and unrepeatable.
Body tuning improves aerodynamics.
In fact, in most cases the body that undergoes changes has the worst aerodynamics, since the vast majority of tuning workshops and manufacturers of tuning accessories do not have their own wind tunnels, as a result of which the fit is carried out with huge tolerances.
The forced engine has a low resource.
Optional, especially if the power increase is achieved by polishing, increasing the compression ratio and changing the exhaust system. In these cases, the resource is even increased. In addition, some changes have no effect on the resource – for example, boring and others.
The spoiler allows you to accelerate faster and to a higher speed.
Wrong, since the spoiler actually worsens the aerodynamic qualities of the car, reducing its maximum speed and increasing the acceleration time. The true purpose of the spoiler is to improve handling at high speeds by creating a clamping force. In addition, it improves it only when properly installed.
If the engine has a small volume, the flow rate will be small for any tuning.
At high rates of forcing, especially when not in the factory, fuel consumption can grow many times, regardless of volume.For example, a 1.6-liter VAZ engine, being boosted to 150-180 hp, requires 80-90 l / 100 km.
All engines can be forced the same way.
Different engines, in addition to the general characteristics, also have their own specifics, so in some cases, forcing can lead to either undesirable consequences, or the engine may not improve its performance.
Short transfers reduce the maximum speed.
Short transfers are usually called close series of gear ratios, which simply provide faster acceleration and easier switching. In addition, higher gears are usually not brought together.
Powerful audio system – it’s cool!
In fact, a powerful audio system can seriously increase fuel consumption and quickly land a battery. In addition, it contributes to the rapid deterioration of the generator. Even athletes who compete in the field of auto sound have sports and everyday audio systems.
In racing chairs is very convenient.
In fact, racing chairs are designed primarily for better safety and weight reduction for cars. Convenience of their use, especially long-term, is doubtful.
Leather chairs are better than usual.
Not always. Usually in cars of low and medium price categories, not too high-quality leather is used, or in general its artificial substitutes. Such seats are usually slippery and surpass the fabric only in appearance.
If the engine is deforested, the cost will be reduced.
Usually, when the engine is deformed, the engine goes to a lower grade of fuel, but at the same time the fuel consumption increases sufficiently so that costs can stay the same and may even increase …
The streamlined lines of the body reduce fuel consumption.
Sometimes this is the case, but sharp broken lines, arranged in certain proportions, help to save fuel better.
A front-wheel drive car can not withstand more than 250 hp.
The machine will withstand this and even more power. Another thing is that the handling will decrease slightly due to vibrations.
You can reprogram the motor with a conventional laptop.
To do this, you need special software, a special adapter, or even better – a universal tester-programmer.
The turbine will not increase fuel consumption if it is well tuned.
The turbine will increase fuel consumption in any case, since it compresses the mixture, allowing more cylinders to be fed at a time.
The body does not fall apart if it is slightly cut.
The body does not fall apart, but it will seriously weaken, because of what the car will lose in rigidity. As a result, in an accident, the body will most likely just turn out.
The compressor is better than the turbine – it’s not for nothing that it’s put on the Mercedes.
Actually, the compressor is less productive than the turbine, because it does not give such a high return and seriously increases fuel consumption. And the Mercedes compressors put more likely because of adherence to traditions.
Real straight-flow must roar!
This straight-through silencer should not sound louder than usual. But the fact is that it costs 5-6 times more than a “loud” direct flow.
The tuning car can be sold more expensive than the standard one.
Usually tuning cars are less popular and are bought cheaper than usual due to the fact that such a car is removed from the warranty and, in addition, tuning cars usually do not travel slowly and accurately.
Slots in the hood cool the engine.
If you make slots in the hood, the engine is likely to warm more. For its better cooling it is necessary to draw a hood, for example, in the wings.
Metal bumper is stronger than plastic.
Rather simply dangerous for pedestrians and drivers. Modern polymers can be stronger than metal, but at the same time softer and more elastic …