The photo



With the development of electronics, the company captured a real boom in photographic equipment. If before the camera was an attribute of real fans ready to carefully plan a shot, and then in dark pantries to develop film, print photos, today many people do hundreds of photos a day without printing them at all.

After all, it’s enough to rewrite the pictures from the USB flash drive to the electronic media. Yes, and many photo studio allows you to quickly and inexpensively print the picture you like.


Hundreds of models of digital devices are available, affordable and functional to everyone. A novice photographer does not need to know something about exposure, color rendition and other wisdoms – after all, the camera’s processor will automatically select the necessary parameters in automatic mode.

The sharp expansion of the possibilities of photography and the market of its application entailed a lot of myths, both about creativity itself and about the instruments of implementation. Consider the basic myths about photography, common in society.

The quality of the photo is determined by the number of megapixels.

In fact, the number of megapixels is largely a marketing concept, determining the price of the camera, and the size of the photo. But the quality is determined by the quality of the optics and the size of the matrix. Often an apparatus with fewer megapixels, but good optics costs more than a “soap box” with seemingly better indicators. Since the size of the matrices is virtually the same, and the physical size of the cell is greater for that camera that has fewer megapixels. And this trend remains unchanged, the machines with a large lens remain on the market, while the supercompact models are rapidly becoming cheaper, or they are yielding their niche to upgraded devices with additional megapixels. Such a situation does not occur in the professional equipment market.

You can make really high-quality photos only with the help of a “mirror”.

Compared to conventional compact cameras, “SLRs” look solid, although the best way for a quality photo will be creative vision and skillful hands. The technique does not replace the skill of the photographer, but only complements it. Many photographers use simple cameras and a minimum number of devices. The advantages of a SLR are obvious – these are smaller noises, the ability to use new lenses, better image processing, better processors and so on. But only here is the price for it appropriate. It’s better to study your CD in detail and learn how to make decent shots with it, rather than spend a lot of money on a DSLR, not knowing how to photograph properly, but expecting it to do it yourself, in automatic mode. And with such a camera you will not go to a party where you need a quick and sometimes inconspicuous photo for others. And are you ready to take an expensive device with you on the trip? Mirror allows you to make thoughtful photos, but is it always necessary for you specifically?

It is preferable to select a camera with high sensitivity (ISO) so that you can shoot in dark rooms, at night or at dusk.

Many people are told that a high ISO level will make it possible to make high-quality night photos on a regular digital camera with a 1 / 2.5 “matrix. There are already cameras that allow to expose ISO 1600. In fact, for shooting in such conditions, a tripod is needed. With its help and with the minimum sensitivity it is possible to create a high-quality photo, but with a high ISO on such a camera there will certainly appear significant noises, so this mode is almost useless.

The more optical zoom, the better.

In reality, everything is just the opposite. Really high-quality lenses or ficks, or have a small range of focal lengths. When acquiring a zoom, prepare for possible distortions – vignetting and distortion, as well as possible chromatic aberrations.So when choosing an ultrasound, think carefully – is it really necessary? One of these cases may be shooting birds, but expecting a high-quality shooting portraits and landscapes from a long distance is not worth it. In the case of a mirror, buying a TV and a wide-angle will solve this problem.

It is better to select the camera with the maximum possible number of functions.

Today, manufacturers equip the camera with completely strange functions, like drawing with a stylus on the screen, games or satellite navigation. In fact, the main purpose of the camera is to take pictures. If these functions do not have a direct need for work, then it is better to choose something that is not burdened with such a set, but is cheaper. If you want a glamorous toy, it is better to buy a phone – it is both smaller and a camera there is usually available.

It is better to buy a soap dish with optics Leica or Carl Zeiss – proven brands.

Of course, it’s so nice to boast that the camera has branded optics. Indeed, these firms produce a large number of high quality, but also expensive lenses. But with the purchase of the device for $ 200, you will not find there something supernatural, while the surcharge for the brand can become all tangible.

Photographic equipment (lenses, flashes, flash drives) of one of the firms is better than the photographic technique of another firm.

In fact, any manufacturer occupies a niche market, otherwise the company would simply go bankrupt in the violent laws of the market.

The more expensive the camera, the better it takes off.

This statement is only partially true. Buying a camera needs to be understood – money is spent for the quality of optics, for useful functions, or for design, decoration and multifunctionality. Today, the market offers ultra-compacts, the size of a business card, which at a price comparable to budget DSLRs, but the quality of their images can not be compared. In the case of a DSLR, it is the camera that is purchased, and in the case of the ultracompact, the image and fashion element. Today, advertising represents such devices, even as an accessory of clothing.

Professional photos are possible only with the help of film, digital technology – for amateurs.

The fact that the giants of photographic equipment Canon and Nikon stopped producing film machines in general, destroys this myth completely. And the most highly paid photographers have been working with the figure for a long time, for example, the most “expensive” photographer David Lashapel uses a digital backdrop, and it’s hard to blame him for being unprofessional. Indeed, the slide comes out with high-quality images, but you should not discount the dignity of digital photography. Progress does not stand still, before fans of radio performances denied the advantages of television, the artists-reporters were skeptical about reportage photos and so on. Today, what once seemed inappropriate has already entered our life, turning the old methods into exotic.

