When this word is heard, one immediately remembers the hard times of the Troubles in Ancient Rus, thinks about the unrest of the people and about the crisis. In fact, it is also a unit of measurement equal to 1.7 meters. And it appeared in 1958, when Oliver Smoot, who was studying at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology at that time, was offered to measure the bridge between Boston and Cambridge. A ruler was made by Smoot himself. He just lay down for the ground, after which cheerful students made notes. The operation was repeated until the bridge ended. As a result of unusual measurements, it turned out that the length of the Harvard Bridge is 364.4 distemper and one more of his ear. Even today on the bridge you can see these marks. And although in 1988 the facility was reconstructed, the police asked to keep the historical marks. And it’s not about the sense of law enforcement humor. Just with the help of mark-ups, the police could easily identify the scene of the accident. Smoot was so demanded by the system of measurements that it is present even in Google’s calculator and in the Google Earth program. And the student, who became the hero of an unusual experiment and made his body a new unit of measurement, eventually headed the International Organization of Standards. It’s good that Smoot had the humor not to make a new unit standard for everyone.
Index of the Big Mac.
It turns out that Big Mac is not just a famous sandwich from the famous restaurant chain. With the help of this dish, scientists have learned quite reliably compare the economies of different countries. This strange practice was introduced by the journal Economist in 1986. For example, in 2012, for $ 50, you could buy 23 Big Macs in Ukrainian McDonald’s, as much as in Hong Kong. But in Switzerland or Norway for the same amount was supposed to only seven sandwiches. Based on the value of the Big Mac, scientists have drawn a conclusion about how the economy is doing in these countries. And although such a rating seems frivolous, some countries even embarked on fraud, in an attempt to artificially improve their rating. For example, Argentina artificially raised prices for the Big Macs, trying to look better and more secure about their competitors.
Method of “Waffle House”.
The chain of restaurants “Waffle House” is proud not only of the quality of its product, but also the stability of its work. It is believed that any visitor, regardless of the weather, can try delicious waffles and pastries. The stability of the work of wafer restaurants has even become a kind of standard for the US Federal Agency for Emergency Management. After all, you can evaluate the conditions around. If the restaurant works, then not everything is so bad. If even the Waffle House was closed, the disaster turned out to be so serious that immediate assistance is required.
Index of Sting pain.
When people claim pain, they do not think that it can be measured. Entomologist Justin Sting created a scale that allows you to estimate the pain index that is present after an insect bite. The readings range from zero to four balls. Zero – this is a barely noticeable inconvenience, but the four means a strong pain shock, which can cause a person to fall to the floor and even lose consciousness. It turns out that in nature there are insects that are able to reward the strongest pain. For example, the wasp Tarantula Hawk is the creature whose bite will reward the person with fourth grade pain according to the Sting scale.
The level of stress on the scale of Holmes and Rache.
People have learned to measure and such an elusive thing as stress. A special scale was created, the critical bar on which are 300 points. It is believed that someone who has a higher stress indicator, runs the risk of either going insane or even dying. And such a scale was developed in 1967 by scientists Thomas Holmes and Richard Rache.They densely engaged in the study of human stress, evaluating the 43 most common events in our life. So there was a scale assessing the impact of harmful factors for mental health. The death of a loved one Holmes and Rache was rated at 100 points, problems at work – at 23 points, Christmas was given 12 points, holiday – 13 points. Even a minor offense is a stress, estimated at 11 points.
In this case, the units of measure are really tied to the Hollywood actress. But what can you measure it with? Level of sexuality or volume of lips? In fact, her name has become a measure of much more serious things. It’s no secret that the actress is actively engaged in humanitarian programs, helping, in particular, people from Third World countries. Angelina Jolie even adopted several children from different poor countries. In honor of her, the unit of measurement of Jolie was devised, which determines what kind of international assistance the country receives after calling on her for some world celebrity. For example, in 2005 the per capita income in the Republic of Congo was 11 dollars. And in Darfur, Sudan, where there were similar economic conditions, after the charity visit of Jolie, the income grew and amounted to 300 dollars. Thus, the population has become richer at times.
