The islands have always been considered romantic places. They write songs about them, couples in love dream of seclusion on some abandoned piece of sushi in the ocean. The island became the home of the famous Robinson Crusoe. To some of these places the attention is riveted. Ibiza Island has become the most popular holiday destination, for the sake of the Serpent Island there are political disputes between Romania and Ukraine.
But there are quite extreme places that attract this. Because remoteness from life makes the islands an excellent place or for the preservation of a unique flora or fauna, or for unique objects of human activity (mines, prisons, etc.). They even say that each of them has some kind of secret. We will tell below about the most unusual islands, attracting tourists and researchers.
When you visit these islands, do not forget to take a gas mask. The archipelago is located to the south of Tokyo, in the Pacific Ocean. One of the local islands, Miyakejima, is especially interesting for visitors. The fact is that here is located the volcano Oyama, which only for the last century woke up 6 times. Under the island, magma is constantly boiling. This is the reason for the fact that here the highest natural concentration in the air of sulfur gases in the world. The content of toxic substances in the air at times became so high that the local population was even evacuated. That’s exactly what happened in 2000, when the sulfur sensors just went off scale. After 5 years, some brave souls were nevertheless allowed to return home. Today they lead their farm on the island, and are engaged in ordinary affairs for the Japanese. But only residents are obliged to constantly have a gas mask with them, being ready to dress it at any second. An automated warning system has been created on the island. As soon as the sulfur dioxide in the air becomes more than the allowable rate, a loud siren begins to sound, forcing people to wear masks. Residents are ready for the fact that a piercing howl can be heard at any time of the day. The rapid use of gas masks is already a natural thing, unable to break even the holiday. Let the island and it looks like a post-apocaptical place, but tourists still visit it. After all, if you do not sniff at the terrain and accept that a team wearing a gas mask can be heard at any time, then you can admire the chic nature for a long time. Near the island there are many dolphins, it is interesting to dive with scuba diving. Gas masks have become the pride of the island, they can be purchased at souvenir and tourist shops. In this case, you can choose any color and size.
Island of floating pigs.
In the Bahamas, there is the uninhabited island of Big Major Key. His fame is based on the fact that there is a whole herd of feral pigs. They are fed specially hired residents of neighboring islands, in addition, the pig gets a lot of food from tourists. People go to see this miracle of nature from afar. On the island itself there is a small hotel where you can leave things on a trip. On a boat, tourists swim along the shore. Seeing the man, the pigs rush into the water, swim towards him, begging for food. How can you resist? And if the boat is run aground, then the pig can even unceremoniously climb up on board and eat anything that it deems necessary. However, the local pigs are quite friendly. Daylight they prefer to carry in the forest, appearing on the beach towards evening. In fact then both air, and water already become cool.
Island of chemical rabbits
. The Japanese island of Okunoshima is also called Usagi Sima, which in translation means “island of rabbits”. This little shred of sushi in the ocean has its own gloomy history. When in 1925 Japan signed the Geneva Protocol on the prohibition of the use of poison gas for military purposes, the plant on the island continued to work. But here mustard gas was produced. As a result, the local factory produced more than 6 thousand tons of mustard gas.The secret place was chosen very successfully – from the geographical maps it was simply erased, and no satellites then over the planet flew. Dangerous production was stopped only after World War II. Victims of the plant were local rabbits, who were tested chemical weapons. After stopping the plant, the animals were released. On the island, they did not have natural enemies, and here the eared animals also bred, becoming the true masters of the Okunosima. The factory in 1988 has been altered in a museum, tourists began to visit here. They are met and accompanied by rabbits, whose ancestors were subjected to cruel experiments. The Japanese, as if feeling their guilt, are very fond of local animals. It is worth noting that the island is also the highest in the country pylon transmission line. Therefore local rabbits are not only chemical, but also electrified.
The stumbling block.
Rockall Island in the North Atlantic is so small that it is awkward to call it a rock. Its height is 29 meters, its length is 31 meters, and its width is 25 meters. It is only natural that such a place is uninhabited. And who would it need? Nevertheless, it turned out that the territorial claims to this place are immediately from the four European states. The dispute over Rockall Island is between Ireland, Denmark, Iceland and the United Kingdom. The reason is simple: under the lonely rock in the ocean, there are allegedly substantial reserves of natural gas and oil. The entire volume is estimated at $ 160 billion. For the first time Rocall appeared in the press in 1904, then the Norwegian steamer was crashed nearby. The tragedy claimed the lives of 600 people. Until 1955, Rocall remained forgotten. When suddenly a British military helicopter flew in, soldiers hoisted the flag of the United Kingdom on the island. The British were afraid that the Russians could occupy the island before them and set up an observation post there. In 1972, the island officially became part of Scotland. No one was interested in Rocoll until 1997. When it became clear that the island area contains a lot of hydrocarbons, activists from Greenpeace landed on Rockall. They quickly declared the land independent, giving the new country the name of Weyvelland. Even 15 thousand passports were printed for the citizens of the new power. By 1999, the funds of environmental fighters were exhausted, the rocky settlement had to be removed, and the project – to close. Since then, for Rockall, called the most lonely island in the world’s oceans, the irreconcilable struggle of these states is being waged. After all, each of them wants to gain independence from Russia and Norway in matters of gas and oil supplies. Spores can not see the end and the edge.
The most remote island in the world.
