Cableways have become such a popular transport that they are built specifically for the Olympics. Cableways were originally intended solely for the carriage of goods. Invented this method, obviously, a resident of the mountains. They began to transport necessary things in the baskets through the ravines along the ropes. This way exists today in the Himalayas.
Speaking of the ropeway in its current form, it is worth noting that the first such means of transportation appeared in 1866 in Switzerland. There, the cable car carried tourists to the viewing platform.
In Russia, such transport appeared in 1871. With the help of it, a forest was transported through the swampy terrain. But a real boom on cable cars appeared in the second half of the last century, when skiing began to grow actively. Today there are many ropeways in the world, but we will tell about the most famous of them.
Genting cable car, Malaysia.
This road has become famous for being the fastest. The city of Genting itself is located at an altitude of 2000 meters. This is the real Las Vegas of Malaysia, where everything is for entertainment. In Genting built 20 luxury hotels, there are several parks with attractions. It is in this city is the only casino allowed in the country. The whole empire was built by the Chinese Lim Goh Tong. In the late 1960s he put forward the idea of creating a highland resort here. But he was simply laughed at, because the whole area was covered with virgin dense jungle. However, the Chinese turned out to be stubborn, and in 1971 the first hotel was opened here. With the opening of the casino tourists have become much more. However, one of the main modern pride of Genting is the cable car – the fastest in the world. It opened here on February 21, 1997. Cabs move here at a speed of 6 m / s. As a result, the path to 3380 meters from the bottom station in the village of Kuala Buba Baru to the city is overcome in just 11 minutes. Almost the whole way passes over the jungle. If the weather is clear, you can see even the wild monkeys below. The fare in both directions is only $ 3.
Gulmarg cable car.
It stands out for its high location. The area of Kashmir since 1948 is a disputed territory between Pakistan and India. For more than half a century there has been a bitter struggle for these lands. The region itself has ceased to be at least somewhat attractive to tourists. But more recently, fighting in the states of Jammu and Kashmir stopped. Local authorities rushed to restore the tourist infrastructure. As a result, in Kashmir there are already several dozen popular places for visitors. Among them, the ski resort of Gulmarg, located in the Himalayas. In 2005, Sonya Gandhi launched a ropeway, the highest mountain in the world. The first part of it was launched in 1998. Then the climb was carried out to an altitude of 3100 meters. The second part has already allowed to rise to a mark of 4114 meters. The total length of the road was 5 kilometers, it can carry up to 600 people per hour. But before the opening of such a means of communication skiers were forced to climb the mountains to helicopters. The cost of skiing was literally sky-high. Now, the rise in the first part will cost 2.7 dollars, and the second – 4.6 dollars.
Sternensauser cable car.
Not everyone will decide to ride this road, because it is called one of the most terrible. Unusual cable car operates in the Swiss resort of Hoh-Ibrig. There are no booths here, just put on a helmet and wear seat belts. This suspension road means that passengers move under the weight of their own body. Sternensauser is a single cable, stretched at a height of 75 meters above the ground, between several platforms. It is also the longest road of its kind in the world. The route starts from the top station of the chair lift. From there the road descends into the valley.During the descent, the passenger accelerates to a speed of 90 km / h, which gives the illusion of free fall. It is believed that here you can get a portion of adrenaline no less than when you fall with a parachute. Only here you can ride on such an unusual road only in the summer. Any adult and child over 9 years old, whose height exceeds 130 centimeters, can become a passenger of it. The passenger must weigh not less than 30 and not more than 125 kilograms. The pleasure from the trip will cost 70 Swiss francs.
Cable car to Sentosa Island.
This site is located in Singapore. This road is distinguished by the fact that for the first time cabins completely made of glass were used. The island of Sentosa is located 25 kilometers from Singapore. They say that it was from the local fishing village that the future state was born. Today the island has turned into an Asian Disneyland. The tourists come here with pleasure, and the Singaporeans themselves like to rest here. On the island there is a park with attractions, the oceanarium. And you can buy on white beaches, whose line stretches for three kilometers. You can get here by public transport, but many prefer to use the cable car. It is beautiful stretched above the cable car. About its erection the authorities of the country thought about in 1968, and in 4 years the object was launched. At first 43 cabs moved on the road, but today there are 81 on the line, some of them completely glass. But this Singaporeans seemed a little. They made their cable car also a jeweler. So, here there are seven VIP cabins. Their roof and glass beads are decorated with Swarovski crystals. It is not surprising that the cable car for some has become an expensive way to get to the island. A trip to both sides of both sides usually costs 18 dollars.