It is believed that martial arts develop in a person’s patience and endurance. Real fighters do not get embarrassed by bruises, bruises and the sight of blood. But sometimes blood loss can be serious. In the battles for the rules, a scale is used to determine the cruelty and bloody nature of the battle. One received by the fighter scratch is equated to the tenth muta. The most serious damage is estimated as a whole muta. In 1992, even a wrestler with the nickname “Great Muta” even entered the history. The fact is that his injuries received by him were evaluated on a bloody scale. And the duel with his participation became the bloodiest in the history of fights without rules in Japan.
This unusual unit is designed to evaluate the amount of capsaicin in chili pepper. Thanks to the skill, you can understand how hot and sharp the product is. And if Justin Schmidt tried the whole scale on himself, then the author of this scale of measurements decided not to try a bunch of different hot peppers. He acted much wiser. To this end, essential oils were extracted from plants, which under some conditions can produce heat. And the level of the stiffness could be determined with the help of that number of sugar and water, which had to be added to the oil to stop the release of heat. The more additives required, the higher the level of the Skvill. For example, Thrinidad Moruga Scorpion pepper oil had to be diluted from one and a half to two million times before it could be fit for human consumption. Interestingly, that pepper spray, which is used by many for self-defense, is with this hot pepper approximately on one step on the scale.
This unit of measure shows how much the deadly risk increases when doing routine daily tasks. For example, one micromot is, in fact, a chance for a million. This is the risk of death for those who live in the nuclear power plant for five years, who drinks water from a tap in Miami for a year, who stayed in New York for two days or who was in a coal mine for an hour.
Belgium and Wales.
The British generally have a fairly large practice of using non-standard descriptive units of measurement. Here you can estimate the area by football fields, or Olympic pools. But the most strange of the descriptive units is Wales and Belgium. It’s about the size of countries. For Wales, it is about 20 thousand square kilometers. There was such an estimate even in the times of the British Empire. With its help it was possible to describe the size of remote regions, of which the British had a vague idea.So at the beginning of the war in Vietnam, the media simply described it as a country in Southeast Asia, whose size is 14 Wales. And after the accession of Great Britain to the European Union, Wales was simply replaced by Belgium. The new unit was one and a half times more than before. But now such a measuring tool has become much more international.
There are many ways to measure radiation. Most of them were named after some scientists – Geiger, Roentgen, Sievert. But the banana equivalent initially does not look particularly scientific. In fact, eating every such fruit, we get a small dose of radiation into the body. It is 0.1 microsievers. Obviously, the dose is harmless, but with its help it is possible to evaluate quite real exposures. For example, in order to get the radiation that splashed out because of the accident at the Japanese Fukushima, it would have to eat as many as 76 million bananas. It is interesting that such an unusual unit of measurement – a banana equivalent, was invented by comedians as a joke. It all started with a well thought out table in the popular comic magazine. However soon this unit began to use quite respected Forbes and BBS, due to its ease and accessibility.
The unit of measurement sounds as if it is intended to measure which underwater creatures. In fact, this “crab” has nothing in common with arthropods. Crabs and their derivatives, millibrabs, are used to express the intensity of radiation sources in space. Such an illogical name actually came from the Crab nebula, the large remaining part of the ancient supernova. It is known for the fact that it intensively and constantly emits cosmic X-rays. Crab nebula has become the best standard for cosmic radiation, replacing much more uncomfortable prototypes from the metric system. True, recently scientists have discovered that radiation has become less stable than previously thought. So the competence of the “crab” to be the standard is currently being challenged by some scientists. The bearded second.
In physics and technology there are many different measurement systems, they are there and really funny. Among them, and a secondary beard. This measure is of short length, which is determined by the distance over which the hair of the beard grows on average in one second. This unit appeared, being inspired by the light year and as a kind of parody of it. But it is not easy to determine precisely the bearded second, because the standard of the beard and its growth simply does not exist. Despite this, it was possible to establish the value of this strange unit – it is about 5 nanometers. This is based on the fact that in the year about 31.5 million seconds, and the standard beard during this time grows by 15 centimeters.
