Any modern family dreams of owning a car. At present, various requirements are imposed on this vehicle. This is comfort, safety, capacity and fuel consumption.
However, recently in Europe there was a new fashion – for small and light cars. They are more like toys. It seems that they can even be carried by the handle. Most of these compact cars are designed for only two passengers.
These cars are ideal for a modern city. They are economical and allow you to park easily, avoiding traffic jams. Let’s talk about the smallest serial cars. All of them weigh not more than 900 kilograms, and the length does not exceed 3.5 meters.
Peel P50 (United Kingdom).
This machine weighs only 59 kilograms. Its length is 137 centimeters, and the width is 104 centimeters. The height of the micro-car is 117 centimeters. To buy the smallest and lightest car in the world can be for 11 thousand dollars. But the production was launched in 1963, then the car was worth only 200 pounds. Production of the car in small batches resumed in 2011. The car is designed for only one person. If necessary, the machine can either be rolled by hand, or even carried away. To do this, there are special pens. When creating a baby, modern technology is used – its body is made of fiberglass. Although it looks and looks like a toy, the driver inside the car is quite comfortable. The start of production in England in the 60’s was due to the general fashion for environmental friendliness. And the crowding of cars in Europe has not yet led to the emergence of fashion for hybrids or electric vehicles. Today Peel is produced not only with gasoline, but also with an electric motor. Its power is only 4 hp. This allows the car to accelerate to an impressive 80 km / h. However, the manufacturer found this speed too dangerous. As a result, the baby has a limit of 45 km / h. On the wave of popularity began to be issued and a two-seat variation, called Peel Trident. It weighs already 99 kilograms. On the Peel Engineering website, applications for these babies are open. Although their design and looks pretty strange, even before the production of cars, they were ordered 40 pieces.
Mercedes SMART ForTwo (France).
This machine weighs 730 kilograms, its length is 2.7 meters, width – 1.56 meters, and height – 1.54 meters. The model baby can accelerate to 135 km / hour, and it costs 15 thousand dollars. The release of Mercedes SMART began in 2004. There is a model with a gasoline engine capacity of 61 hp. and diesel in 41 hp. Although the machine is small in size, its equipment is the most modern. There is an onboard computer, an automatic gearbox with six steps, an anti-lock system ABS and an ESP stabilization system. SMART is equipped with electric windows, and the central locking is remote controlled. For safety, the car is equipped with two front airbags. The car is quite powerful, it reaches 100 km / h in 13 seconds. Yes, and fuel consumption is quite low – only 3.5 – 5 liters per 100 kilometers. But the light weight and short base lead to the fact that at high speed when cornering the car enters. Therefore, the manufacturer recommends doing this at a speed of 50 km / h. The salon is quite small, but it is convenient to sit passengers of any height and complexion. After all, the seats can be pushed back, and the ceiling here is high. The roof of the car is transparent, but tinted. This gives a sense of freedom in enclosed urban spaces. However, in case of bright sun, the roof can also be covered with opaque plastic.
Suzuki Twin (Japan).
Japanese creation weighs 560 kilograms, its length is 2.73 meters, width is 1.47 meters, and height is 1.45 meters. Buy this mini-car can be for 12 thousand dollars. And its maximum speed is 120 km / h. This two-seater model is designed for urban driving.Despite its small size, the car does not look ridiculous and toy. Suzuki Twin is an excellent small car, whose unusual design is characterized by a lot of roundness. The small size of the car is its advantage in finding parking and for traffic jams. Inside, it can comfortably accommodate two people. At the same time behind the seats there is still a place to put baggage there. The Twin model is produced with both petrol and hybrid engines. It was this car that was the first among small cars, which began to be equipped with a hybrid system. For today it is the cheapest serial sample with it. The total power of the baby’s engine is 44 hp. But up to 100 km / h the car accelerates in 33 seconds. At high speeds, the short base does not allow the machine to move rectilinearly. Therefore, drivers are not recommended to accelerate more than 60 km / h. Twin can have both a five-speed manual transmission, and a three-speed automatic transmission. The fuel consumption of the baby is very optimal – only 3.3 liters per 100 kilometers.
Fiat Seicento (Italy).