This is the island of Bouvet, named after its discoverer. It is located between South Africa and Antarctica. The island is uninhabited, since all is covered with ice. But he has his own domain zone on the Internet – “bv”. The island became famous with the help of the movie “Alien vs. Predator”. After all, the main action takes place in a fictional dungeon right under this deserted ice island. The nearest place where people live is 1404 miles from here. On the nearby island of Tristan da Cunha with a population of 271 people there are cafes, cars and even the Internet. But on the island of Bouvet live only beasts – pinnipeds, penguins and sea pizza. Of plants there is only lichen and moss. From the sea to land on the island is impossible, you can get here only by helicopter. In 1964 a passenger ship was found near Bouvet. All the people left him, and the food and alcohol reserves remained untouched. Where all the passengers and crew have gone, remains a mystery. In 1979, a bright flash was recorded on the island. It was suggested that it was an atomic explosion conducted during joint tests of South Africa and Israel, but no official information was received. Perhaps a large meteorite fell on the island. Since 1927, the island is considered the territory of Norway, it is given the status of a reserve.Sometimes scientists come here who study whale migration. But no one has lived here yet during the coldest season.
Island of poisonous snakes.
To the south it is Sao Paulo, not far from the coast of Brazil, in the ocean lies the island of Keimada Grande. It is a paradise in appearance, it is untouched by man. But to that there is a simple explanation – the whole island is simply teeming with poisonous snakes. The density of the population is so great that they have from one to five per square meter. Snakes feed on migratory birds that stop on the island in search of recreation. Probably, it is this island that should rightfully be called Zmein, and not the one that is in the Black Sea. Local reptiles reach a meter in length. They are called island botsrops or golden shield moccasins. The bite of such snakes is dangerous – in 90% of deaths in Brazil from the bites of snakes, it is Botrops who are to blame. The creatures are so deadly that a patrol of the navy is constantly on duty near the island, allowing no one to approach the island of Keimada Grande. Only a couple of times in all the time the island managed to visit the scientist and the crew of the Discovery television channel. And I can not believe that once there the Portuguese colonialists planned to grow bananas.
Monkeys live in many places, but one Caribbean island inhabited by them is simply their paradise. Near the coast of Puerto Rico is an uninhabited scrap of Cayo land. There in 1938, 409 rhesus monkeys were released. Animals, which are sacred for the Hindus, quickly settled in a closed world. Today there are 940 animals on the island. Animals, without knowing it, are the object of study from the University of Puerto Rico. Employees guard the macaque, putting humane experiments on them. After all, even a long, simple observation of our distant relatives can give a lot of useful information. On the island to get to communicate with monkeys can only a scientist. But anyone can look at the monkey paradise. To do this, you just need to rent a boat. You can even see animals swimming in the ocean, because they are not afraid of water.
The island is the largest in the Svalbard archipelago. It is located north of Scandinavia in the Arctic Ocean. Spitsbergen officially belongs to Norway. The local town of Longyearbyen is the most northerly settlement, home to over a thousand people. Dangerous is the movement itself on the island – at any time a polar bear can attack a person. That is why the law obliges everyone to take firearms with them. Spitsbergen became famous for the UN initiative. Thanks to her, the World Seed was created on the island. In it, at low temperatures, samples of seeds of the main agricultural plants are stored, which can be useful in case of some global catastrophe.
In the Bay of Bengal, 32 kilometers west of Smith Island, is the island of North Sentinel. Its area of 72 square kilometers is almost entirely covered with dense forests. Exceptions are several coastal sandy beaches. On the island was discovered a mysterious tribe – Sentineltsi. They are extremely vigorously resisting any contact with civilization. The aliens are even threatened with death in an excessive desire to get closer to the Aborigines. This reluctance to contact scientists, as well as the difficulty of researching the island itself, led to the fact that today almost nothing is known about the tribe. Researchers can only guess what language is used by local residents, what kind of culture they have. It is not clear even how many of them live on the island. Although officially North Sentinel is part of the Andaman Islands, the local government has long left the island alone, giving it virtually autonomy.
Island of the Saber.
This unusual island in many respects is mainly famous for its slow movement around the world’s oceans.And the direction is strictly east, and the speed is about 200 meters per year. Scientists can not explain the nature of this phenomenon. After all, the island is the top of the seamount, located on a tectonic plate. The movement of the island must also mean its movement. However, usually slabs are displaced during the year by only a few millimeters. Outwardly, the island actually resembles a saber, or the tentacle of an octopus. If the Sabli length is 42 kilometers, the width is only one and a half. The Canadian island stretches from west to east, and is located in the Atlantic Ocean, 110 kilometers southeast of Halifax. Scientists at the beginning of the XX century discovered a strange pattern – the western part of the Saber is constantly under the influence of strong waves and currents. This leads to the destruction of the rocky shore. But the opposite part is always calm. Where did the sand deposits come from? Remains a mystery. As a result, the size of the island remains unchanged, on the one hand, the island is destroyed, and on the other – growing at the expense of sand. On Sabler, a pair of dozens of scientists are constantly living. They monitor meteorological equipment, beacons and a radio station. Another feature of the island is also the constant terrible weather on it. Only in July, I can go to Sablé Court, and even then the mooring to the shore is complicated by sandstones, rocks and reefs. Tourists are forbidden to come here, the territory itself is reserved. However, the Government of Canada can give special permission for the arrival here of a photographer or researcher.