Corrections, or prisons, are designed to re-educate criminals by isolating them from society. We all represent prisons as a gloomy and damp place, with a minimum of light and poor nutrition. However, there are quite a few unusual places of detention on the planet that turn the idea of them upside down. Let’s talk about the ten most famous of them.
San Pedro (Bolivia).
This largest Bolivian prison is located in the capital of the country, the city of Le Paz. This correctional institution is the largest in the country, it contains about 1,500 prisoners. Having overcome on the way inside the various cordons, a person falls into an absolutely unusual world. On the street, children play here, bars and shops work, there is a hairdresser and even a hotel. It may seem that inside the prison there is a small town with its own life, rather than the usual prison in our understanding. Here you can not find guards, and the windows are deprived of the usual gratings. Such relative freedom is easy to explain – prisoners are forced to pay their own expenses. So they have to work in this territory sellers, cleaners, builders and hairdressers. If the convict already has a decent amount, then he can afford almost everything and live quite luxuriously according to local concepts. Such a prisoner can have a bathroom, cable TV and a kitchen. Buy an elite camera can be for 1000-1500 dollars, which is a huge amount for most of the locals. That’s why they live in a much more modest apartment. It contains mainly small criminals, dangerous criminals are sent to ordinary and very severe prisons.
This prison provides an opportunity to see the unique entertainment that eclipses many TV shows. Only here to the popular music all the dancers are dancing all the time – drug dealers, rapists and murderers. Video recordings of such speeches began to be uploaded to the Internet, where these materials are very popular. So, Thriller took the fifth place in the Top 10 Viral Videos of Time magazine. The prison authorities believe that dancing is one of the ways of re-education. If in other prisons free time is given to playing basketball, lifting weights and periodic skirmishes, then in this prison the motives of “Shawshank’s Escape” became an example. It is also important that prisoners get money for participating in such mass events, and some of them can also become famous with the help of the Internet – images of prisoners-dancers fall on T-shirts, mugs.
Justizzentrum Leoben (Austria).
Externally, the prison reminds not a severe correctional facility, but a modern office center. After all, the building shines with glass and steel. Nevertheless, this is not an office, but an Austrian prison. Curious fact – in this country the number of crimes in all indicators is less than in the US (rape, murders, armed robbery). The exception is burglary. Local witticisms joke that the reason is that the conditions of detention in Austrian prisons are so comfortable that any Austrian dreams to get there. The official opening took place in 2005, and the architect Josef Hochsininn even received a special award for his creation. Such a prison caused a lot of public dissatisfaction, especially since it had created special rooms for intimate visits of prisoners to visitors. The building contains 200 prisoners with a term of up to one and a half years.
This prison is the complete opposite of the previous one. “Russian prison” becomes a frightening brand. Crosses “became famous” for their far from European conditions of imprisonment. With a planned capacity of 3,000 places, about 10,000 people are serving their sentence. Although the figures are exemplary, but the contrast with civilized prisons is noticeable. Each prisoner has no more than 4 square meters of space and 15 minutes of shower per week.Often because of the overcrowding of the cameras and sleep here have to take turns. The prison was built in St. Petersburg at the end of the 19th century, it included two five-story buildings that created the form of a cross. From the very beginning, this place attracted political prisoners, here were Trotsky and Kamenev, Rokossovsky and Zhzhenov, Gumilev and Zabolotsky. It was from here that well-known “sharashka” went. In 2006, authorities announced plans to transfer the prison outside the city. The building itself, along with the adjacent land, should be auctioned, presumably a hotel and entertainment complex will appear here. A new isolator is also planned to be built in the form of a cross.
Sark (Sark Island).
This prison takes part of the island of the same name in the English Channel. This land belongs to Great Britain, and the correctional institution was built here in 1856. This smallest prison in the world – there can only fit two prisoners. It is usually planted here for petty crimes, and the sentence is one night. However, there is also a camera for malicious violators – it is waiting for the transfer to another place.
Spaniards who respect family values, decided to introduce them in correctional places. This prison is the only one in the world where family cells are provided, in which families with children can be accommodated. The interior is recreated here – the wallpaper with Disney characters, children’s corners and rooms. Do not think there are no children here. The government simply allows criminals’ children not to be given the opportunity to feel abandoned and spend some time together with their parents during the sentence. Another goal is also noble – with the help of children young prisoners are taught the basics of raising children, as one of the ways of rehabilitation. The prison itself is located at a distance of 40 km from the capital of the country, there are 36 family cells here, 16 of which are occupied by Hispanics. Such chambers in a separate block among prisoners are usually called “five-star”.
Bastoey Island (Norway).
Experience shows that imprisonment does not allow most prisoners to improve. Nevertheless, the state still tries to bring some kind of benefit to those around it. Not all prisons succeed, but the colony on the Norwegian island of Bastoey is an example. In order to obtain solar energy, solar batteries are used here, the prisoners themselves grow food themselves on the island, all waste is recycled for reuse. These measures instill in prisoners a sense of responsibility for the nature that surrounds them, and at the same time a responsible attitude towards other people. The island is called the “Island of Hope”, and this term is supported by the prisoners themselves. Here they spend a lot of time in the open air, they can play tennis. In the warm season you can swim and ride horses. Maybe this is the right approach to re-educate criminals? City Prison of Oslo (Norway).
In another Norwegian prison, the head of culture and sport is a real sports star – Espen Johnsen, a participant in the Olympic Games in gymnastics. He says that it is difficult for gymnasts to earn money in the country, so they have to work in prison. Prisoners receive gymnastics lessons, as well as yoga classes. A professional athlete ensures that prisoners in class do not overdo with lifting weights.
Cereso Chetumal (Mexico).
Sports love here – in the prison there is a real boxing ring. In the event of a disagreement between the prisoners, the authorities only welcome a civilized way of solving it. Prisoners are given boxing gloves, and an official duel is organized. Usually enough pairs of rounds to exhaust the conflict. Although there are 1,100 prisoners in prison, the conditions are good.People are even reluctant to leave these places at the end of their imprisonment. After all, the institution is famous for its good menu and cultural program. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that over the past 10 years there has not been recorded a single case of violence. Prisoners here can draw and do needlework, selling their crafts to tourists.
In Israel, they also decided to bring innovation to the prison business.
In this country to get into a decent prison you have to pass the exam! The place of the future conclusion is determined by a special commission, which takes into account both the state’s capabilities and the wishes of the criminal himself. The chairman of the committee is a psychiatrist who has the right to a decisive vote. To the exam in prison, the future prisoner should be carefully prepared, because the conditions of imprisonment directly depend on this.