The Italian baby weighs 730 kilograms. It has a length of 3.32 meters, a width of 1.5 meters, and a height of 1.44 meters. It can accelerate up to 140 km / h, but it costs less than the mentioned competitors – 8 thousand dollars. The release of the Seicento model was launched in 1998. Since then, its appearance has not changed. This is the same three-door hatchback with front-wheel drive, which is distinguished by its size and maneuverability. Although the manufacturer claims that this model is five-seater, with reality this has little in common. In the back seat can comfortably accommodate only two adults. It is possible to put one child there, but this will already cause embarrassment. The body design is difficult to describe today, it evokes memories of the machines of the times and the countries of socialism. Seicento’s small luggage compartment is 170 liters, but more for such a car and is not required. In addition, the folded rear seats will add this volume of another 110 liters. The car has quite a good load-carrying capacity – about 500 kilograms. The engine has a volume of 1.3 liters, which allows a power output of 60 hp. In 18 seconds the car can accelerate to 100 km / h. A feature of the model is the lack of expensive electronics. This allows the car to respond to the driver’s actions cleanly, and also to display a good dynamics during braking and acceleration.
Citroen C1 (France).
The miniature Frenchman weighs 835 kilograms. Its dimensions are 3.43 meters in length, 1.63 meters in width and 1.46 meters in height. The maximum speed of the machine is 157 km / h. The baby is worth 12 thousand dollars. The hand to create this four-seater car, along with the French from Citroen, was made by Japanese from Toyota. And assembly of the car began in the Czech Republic in 2005. When describing the baby, it is customary to use the phrase “broad smile” and “almond-shaped headlights”. It seems that the body is made so elegantly that the car falls under the concept of a true female car. Although outwardly it is not large, it is quite roomy inside. The salon is made in the style of minimalism, but with noble features. A dashboard there is only a speedometer with large numbers, and the screen of the on-board computer. There is a lot of reclining niches in the car, which allow them to put a bunch of small things in them. The seats in the car are very comfortable, with them, in addition, and a good overview. The rear windows are not lowered in any of the modifications, they can only be thrown off like a window leaf. A variety of Citroen C1 only two. The body of a hatchback can be three-door or five-door, and the engine or gasoline volume in one liter, or diesel with volume in 1,4 liters. The total power of the baby is 68 hp. This gives it the ability to accelerate to 100 km / h in 14 seconds. It is worth noting the high safety of the machine. There are two airbags, ABS and a system of correction of the trajectory during braking on bends.Suspension of the car is considered tough, but it allows you to feel good grip with the road. In addition, the car has excellent overclocking and braking abilities.
Chevrolet Spark (USA).
This creation of the American car industry weighs 775 kilograms. The Chevrolet has 3.49 meters in length, 1.49 meters in width and one and a half meters in height. You can buy it for 12 thousand dollars, and the maximum speed of the “kid” is 160 km / h. This compact hatchback has five doors. It is a purely urban car is relatively inexpensive and with a very good design. The machine is manoeuvrable. Its remarkable body design, stylish front and round taillights does not allow to get lost in the city’s faceless stream of cars. Inside the car is quite roomy. There really can fit five people claimed. But for cars of this class is a rarity. In 2007, the model was updated, after which it became even more stable on the road and easy to manage. The body of the machine is made of high-strength steel, which allows to show good results on crash tests. The safety of passengers is also provided by the front and side airbags and the use of the ABS anti-lock braking system. In total, there are two modifications of this machine. One has a 0.8 liter engine and has a capacity of 52 hp. The other power unit has a capacity of 1 liter and a power of 63 hp. For 14 seconds the car accelerates to 100 km / h. It is also distinguished by good sound insulation and smooth running. But in Russia, Spark has not gained popularity. The fact is that in our market there is practically a twin of this model – Korean Daewoo Matiz. It is collected in Uzbekistan, which makes such a purchase much more profitable.
Peugeot 107 (France).
This model has a length of 3.43 meters, a width of 1.885 meters, and a height of 1.47 meters. The machine weighs 800 kilograms, and it can accelerate up to 160 km / h. Those who want to become the owner of this baby will have to pay 12,500 dollars. As in the case of another French car, the Citroen C1, this model was also designed in conjunction with the Japanese. Europeans have developed the design of the machine, its suspension, providing excellent driving performance. Engineers from Toyota equipped this model with a modern three-cylinder engine, gearbox and stuffed with on-board electronics. The difference from the Citroen model lies mainly in the field of design. Outwardly, the hatchback seems three-door, but there are also rear doors. It is noteworthy that the boot lid is completely made of their durable glass. Inside the interior designers made all the elements small, like a toy. In this case, the most intricate forms are chosen. But for luggage space is very little, and a large passenger is better to take a place in the front seat. And in this case, there are two modifications on the market – a petrol engine with a liter and a diesel 1,4-liter. At the request of the owner in the car can be installed either a mechanical five-speed gearbox, or automatic 2-Tronic. But there is not much standard equipment in the car, but this is usually enough. There is a power steering, two front airbags, power windows, ABS, an electronic brake force distribution system EBD, and a stabilization system for cornering CSC. However, the small size and weight of the machine leads to the fact that it still reacts to a strong side wind and road cloth, so it is undesirable to accelerate over 100 km / h.
