Today there are more than 250 countries in the world. But the UN is composed only of 193, the rest have an unclear status. Many states have gained independence recently, while others are only on the path to obtaining sovereignty. At the same time, historians clearly know the dates of the emergence of the youngest countries, and when the ancient and the first such formations arose, a thick layer of millennial dust hides. Even the methodology of the birth of countries is difficult to determine. After all, each nation has its own myths and legends about the timing of the emergence of the state.
For example, the legends of San Marino say that in 301 a member of one of the first Christian communities created a refuge on the top of Monte Titano. From this time on, the county of the statehood of a small country is being counted. However, the independence of this settlement can only be addressed from the VI century, when Italy split into many independent states.
Japanese legends say that the country was founded in 660 BC, but history knows about the first state on the island – Yamato. It appeared in 250-538 years. Ancient Greece was one of the first civilizations, it became a cradle for modern culture, science and philosophy. However, the country’s half-independence in its present form was received only in 1821, leaving the Ottoman Empire.
That is why to formulate such a rating, those forms of organization of society that correspond to the modern features of the state were taken into consideration. It must be truly independent, have its own territory, language and state symbols. In our list there are those states that exist on the modern world map.
Elam, 3200 BC. e. (Iran).
This modern state is located in south-west Asia. The Islamic Republic of Iran appeared on the political map of the planet on April 1, 1979 during the Islamic revolution. However, the history of the statehood of this country is one of the oldest in the world. For centuries, the states that were here played a key role in the East. For the first time on the territory of Iran, the country appeared as early as 3200 BC, it was called Elam. The emerging Persian empire stretched from Greece and Libya to the Indus River. In the Middle Ages, Persia was a powerful influential state.
Egypt, 3000 BC.
e. This is the oldest state on the planet, the history of which is rich in interesting facts. The mysterious and mysterious country of the pharaohs became the homeland for many kinds and forms of art, which then spread across Europe and Asia. It was from here that the ancient aesthetics that originated in all modern arts originated. Egypt is the largest country in the Arab East, it is one of the centers of political and cultural life of the region. For tourists, the country is a real Mecca. The location of Egypt is unique – it is located at the junction of three continents – Africa, Europe and Asia. Here there are two worlds – Christian and Islamic. Egypt appeared on the site of the existence of a mysterious and powerful ancient civilization, the history of which lasts for centuries and millennia. The state appeared here already in 3000 BC, when Pharaoh Mines united several lands and created a new country. Egyptologists dubbed it the Early Kingdom. Traces of that era came down to us in the form of the Great Egyptian pyramids, mysterious Sphinxes and impressive temples of the pharaohs.
Wanlang, 2897 BC. e. (Vietnam).
This country is located in Southeast Asia, on the Indochina Peninsula. The name of the state consists of two words, in translation it is “the country of the Vietes in the South”. The civilization of the vets appeared in the basin of the Red River. Legends say that people came from a dragon and a fairy bird. The first state in the territory of present-day Vietnam appeared as far back as 2897 BC. For a long time, Vietnam was a part of China. From the middle of the XIX century the country was a French colony. And only in the summer of 1954 Vietnam gained independence.
Shan Yin, 1600 BC. e. (China).
China is located in East Asia, it is the largest country in the world. It is home to over 1.3 billion people. In terms of the area of its territory, China is second only to Russia and Canada. Local civilization is one of the oldest in the world. Chinese scientists say that it is more than five thousand years old. But written sources testify only to the 3,500-year history. In China, a system of administrative management has long been established. New and new dynasties of rulers only improved it. Thus, the Chinese state with the economy on the basis of developed agriculture has gained the advantage of relatively more backward neighbors-nomads and mountaineers. The country was further strengthened with the introduction of Confucianism as a state ideology in the I century BC, as well as a unified writing system a century before. From 1600 to 1207 years BC. in the territory of present-day China there was a state of Shan-Yin. This is the first public education in these places, a history that is really confirmed by archaeological finds, and narrative, epigraphic written testimonies. In the year 221 BC. Emperor Qin Shihuandi managed to unite all Chinese lands, creating the Qin empire. Its borders roughly correspond to modern China.
Kush, 1070 BC. e. (Sudan).
The area of the modern state of Sudan, located in the north-east of Africa, is comparable to the whole of Western Europe. The population of the country is 29.5 million people. The country is located in the middle reaches of the Nile, on the plains surrounding the great river, the plateau and the adjacent coast of the Red Sea. In the northern part of modern Sudan from 1070 to 350 BC. there was an ancient state of Kush, or the Meroitic kingdom. The remains of churches, sculptures of his kings and gods speak about this state. It is believed that at that time in Kush was already developed astronomy, medicine and writing.
