People are used to flowers, considering them an integral part of life. And it’s hard not to agree with this. Flowers we see in the gardens, and in the woods, they are given for the holidays and decorate their homes. But not all flowers can be easily obtained, placed in a vase, and then enjoy the appearance and aromatic odor.
It turns out that strange and rare plants are hidden in different parts of the world, whose bloom most people will never see. Not surprisingly, they are under the close attention of environmentalists. After all, some types of plants and flowers have remained literally in a single specimen or live exclusively in a certain area.
Find this rare tree vine in the tropical forest in the Philippines. It belongs to the family of legumes. The vines have smooth and triple leaves, which grow with brushes. Their length can reach 3 meters. And the flower color can vary from bluish-green to mint. These plants are not cultivated by humans. A jade vine is considered an endangered species. After all, the range of its habitat is constantly narrowing, as the number of natural pollinators decreases.
Another name for this plant is a cadaverous lily. And this rare flower grows in the tropical jungles of Indonesia. Not only is rafflesia rare, its size is one of the largest in the world. The diameter of the flower can reach 1 meter. Rafflesia does not have roots, leaves, or stems. This plant parasite needs host tissues. A unique flower distinguishes the smell of decaying meat. Thus, rafflesia attracts insects so that they pollinate it. And the flower does not last long – only a week. After that, he withers, turning into a mountain of black mass.
This variety of licnis is quite rare, because it is found only on the rocks of the Strait of Gibraltar. Even before 1980, the scientific community believed that this flower had died out. And only the botanists of Gibraltar claimed that there were still several specimens. In 1994, one climber discovered the only flower of this kind. This gave the plant a second life. Since then, it has been cultivated not only in the botanical gardens of Gibraltar itself, but in the royal botanical gardens of London.
This tree belongs to the Tea family. But in its way this is the only plant, besides it is rarely blooming. Franklinia in natural conditions grew in the valley of the Alatamaha River, which is in Georgia. But for about 200 years it has not been found there. Only thanks to the family Bartam managed to keep a unique plant. These inveterate gardeners began to cultivate and breed the franklinium even before it disappeared in the natural environment. The plant has elegant white flowers, and its green leaves in autumn acquire a bright red color. Today, all copies of the franklinia originated from those who once lived in the Bartam family.
As early as 1844, this beautiful flower was officially recognized as an endangered species. It grows in the Canary Islands. Scientists believed that the rarity of the flower is due to its natural pollinator – nectaries, which have long been extinct. Even experiments were conducted to recreate another natural pollinator, but since 2008, not a single fruit has appeared. The flower is still growing in captivity, waiting for people to give him a second life.
This dark red flower grows in Mexico. But in the wild it has not been found for more than a hundred years. Today, scientists support the life of an infertile clone of a plant, created back in 1902. And the flowers of the plant are dense red, in diameter they are 3-4 centimeters. In summer they smell nice vanilla.
This rare tree can be found in Hawaii. Scientists discovered it as far back as 1860, but could only find a copy. Unfortunately, it is very difficult to cultivate coca. In 1950, the last tree sprouted and he was recognized as extinct.But in 1970 another tree was discovered that burned down after 8 years. It was possible to save only 1 branch, from which patient botanists could grow as many as 23 new trees. Even today they are growing in different parts of these islands. And the kokio itself is a small tree 10-11 meters high. During the flowering period, it literally explodes with hundreds of red bright flowers.
Yellow and purple shoes.
Under this name is known a rare species of wild orchid growing in Europe. In greenhouse conditions the plant practically does not live, which causes its rarity and high cost of the flower. So, in England it costs about 5 thousand dollars. And the orchid lives in symbiosis with a special kind of mushrooms. He gives food to his neighbor, until his adult leaves learn how to get his own food.
This amazing plant was also considered extinct for 20 years. It is also intolerant to greenhouse conditions. Leaves of orchids also do not, it does not use photosynthesis, producing nutritious juices in another way. Like a shoe, this plant also needs specific mushrooms for its food. For years, a ghostly orchid can grow underground, but it is extremely rare and only under the most favorable conditions.
These plants are considered to be the rarest on Earth. There are only 2 known specimens of camellia. One grows in a garden in New Zealand, and the other grows in a London greenhouse. And the flower came to England back in 1804 thanks to John Middlesmist, who brought him here from China. Years passed, in the Celestial flower almost disappeared. In England, however, the plant did not yield fruit for a long time, only recently flowers began to appear on it. Although the camellia is called red, its flowers still have a bright pink color, resembling roses. It is believed that in private gardens there are several more copies of such a plant. After all, in his time John Middlemist sold the sprouts of a unique plant to the most ordinary people.