For those who have visited Australia, this unit may seem familiar. The fact is that on this continent it appears not only in colloquial speech, but even in official documents. This strange name is used to measure a large volume of water. As a standard, the Sydney Bay was taken, it is used approximately, as Wales and Belgium for comparison of the area. One Sidharb is about 562,000 megalitres of water, which are near Sydney at high tide. Is it any wonder that such a strange unit has not gained popularity anywhere outside Australia?
Furlong, Firkin and Fortnight system (FFF).
Often, unusual measurement systems appear simply as jokes or stupid ideas of a person. Just over time, this thought is picked up by others. But the FFF system appeared different, in its own way. This is an infrequent case of the existence of an arbitrary measurement system, which is completely built on the parodies of other systems. It contains three main dimensions – length, mass and time. One ferlong is 200 meters, firkin is 40 kilograms, and fortnight is 1.2 million seconds or two weeks.At the base of Fortnight lies the old English system of measurement, and the other two are purposely created ridiculously. And let these three basic units, like their numerous derivatives, are just a playful version of real systems, even the FFF has its own usefulness. Any new absurd system of measurement is immediately called “furlong for Fortnite” and “Furkin at Fortnight.” Such jokes have already become classic. A microfiber, making 1.2096 seconds even is used together with other classical methods of time measurement. The joke of engineers was even supported by Google, allowing you to work with this unit of time in your calculator.
Music seems something beautiful and intangible. Nevertheless, she managed to connect with mathematics. The Savara scale helps in this, which closely links the two opposites. And the basis of the measurement system is Savar, which is 1/301 octaves. This musical interval separates two identical notes. For those who orientate themselves in the theory of music, savar is a very convenient approximate unit of measurement. It is useful in some situations to operate. And although such a system of measurement seems complicated and even incomprehensible, two people independently invented it twice independently. The first was Joseph Sawar, who in 1696 came up with this unit, giving it the name “eptamerid.” The point is that modern savar was the seventh part of the merid, the logarithmic value of the interval invented by the same scientist. Already in the twentieth century, the French physicist Felix Savar began to propagate this unit of measurement, to prove its right to exist. At the same time, he gave her his name.
This unit is quite common, surprisingly many. We face it every day, although we do not think about it. Simply every time we talk on the phone, an invisible counter locks Erlangs – this unit of measure is needed to count the telecommunication traffic. One erlang is equal to the hour of a constant stream of voice traffic. And the measurements of Erlangs are very important. After all, engineers can understand the operation of a telecommunications network and create one that can withstand a heavy load. And this unit was created in honor of Agner Clarup Erlang. This was a great, but eccentric engineer. But thanks to his talent, he managed almost alone to create the entire scientific direction of analyzing telephone networks.
This unit of measure, by its very name, speaks eloquently of what is connected exclusively with agriculture. The fact that the “barn” in English means a shed or barn. Surprisingly, this figure has nothing in common with cattle. And use “barn” in the physics of elementary particles. This value, like its derivatives, femtobarn and attoburn, is used to calculate the number of particles that hit the detector in experiments with the collider. This term was first used in June 1943, when he appeared in the records of a secret laboratory in Los Alamos. The scientists tried to use other units – Oppenheimer and Bethe, but they were too complicated for constant use. Then, thanks to scientists who lived in the countryside, a new unit of measurement appeared. After all, the barn for these people was part of a serene past.
Modern technological society gives us not only new opportunities for communication, but also tools for measuring it. After the famous actor Will Wheaton scored in his Twitter half a million followers, his name was called the unit of popularity. So there was Wheaton, who can evaluate the success in this social network. On average, a Twitter user has about 150 friends, therefore, his level of success is 300 microUitons.
This unit also indicates how everyday objects become part of science. With the help of the Vest, the laser power was measured.It is believed that a laser with an index of five such units can burn exactly five blades of the famous manufacturer.
This unit was named after Mickey Mouse. With its help, measure the movement of the mouse, but not a cartoon, but a computer. One Mickey shows the shortest mouse movement, about 0.1 millimeter. It is this value that a computer can handle.
Computer users know that information is measured by bytes. This unit consists of eight bits – zeros or ones. But there is a term niddl, which is exactly half the byte.