Toyota iQ (Japan).
Yes, and the Japanese themselves decided to keep up with the European model. In 2009, they released a model positioned in the micro-premium class. Its length is 2.98 meters, width 1.68 meters, and height 1.5 meters. Weighs such an auto 845 kilograms, and can accelerate to 170 km / h. But it costs a lot – 22 thousand dollars.Such a high price, as for a small car, is due to the fact that the model is literally stuffed with the most modern technological solutions. This is especially true of passive and active security. For this purpose, there is an anti-lock braking system ABS, an emergency brake braking system BA, anti-skid, stability and braking force distribution. The Japanese believed that security would be best provided by 9 airbags. In this case, the first of them is made in the curtain type and is provided for the rear window. Inside the car there is space for three adults. To do this, the front passenger using the mechanism will have to move forward as much as possible. Another child can be accommodated for the driver. If there are only two people inside, the rear seats can be folded, forming a luggage compartment. Usually things can be kept under the rear seats, where there is a special niche for this. The iQ model for Europe comes with a VVT-i gasoline engine. Its volume is 1 liter, and the power is 68 hp. Thanks to such a power plant, the car accelerates to 100 km / h in 11.6 seconds. True fuel consumption is more than that of competitors – 5.1 liters per 100 km.
Aston Martin Cygnet (United Kingdom).
The English created the most expensive baby. Its cost is 49500 dollars. The car has a length of 3.08 meters, a width of 1.68 meters and a height of 1.5 meters. The baby weighs 890 kilograms, and accelerates to 170 km / h. The high price is determined by the premium class of a compact car. This is the first car of this kind, and launched it in production in 2011. The basis for the creation of the English model was the already mentioned Toyota iQ. And in this case, Japanese engineers co-operated with Europeans. As a result, although the machine is manufactured in England, many of its components are supplied from Japan. The creators of this car say that they tried to meet the requirements for luxury fans of the brand Aston. These non-poor people live near the center, they just need a small car from a loved brand. Naturally, the machine has the most modern stuffing. There is even an iPod dock. But the most important thing here is the classic and characteristic appearance of Aston Martin. It defines the grille, ventilation holes in the hood, spoiler and tail lights in the form of boomerangs. The wheel disks are made of a non-simple diamond alloy. The interior trim is made of expensive leather, while you can choose a white or black version. The cabin can comfortably accommodate three adults. At the same time for the driver’s seat there is one small place where you can put the child. The engine in volume of 1,33 liters works on gasoline and possesses capacity in 98 hp. It is docked with a stepless variator. The machine also has the Stop @ Start technology. Thanks to it, the driver can save fuel in the slow traffic mode in traffic jams.
Daihatsu Move (Japan).
But this little Japanese has no relation to Toyota. The length of the car is 3.39 meters, the width is 1.47 meters, and the height is 1.63 meters. The car weighs 810 kilograms, its maximum speed is 160 km / h. You can buy this model for $ 13,500. This five-door microvan is designed to accommodate four people in it. Daihatsu Move is manufactured since 2005, and 5 years after the start of production, it was completely updated. Externally, the model looks very friendly. Its lines gently round the radiator, rounded and the hood. But the machine looks pretty powerful, although there is a feeling of its lightness. In comparison with competitors inside much more spacious. The salon is also laconic and ergonomic. It is worth mentioning about the unique doors that can open up to 90 degrees. This makes the loading quite comfortable. The engine has a volume of 0.66 liters, and its power – 58 hp. This makes it possible to accelerate in 13 seconds to 100 km / h. Of all the models described with a gasoline engine, this is the most economical.In addition, some modifications of Move have a stop-start system “eco IDLE”. It is considered very environmentally friendly, not polluting the environment. The transmission here is four-speed. For safety meets the latest technology Pre-Crash Safety System and Active Safety. The latter includes a front-view camera and a laser locator. Her work is somewhat similar to the remote control used in aviation. The speed in the car is also automatically adjusted, for which the Radar Cruise Control system is responsible.