Tatev cable car.
It is located in Armenia. More recently, this cable car entered the Guinness Book of Records, as the longest in the world. It was launched on October 16, 2010. The official name of the road is “Wings of Tatev”. Within a week, her record was confirmed. The road stretched for 5.7 kilometers over the gorge Vorotan. The first passengers were the President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan, the Catholicos of All Armenians Garegin II and seven children from the nearest villages. The pendant road became one of the stages of the revival program of Tatev, a medieval monastery of the 9th century. Back in 1390, a university was established here, where they taught both theology and secular disciplines. In 1931, the monastery was badly damaged by the earthquake, since then the restoration work was never completed. Before the opening of the cable car to Tatev it was possible to reach only the steep serpentine. It ran along the cliff at an angle of 45 degrees. And in the winter this road was also very blurred. But now Tatev is available for visiting throughout the year. Cabs go at a speed of 37 km / h, breaking the road in just 11.5 minutes. Local residents can go here for free, but tourists have to pay 6 euros.
Miskhor cable car (Ai-Petri).
The mountain plateau on the southern coast of the Crimea is called the Yail. In Turkish this word means a mountain plateau. Once upon a time there was grazing shepherds. And even earlier, the yail was given a mystical meaning. Here they installed stone idols. One of the most famous yayl in the Crimea is Ai-Petrinskaya. It’s easiest to climb on a cable car. The climb lasts 15 minutes, during which tourists can contemplate the picturesque panorama of the South-Eastern Crimea. The cable car is in demand among local residents. In winter, this is the best and fastest way to climb the snow-covered summit and enjoy skiing and sleigh rides. The pendant road was built for a long 20 years. She started working in 1987, and a year later she was opened a general visit. Today in Ukraine, about 15 such suspension roads, most of them are located in the Crimea. But Mishor-Ai-Petri is considered unique.After all, between the middle and upper station is the longest in Europe, an unsupervised span. For two kilometers, there is not a single intermediate tower. For the journey up and back you will have to pay about 15 dollars.
Grenoble cable car.
Usually ropeways lie outside the city. The same lies right in the city. This is not surprising, because even Stendhal wrote about his native Grenoble, that there every street ends in a mountain. On the slope of one of them is the most famous city landmark – the Bastille. A hundred years ago the municipality thought about how tourists would be able to get there easier. After all, it could make the capital of the French Alps even more attractive. It was decided to build a cable car, which eventually changed the face of the city. September 29, 1934 in Grenoble sounded a whistle – the citizens were given a signal about the launch of a new urban transport. As the Eiffel Tower for Paris, the road became the symbol of Grenoble, remaining so today. At first, passenger cabins were very traditional. These were large wagons that could accommodate 21 passengers. But then in 1976 the appearance of the road changed. Six small cabins of their plastic, invented by engineer Denny Kressel, were used. For this appearance they were called cosmic eggs and bubbles. A ride on the cable car back and forth can be for 6.8 euros.
The Masada Cable Car.
Travel on this road will become a journey into history. Masada is an ancient fortress that was built by King Herod in the mountains of the Judean Desert in 25 BC. It was a refuge that was surrounded by inaccessible rocks. In the fortress there were palaces and baths, warehouses of food and weapons, a synagogue and a water pipe. In 73, the Masada was taken by the Romans, who turned it into their stronghold. When the Roman Empire fell the fortress was abandoned and forgotten. They remembered it in 1862, when archaeologists arrived here. These places were always of interest to tourists, but with the construction of a cable car in 1971, the guests were even more numerous. Earlier, the way to the top lay on a narrow snake path, which in ancient times was used by the rebels, and today by archaeologists. Now you can go upstairs with a cable car. It is one of the lowest in the world. The lower station is at an altitude of 257 meters, and the top one is only 33 meters higher. The whole way lasts only a few minutes, and there are only two cabs on the cable car. They offer a picturesque panorama of the desert and the Dead Sea. The round trip costs 19 dollars.
