Mankind is constantly fighting. But what if the enemy’s army exceeds you in strength? The tactic comes to the rescue. With the help of certain techniques, you can defeat even a more powerful enemy. It is no accident that the names of the best military tacticians and strategists are known to everyone, and their actions and steps are studied in military academies as an example of art.
But there are some tactics that initially look crazy. The most interesting thing is that they, being desperate and hastily adopted, are sometimes successful. And although it seems that such tactics are in fact a death sentence to the performer, in fact they bring him victory. The most unusual manifestations of martial art will be discussed.
Throughout the history of mankind, the army used animals. But usually they played an episodic role, without affecting the events in a decisive way. But the Persian king Cambys II so elegantly used cats that it had never occurred to him before. He fought the Egyptians at the battle of Pelusium in 525 BC. In those years in Egyptian society, cats occupied an important and high place. That is why the Ahmendy empire used this status of the animal in its interests when invading Egypt. Cambys ordered his soldiers to draw on cat shields, and hundreds of representatives of the family marched along with the attackers. And this plan worked – the Egyptian archers refused to shoot the sacred animals and their image. After all, the death of a cat was a crime punishable by death. Together, the Egyptians chose to retreat, most of them were killed. So cunning Persians forced Capitulate Pharaoh.
When it comes to Sikhs, the Hindus seem to be belligerent. But how much are they really brave? Few people know that in one of the battles 48 soldiers confronted one hundred thousand soldiers. These Sikhs fled the empire of the Great Moguls after the fall of the city of Anandpur Sahib. A few days later the soldiers found shelter in a dilapidated dirty fortress, but were awakened by the Mughal forces surrounding them. Most would prefer to surrender, without waiting for the beginning of the assault. But the brave Sikhs decided to keep the defense against a much superior opponent, as once the representatives of Sparta. They needed time for their leaders to escape. Anyway, but 48 men all night distracted the enemy. The brave Sikhs killed 3,000 people, but were able to ensure the survival of their religion.
Siege inside the siege.
After the revolt of the Gauls in Alesia in 52 BC. Julius Caesar with his 60-thousand army of legionaries besieged the city, which defended the 80-thousand army. But the messengers managed to get out of the city, calling on the Gauls to help. Caesar heard that a new 120,000-strong army was moving here. Then he decided not to retreat, but simply to build fortifications on the other side of his army. Over the next few weeks, the Romans not only besieged Alesia, but also defended themselves on the other side. And on October 2, the Romans were attacked immediately from two sides. But Caesar personally led a cavalry attack of 6,000 horsemen and attacked the Gauls besieging him from outside. The commander broke ten times his strength and forced the city to surrender.
Hammers against submarines.
German submarines played an important role in the violation of American, French and British supplies during the First World War. Single captains-submariners, such as Kretschmer, were responsible for the sinking of up to 200 thousand tons of cargo. This led to the fact that Europe at Christmas was left without a Christmas turkey with potatoes, replacing the festive dish with canned food. Without the support of submarines, it was quite difficult to take any measures independently for the sailors. We made strange decisions. The most insane was the use of a hammer with a bag against submarines. The convoy, on a late night, sent a blacksmith and several artillerymen on a raft on a raft.After the team noticed the periscope, she had to quietly swim to him and either wrap the optical instrument with a bag, or even simply smash it with a hammer. So the submarines were blinded and forced to rise to the surface. The method was so simple and effective that it made it possible to neutralize as many as 16 submarines.
Use of the worst technology.
Taking a knife with you to the skirmish is a rash step, in this case, spears and arrows will not do. This is how many peoples were defenseless against Europeans with their research. That’s why it seems strange to use biplanes on the Eastern Front of World War II. And such old aircrafts were brought into service by the Soviet army, although the Luftwaffe possessed far more sophisticated equipment. By plane Po-2, surprisingly, women flew, and even at night. They were called night witches, they were not afraid of death. Perhaps, precisely because the pilots were women, and there was a disregard for such a backlog in technology. But the night witches have perfectly proven themselves – having carried out more than twenty thousand sorties by the end of the war. The secret of success lay in the fact that much more modern fighters simply could not fly so slowly and shoot Po-2 in one run. The low-speed bomber carried only two bombs, but its obsolete wooden structure was invisible to radars. The plane was so simple that it was literally yesterday’s schoolgirls sitting on it after several hours of training.
