Often people in multi-million megacities just want to take and move to some quiet small town. There will not be crowds of people, crowd, smog and noise. The small cities on the planet are full, but among them there are also truly tiny. Their population is only a few dozen people, but the history here is centuries old. And most importantly, such dimensions do not prevent places from bearing the proud title of the City.
It was this city that got into the Guinness Book of Records, as the smallest in the world. In 2001, there were only 17 people living here. This city-fortress is located on the top of one of the hills in Croatia. In total, 7 out of 13 houses located on two streets are inhabited. There is a Romanesque church of the 12th century, and the parish church is 200 years old. The appearance of the city in the past 1000 years has changed little. The mayor supervises the city, which is chosen by the council of men at the stone table. True post is largely symbolic, combined with the main work. The main task of the head of the city is participation in official events. There is also a doctor in the city, a policeman, a judge, a fireman and even a website on the Internet. According to the legend, Hum was built by giants, and the status of the city was obtained as far back as the 11th century. They say that during the heyday of the city there lived up to 300 people.
This Belgian town vies for the glory of being the smallest in the world. Its population is about 300 people. For the first time the castle appeared here in 889, and the first mention of the town dates back to the 11th century. By the beginning of the fourteenth century, Durbuy had built city walls, the police and the court. This allowed in 1331 to obtain the status of the city. Today, despite its tiny size, the status has not changed. It preserves the atmosphere of the Middle Ages, and lives the city at the expense of numerous tourists. At the foot of the castle are houses. They are of strict gray stone, and the pavement has remained cobble since time immemorial. The town was also famous for its park of artistically cut trees. It is the largest in the world. There are horses with riders here, deer, swans, crocodiles.
Rabshteyn over Stshela.
This Czech city has only 20 inhabitants. Rabštejn received the status of the city back in 1337, thanks to King Jan Luxemburg. Today there is only one street, which ends with a small square. Local pride are the remains of a 14th century castle, made in the Gothic style. On its basis, then grew a deputy in the Baroque style. The heyday of the city survived in the Middle Ages, slate was mined here. And by the XIX century in the town lived only 500 people. Today, most houses are used as dachas, Czechs sometimes come to rest in a quiet town not far from the capital.
This town is located in America, in the state of North Dakota. According to the latest census, there were only 4 people living there – 2 men and 2 women. The area of the town is 23.4 km ². The city was founded in 1893 and existed in this status until 2002. By the way, in America there are 7 more cities with a population of 5 people.
The smallest city in Russia is Chekalin. There live here a little less than a thousand people. The city appeared here in the XVI century, for a long time she was called Likhvin. And even earlier there was a fortress, a bordered Russian outpost. In 1944, was renamed in honor of the Hero of the Soviet Union Chekalin. It was here that this 16-year-old partisan was executed. Chekalin is located on the left bank of the Oka, from here 100 kilometers to Tula. It’s as if the 50s were frozen, although desolation is felt. There were three shops left to work, the rest were closed. In the city a lot of boarded up windows and doors, there was one church of the XIX century. Located now on the outskirts of the city, the prison is now given to communal apartments.
This city is part-time and the state. The Vatican is located in the heart of Rome. Here, on the territory of 0.44 km², there are about 800 permanent residents.Almost all of them are ministers of the church. In Ancient Rome, this place was uninhabited, being considered a saint. In 326, Christians erected here the Basilica of Constantine over the alleged tomb of St. Peter. Since then, this place has become populated. The Papal State existed here from the 7th century to the year 1870, but since 1929 the Vatican appeared on the map in its modern form. The economy of the city-state is non-profit. The Vatican lives mainly through donations and tourism. There are here their own armed forces and the gendarmerie. Almost all the inhabitants of the Vatican are Italians, except the Swiss Guards.
There are about 600 people in this English city. So it would remain another inconspicuous town, but it is here that every year the World Triathlon Championship takes place. This place also hosted several other unusual competitions, in particular, the marathon of a man against a horse. It is claimed that the city is the smallest in the UK. Lanurtide-Wells appeared, as a typical resort town. After all, there is a large man-made lake nearby.
In Estonia, on the shore of Lake Peipsi, the town of Kallaste is located. Until 1923, it was called the Red Mountains. This is due to the red sandstone, which is pretty much around. The Estonian word “kallas” means “shore”. The main occupation of the local population is fishing. Most of the population here is Russian. Estonians are only 20%. Kallaste was founded in the 18th century, in 1938 it was given the status of a city. He lives in the town of only 115 people, and the entire area of Kallaste occupies less than 2 km².
This city is the smallest in all of Romania. Here there are only about 1700 people. It was founded back in 1842, and the city status was obtained only in 1968. This mountain resort is very attractive for its mineral springs. Pilgrims have long looked after these places with their healing water. Local sources were mentioned in the XVII century. In the city there is a Catholic cathedral, and an Orthodox church. The majority of the population here is Romanian Hungarians-seks.
But in Bulgaria the smallest city is Melnik. There are only 390 people living in it. The name of the town was given by precipitous chalky rocks, which are many in the vicinity. For the first time Melnik is mentioned in the documents of the 11th century. In 1215 the city became the center of an independent feudal principality. Remains of the fortress of those times have survived until now. In 1395 the city became part of the Ottoman Empire. For a long time Melnik fell into decay. The situation improved only at the beginning of the XIX century. Then there developed wine making and tobacco growing. The city is very careful about the old buildings, and the new ones are created in the style of the Middle Ages. As a result, the city externally changes little. In the east of the city there is the Boryar house. This Byzantine building stands here since the beginning of the XIII century. This is the oldest structure of that time in the territory of all the Balkans. Today in Melnik there are traditional crafts for Bulgaria. The city itself is a cultural reserve.