Sri Lanka, 377 BC. e.
The name of this island state is translated as the Blessed Land. The country is located in South Asia near the southeast coast of India. The history of life here people originates back in the Neolithic, it is to this period that the first settlements discovered here are. Written history dates back to the arrival here of the Aryans from India. They gave the local population the first knowledge of metallurgy, navigation and writing. In 247 BC. on the island appeared Buddhism, which had an important influence on the formation of the country and the state system. Even earlier, in 377 BC. in Sri Lanka appeared the first kingdom, whose capital was located in the ancient city of Anuradhapura.
Chin, 300 BC. e. (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Republic of Korea).
Korea is a geographic territory based on the Korean peninsula, as well as the adjacent islands. All of them are united by a cultural and historical heritage. But it was once a single state. When in 1945 Japan was defeated in World War II, Korea, the former colony, was artificially divided into two parts of responsibility. North of the 38th parallel lay the Soviet, and to the south – the American. On the territory of these fragments in 1948, two countries appeared: the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in the north and the Republic of Korea in the south. Local legends say that the first Korean state was created by the son of a celibate and a female bear Tangun, which happened back in 2333 BC. The earliest stage in the history of Korea, scientists believe the period of the state Koh Chosun. Modern historians still believe that the date 2333 BC. is greatly exaggerated, since no documents confirm it. And it appeared on the basis of Korean chronicles, which arose already in the Middle Ages. At the beginning of its existence the Ancient Joseon was a tribal union, the country existed as separate independent city-states. Only in 300 BC. a centralized state appeared.At the same time in the south of the state appeared the prototype state of Chin.
Iberia, 299 BC. e. (Georgia).
Modern Georgia appears as a young and dynamically developing independent state, which almost completely got rid of the Soviet legacy. The history of statehood here originates deep in antiquity. Georgia is one of the places where the most ancient monuments of our civilization were found. Historians believe that the first countries on the territory of Georgia appeared another 4-5 thousand years ago. On the eastern coast of the Black Sea was the Colchis Kingdom, and in the territory of modern Georgia – Iberia. In 299, the legendary King Farnavaz I came to power in this country. During his reign and descendants, Iberia became a powerful state, having subjugated significant lands. And in the 9th century a new unified country appeared on the territory of Georgia. Her ruler was a king from the Bagrationi dynasty.
Great Armenia, 190 BC. e. (Armenia).
For the first time about the existence of this country there are references in the cuneiformes of the king of Persia, Darius I. He ruled in 522-486 BC. Herodotus and Xenophon testify to Armenia (V century BC). Ancient historians and geographers on maps marked this state along with Persia, Syria and other ancient countries. When the empire of Alexander the Great collapsed, three Armenian kingdoms appeared at the site of its debris – Great Armenia, Little Armenia and Sophena. The first of them turned out to be a fairly large state, which united the land from Palestine and to the Caspian Sea itself. The country appeared in 190 BC, scientists consider it the first in history to exist from the territory of modern Armenia.
Yamato, 250 (Japan).
Japan is an important island nation in East Asia. It is located on the lands of the Japanese archipelago of the Pacific Ocean, counting 6852 islands. Local legends say that as far back as 660 BC. Emperor Jimma founded the Land of the Rising Sun, becoming its first ruler. The first written evidence of the existence of ancient Japan, as a single state, is found in the historical chronicles of the first century of the Chinese Han empire. In the empire of Wei already third century refers to 30 countries on the territory of the Japanese islands, the most powerful of which is Yamatay. Legends say that the ruler Khimiko rules there, using his magic. In the period of Kofun from 250 to 358 years in Japan appears the state of Yamato, apparently confederal. And this era is called “kofun” due to the Kurgan culture of the same name. It was common in Japan for five centuries. For example, the mound Daisenreu in the V century became the grave for the emperor Nintoku.
Great Bulgaria, 632 (Bulgaria).
This country is located in the east of the Balkan Peninsula, in South-Eastern Europe. There is evidence that on the territory of the state there was such an association of peoples as Great Bulgaria. It included the Proto-Bulgarian tribes and existed in the steppes of the Black Sea and Azov for several decades from 632 to 671. The capital of this country was the city of Fanagoria, founded it, becoming the first ruler, Khan Kubrat. Thus began the history of Bulgaria as a state.