The legend of the Trojan horse is useful for city guards, who should carefully treat unexpected gifts. In this case, such a step was taken by quite historical Vikings. Their leader, Hasten, decided in 860 to conquer Rome. But the Vikings were far more effective in robbing villages than in besieging the city. Here is Hasten and pretended to be dying, who certainly wants to take Christianity before his death. And for this it was necessary to be baptized in a church inside the city. So the Vikings passed in the “funeral” procession through the central gate. And Hasten even managed to go through all the sacraments before he jumped off the stretcher and proceeded to attack. According to another version, he did make his way to the city in a coffin, simulating death. And to honor the memory of the leader in the city came 50 soldiers, each of whom carried a sword under the cloak. And although the plan was successfully executed, the robbers quickly realized that instead of Rome they had come to another city, in Luni.
In 1191, King Richard the Lionheart encountered the Salah ad-Din army in Arsuf. The army of the Crusaders was almost three times smaller, but it had fewer riders, which deprived it of mobility. Meeting the troops face to face would be a suicide for Europeans. Instead, Richard formed a circular defense, covering his back with a river. Crusaders had to withstand a constant powerful attack from the side of the ayubids. It continued from early morning until noon. The king’s tactics were in patient waiting. Finally, Sadah ad-Din was impatient. He ordered his archers to come closer, believing that the crusaders were unable to resist. But Richard signaled a counterattack. The heavy cavalry crushed the unfortified positions of the Saracens, and the battle was won.
This tactic is very different from the previous one. The great descendant of Genghis Khan, Timur, decided not to wait, but chose the arson of camels as the means of his salvation. And it happened when the capture of Delhi. In 1398 the army of the conqueror collided with the Sultan and his 120 war elephants. Then Timur ordered the soldiers to dismount and load the pack animals with the maximum amount of hay. As soon as the elephants went on the attack, the conquerors set fire to the camels and drove them towards the enemy. The sight of living torches running on them frightened the elephants. They turned back and rushed to the Indians. As a result, gigantic beasts, well protected by chain mail and having poisoned tusks, trampled down their own army.And Timur himself got those same 120 elephants that he later used when invading India.
The enemy of my enemy.
May 5, 1945, one of the most bizarre battles in World War II took place. Just three days before the official surrender of Germany, Major Joseph Gangle, along with nine soldiers and French prisoners, handed the castle to Ittre to fourteen American soldiers. When the Americans entered the fortress, they were forced to defend themselves against the units of the 17th Grenadier Division of the SS, which were sent here to destroy the prisoners. Gangle realized that the prison would be seized before the help came and suggested that he and his subordinates should help. All morning, German and American soldiers fought side by side. It was the only such case in the history of World War II. A little later the Americans came to help, but by that time Gangle himself had already been killed by a sniper. It is worth noting that the provision of weapons to prisoners of war is acceptable only in special cases.
The history of Russia teaches everyone that the invasion of its territory in the winter is fraught with serious trouble. Napoleon and Hitler experienced it on themselves, the lesson of the Teutonic knights did not go to them for future use. In those days, the crusaders were armed much better than the Russians. The attackers were encased in armor, even their horses were protected by plates. The light Russian army was easily defeated in open battle and retreated along the frozen ice of Lake Peipsi. Here, our troops began to wait for the enemy, hoping that the lake will slow the offensive. The impatient knights rushed into the pursuit. They did not take into account the fact that the ice simply can not withstand such a heavy weight, conditioned by armor. Crusaders began to fall through the ice, panic and chaos arose. And the Russian archers completed the rout, forcing the Teutonic Knights to retreat.