The amateur camera can at any time obscure the frame.

Following the same logic, and a cheap car necessarily stalls at the first traffic light. But after all people successfully go not only on Mercedes. But also on the Zhiguli. Also with cameras. You just need to be able to use technology, know its advantages and disadvantages. You can also advise all the same to use doubles, because the error of automation can occur in the most expensive technology.

Only amateurs use the JPEG format.

Most digital cameras give data in this format. The photo is processed by the processor of the device, compressed and obtained by all known JPEG. Of course, many professionals prefer to work with raw RAW format, but today fewer cameras represent the possibilities of outputting information into this kind. JPEG is much more common, compact, quite high-quality, and allows you to make the necessary changes in the images, albeit smaller than in RAW. So many professionals shoot in JPEG, especially advanced devices give very high-quality images.

Really professional shots should be black and white.

First of all, it is worth mentioning that the human eye can perceive tens of millions of colors, which, by the way, exceeds the color rendering capabilities of modern monitors. Europe has long switched to HD television, full-color digital printing, but in Russia the black and white photo is still cultivated. Many photographers simply bury their talent in the ground, limiting themselves to a gray scale, not perceiving the possibility of color in the photo in principle. Of course, no one denies the necessity and importance of working with black and white color, it is important to learn to work with these colors first, in order to understand the composition of the photo, the harmony of lines. However, this should only be the first step to working with color. Black and white photo is a very expressive technique, with the help of which original masterpieces are created, but these are exceptions, because our world is color, why deliberately refuse all its completeness? And in commercial photography, color photography will always be in high demand, as gloss and advertising require it, and a black and white photo can become a “highlight”, but it will not be able to dominate. For many novice photographers, a black and white image is a means to hide mistakes when shooting – background background, color noise, variegation or mistakes in photomontage. It’s easy to use such a technique, but on this path you can not create a really high-quality photo that will find its buyer.

Professional photography is too complicated to understand.

All the directions that appear in painting, all the diseases of this art are inherent in photography. There are classics, and there are innovators, there are those who study, and there are those who brazenly steal, there are even masters who create something incomprehensible to themselves or to others. You can make an ordinary portrait, distort it with the maximum effects in Photoshop, then make it black and white and smudge it. And you can shoot at night with a two-minute exposure, while waving the camera. At the same time, naturally, the photograph will receive a deep philosophical and obscure title. Impression and surrealism in photography exist from the beginning, this brings new colors into the perception of reality by the viewer. But at the same time people look at such “masterpieces” and logically perceive this as a highly professional photo art. It’s no surprise that many people also want to use ill-conceived techniques to create an unusual picture. So the photo should be thought out, but really a professional shot still needs to be understood by most people.

Only in the studio can make a professional photo.

It is usually considered that if the photographer is a professional, then he must have his own studio. Although of course it is still unknown how well a person works in this very studio. Real professionals say that it is necessary to work regularly in the studio, but it is impossible to limit their creativity. Of course, in the studio you can learn such important things as setting the light, building a frame, but no one really learns the important skills to catch light and frame in life. In fact, not staged photos are particularly appreciated, but vital – without embellishment, without a thoughtful background, in dynamics.

Professional photography is random.

Many people think that if you make a lot of photos in a short time, you will get a good shot. But with such an approach, any person on Earth would become a photographer long ago – it’s easy to just press a button. You can recall the phrase that the best improvisation is the one that is prepared in advance. Similarly, in the case of photography, in order to accidentally catch a successful shot, good preparation is necessary.

Professional photography must be necessarily compositional.

You can often hear a sarcastic comment about a non-professional composition or about its complete absence from a photograph.This stereotype is not only not true, but also harmful. In fact, a composition is a connection between objects, it always exists on the image. Even a clean white sheet contains a composition, although it’s hard to both prove and disprove it. So, feel free to choose the composition that you like or those around you, this will be the first step in learning the basics of photography.


Professional photography is certainly commercial.

Commercial photographer, first of all, a businessman, because he needs to sell his work to the customer. It is not necessary to be a really professional photographer for this, the main thing is that the customer is satisfied with the quality. On the other hand, that photographer, who has not sold any of his work, can hardly be considered a professional either; otherwise someone would be willing to acquire his works.

Any photo can be fixed with Photoshop.

Often, doing photomontage and retouching, the artist forgets about the most important thing – the content of the picture. Of course, any serious editor will correct most of the flaw, but the lack of the idea of ‚Äč‚Äčindividuality in photography will no longer be remedied by any software product.

In a photo, it’s better to do without Photoshop.

But this myth is the other extreme, it is instilled by those who advocate for the documentary frame. However, when manufacturing, say, a custom portrait, it is better to remove bruises or bags under the customer’s eyes, even if you see it as a highlight. Yes, there to say – the whole world of promotional glossy photo has been processed by photo editors, that’s why they look at us from the covers of a beauty with a perfect skin and figure.

There are certain rules of photography.

If you read many smart books with rules or follow clearly the advice of experienced people, then, of course, avoid a lot of mistakes, but at the same time risk not create something unusual and new. Only a photographer chooses methods and techniques, to take a picture according to general canons, or by his methods, with the opportunity to become a pioneer. The most talented and unexpected photos belong to those talented people who did it, though thoughtfully, but in their own way.



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