Prague cable car.
This road can boast the title of the oldest. It was launched 120 years ago. The city road led to the Petřín Hill. And it all started with the journey in 1889 of the Club of Czech tourists to Paris. There they were amazed at the sight of the Eiffel Tower. It was decided to build a copy of the tower on the Petřín Hill, and there was a cable car there for the same year. She was not pendulous. The car moved along the rails with the help of a rope. At one time, 50 people could move to a height of 102 meters. Then the ropes of the road were rotated by a water wheel. Because of the First World War, the cable car stopped working for a long 16 years. In 1932 the Prague cable car again began to transport people. Now the work was laid on the electric motors, not the water wheel. And the whole way was extended, becoming equal to 511 meters. This he is today. In 1965, the cable car was again stopped – part of the rail was destroyed by a landslide. Prague had to wait another 20 years for the new launch. Since then the famous funicular is an integral part of the city public transport, interrupting its work only for inspections. Rise on the cable car will cost $ 1.2.
Cable car Complexo do Alemao.
This road is known for being the cheapest. It is located in Rio de Janeiro.The quarters of this city, known as favelas, have long received bad criminal glory not only among tourists, but also among the local residents themselves. Public transport here practically does not go – in fact the narrow streets to that and are located on hills. Therefore, the authorities of Rio solved the problem of erecting a cable car. It passes over six suburbs of the country’s largest city. The road began to work in July 2011. Construction lasted a year and a half, but it cost the authorities $ 87 million. The cable car stretched over the slums at a distance of 3,456 meters. This is the longest such city road in the world. It is constantly visited by 152 cabins capable of transporting up to 3,000 people per hour. Local residents have the right to ride twice a day for free, and each subsequent trip will cost as much as tourists – about 50 cents. The cable car got additional urgency after it became clear that in Rio de Janeiro will host the World Cup in 2014 and the Olympics in 2016. This type of transport can help to facilitate access to some sports facilities. Manhattan cable car (Roosevelt Island).
This road is considered to be the most cinematic. After all, an air tram, following between the two districts of New York, appeared in the tapes “Leon”, “Night hawks” and in “Spiderman”. But the city is in a flat area. But despite this, the Americans decided to build a cable car here too. She joined in 1976 the islands of Roosevelt and Manhattan. Originally it was planned that it would work only for the time of construction of the metro line F. However, the local people liked to travel by air so much that it was decided to leave the cable car after the subway started working. As a result, the road became a full-fledged city transport. We can say that it was the first in the world air tram. When in 2005 transport workers made a strike, only the cable car continued to carry passengers. In the same and next year there were a couple of unpleasant incidents – the cabs of an air tram were stuck on the East River. Passengers spent as much as 7 hours in limbo. This forced the transport workers to close the cable car for the time and to reconstruct it. The work lasted 5 months. Now each cubicle is equipped with blankets, water, food supplies and even a toilet. Directions by cable car to one side costs $ 2.25.
Cable car in Zhangjiajie Park.
This Chinese park boasts the steepest cable car. Zhangjiajie has long been loved by tourists. After all, it is here that the cliffs of Ulinyuan, inspired by director Cameron on the idea of flying mountains in the movie “Avatar.” In the park there is the famous Tianmen Mountain and the legendary cave Celestial Gate. You can reach them by cable car. Many travelers after a trip on it call it the most exciting in the world. The cable car is not accidentally called “the road to heaven.” After all, on some segments, it rises skyward at a steep angle of 70 degrees. It seems that booths just crash into heaven. The whole way to the top lasts 40 minutes. Differential pressure is such that many visitors even lay their ears. Yes, and the temperature in the cabin at the rise sharply decreases. Over the park often there is a thick fog, which makes the surrounding beauty even more mysterious. The whole way is 7455 meters. Those who decide to overcome it all, will open the world’s highest natural cave. Its nature was created by erosion. Residents of the neighborhood believe that she has supernatural powers. And you can go down from Tianmen Mountain by bus. Serpentine serpentine for it has exactly 99 turns. The rise will cost here $ 7.6.